unplanned admissions
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2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
pp. 100193
James Malycha ◽  
Oliver Redfern ◽  
Marco Pimentel ◽  
Guy Ludbrook ◽  
Duncan Young ◽  

2021 ◽  
David Etoori ◽  
Katie Harron ◽  
Louise Mc Grath-Lone ◽  
Maximiliane Verfeurden ◽  
Ruth Gilbert ◽  

Objective: To quantify deficits in hospital care for clinically vulnerable children during the COVID-19 pandemic. Design: Birth cohort in Hospital Episode Statistics (HES). Setting: NHS hospitals in England. Study population: All children aged <5 years with a birth recorded in hospital administrative data (January 2010 to March 2021). Main exposure: Clinical vulnerability defined by a chronic health condition, preterm birth (<37 weeks gestation) or low birthweight (<2500g). Main outcomes: Deficits in care defined by predicted rates for 2020, estimated from 2015-2019, minus observed rates per 1000 child years during the pandemic (March 2020-2021). Results: Of 3,813,465 children, 17.7% (1 in 6) were clinically vulnerable (9.5% born preterm or low birthweight, 10.3% had a chronic condition). Deficits in hospital care during the pandemic were much higher for clinically vulnerable children than peers: respectively, outpatient attendances (314 versus 73 per 1000 child years), planned admissions (55 versus 10), and unplanned admissions (105 versus 79). Clinically vulnerable children accounted for 50.1% of the deficit in outpatient attendances, 55.0% in planned admissions, and 32.8% in unplanned hospital admissions. During the pandemic, weekly rates of planned care returned to pre-pandemic levels for infants with chronic conditions but not older children. Deficits in care differed by ethnic group and level of deprivation. Virtual outpatient attendances increased from 3.2% to 24.8% during the pandemic. Conclusion: 1 in 6 clinically vulnerable children accounted for one-third to one half of the deficit in hospital care during the pandemic.

2021 ◽  
Vol 108 (Supplement_9) ◽  
Kate Toogood ◽  
Thomas Pike ◽  
Peter Coe ◽  
Simon Everett ◽  
Matthew Huggett ◽  

Abstract Background Choledocholithiasis is common, with patients usually treated with ERCP and subsequent cholecystectomy to remove the presumed source of common bile duct (CBD) stones. However, previous investigations into the management of patients following ERCP have focussed on recurrent CBD stones, negating the risks of cholecystectomy. Methods Patients undergoing ERCP and CBD clearance for choledocholithiasis at St James’s University Hospital January 2015 - December 2018 were included. Patients were divided into those who received cholecystectomy and those managed non-operatively. Readmissions, operative morbidity, mortality and treatment costs were investigated. Results 844 patients received ERCP and CBD clearance with 3.9 years follow up. 209 patients underwent cholecystectomy with 15% requiring complex surgery. 373 patients were non-operatively managed. Unplanned readmissions occurred in 15% following ERCP, mostly within two years. There was no difference in readmissions between the two groups. Accounting for the entire patient pathway, non-operative management was less expensive. Conclusions The majority of patients do not require readmission following ERCP for CBD stones and cholecystectomy did not reduce the risk of readmission. Few patients have recurrent CBD stones, but difficult biliary surgery is frequently required. Routine cholecystectomy following ERCP needs to be re-evaluated and a more stratified approach to future risk developed.

Critical Care ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 25 (1) ◽  
Hari Krishnan Kanthimathinathan ◽  
Hannah Buckley ◽  
Peter J. Davis ◽  
Richard G. Feltbower ◽  
Caroline Lamming ◽  

