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2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
Author(s):  
A. G. Oliveira ◽  
M. H. M. Silva ◽  
J. Garlet

Abstract Bamboo (Bambusa sp.) is a grass species with high potential for exploitation, however, this raw material is easily attacked by xylophagous agents such as Coleoptera. The objective of this study is thus to analyse the presence of wood-boring beetles associated with Bambusa sp. in Alta Floresta, Mato Grosso, Brazil. The study was carried out in a bamboo plantation, from August 2016 to July 2017. Two models of ethanolic traps were used, PET Santa Maria and ESALQ-84. Three families of wood-boring beetles were observed in this study: Bostrichidae, Cerambycidae and Curculionidae. 2,144 individuals were identified, belonging to 19 species, in four subfamilies and 11 tribes, and the species Xyleborus affinis was the most frequently collected. Thus, this study constitutes an important contribution to the knowledge of coleoborers associated with bamboo plantations, with the registration of the occurrence of species, as well as contributing to the knowledge of the entomofauna associated with species cultivated in the Southern Amazon.


2022 ◽  
Vol 43 (2) ◽  
pp. 713-726
Author(s):  
Flávio Gomes Barcelos ◽  
◽  
Taís Ramalho dos Anjos ◽  
Leila Auxiliadora de Arruda Alencar ◽  
Vinicius Silva Castro ◽  
...  

Mycobacterium bovis is a bacterium belonging to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex that causes tuberculosis in cattle and in other domestic and wild animals, as well as in humans. Disease control measures are carried out by slaughtering animals tested positive in the intradermal tuberculinization test and sanitation of their original living spaces, in addition to epidemiological surveillance carried out through the sanitary inspection of bovine carcasses in slaughterhouses. In the latter, official inspection services collect samples from macroscopic lesions suspected of bovine tuberculosis, which are then sent for laboratory analysis. Knowledge concerning the variables associated with the occurrence of M. bovis can aid in decision-making regarding control and disease eradication efforts. In this context, the aim of this study was to identify the risk factors for a positive M. bovis diagnosis in suspected bovine tuberculosis lesions obtained during epidemiological surveillance activities in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. A total of 105 suspicious lesions were analyzed using the Nested Polymerase Chain Reaction (nested q-PCR) method, of which 14 (13.33%) tested positive for M. bovis. Univariate and bivariate statistical analyses indicated that the variable “animal slaughter” was the only risk factor presenting statistical significance associated with the diagnosis of M. bovis (p < 0.05), demonstrating that macroscopic lesions suspected as being caused by bovine tuberculosis from animals with an in vivo diagnosis were 2.82 - fold more likely to result in a positive M. bovis diagnosis by molecular tests.


2024 ◽  
Vol 84 ◽  
Author(s):  
S. A. M. Salgueiro ◽  
A. N. Rocha ◽  
J. R. C. Mauad ◽  
C. A. M. Silva ◽  
R. M. Mussury

Abstract The objective of this study was to assess air quality in relation to vehicular traffic flow in cities located at different elevations in the Bodoquena microregion, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. To do so, a micronucleus test was carried out using the TRAD-MCN bioassay on young Tradescantia buds collected from February to November 2018 in seven cities of the microregion with different traffic flow intensities. Meteorological parameters were evaluated, and vehicular traffic was counted to determine traffic flow in each city. With data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) and processing in Esri ArcGIS® software version 10.5.1, the regions was mapped based on an Elevation Model. Morphoanatomical analyses were performed according to standard methodology. Measurements were taken of thickness, length and width of tissues and structures, including the upper and lower cuticle, upper and lower epidermis, hypodermis and mesophyll. The greatest traffic flow was found in the cities of Bodoquena, Guia Lopes da Laguna, Jardim, and Porto Murtinho, with the period from 5:00 to 6:00 p.m. showing the highest traffic flow. The greatest frequency of mutagenic alterations was found in the city of Guia Lopes da Laguna, although the results did not differ significantly from Bonito, Caracol, and Jardim. Throughout the biomonitoring, the summer and autumn seasons showed the greatest micronuclei frequencies in all evaluated cities. Variations in the tissue/structure thickness was observed across cities and seasons, but with a decrease in thickness during autumn. In general, the tissues/structures were smaller for the cities of Nioaque and Porto Murtinho, while the anatomical and morphological characteristics of leaf length and thickness showed no differences among cities. We found limited correlation between micronuclei frequency and traffic flow, supporting the hypothesis that although mutagenic alterations are observed in T. pallida, in this microregion the changes are numerically lower when compared to other regions of the state. In light of the genotoxic and morphoanatomical factors assessed herein, the Bodoquena microregion appears to be well preserved in terms of air quality, presenting low micronuclei frequency and a limited reduction in tissues and leaf structures, regardless of the season.


