co2 treatment
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Vol 312 ◽  
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Yiyu Lu ◽  
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Fuel ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 306 ◽  
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Fuel ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 303 ◽  
pp. 121310
Ahmed Fatah ◽  
Hisham Ben Mahmud ◽  
Ziad Bennour ◽  
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Raoof Gholami

Clean Energy ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (4) ◽  
pp. 553-574
Sean Monkman ◽  
Travis Janke ◽  
Alex Hanmore

Abstract Wash water is generated as a waste stream from ready-mixed-concrete production. Reuse of the water as mixture water is limited, in practice, by the negative material performance impacts associated with the water chemistry and properties; the effects are intensified with increasing content of suspended solids and age. However, this waste material can be used as a beneficial additive to concrete by profiting from the cementitious properties of the suspended solids, if variability can be reduced. A method of stabilizing this material is through CO2 treatment. The added CO2 is mineralized through a reaction with the calcium from the cement particles. This provides a calcium-carbonate coating that prevents further cement hydration, making the material predictable. This has been shown to alleviate concerns with set acceleration and inconsistencies in compressive strength. A method of CO2 treatment was tested as part of the NRG COSIA Carbon XPRIZE at a site in Calgary, Alberta. The slurry for the treatment was provided by a local concrete plant and had a specific gravity of 1.15. The simulated wash water was treated in 1000-L quantities with each treatment mineralizing an average of 40 kg of CO2. The system ran for 1600 hours of operation over 127 treatment cycles and converted 14.5 tonnes of CO2 at an average mineralization efficiency of 80%. The treated slurry was used as an additive in >300 batches of concrete where the concrete met the necessary requirements for fresh properties and setting time, while achieving a strength benefit. Replacement of 5% and 10% of batch water with treated slurry (9.4 and 18.8 kg slurry/m3 concrete) showed a strength benefit of 3% and 6% compared to a reference. The technology was selected as the winner of the NRG COSIA Carbon XPRIZE (Track B: Natural Gas) in April 2021.

ACS Omega ◽  
2021 ◽  
Jianlu Zheng ◽  
Xiangdong Xing ◽  
Zhuogang Pang ◽  
Sunxuan Wang ◽  
Yueli Du ◽  

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