Abstract Background The coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic had a relatively minimal direct impact on critical illness in children compared to adults. However, children and paediatric intensive care units (PICUs) were affected indirectly. We analysed the impact of the pandemic on PICU admission patterns and patient characteristics in the UK and Ireland. Methods We performed a retrospective cohort study of all admissions to PICUs in children < 18 years during Jan–Dec 2020, using data collected from 32 PICUs via a central database (PICANet). Admission patterns, case-mix, resource use, and outcomes were compared with the four preceding years (2016–2019) based on the date of admission. Results There were 16,941 admissions in 2020 compared to an annual average of 20,643 (range 20,340–20,868) from 2016 to 2019. During 2020, there was a reduction in all PICU admissions (18%), unplanned admissions (20%), planned admissions (15%), and bed days (25%). There was a 41% reduction in respiratory admissions, and a 60% reduction in children admitted with bronchiolitis but an 84% increase in admissions for diabetic ketoacidosis during 2020 compared to the previous years. There were 420 admissions (2.4%) with either PIMS-TS or COVID-19 during 2020. Age and sex adjusted prevalence of unplanned PICU admission reduced from 79.7 (2016–2019) to 63.1 per 100,000 in 2020. Median probability of death [1.2 (0.5–3.4) vs. 1.2 (0.5–3.4) %], length of stay [2.3 (1.0–5.5) vs. 2.4 (1.0–5.7) days] and mortality rates [3.4 vs. 3.6%, (risk-adjusted OR 1.00 [0.91–1.11, p = 0.93])] were similar between 2016–2019 and 2020. There were 106 fewer in-PICU deaths in 2020 (n = 605) compared with 2016–2019 (n = 711). Conclusions The use of a high-quality international database allowed robust comparisons between admission data prior to and during the COVID-19 pandemic. A significant reduction in prevalence of unplanned admissions, respiratory diseases, and fewer child deaths in PICU observed may be related to the targeted COVID-19 public health interventions during the pandemic. However, analysis of wider and longer-term societal impact of the pandemic and public health interventions on physical and mental health of children is required.

2021 ◽  
pp. archdischild-2021-321644
Jennifer Katherine Townshend ◽  
Sally Hails ◽  
Ruth Levey ◽  
Patty DeZwart ◽  
Michael McKean ◽  

To objective of this project was to reduce unplanned hospital admission rates in children related to asthma to the Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals National Health Service Trust (NUTH).Multiple educational interventions were introduced both locally and regionally including: a collection of educational materials aimed at young people and families, schools, primary care and secondary care on the website www.beatasthma.co.uk; regional training days; a nurse-led one-stop clinic; a new pathway following an acute attendance to hospital with an asthma attack; a local asthma service and cascade training for schools.The primary outcome measure was reduction in unplanned hospital admission rates in children due to asthma to the NUTH.Results showed that admission rates had been increasing at a sustained rate of approximately 30% each year in the 3 years prior to our intervention. After the Beating Regional Asthma Through Health Education interventions, unplanned admissions to NUTH reduced by 29% and this reduction has been sustained for the last 3 years. This compares with a regional increase of 10% over the same time period.In conclusion, simple but effective educational interventions resulted in a significant and sustained reduction in unplanned asthma admissions to NUTH. Further work is underway to extend the reach of these interventions into primary care and schools.

2021 ◽  
Vol 39 (28_suppl) ◽  
pp. 235-235
Emily Johengen ◽  
Arielle Davidson ◽  
Kathleen W. Beekman ◽  
Kelly Hecht ◽  
Emily R. Mackler

235 Background: Use of oral anticancer agents (OAAs) for cancer treatment continues to grow and creates a need for oncology practices to adapt their ambulatory infusion model of care to one that supports patients taking anti-cancer treatment at home. Historically, our practice has had success with care managers supporting infusion treatment patients. A recently published randomized trial has shown considerable benefits of dedicated pharmacist follow-up for patients taking OAAs. As a result, our practice added a dedicated oncology pharmacist to provide education and follow-up for our OAA patients. Methods: This is a single-center, retrospective evaluation of time to first follow up for patients taking OAAs pre-intervention (11/1/20 - 2/28/21) versus post-intervention (3/1/21 - 4/30/21). The intervention consists of structured symptom and adherence monitoring by a dedicated oncology pharmacist as part of our care management team for all patients prescribed an OAA. In the pre-intervention group, OAA monitoring was divided between care team members without a dedicated OAA program. The population consists of 139 patients newly started on OAAs over the 6-month period. “On-time” follow up defined by our practice is follow up that is <10 days from the OAA start date. There were 20 patients (10 per group) excluded from data analysis due to being deceased before follow-up could be assessed (n= 3), transferring oncology care elsewhere (n= 5), or never starting the OAA (n= 12). Results: Pre-intervention, initial follow up occurred via pharmacist or nurse care manager visit (n=47), provider visit (n=29), or unplanned admission (n=3). Post-intervention, all but two initial follow up visits were performed by the designated oncology pharmacist, and there were no unplanned admissions prior to first follow up. The median time to first follow up visit was 8 days (range 2 to 31 days) in the pre-intervention group (n=79) and 7 days (range 3 to 15 days) in the post-intervention group (n=40). Follow up visits occurred within 10 days of OAA initiation for 67.1% of patients in the pre-intervention group and 95% of patients in the post-intervention group (p=<0.001). Follow up occurred within 14 days of initiation for 82.3% of pre-intervention patients and 97.5% of post-intervention patients (p=0.018). Conclusions: Post-intervention assessment showed improvement in the time to follow up for patients taking OAAs. Future analyses will include outcomes, such as interventions at the time of follow-up, length on therapy, and unplanned admissions.

