false vocal
Recently Published Documents





Sang-Wook Park ◽  
Ki Ju Cho ◽  
Seongjun Won ◽  
Jung Je Park

Lobular capillary hemangioma (LCH) is a type of benign vascular tumor. It arises from vascular endothelial cells and contains capillaries arranged in a lobular pattern. In the head and neck, the most common presenting location of LCH is the lips, and presentation in the larynx is very rare. LCH might not be distinct from granuloma in macroscopic views. We report a 71-year-old female with LCH of the larynx that was totally resected via laryngeal microsurgery with a CO2 laser and briefly review the literature.

2021 ◽  
Vol 64 (12) ◽  
pp. 954-958
Seulki Song ◽  
Dae Hyun Song ◽  
Jin Pyeong Kim

Myxofibrosarcoma (MFS) is a histologic subtype of malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH), with a predominant myxoid component. MFS is characterized by locally aggressive behavior and a high rate of local recurrence, however, with a good prognosis. Head and neck MFS accounts for 3% of all cases of MFS. To date, only two cases of laryngeal MFS have been reported. Owing to the rarity of MFS, the clinical characteristics and optimal treatment options remain controversial. Surgical resection with a clear margin is considered the treatment of choice. Compared to traditional MFS tumors, epithelioid variants have worse prognosis. Other factors associated with a poor prognosis of MFS tumors include inadequate surgical margins, large tumor size, old age, and high-grade tumors. Herein, we report a case of high-grade epithelioid variant MFS located in the false vocal fold, requiring total laryngectomy to obtain an adequate surgical margin. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of epithelioid variant of high-grade MFS presenting in the larynx.

László Rovó ◽  
Vera Matievics ◽  
Balázs Sztanó ◽  
László Szakács ◽  
Dóra Pálinkó ◽  

Abstract Purpose Endoscopic arytenoid abduction lateropexy (EAAL) is a reliable surgical solution for the minimally invasive treatment of bilateral vocal fold palsy (BVFP), providing a stable airway by the lateralization of the arytenoid cartilages with a simple suture. The nondestructive manner of the intervention theoretically leads to higher regeneration potential, thus better voice quality. The study aimed to investigate the respiratory and phonatory outcomes of this treatment concept. Methods 61 BVFP patients with significant dyspnea associated with thyroid/parathyroid surgery were treated by unilateral EAAL. Jitter, Shimmer, Harmonics to Noise Ratio, Maximum Phonation Time, Fundamental frequency, Voice Handicap Index, Dysphonia Severity Index, Friedrich’s Dysphonia Index, Global-Roughness-Breathiness scale, Quality of Life, and Peak Inspiratory Flow were evaluated 18 months after EAAL. Results All patients had a stable and adequate airway during the follow-up. Ten patients (16.4%) experienced complete bilateral motion recovery with objective acoustic parameters in the physiological ranges. Most functional results of the 13 patients (21.3%) with unilateral recovery also reached the normal values. Fifteen patients (24.6%) had unilateral adduction recovery only, with slightly impaired voice quality. Eleven patients (18.0%) had false vocal fold phonation with socially acceptable voice. In 12 patients (19.7%) no significant motion recovery was detected on the glottic level. Conclusion EAAL does not interfere with the potential regeneration process and meets the most important phoniatric requirements while guaranteeing the reversibility of the procedure—therefore serving patients with transient palsy. Further, a socially acceptable voice quality and an adequate airway are ensured even in cases of permanent bilateral vocal fold paralysis.

2021 ◽  
pp. 014556132110471
Lee Chin-Tse ◽  
Tsai Meng-Chen ◽  
Chang Shih-Lun

Lymphangiomas are rare benign tumors of the lymphatic system, most often found at birth and before the age of 2 years. The head and neck region are the most frequent locations for lymphangioma. Involvement of the adult larynx in isolation is rare, and only a few cases have been reported so far. We report the case of a patient with a left false vocal cord reddish tumor presenting with hemoptysis and voice cracking. The surgical excision of mass was performed by direct laryngoscopy-assisted CO2 laser. The histopathological report revealed the diagnosis as cavernous lymphangioma. After a follow-up of 1 year, the patient is free of recurrence with all laryngeal functions being normal.

