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2022 ◽  
Vol 431 ◽  
pp. 133988
Author(s):  
Xiaofang Li ◽  
Ping Wang ◽  
Zechen Yan ◽  
Shifan Yu ◽  
Kangxing Wei ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 579 ◽  
pp. 152080
Author(s):  
Alsu G. Nugmanova ◽  
Evgeniya A. Safonova ◽  
Alexander E. Baranchikov ◽  
Alexey R. Tameev ◽  
Andrey V. Shkolin ◽  
...  

Gels ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 60
Author(s):  
Stewart J. Taylor ◽  
Liu Yang ◽  
Ashleigh J. Fletcher

The production of resorcinol–formaldehyde xerogels has yielded insight into the gelation processes underpinning their structures. In this work, the role of the cation species from the catalyst is probed by studying the simultaneous addition of sodium carbonate and calcium carbonate to a resorcinol–formaldehyde mixture. Twenty-eight xerogels were prepared by varying the solids content, catalyst concentration, and catalyst composition, and each was analysed for its textural properties, including the surface area and average pore diameter. The results indicate that the role of the cation is linked to the stabilisation of the clusters formed within the system, and that the Group II catalyst causes the salting out of the oligomers, resulting in fewer, larger clusters, hence, an increase in pore size and a broadening of the pore size distribution. The results provide insight into how these systems can be further controlled to create tailored porous materials for a range of applications.


2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Author(s):  
Shuang Liang ◽  
Jia-Ming Wang ◽  
Yi-Kun Liu ◽  
Bo Liu ◽  
Shuo Sun ◽  
...  

In present paper, the mineral and fluid compositions of shale oil from the Songliao Basin are analyzed systematically using core samples, X-ray diffractometer (XRD), and gas chromatography (GC). The effects of shale mineral composition, pore size, temperature, and pressure on the mass density of the adsorbed layers are then studied utilizing molecular dynamics simulation. The results show that illite and quartz are predominant in the micro petrological components of the shale, and nC19 is the main carbon peak. The fluid consists primarily of n-alkane molecules, and nC19 is found to be representative of the shale oil composition. Moreover, the adsorbing effect of quartz-illite mixed wall is between that of a pure mineral wall (illite and quartz), indicating that the selection of a mixed wall is similar to the actual shale composition. If the pores are inorganic, the minimum pore size of only adsorption oil is smaller than the organic pores. The critical adsorption point of shale oil in inorganic pores is less than 3.2 nm. Furthermore, compared to pressure, the temperature has a more significant effect on fluid adsorption due to the correlation with the kinetic energy of alkane molecules. This research shows the oil occurrence status in inorganic matter nanopore with a mixed solid wall, and provides theoretical support for shale oil exploration.


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