Margaret Atwood
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Author(s):  
Carlos González

Los años setenta del siglo XX fueron especialmente pródigos en proyectos intelectuales abarcadores en las ciencias sociales y las humanidades. La explosión del estructuralismo y sus derivas se tradujo en una nueva era de teoría que alcanzó a todas las regiones de Occidente. En particular, América se apropió de conceptos e ideas que le permitieron pensar los temas urgentes de la época. Para la crítica literaria, no había tema más urgente que la definición de una identidad cultural autónoma, independiente de los centros hegemónicos del saber. En este trabajo analizo comparativamente dos obras de dos críticos emblemáticos, cada uno para una región determinada de América, publicados en los primeros años de la década de 1970: Survival (1972), de Margaret Atwood, y Medio siglo de narrativa lationamericana (1973) de Ángel Rama. Luego de exponer las principales tesis de ambos trabajos, propongo que entre Canadá y Latinoamérica existen problemas identitarios comunes y proyectos teóricos que surgen de la misma angustia colonial. La finalidad de este artículo es mostrar que el diálogo entre las tradiciones críticas canadiense y latinoamericana puede ser muy fructífero y no debería ser ignorado para futuras investigaciones.


Author(s):  
Tonya Krouse

Virginia Woolf’s novels have historically been regarded as exceptional for their nuanced characterization, particularly of women, and as foundationally influential to women writers after 1945. This chapter investigates the feminist underpinnings of Woolf’s portrayals of female characters in order to trace Woolf’s ongoing legacy in the feminist writing of today’s women authors. Focusing on three archetypes—the Angel, the Artist, and the Girl—the chapter evaluates Woolf’s techniques for female characterization alongside those deployed by women writers including Margaret Atwood, Zadie Smith, Doris Lessing, Claire Messud, Fatima Mernissi, and Jenni Fagan. These comparative readings show the ways in which Woolf’s fiction inspires contemporary women writers to explore relationships between women and gives them a map for creating complex narratives of affiliation to encompass women’s physical, emotional, and intellectual lives.


Author(s):  
Вероника Викторовна Катермина ◽  
Мария Вадимовна Балаева

Статья посвящена изучению стилистических особенностей произведений современного литературного процесса на материале романов Маргарет Этвуд “The Blind Assassin”, Анны Бернс “Milkman” и Хилари Мантел “Giving up the Ghost”. В данной работе отмечается, что литература служит некоего рода лакмусовой бумажкой, запечатлевающей и отражающей всеобщее стремление к упрощению языка, его отдельных единиц и синтаксических структур. По мнению исследователей, подобные тенденции приводят к упрощению не только устных форм языка, но и языка художественной прозы, тем самым понижая ее эстетическую значимость и культурологический статус. В статье описывается процедура общефилологического анализа художественного текста и его основные методы. Среди исследователей нет единого мнения относительно поэтичности литературных произведений и роли в ее формировании различных языковых единиц. Некоторые ученые рассматривают тропы как один из обязательных элементов любого художественного текста, представляя их как нечто независимое и существующее даже в изоляции от текстового пространства. Согласно другому мнению, формирование стилистических приемов обусловлено взаимодействием языковых единиц, которые, лишь попадая в структуру текста, приобретают несвойственные им ранее образность и метафоричность. Проведенный филологический анализ материала исследования позволил опровергнуть распространенное мнение о крайнем обеднении стилистического потенциала современных англоязычных романов и установить, что задачей авторов современного литературного процесса является создание текстов, чья стилистическая организация не только сохранит статус литературы как искусства слова, но и сможет приблизить произведение к описываемой действительности. The article is devoted to the study of stylistic peculiarities of the literary works of the modern literary process on the material of the novels “The Blind Assassin” by Margaret Atwood, “Milkman” by Anna Burns and “Giving up the Ghost” by Hilary Mantel. The article notes that literature serves as some sort of a touchstone depicting and reflecting the universal desire to simplify the language, its separate units and syntactic structures. According to scientists, such tendencies lead to simplification of both oral speech and literary prose, which understates its esthetic value and cultural status. The article describes the procedure of philological analysis of a literary text and its basic methods. There is no common opinion on the poetry of literary works and on what role linguistic units play in its creation among scientists. Some researchers consider tropes one of the essential elements of any literary work, viewing them as something independent and existing even in isolation from the text. Others believe that the formation of stylistic devices results from interaction of linguistic units, which acquire earlier extrinsic imagery and metaphorical character only in the structure of a text. The philological analysis of the research material made it possible to refute a widespread impression of utmost impoverishment of stylistic potential in modern English novels and to establish the aim of modern literary process writers, which is to create texts which stylistic organization will not only preserve the status of literature as the art of the word but will also be able to bring the text closer to the described reality.