2021 ◽  
Vol 59 (243) ◽  
pp. 1185-1188
Anup Sanjel ◽  
Shankar Prasad Shah ◽  
Shyam Thapa Chhetri ◽  
Sudip Mishra ◽  
Ashik Rajak ◽  

Laryngeal schwannomas are rare tumors of neural sheath origin. They normally present as a slow-growing, encapsulated, submucosal mass commonly in the supraglottic region. We describe a 13-year-old boy presenting with a 4-month history of progressive worsening dysphagia. Fiber optic laryngoscopy and computed tomography revealed a polypoidal mass in the laryngeal surface of epiglottis abutting left the aryepiglottic fold, base of the tongue and hypopharyngeal wall. Direct laryngoscopic evaluation and microdebrider assisted debulking was performed with tracheostomy. Schwannoma was confirmed by histopathological study. In a regular follow-up after two months, 70 degree endoscopic evaluation revealed similar mass in the left aryepiglottic fold obscuring the vocal cord. Definite complete excision of the tumor was planned and endoscopic excision of the masswas performed with removal of ipsilateral aryepiglottic fold, arytenoid and false vocal cord with retracheotomy. Rapid occurrence of mass after debulking and biopsy was demonstrated in this case. Though rare, neurogenic tumors of the larynx are life-threatening and need complete removal.

2021 ◽  
pp. 014556132110498
Xiaoli Qu ◽  
Yang Xiao ◽  
Lijing Ma ◽  
Jun Wang

Objectives The lesion distribution of juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (JORRP) during first-time surgery has been rarely reported. The purpose of this study was to describe the anatomical distribution of papilloma across 25 Derkay sites during initial surgery and to assess the impact of the lesion distribution on disease severity. Methods Surgical videos and medical records of 106 patients with JORRP (27 aggressive and 79 nonaggressive cases) were retrospectively reviewed. Lesion locations were recorded using Derkay anatomical sites. Logistic regression was used to analyze the effect of the lesion distribution on disease severity. Results Among the 106 patients, the true vocal cords (90.6% left, 84.0% right) were the most frequently involved site, followed by the false vocal cords (39.6% left, 35.8% right) and the anterior commissure (26.4%). Two patients (1.9%) had tracheal involvement. Patients with false vocal cord involvement (odds ratio [OR] = 3.425, 95% confidence interval [CI] [1.285, 9.132], P = .014) and a younger age at diagnosis (OR = .698, 95% CI [.539, .905], P = .007) were more likely to require more than 4 procedures in the year following first-time surgery. Conclusions Lesions were most common on the true vocal cords. False vocal cord involvement and a younger age at diagnosis were risk factors for disease severity.

2021 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
Fatemeh Adabifirouzjaei ◽  
Bharam Khazai ◽  
Ghazaleh Azami ◽  
Ghazaleh Shoja-e-Razavi

Abstract Introduction Extranodal, natural-killer/T-cell lymphoma of nasal type is a rare but aggressive disease usually presenting as progressive necrotic lesions in the nasal cavity that responds poorly to chemotherapy. In this paper, we report a relapsing, chemorefractory case of extranodal natural-killer/T-cell lymphoma responding to checkpoint inhibitor immunotherapy with pembrolizumab. Case presentation A 32-year-old Hispanic woman with a history of recurrent sinusitis and preseptal abscess presented with a hoarse voice, swelling around the right eye, and diplopia. Laryngoscopy showed infiltrating tissue extending to bilateral laryngeal ventricles and false vocal cords. On immunohistochemical examination of laryngeal biopsy, the neoplastic cells showed positivity for CD3 (cytoplasmic), CD7, CD56, granzyme B, CD30, and Epstein–Barr virus-encoded ribonucleic acid (RNA). Extranodal natural-killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, was confirmed. In the absence of distant organ involvement, the decision was to perform chemotherapy with etoposide, ifosfamide, mesna, cisplatin, and dexamethasone (VIPD protocol) followed by concurrent chemoradiation with weekly doses of cisplatin and two cycles of VIPD as adjuvant treatment. However, 1 month after completion of the treatment; disease recurrence was demonstrated. The patient was scheduled to receive salvage chemotherapy with steroid, methotrexate, ifosfamide, L- asparaginase, and etoposide (SMILE) protocol and CD30-targeting monoclonal antibodies. However, the mass was chemorefractory without response to either l-asparaginase-based salvage chemotherapy in combination with high-dose methotrexate or brentuximab vedotin. However, this case of chemorefractory extranodal natural-killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, responded well to the novel drug pembrolizumab, which was able to control the disease. Conclusion Checkpoint inhibitors are potential treatment option in selected chemorefractory extranodal natural-killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, cases.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-4
Jessa E. Miller ◽  
Shaghauyegh S. Azar ◽  
Dinesh K. Chhetri

