bacopa monnieri
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Andreia Fuentes Santos ◽  
Marilia Moraes Queiroz Souza ◽  
Karoline Bach Pauli ◽  
Gustavo Ratti da Silva ◽  

Bacopa monnieri(L.) Wettst. (Plantaginaceae), also known as Brahmi, has been used to improve cognitive processes and intellectual functions that are related to the preservation of memory. The objective of this research is to review the ethnobotanical applications, phytochemical composition, toxicity and activity of B. monnieriin the central nervous system. It reviewed articles on B. monnieriusing Google Scholar, SciELO, Science Direct, Lilacs, Medline, and PubMed. Saponins are the main compounds in extracts of B. monnieri. Pharmacological studies showed that B. monnieriimproves learning and memory and presents biological effects against Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, and schizophrenia. No preclinical acute toxicity was reported. However, gastrointestinal side effects were reported in some healthy elderly individuals. Most studies with B. monnierihave been preclinical evaluations of cellular mechanisms in the central nervous system and further translational clinical research needs to be performed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the plant.

2022 ◽  
Vol 176 ◽  
pp. 114348
Parmeshwar Lal Saran ◽  
Hiteksha I. Damor ◽  
Darshan H. Lodaya ◽  
Manish Kumar Suthar ◽  
Kuldeepsingh A. Kalariya ◽  

Erica Costantini ◽  
Srinivas Jarlapoodi ◽  
Federica Serra ◽  
Lisa Aielli ◽  
Haroon Khan ◽  

Background: To date, much evidence has shown theincreased interest in natural molecules and traditional herbal medicine as alternative bioactive compounds to fight many inflammatory conditions, both in relation to immunomodulation and in terms of their wound healing potential. Bacopa monnieri is a herb that is used in the Ayurvedic medicine tradition for its anti-inflammatory activity. Objective: In this study, we evaluate the anti-inflammatory and regenerative properties of the Bacopa monnieri extract (BME) in vitro model of neuroinflammation. Methods: Neuronal SH-SY5Y cells were stimulated with TNF and IFN and used to evaluate the effect of BME on cell viability, cytotoxicity, cytokine gene expression, and healing rate. Results: Our results showed that BME protects against the Okadaic acid-induced cytotoxicity in SH-SY5Y cells. Moreover, in TNF and IFN primed cells, BME reduces IL-1, IL-6, COX-2, and iNOS, mitigates the mechanical trauma injury-induced damage, and accelerates the healing of wounds. Conclusion: This study indicates that BME might become a promising candidate for the treatment of neuroinflammation.

2022 ◽  
pp. 211-216
Jean M. Bokelmann

2022 ◽  
Vol 282 ◽  
pp. 114546
Mahima Sharma ◽  
Pankaj Kumar Gupta ◽  
Pankaj Gupta ◽  
Debapriya Garabadu

2021 ◽  
Vol 18 (24) ◽  
pp. 1439
Bunyaporn Nichakool ◽  
Amporn Jamphon ◽  
Yupa Pootang-on ◽  
Weerawan Techakriengkrai ◽  
Taweesak Techakriengkrai

Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri) is a medicinal herb containing bioactive compounds (Bacosides) in the saponin group that enhances memory and prevents dementia. Brahmi is not favored for cooking because it is very bitter. Nowadays, most people consume Brahmi as supplementary food, which makes it more expensive than consuming in food form, not getting fibers and other nutrients. Currently, there are only few studies that work to alleviate in Brahmi. Therefore, this study aimed to find out the saponin quantity in Brahmi after some pretreatments and the effect of these treatments on Bacosides and bitterness. Thus, suitable preparation steps for Brahmi have the highest remaining saponin quantity and are consumable. There were various techniques of preparation, depending on the concentration of salt used in crumpling and 1 time boiling of Brahmi to reduce its bitterness. The salt concentrations used in this study were 0, 10, and 20 % (w/w) compared with the fresh herb. The saponin quantity was analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The results showed that the total amount of saponin in boiled Brahmi that crumpled with 0, 10, and 20 % were significantly lower than fresh Brahmi (p < 0.05). Brahmi was crumpled with 10 % salt before boiling had the highest total saponin quantity of 2.69±0.02 g/kg of fresh weight and the highest tasting scores. Thus, the preparation of crumpling with 10 % salt before cooking, was suitable because consumers gained the highest saponin and accepted the taste of food containing Brahmi. HIGHLIGHTS Brahmi have many health benefits not only memory enhancer but also prevention of dementia People used Brahmi as supplementary food because it is very bitter and not favored for cooking Reduce the bitter with non chemical as crumpling with 10 % salt concentration before cooking was highest saponin and accepted the taste of food containing Brahmi

2021 ◽  
Vol 48 ◽  
pp. 101898
Suhas Kumar Shetty ◽  
Prasanna Narasimha Rao ◽  
Shailaja U ◽  
Arun Raj ◽  
Suneetha KS ◽  

2021 ◽  
pp. 3511-3523
Deepak Verma ◽  
Ashwini Kumar Sharma ◽  
Megha Shukla

Klaibya is defined in Ayurveda as the inability to achieve and maintain sufficient rigidity in the penis, which is essential for his sexual urges or the needs of his female partner during sexual activity. Chakrapani limits the concept of Klaibya to merely erectile dysfunction. Dhwajbhang, according to Acharya Sushruta, is a form of Klaibya caused by excessive coitus. The standard initial evaluation of a man experiencing ED is conducted in person and involves sexual, medical, and psychosocial histories, as well as laboratory tests comprehensive enough to identify comorbid diseases that may predispose the patient to ED and may contraindicate particular treatments. Properties of Ayurvedic drug; Kuchla (Strychnos nux-vomica) in classical text Rasatarangani as therapeutic of Klaibya (ED) and Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri) is well known Medhya drug that works on neuro- psychological disorders. The current study evaluated the effects of Kuchla and Brahmi on 36 erectile dysfunction patients, having 30 of them completing the trial. The patients were categorized into two parts: Group A administered an ED 250 capsule (Hypothetical) once a day (250mg) with milk, and Group B received a placebo once a day with milk HS for 30 days, followed by another 30 days.

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