2021 ◽  
Vol 18 (1) ◽  
pp. 125-137
Author(s):  
Tjaša Mohar ◽  
Tomaž Onič

Margaret Atwood is undoubtedly the most popular Canadian author in Slovenia, with eight novels translated into Slovene. Although this prolific author also writes short fiction, poetry, children’s books, and non-fiction, these remain unknown to Slovene readers, at least in their own language. Atwood has published as many poetry collections as novels, but her poetry is inaccessible in Slovene, with the exception of some thirty poems that were translated and published in literary magazines between 1999 and 2009. The article provides an overview of Atwood’s poetry volumes and the main features of her poetry, as well as a detailed overview of Atwood’s poems that have appeared in Slovene translation, with the names of translators, titles of poetry collections, dates of publication, and names of literary magazines. This is the first such overview of Slovene translations of Atwood’s poetry. Additionally, the article offers an insight into some stylistic aspects of Atwood’s poetry that have proven to be particularly challenging for translation.


Ars Aeterna ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 57-67
Author(s):  
Adam Briedik

Abstract Postcolonial criticism offers a radically new platform for the interpretation of science fiction texts. Mostly preoccupied with the themes of alien other and interstellar colonization, the genre of sci-fi breaths with colonial discourse and postcolonial tropes and imagery. Although Margaret Atwood rejects the label of science fiction writer, her dystopian novel The Handmaid’s Tale (1985) explores similar ethical concerns to the anti-conquest narratives of postcolonial authors. Atwood’s identification of Canadian identity as a victim of the former British Empire is challenged by her introduction of a female character rejecting their postcolonial subjugated identity in a patriarchal society. Her variation on dystopian concerns is motivated by sexuality, and her characters are reduced to objects of colonial desire with no agency. The protagonist, Offred, endures double colonization from the feminist perspective; yet, in terms of postcolonial criticism, Attwood’s character of Offred is allowed to reconstruct her subaltern identity through her fragmented narration of the past and speak in an authoritative voice. The orality of her narration only confirms the predisposition of the text to interpretation in the same terms as postcolonial fiction.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Renee Noortman ◽  
Mathias Funk ◽  
Kristina Andersen ◽  
Berry Eggen
Keyword(s):  

2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 37-50
Author(s):  
Murat Kabak

While there are major works tracing the themes of belonging and longing for home in contemporary fiction, there is no current study adequately addressing the connection between dystopian novel and nostalgia. This paper aims to illustrate how the Canadian writer Margaret Atwood uses nostalgia as a framework to level a critique against technological utopianism in her dystopian novel Oryx and Crake (2003). The first novel in Atwood’s “MaddAddam Trilogy” problematizes utopian thought by focusing on the tension between two utopian projects: the elimination of all suffering and the perfection of human beings by discarding their weaknesses. Despite the claims of scientific objectivity and environmentalism, the novel exposes the religious and human-centered origins of Crake’s technological utopian project. Atwood’s Oryx and Crake is an ambiguous work of science fiction that combines utopian and dystopian elements into its narrative to criticize utopian thought.


Twejer ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
pp. 1209-1254
Author(s):  
Moreen Gorgees Seudin ◽  
◽  
Saman Abdulqadir Hussein Dizayi ◽  

This paper tackles patriarchy and phallocentrism's concepts by shedding light on women, culture, and nature. Margaret Atwood's novels Oryx and Crake and The Year of the Flood are examined in terms of the concepts mentioned above. Atwood's novels and literary works can be examined in light of the concepts of patriarchy and phallocentrism based on environmental ethics. Through the study of these two novels, this paper attempts to elicit the signs regarding the cultural-ecological discourses and women's conditions as they are trapped in a male-centered society. Besides, it stresses nature's conditions whereby natural objects are undermined and are in the same miserable conditions as women. Then, applying these two concepts in the novels, Oryx and Crake and The Year of the Flood are thoroughly explored along with the male/female and culture/nature dualisms question. Keywords: Ecofeminism, Margaret Atwood, Patriarchy, Phallocentrism


Author(s):  
Meijiao ZHAO

<em>Hag-Seed</em> is a re-imagining story of Shakespeare's '<em>The Tempest</em>' written by Margaret Atwood, a famous Canadian writer. <em>Hag-seed</em> is a successful adaptation in The Hogarth Shakespeare Project organized by Hogarth Press. In this novel, Atwood adopts the form “play in play” to recur the whole scene of <em>The Tempest</em>. Through the depictions of minor characters in a prison, the novel presents the dilemma and struggle of marginalized protagonists in front of the power. In the novel, the play directed by Felix criticizes the power abuse and the social oppression suffered by the lower classes and women. Atwood's rewriting of The Tempest aims to reveal the loss of the humanistic concerns in modern society and advocate making “the other” acquire their rights to free speech.


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