2021 ◽  
Vol 108 (Supplement_7) ◽  
Helen Fifer ◽  
Muhammad Ibrar Hussain ◽  
Tamsyn Grey ◽  
Arin Saha ◽  
Mark Peter

Abstract Aim The Covid-19 pandemic forced departments to change standard modes of delivery of care. Within our unit, reductions in junior workforce and changed operating protocols resulted in greater consultant presence on in-patient wards and the ambulatory unit. This study aimed to determine the effect on patient outcomes by interrogation of data collected from weekly Safety and Quality Clinical Governance meetings. Methods Patients admitted between December 2019 and February 2020 were compared to those admitted between April 2020 and June 2020. The weekly meeting mandates consultant discussion of all readmissions, all patients who had a length of stay (LoS) of &gt; 7 days and all admissions to critical care. Outcomes between the two time periods were compared. Results There was a marked reduction in admissions during the second study period. However, the proportion of patients discharged from ambulatory care increased as did the proportion of readmissions; in the pre-Covid period, there were 429 readmissions of which 188 (44%) were unplanned but in the post-Covid period, there were 311 readmissions. There were no serious adverse events from discharged patients or readmissions. There were markedly fewer patients who had a LoS &gt; 7days (179 patients versus 87) and a greater number of unplanned admissions to critical care (44% versus 64%). Conclusions Increased consultant presence may explain the reduced LoS and increased readmissions due to the greater ‘risk’ that senior clinicians are prepared to take. Enhanced consultant presence should be a permanent change, even after the pandemic is over.

2021 ◽  
pp. 088307382110208
Annie Roliz ◽  
Yash D. Shah ◽  
Sanjeev Kothare ◽  
Kanwaljit Singh ◽  
Sushil Talreja

Objective: To describe inpatient length of stay patterns, identify key drivers related to prolonged length of stay, and evaluate the relationship between length of stay and readmission in pediatric neurology Methods: This was a retrospective review of patients <19 years old admitted with a principal neurologic diagnosis to our hospital between January 2017 and July 2019. Scheduled admissions and hospital admissions lasting >30 days were excluded from analysis. Length of stay was obtained in addition to demographic characteristics, principal discharge diagnosis, multispecialty care, use of multiple antiseizure medications, inpatient hospital costs (ie, claims paid), and pediatric intensive care unit (ICU) admission for unplanned admissions and 7- and 30-day readmissions. Results: There were a total of 1579 unplanned admissions. The most common reasons for admission were seizure (n = 942), headache (n = 161), other neurologic diagnosis (n = 121), and psychiatric disorders/functional neurologic disorder (n = 60). Children admitted to the hospital for a neurologic condition have an average length of stay of 2.8±5.0 days for unplanned admissions, 4.5±7.4 days for 7-day readmissions, and 5.2±7.5 days for 30-day readmissions. Average inpatient hospital costs were $44 075±56 976 for unplanned admissions, $60 361±71 427 for 7-day readmissions, and $55 434±56 442 for 30-day readmissions. Prolonged length of stay and increased hospital costs were associated with pediatric ICU admission, multispecialty care, 7- and 30-day readmission, multiple antiseizure medications, and psychiatric disorders / functional neurologic disorders. Conclusions: Pediatric ICU admission, multispecialty care, readmission, multiple antiseizure medications, and psychiatric disorder / functional neurologic disorder prolong length of stay and increase hospital costs.

