Compressive Resistance
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2022 ◽  
Vol 961 (1) ◽  
pp. 012042
Abdulrasool Thamer Abdulrasool ◽  
Laith Sh. Rasheed ◽  
Laith Mohammed Ridha Mahmmod ◽  
Safaa S. Mohammed ◽  
Noor R. Kadhim

Abstract Internal curing has long been utilized to decrease self-shrinkage and consequently the increased danger of concrete cracking prematurely. The measured mechanical characteristics of concrete were studied in five mixes, both with and without internal curing. Two of these mixtures have a 10% replacement rate, with one using ceramic and the other Attapulgite, while the other two have a 20% replacement, with one using ceramic and the other using Attapulgite, and the fifth is a reference mixture with no replacement for comparative reasons. With an increase of 27.93%, the ceramic combination with a 20% replacement rate is judged to have the highest compressive resistance, followed by the Attapulgite mixture with a 20% replacement rate with an increase of 34.2%. The results showed that the ceramic and Attapulgite internal curing purposes were highly effective, especially with a 20% replacement. The use of crushed ceramics and attapulgite as internal curing materials improves the characteristics of concrete.

Mohammed Taher Abdul Rahman Al-Haidari

This research included an applied study for the design of concrete mixtures by following the method of the American Concrete Institute (ACl) and the method of the Building Research Center in England (British method) to restriction which of these two methods is more suitable for use and application in the design of concrete mixtures when using local aggregate (gravel and sand taken from the area Badush and Aski Mosul), where job mixes were made using the mixing ratios obtained from these two methods, and a comparative study was made for the properties concrete resulting in the soft state (workability )and the hardened state (compressive resistance), and the results proved the following: A- In general, when discussing the results according to mixing ratios and workability levels, the method of the Building Research Center in England (the British method) gave higher results than the results obtained by the American Concrete Institute method (the American method) when using the above local aggregate whereas results shown increase in (workability) and Compressive strength. This increase amounts to the percentages shown in the table below: Compressive strength (%) Slump test (%) workability 10.48 14.40 Precipitation = 10-8 cm 12.10 21.40 Precipitation = 18-15 cm Table (1-1) B- It is possible to make another comparison, when fixing the proportion of water/cement, it turns out that the method of the Building Research Center in England (the British method) gives higher workability than the method of the American Concrete Institute (the American method) and for the same proportion of cement/ water, the American method gives Higher compressive strength than the British method. C- The building research center method is a more practical and applicable method more than the American Concrete Institute method because it takes the type of cement, the type of aggregate and other properties of the aggregate (especially particle shape) into consideration

2021 ◽  
pp. 100362
Jacqueline Roberta Tamashiro ◽  
Angela Kinoshita ◽  
Lucas Henrique Pereira Silva ◽  
Fabio Friol Guedes de Paiva ◽  
Patricia Alexandra Antunes ◽  

TAPPI Journal ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 20 (11) ◽  
pp. 673-679

Environmental scaling factors estimate a corrugated container’s ability to withstand various conditions it will encounter during the storage and distribution process. In this project, we examined the compressive resistance of unitized loads using differing pallet stacking patterns. To simulate real-world failure scenarios in our laboratory tests, we used two different nominal board grades of single-wall C-flute regular slotted containers loaded with a plywood panel and bagged salt to direct the failure location to the bottom of the stack. Our results showed that the columnar aligned pattern provided the greatest compressive resistance and the interlocked stacking arrangement yielded the lowest of the patterns evaluated. Based on the study results, we calculated box compression retention multipliers for each pattern and compared them to scaling factors published by the Fibre Box Association.

2021 ◽  
Nahura Pessanha Silva ◽  
Bárbara Ferreira de Oliveira ◽  
Glória Andreia Ferreira Hernández ◽  
Luana Pinto de Souza Tavares ◽  
Michel Picanço Oliveira ◽  

Mycelium-based composites result from the growth of filamentous fungi on organic materials such as agricultural waste streams, like sugarcane bagasse, sawdust, coffee husks, coconut mesocarp and cotton. The morphology, density, tensile, flexural and compression strength of mycocomposites change according to the type of substrate, fungal species and processing technique. The objective of this study was to evaluate the mechanical behaviour in compression of different mycelium-based materials changing the fungal species. Substrates were formulated with wood sawdust and coconut endocarp, coffee grounds and wheat bran and incubated with isolates of the fungi Pycnoporus sanguineus, Ganoderma applanattum and Hexagonia hydnoides. Pre-myceliated sterile substrates were placed in cylindrical molds and incubated at 25°C for 7 days. After this period, the composites obtained were subjected to a temperature of 80 °C for 12 hours to stop fungi further development. Mechanical tests showed the relationship between the fungi and the compressive resistance (10% strain) of resulting composites, according to ASTM D1621. The analyzes indicated that the use of Pycnoporus sanguineus fungusprovides a composite with greater resistance to compression, which suggests the application of this mycocomposite in packaging, since the primary requirement of such use is to protect the content against damage.