Introduction. Osteochondromas are relatively common benign bone tumors often located at the metaphyseal ends of long bones; however, they are rare in the head and neck region. The objective of this study is to present a case of an osteochondroma arising from the thyroid cartilage causing insidious dysphonia and to present a literature review. Methods. The medical record of a patient treated for osteochondroma of the thyroid cartilage was reviewed. A literature search on osteochondromas was conducted using PubMed and Google Scholar. The epidemiology, presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of osteochondromas were reviewed. Results. A 50-year-old female presented with nine months of dysphonia and aphonic voice breaks. Laryngovideostroboscopy revealed a left false vocal fold fullness, glottal gap, and vibratory phase asymmetry. A CT neck demonstrated a well-circumscribed 5 × 8 × 9 mm mass arising from the left thyroid cartilage lamina with a thin calcified rim and a heterogeneous decreased attenuation center. The tumor was excised surgically. Histopathologic analysis demonstrated hyaline cartilage overlying lamellar bone with fatty bone marrow, consistent with osteochondroma. English language literature review revealed no cases of osteochondroma of the thyroid cartilage. The presenting features of osteochondroma may depend on the size and location of the lesion. It is critical to differentiate between benign and malignant bone tumors, and physicians must rely on their clinical examination, radiographic findings, and histopathologic analysis to make the correct diagnosis. Conclusions. Osteochondromas of the laryngeal framework are extremely rare, and to our knowledge, there have been no reports in the literature of this tumor arising from the thyroid cartilage. Dysphonia may be the presenting symptom in a patient with a thyroid cartilage mass causing restricted mobility of the true vocal folds.

Sleurs K ◽  
Heijden S Van Der ◽  
Vries B De ◽  
Smit J ◽  

Submucosal laryngeal masses are challenging for ENT specialists as the diagnosis usually remains uncertain until histopathological examination is carried out. We report a case of a 54-year old man complaining of dysphonia and globus sensation. Flexible laryngoscopic examination showed a submucosal swelling in the right anterior laryngeal ventricle. Microlaryngoscopic excision of the submucosal mass was performed. Histological examination revealed salivary gland tissue. We found only a few cases in the literature of ectopic salivary gland tissue situated in the larynx. In these cases, the salivary gland tissue was also located at the anterior portion of the true or false vocal fold. Thus, it is necessary to consider this condition in the differential diagnosis of a submucosal mass in the anterior true or false vocal fold or laryngeal ventricle.

2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 60-63
Arju Deo ◽  
Daisy Maharjan ◽  
Alina Karna

Laryngeal Schwannoma is rare comprising 0.1 – 1.5% of all benign laryngeal tumors. The most common site in larynx is aryepiglottic fold followed by arytenoids, ventricular folds, and vocal cord. Patients present with the symptoms of hoarseness, dysphagia or globus sensation. We present a 33-year-old male with supraglottic schwannoma who experienced hoarseness of voice for three months. The patient underwent micro laryngeal surgery and submucosal solid tumor of false vocal cord was removed. Postoperative recovery was uneventful and after one month of follow up the patient was improving with no hoarseness of voice.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document