2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
Author(s):  
L. Ludwig ◽  
J. Y. Muraoka ◽  
C. Bonacorsi ◽  
F. C. Donofrio

Abstract Bats are important for the homeostasis of ecosystems and serve as hosts of various microorganisms including bacteria, viruses, and fungi with pathogenic potential. This study aimed to isolate fungi from biological samples obtained from bats captured in the city of Sinop (state of Mato Grosso, Brazil), where large areas of deforestation exist due to urbanization and agriculture. On the basis of the flow of people and domestic animals, 48 bats were captured in eleven urban forest fragments. The samples were processed and submitted to microbiological cultures, to isolate and to identify the fungal genera. Thirty-four (70.83%) of the captured bats were positive for fungi; 18 (37.5%) and 16 (33.33%) of these bats were female and male, respectively. Penicillium sp., Scopulariopsis sp., Fusarium sp., Aspergillus sp., Alternaria sp., Cryptococcus sp., Trichosporon sp., and Candida sp., which may cause opportunistic infections, were isolated. The bat species with the highest number of fungal isolates was Molossus molossus: 21 isolates (43.8%). According to our results, bats captured in urban forest fragments in Sinop harbor pathogenic fungi, increasing the risk of opportunistic fungal infections in humans and domestic animals.


2022 ◽  
Vol 193 ◽  
pp. 106659
Author(s):  
José L. Rotundo ◽  
Rafael Rech ◽  
Marcelo Moraes Cardoso ◽  
Yinan Fang ◽  
Tom Tang ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 163
Author(s):  
Anderson Dos Santos ◽  
Andréa Leda Ramos De Oliveira ◽  
Marlon Fernandes De Souza
Keyword(s):  

No Brasil, o transporte da lavoura até o porto representa uma parcela significativa no preço final das commodities agrícolas. De forma que o planejamento operacional da logística de exportação de grãos é fundamental para melhor a gestão dos custos. A participação do transporte intermodal na movimentação de cargas não está alinhada com a grande extensão territorial, o que impacta principalmente as regiões mais distantes dos portos marítimos. O objetivo do artigo é construir um modelo para determinação da área de influência dos portos brasileiros na logística da soja do estado de Mato Grosso destinada à exportação. O modelo identificou o porto de destino potencial, segundo os custos de transporte referenciados no espaço. A modelagem adotada pode ser também aplicada para avaliação da dinâmica logística de outros produtos agroindústrias. Destaca-se, que em todas as bacias logísticas delimitadas no estado de Mato grosso o escoamento da soja se dá prioritariamente por mais de um modal de transporte. Assim, os portos que influenciaram a logística no estado têm ligações ferroviárias ou hidroviárias, que são acessadas através de rodovias conectadas às regiões produtoras


Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 668
Author(s):  
Nayara Longo Sartor Zagui ◽  
André Krindges ◽  
Anna Diva Plasencia Lotufo ◽  
Carlos Roberto Minussi