2021 ◽  
Vithoria Réggia Gomes Pessanha ◽  
Maria das Graças Machado Freire ◽  
Michel Picanço Oliveira ◽  
Bárbara Ferreira de Oliveira

Mycocomposites have received special attention from both academic and commercial environments. These materials give a new purpose to agricultural residues, bringing benefits to companies, society and the environment. Currently, they have been studied to replace synthetic materials such as polyester. However, its field of application is still very limited, making it necessary for more research to be carried out. In this work, mycocomposites were produced in two configurations: without jute and with two jute arranged at 1/3 of the thickness in relation to the surfaces perpendicular to loading plains during bending and compression tests. The base substrate used consisted of coconut mesocarp, white wood sawdust and wheat grain pre-myceliated by the fungus Pycnopurus sanguineus. Analysis by confocal microscopy showed that the fungus produced a network of mycelial hyphae capable of uniting substrate components and incorporated jute. Composites’ mechanical properties were evaluated from three-point bending tests and compression tests. The Shapiro-Wilk tests showed that all determined mechanical properties are normally distributed. The highest compressive resistance (10% deformation) was found in the mycocomposite without jute. The analysis of variance showed that the mean flexural strength of the two configurations analyzed did not present any statistically significant difference; despite this, the composite without jute proved to be more rigid. It was verified that the flexural strength of the produced mycocomposites is located between the values found for the expanded polystyrenes EPS 100 and EPS 150, but that their compressive strength was lower. At first, the materials produced in this work exhibited the necessary properties to be applied in simple pieces such as lampshades, packaging, and plant vases. However, it is still necessary that new studies are carried out to verify the feasibility of its application in the field of engineering, such as in civil construction panels, where EPS are used.

2021 ◽  
Vol 30 (2) ◽  
Kexin Zhang

In order to study the properties of polyurethane cement composite (PUC) material, this paper has carried out the tests of compressive resistance, flexural resistance, axial tension, bonding and acid and alkali corrosion resistance of the material. The average compressive strength of the material is 59.3 MPa, the average flexural strength is 41.5 MPa, and the average axial tensile strength is 31.0 MPa. The bonding strength between the material and concrete in axial tension is 3.56 MPa, and that between the material and concrete in bending is 3.16 MPa. The failure interface of the two bond tests is not on the bond surface, indicating that the polyurethane cement composite (PUC) material has good bonding property. The chemical corrosion resistance test of polyurethane cement material showed no visible change on the surface of the material, indicating good chemical corrosion resistance.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Yue Dong ◽  
Xinguo Zhang ◽  
Jia Lin ◽  
Jinhai Zhao ◽  
Zixuan Meng

The coal mining technology of fully mechanized solid filling is an efficient and green mining method that integrates “sediment reduction” and “emission reduction.” However, the discharge of wasted gangue and surface subsidence are controlled by the amount of wasted gangue used in filling mining and the compaction rate of gangue filled into a goaf, respectively. To increase the consumption of wasted gangue and reduce surface subsidence, mixed gangue composed of equal-quality washed gangue and crushed gangue is proposed as a raw material for solid filling on the basis of gradation theory. Next, a screening experiment was performed to analyze the grain gradation of different specimens, and a compression experiment was executed to compare and analyze the compression characteristics. The results show that the nonuniformity coefficient of mixed gangue is 55.2 and the curvature coefficient is 1.53, which significantly improve the grain gradation of washed gangue. The degree of relative compaction of mixed gangue is 1.226, which is significantly lower than that of washed gangue, which is 1.33. The deformation modulus of mixed gangue is 23–135 MPa, which is better than that of washed gangue (26–100 MPa), indicating that the compressive resistance of mixed gangue is significantly improved. The case study of the Tangkou mine suggests that mixed gangue greatly promotes the consumption of wasted gangue and can effectively control the surface deformation.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (13) ◽  
pp. 6094
Hubdar Hussain ◽  
Xiangyu Gao ◽  
Anqi Shi

In this study, detailed finite element analysis was conducted to examine the seismic performance of square and circular hollow steel braces under axial cyclic loading. Finite element models of braces were constructed using ABAQUS finite element analysis (FEA) software and validated with experimental results from previous papers to expand the specimen’s matrix. The influences of cross-section shape, slenderness ratio, and width/diameter-to-thickness ratio on hysteretic behavior and compressive-tensile strength degradation were studied. Simulation results of parametric studies show that both square and circular hollow braces have a better cyclic performance with smaller slenderness and width/diameter-to-thickness ratios, and their compressive-tensile resistances ratio significantly decreases from cycle to cycle after the occurrence of the global buckling of braces.

2021 ◽  
Mahmoud Shaaban Sayed Ahmed

A Permanent Wood Foundation (PWF) is a panel composed of expanded polystyrene insulation and preserved stud cores laminated between oriented-strand boards and preserved plywood. This thesis presents the experimental testing on selected PWFs' sizes to investigate their long-term creep behaviour under sustained soil pressure. The long-term creep tests were performed over eight months, followed by loading the tested panels to destruction to determine their axial compressive strength. The ultimate load test results showed that the structural qualification of PWF is "as good as" the structural capacity of the conventional wood-frame buildings. The obtained experimental ultimate compressive resistance and flexural resistance, along with the developed long-term creep deflection of the wall under lateral soil pressure can be used in the available Canadian Wood Council (CWC) force-moment interaction equation to establish design tables of such wall panels under gravity loading and soil pressure.

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