Diabetes Care
Latest Publications


TOTAL DOCUMENTS

19861
(FIVE YEARS 2466)

H-INDEX

343
(FIVE YEARS 74)

Published By American Diabetes Association

0149-5992, 0149-5992

Diabetes Care ◽  
2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Ahmed A. Kolkailah ◽  
Stephen D. Wiviott ◽  
Itamar Raz ◽  
Sabina A. Murphy ◽  
Ofri Mosenzon ◽  
...  

Diabetes Care ◽  
2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Raija Lithovius ◽  
Anni A. Antikainen ◽  
Stefan Mutter ◽  
Erkka Valo ◽  
Carol Forsblom ◽  
...  

OBJECTIVE Individuals with type 1 diabetes are at a high lifetime risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), calling for early interventions. This study explores the use of a genetic risk score (GRS) for CAD risk prediction, compares it to established clinical markers, and investigates its performance according to the age and pharmacological treatment. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This study in 3,295 individuals with type 1 diabetes from the Finnish Diabetic Nephropathy Study (467 incident CAD, 14.8 years follow-up) used three risk scores: a GRS, a validated clinical score, and their combined score. Hazard ratios (HR) were calculated with Cox regression, and model performances were compared with the Harrell C-index (C-index). RESULTS A HR of 6.7 for CAD was observed between the highest and the lowest 5th percentile of the GRS (P = 1.8 × 10−6). The performance of GRS (C-index = 0.562) was similar to HbA1c (C-index = 0.563, P = 0.96 for difference), HDL (C-index = 0.571, P = 0.6), and total cholesterol (C-index = 0.594, P = 0.1). The GRS was not correlated with the clinical score (r = −0.013, P = 0.5). The combined score outperformed the clinical score (C-index = 0.813 vs. C-index = 0.820, P = 0.003). The GRS performed better in individuals below the median age (38.6 years) compared with those above (C-index = 0.637 vs. C-index = 0.546). CONCLUSIONS A GRS identified individuals at high risk of CAD and worked better in younger individuals. GRS was also an independent risk factor for CAD, with a predictive power comparable to that of HbA1c and HDL and total cholesterol, and when incorporated into a clinical model, modestly improved the predictions. The GRS promises early risk stratification in clinical practice by enhancing the prediction of CAD.


Diabetes Care ◽  
2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Irene Caruso ◽  
Angelo Cignarelli ◽  
Luigi Laviola ◽  
Francesco Giorgino

Diabetes Care ◽  
2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Sarah C. Haynes ◽  
Tejaswi Kompala ◽  
Daniel J. Tancredi ◽  
Aaron B. Neinstein ◽  
Stephanie S. Crossen

Diabetes Care ◽  
2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Paula M. Trief ◽  
Diane Uschner ◽  
Melinda Tung ◽  
Marsha D. Marcus ◽  
Maria Rayas ◽  
...  

OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence of high diabetes distress and associated factors in the Treatment Options for Type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents and Youth (TODAY2) study cohort of young adults with youth-onset type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Participants completed the Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS) at end-of-study visits. Factors examined for association with high distress were demographic (sex, race/ethnicity, age, education, income), medical (HbA1c, BMI, complications), psychological (depressive and anxiety symptoms), and social (number in household, offspring, health care coverage, established with diabetes care provider). Univariate logistic regression identified factors associated with high distress that were controlled for in multivariate logistic regressions. RESULTS Of 438 participants, 66% were female (mean age 26.8 years, 18% non-Hispanic White, 37% non-Hispanic Black, 38% Hispanic). High distress (DDS ≥2) was reported by 105 (24%) participants. Subscales identified 40% with high regimen distress and 29.7% with high emotional burden. A greater percentage of those with high distress were female (P = 0.002), diagnosed with hypertension (P = 0.037) and retinopathy (P = 0.005), treated with insulin, had higher HbA1c, and had moderate to severe depressive and anxiety symptoms (all P < 0.001). In multivariate analyses, female sex (P < 0.001), HbA1c (P < 0.001), anxiety symptoms (P = 0.036), and lack of health care coverage (P = 0.019) were associated with high distress, after controlling for potential confounders. Moderate to severe depressive symptoms were associated with high regimen distress (P = 0.018) and emotional burden (P < 0.001); insulin treatment was associated with high emotional burden (P = 0.027). CONCLUSIONS Future research should identify modifiable factors associated with high diabetes distress in young adults with youth-onset type 2 diabetes that may inform distress interventions with this medically vulnerable group.


Diabetes Care ◽  
2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Avivit Cahn ◽  
Stephen D. Wiviott ◽  
Ofri Mosenzon ◽  
Erica L. Goodrich ◽  
Sabina A. Murphy ◽  
...  

OBJECTIVE Current guidelines recommend prescribing SGLT2 inhibitors to patients with type 2 diabetes and established or at high risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), irrespective of HbA1c levels. We studied the association of HbA1c with cardiovascular and renal outcomes and whether the benefit of dapagliflozin varies by baseline HbA1c. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In the Dapagliflozin Effect on Cardiovascular Events trial (DECLARE-TIMI 58), 17,160 patients with type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned to dapagliflozin or placebo for a median follow-up of 4.2 years. Cardiovascular and renal outcomes by baseline HbA1c in the overall population and with dapagliflozin versus placebo in HbA1c subgroups were studied by Cox regression models. RESULTS In the overall population, higher baseline HbA1c was associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular death or hospitalization for heart failure (HHF); major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), including cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and ischemic stroke; and cardiorenal outcomes (adjusted hazard ratios 1.12 [95% CI 1.06–1.19], 1.08 [1.04–1.13], and 1.17 [1.11–1.24] per 1% higher level, respectively). Elevated HbA1c was associated with a greater increased risk for MACE and cardiorenal outcomes in patients with multiple risk factors (MRF) than in established ASCVD (P-interaction = 0.0064 and 0.0093, respectively). Compared with placebo, dapagliflozin decreased the risk of cardiovascular death/HHF, HHF, and cardiorenal outcomes, with no heterogeneity by baseline HbA1c (P-interaction > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS Higher HbA1c levels were associated with greater cardiovascular and renal risk, particularly in the MRF population, yet the benefits of dapagliflozin were observed in all subgroups irrespective of baseline HbA1c, including patients with HbA1c <7%.