Mato Grosso, Brazil, is the largest soy producer in the country. Asian Soy Rust is a disease that has already caused a lot of damage to Brazilian agribusiness. The plant matures prematurely, hindering the filling of the pod, drastically reducing productivity. It is caused by the Phakopsora pachyrhizi fungus. For a plant disease to establish itself, the presence of a pathogen, a susceptible plant, and favorable environmental conditions are necessary. This research developed a fuzzy system gathering these three variables as inputs, having as an output the vulnerability of the region to the disease. The presence of the pathogen was measured using a diffusion-advection equation appropriate to the problem. Some coefficients were based on the literature, others were measured by a fuzzy system and others were obtained by real data. From the mapping of producing properties, the locations where there are susceptible plants were established. And the favorable environmental conditions were also obtained from a fuzzy system, whose inputs were temperature and leaf wetness. Data provided by IBGE, INMET, and Antirust Consortium were used to fuel the model, and all treatments, tests, and simulations were carried out within the Matlab® environment. Although Asian Soybean Rust was the chosen disease here, the model was general in nature, so could be reproduced for any disease of plants with the same profile.


2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 48
Author(s):  
Camila Rebelatto Muniz ◽  
Jéssica Brasau da Silva ◽  
Caroline Sayuri Nishisaka ◽  
Josiane Barros Chiaramonte ◽  
Veridiana Cardozo Gonçalves Cantão ◽  
...  

Crop yield decrease is the main concern when a pathogen or plague is identified in an agriculture field. Thus, part of this issue can be attributed to plant-parasitic nematodes (PPNs), such as Meloidogyne species, due to, most of the time, the hard diagnosis, and non-specific symptoms. Its management is mainly based on chemical pesticides, followed by a few potential biological control agents, and the management system. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of biological agents in Meloidogyne incognita control in different soil systems. For that, two biological products were chosen, Trichoderma asperellum BV10 and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens BV03, and soils were sampled from three different managements systems: (i) soybean no-tilled system at Goi&aacute;s state, Brazil; (ii) forest soil at Goi&aacute;s state, Brazil, and (iii) soybean conventional managed system at Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil. Biocontrol and growth promotion effects, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and soil respiration were determined in vegetation house and laboratory, respectively. As a result, both BV10 and BV03 had significant nematode control activity, comparing to control treatment, in all the three soils systems. Plus, the number of immobile nematodes by potential VOCs had significant increase when BV03 was applied, while the application of BV10 agent raised the soil respiration rate. In conclusion, both biocontrol agents presented great efficiency in control M. incognita, with better performance of BV03. Lastly, more studies must be done to elucidate how the resident soil microbiome can influence on biocontrol agent establishment and performance, as well as the consequence of the application of biological products on soil microbiome network.


2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (2) ◽  
pp. 1
Author(s):  
Valdinei Sofiatti ◽  
Odilon RRF Silva ◽  
Edson R Andrade Junior ◽  
Alexandre CB Ferreira ◽  
Fabiano J Perina ◽  
...  

The increase in geographical areas used for cultivation of transgenic glyphosate herbicide-resistant cotton has hindered the stalk destruction, compromised the phytosanitary break implementation and consequently increased the population of insect pests and cotton plant pathogens. This study evaluated the efficiency of the combining mechanical and chemical methods in the destruction of transgenic cotton stalk resistant to the glyphosate herbicide. Two experiments were carried out in 2015 and 2016 in Primavera do Leste,-Mato Grosso, Brazil and Luís Eduardo Magalhães, Bahia, Brazil, respectively. The study evaluated different mechanical destruction equipment in combination with the chemical methods. In each environment, a randomized block experiment with four replications was employed. The results of the experiments indicated that the mechanical destruction increased the control efficiency by at least 10% when compared to chemical destruction of the cotton stalk. Chemical destruction with herbicides combined with mechanical destruction methods does not increase the control efficiency of cotton stalks destruction. Furthermore, the application of hormonal herbicides following the mechanical shredding of cotton stalks does not increase the control efficiency of glyphosate-resistant cotton stalk.


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