BJPsych Open ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (S1) ◽  
pp. S337-S337
Rajan Nathan ◽  
Stephen Callaghan ◽  
Kelly Walker ◽  
Angela Mason ◽  
Rosemarie Whittington

AimsThe aim was to examine the reasons for advice requests by carers of people who live with dementia (PLWD) that attend the Me2u dementia day centre in order to identify key explanatory themes. We hypothesised that requests were related mainly to coordinating care and clinical issues due to limited post-diagnostic support (PDS) in our area.BackgroundThe Me2u dementia day centre (Merseyside) cares for PLWD and also supports carers. As part of the service, a 24-hour advice line is included for PLWD and their carers who attend the centre. Locally, there is limited PDS and most carers navigate the health and social care system alone mirroring the findings by the National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (NCCMH).MethodWe undertook a retrospective evaluation of 244 advice calls, from 64 carers, between 01/06/2019 and 31/12/2019. We analysed time of call, type of advice, type of dementia, age and whether the advice was for the PLWD or for the carer.ResultOf the 244 calls, the most common time to call was between 09.00 - 14.00 (n = 168; (68.8%) peak 09.00 - 10.00 (n = 38). Average age of the person about whom the advice was sought was 79.08 years. 91.4% of the advice calls related to PLWD (most common dementia Alzheimer's) and 8.6% to the carer only. The mean number of calls per person was 3.8 (range 1–24).Advice data were grouped into 9 broad themes namely, related to symptoms/behaviour (32.79%, n = 80), request for Me2u to coordinate care (20.08%, n = 49), general advice (14.75%, n = 36), personal care (9.42%, n = 23), carer only advice (8.60%, n = 21), social issues (6.14%, n = 15), social care (4.50%, n = 11), safeguarding (2.46%, n = 6), non-health and social care issue (1.23%, n = 3).ConclusionReasons for limited/poor PDS given by the NCCMH are; absence of named coordinators of care, over-reliance on families and carers to manage and facilitate appointments, poor recognition and management of comorbidities. This data show that 52.87% of calls were for clinical advice and coordination of care reflecting NCCMH findings. The interventions post-call reduced the impact on providers of urgent care.These findings provide support for the provision of a [24-hour] advice line as a routine part of post-diagnostic support services, especially in areas that have limited or poor PDS. Commissioners of PDS services in areas that have limited or poor PDS should make this a priority to prevent unplanned admissions to hospital and carer breakdown.

Colum Keohane ◽  
Momhammed Alagha ◽  
Marie O'Shaughnessy ◽  
Doireann Joyce ◽  
Wael Tawfick ◽  

Abstract Objective To determine whether the introduction of a one-stop see and treat clinic offering early reflux ablation for Venous Leg Ulcer (VLU) patients in July 2016 has affected rates of unplanned inpatient admissions due to venous ulceration. Design Review of inpatient admission data and analysis of related costs. Materials The Hospital Inpatient Enquiry collects data from acute public hospitals in Ireland on admissions and discharges, coded by diagnosis and acuity. This was the primary source of all data relating to admissions and length of stay. Costs were calculated from data published by the Health Service Executive in Ireland on average costs per inpatient stay for given diagnosis codes. Methods Data were collected on admission rates, length of stay, overall bed day usage, and costs across a four-year period; the two years since the introduction of the rapid access clinic, and the two years immediately prior as a control. Results 218 patients admitted with VLUs accounted for a total of 2,529 inpatient bed-days, with 4.5(2-6) unplanned admissions, and a median hospital stay of 7(4-13) days per month. Median unplanned admissions per month decreased from 6(2.5-8.5) in the control period, to 3.5(2-5) after introduction of the clinic p=.040. Bed-day usage was significantly reduced from median 62.5(27-92.5), to 36.5(21-44) bed-days per month (p=.035), though length of stay remained unchanged (p=.57). Cost of unplanned inpatient admissions fell from median \euro33,336.25(\euro14,401.26-\euro49,337.65) per month to \euro19,468.37(\euro11,200.98-\euro22,401.96) (p=.03). Conclusions Admissions for inpatient management of VLUs have fallen after beginning aggressive endovenous treatment of venous reflux in a dedicated one-stop see-and-treat clinic for these patients. As a result, bed-day usage has also fallen, leading to cost savings.

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