Diabetes Care ◽  
2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Marta Garaulet ◽  
Jesus Lopez-Minguez ◽  
Hassan S. Dashti ◽  
Céline Vetter ◽  
Antonio Miguel Hernández-Martínez ◽  
...  

OBJECTIVE We tested whether the concurrence of food intake and elevated concentration of endogenous melatonin, as occurs in late eating, results in impaired glucose control, in particular in carriers of the type 2 diabetes–associated G allele in the melatonin receptor-1b gene (MTNR1B). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In a Spanish natural late-eating population, a randomized, crossover study was performed. Each participant (n = 845) underwent two evening 2-h 75-g oral glucose tolerance tests following an 8-h fast: an early condition scheduled 4 h prior to habitual bedtime (“early dinner timing”) and a late condition scheduled 1 h prior to habitual bedtime (“late dinner timing”), simulating an early and a late dinner timing, respectively. Differences in postprandial glucose and insulin responsesbetween early and late dinner timing were determined using incremental area under the curve (AUC) calculated by the trapezoidal method. RESULTS Melatonin serum levels were 3.5-fold higher in the late versus early condition, with late dinner timing resulting in 6.7% lower insulin AUC and 8.3% higher glucose AUC. In the late condition, MTNR1B G-allele carriers had lower glucose tolerance than noncarriers. Genotype differences in glucose tolerance were attributed to reductions in β-cell function (P for interaction, Pint glucose area under the curve = 0.009, Pint corrected insulin response = 0.022, and Pint Disposition Index = 0.018). CONCLUSIONS Concurrently high endogenous melatonin and carbohydrate intake, as typical for late eating, impairs glucose tolerance, especially in MTNR1B G-risk allele carriers, attributable to insulin secretion defects.


Diabetes Care ◽  
2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Mohamad B. Taha ◽  
Javier Valero-Elizondo ◽  
Tamer Yahya ◽  
César Caraballo ◽  
Rohan Khera ◽  
...  

OBJECTIVE Health-related expenditures resulting from diabetes are rising in the U.S. Medication nonadherence is associated with worse health outcomes among adults with diabetes. We sought to examine the extent of reported cost-related medication nonadherence (CRN) in individuals with diabetes in the U.S. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We studied adults age ≥18 years with self-reported diabetes from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) (2013–2018), a U.S. nationally representative survey. Adults reporting skipping doses, taking less medication, or delaying filling a prescription to save money in the past year were considered to have experienced CRN. The weighted prevalence of CRN was estimated overall and by age subgroups (<65 and ≥65 years). Logistic regression was used to identify sociodemographic characteristics independently associated with CRN. RESULTS Of the 20,326 NHIS participants with diabetes, 17.6% (weighted 2.3 million) of those age <65 years reported CRN, compared with 6.9% (weighted 0.7 million) among those age ≥65 years. Financial hardship from medical bills, lack of insurance, low income, high comorbidity burden, and female sex were independently associated with CRN across age groups. Lack of insurance, duration of diabetes, current smoking, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia were associated with higher odds of reporting CRN among the nonelderly but not among the elderly. Among the elderly, insulin use significantly increased the odds of reporting CRN (odds ratio 1.51; 95% CI 1.18, 1.92). CONCLUSIONS In the U.S., one in six nonelderly and one in 14 elderly adults with diabetes reported CRN. Removing financial barriers to accessing medications may improve medication adherence among these patients, with the potential to improve their outcomes.


Diabetes Care ◽  
2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Anagha Champakanath ◽  
Halis Kaan Akturk ◽  
G. Todd Alonso ◽  
Janet K. Snell-Bergeon ◽  
Viral N. Shah

OBJECTIVE To evaluate long-term glycemic outcomes of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) initiation within the first year of type 1 diabetes diagnosis. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Patients with type 1 diabetes (N = 396) were divided into three groups: 1) CGM (CGM use within 1 year of diabetes diagnosis and continued through the study); 2) no-CGM (no CGM use throughout the study); and 3) new-CGM (CGM use after 3 years since diabetes diagnosis). Patients were followed up to 7 years. RESULTS A1c was significantly lower in the CGM compared with the no-CGM group throughout 7 years of follow-up (least squares mean A1c values: 6 months, 7.3% vs. 8.1%; 1 year, 7.4% vs. 8.6%; 2 years, 7.7% vs. 9.1%; 3 years, 7.6% vs. 9.3%; 4 years, 7.4% vs. 9.6%; 5 years, 7.6% vs. 9.7%; 6 years, 7.5% vs. 10.0%; and 7 years, 7.6% vs. 9.8%; for all, P < 0.001) adjusting for age at diagnosis, sex, and insulin delivery method. CONCLUSION CGM initiation within first year of type 1 diabetes diagnosis results in long-term improvement in A1c.


Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document