nickel oxide
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2022 ◽  
Vol 146 ◽  
pp. 107546
Chenxi Zhang ◽  
Jie Liu ◽  
Ying Gao ◽  
Xiaohui Li ◽  
Hongbing Lu ◽  

ACS Nano ◽  
2022 ◽  
Sangmin Jeong ◽  
Hien Duy Mai ◽  
Ki-Hun Nam ◽  
Cheol-Min Park ◽  
Ki-Joon Jeon

2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 7
Jacob D. Buchanan ◽  
Vamsi Borra ◽  
Md Maidul Islam ◽  
Daniel G. Georgiev ◽  
Srikanth Itapu

Whiskers are small crystalline growths, which can grow from certain metals or alloys. Reaching up to several millimeters long, whiskers have the potential to cause device failures due to short circuits and contamination by debris. Tin (Sn) is one such metal that is particularly prone to whisker development. Until the 2006 RoHS Initiative, lead (Pb) was added to tin in small amounts (up to 2%) to greatly reduce the growth of whiskers. Since then, however, industry has switched to lead-free tin solders and coatings, and the issue of whisker growth on tin has attracted new interest. A reactive-sputtering-deposited nickel oxide sublayer was shown recently to strongly suppress the growth of whiskers from an overlaying tin layer. This paper reports on using nickel oxide films, obtained by a sol–gel dip coating method, as whisker suppressing sublayers. The proposed method is simple, low-cost, and can easily be scaled up for manufacturing purposes. The properties of the sol–gel deposited nickel oxide film were examined using SEM, EDS, and Raman spectroscopy. Samples containing the nickel oxide sublayer were observed through SEM periodically over several months to examine the surfaces for whisker development, and the results show that such layers can be very effective in suppressing whisker growth.

Taichi Kikkawa ◽  
Daisuke Kumaki ◽  
Shizuo Tokito ◽  
Nobuko Fukuda ◽  
Yasuyuki Kusaka

Abstract In recent years, the use of printing methods to fabricate electronic devices (printed electronics) has attracted attention because of their low cost and low environmental impact. Printing technology enables the high-throughput fabrication of electrical circuits on film substrates, providing inexpensive personal healthcare devices to monitor health status in real-time. Temperature detection is one of the central concerns as a fundamental physical quantity in various fields. In 2013, a highly sensitive flexible thermistor was reported by formulating aqueous inks of nickel oxide nanoparticles for inkjet printing. However, the calcinating of the nickel oxide (NiO) layer required a high-temperature process of more than 200°C, which required expensive polyimide films with high heat resistance. It is necessary to promote further the development of low-temperature processes for printed thermistors to realize flexible NTC thermistors at low cost using printed electronics technology. In screen printing and inkjet printing, the definition of the ink pattern applied on the substrate changes due to spreading and coffee distortion phenomena, and the thickness between sensors becomes non-uniform, which is a structural consistency problem that can lead to variations in sensing performance. This study developed a printing and low-temperature calcinating method of NTC thermistors with a temperature-sensitive layer of nickel oxide by using reverse offset printing. The NTC thermistors were fabricated by printing a comb-like pattern of silver nanoparticles and a thin nickel oxide film on a glass substrate. In addition, the low-temperature formation of a nickel oxide layer by oxygen plasma treatment was investigated, and XPS was used to carry out compositional analysis of the surface. Together with the plasma-assisted calcinating, a flexible NTC thermistor formed on polyethylene terephthalate (PEN) film is demonstrated.

Mi-Jin Jeong ◽  
Soyeon Jeon ◽  
Hak-Sun Yu ◽  
Wan-Seob Cho ◽  
Seungho Lee ◽  

Nickel oxide nanoparticles (NiO NPs) are highly redox active nanoparticles. They can cause acute and chronic inflammation in rat lungs. Unlike the gut microbiome, the association between the lung microbiome’s role and pulmonary inflammatory response to inhaled nanoparticles remains largely unexplored. We aimed to explore the interaction between the lung microbiome and inflammatory responses in rats exposed to NiO NPs. Thirty female Wistar rats were randomly categorized into control and low- (50 cm2/rat), and high- (150 cm2/rat) dose NiO NPs exposure groups. NiO NPs were intratracheally instilled, and cytological, biochemical, proinflammatory cytokine, and lung microbiome analyses of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were performed at 1 day and 4 weeks after instillation. NiO NPs caused a neutrophilic and lymphocytic inflammatory response in rat lung. We demonstrated that exposure to NiO NPs can alter the lung microbial composition in rats. In particular, we found that more Burkholderiales are present in the NiO NPs exposure groups than in the control group at 1 day after instillation. Dysbiosis in the lung microbiome is thought to be associated with acute lung inflammation. We also suggested that Burkholderiales may be a key biomarker associated with lung neutrophilic inflammation after NiO NPs exposure.

Nano Energy ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 106935
Sanwan Liu ◽  
Rui Chen ◽  
Xueying Tian ◽  
Zhichun Yang ◽  
Jing Zhou ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 234 ◽  
pp. 111435
Sun Hee Lee ◽  
Sang Jin Lee ◽  
Ryounghee Kim ◽  
Hyung-Won Kang ◽  
Intae Seo ◽  

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