scholarly journals An overlooked UV spectroscopic tool for sensing coil-to-helix and helix-to-coil conformational transitions of proteins and peptides

2021 ◽  
pp. 114512
Ferenc Zsila
J.S. Wall ◽  
V. Maridiyan ◽  
S. Tumminia ◽  
J. Hairifeld ◽  
M. Boublik

The high contrast in the dark-field mode of dedicated STEM, specimen deposition by the wet film technique and low radiation dose (1 e/Å2) at -160°C make it possible to obtain high resolution images of unstained freeze-dried macromolecules with minimal structural distortion. Since the image intensity is directly related to the local projected mass of the specimen it became feasible to determine the molecular mass and mass distribution within individual macromolecules and from these data to calculate the linear density (M/L) and the radii of gyration.2 This parameter (RQ), reflecting the three-dimensional structure of the macromolecular particles in solution, has been applied to monitor the conformational transitions in E. coli 16S and 23S ribosomal RNAs in solutions of various ionic strength.In spite of the differences in mass (550 kD and 1050 kD, respectively), both 16S and 23S RNA appear equally sensitive to changes in buffer conditions. In deionized water or conditions of extremely low ionic strength both appear as filamentous structures (Fig. la and 2a, respectively) possessing a major backbone with protruding branches which are more frequent and more complex in 23S RNA (Fig. 2a).

Jessica C. A. Bouma-ter Steege ◽  
Kevin H. Mayo ◽  
Arjan W. Griffioen

Manju Rawat ◽  
Swarnlata Saraf

Currently, drug delivery technologies for protein and peptide delivery mainly rely on biodegradable polymers. However, protein stability during release from these systems can be critical due to physical and chemical instabilities. Lipospheres are solid microparticles composed of fat core stabilized by phospholipids layer represent an alternative carrier for the delivery of highly challenging, labile and unstable  substances. This review highlights various aspects of lipospheres like physicochemical characteristics and stability for better clinical utility with a wider spectrum of proteins and peptides.

2019 ◽  
Vol 35 (6) ◽  
pp. 91-101
F.A. Klebanov ◽  
S.E. Cheperegin ◽  
D.G. Kozlov

Mutant variants of mini-intein PRP8 from Penicillium chrysogenum (Int4b) with improved control of C-terminal processing were characterized. The presented variants can serve as a basis for self-removed polypeptide tags capable of carrying an affine label and allowing to optimize the process of obtaining target proteins and peptides in E. coli cells. They allow to synthesize target molecules in the composition of soluble and insoluble hybrid proteins (fusions), provide their afnne purification, autocatalytic processing and obtaining mature target products. The presented variants have a number of features in comparison with the known prototypes. In particular the mutant mini-intein Int4bPRO, containing the L93P mutation, has temperature-dependent properties. At cultivation temperature below 30 °C it allows the production of target molecules as part of soluble fusions, but after increasing of cultivation temperature to 37 °C it directs the most of synthesized fusions into insoluble intracellular aggregates. The transition of Int4bPRO into insoluble form is accompanied by complete inactivation of C-terminal processing. Further application of standard protein denaturation-renaturation procedures enable efficiently reactivate Int4bPRO and to carry out processing of its fusions in vitro. Two other variants, Int4b56 and Int4b36, containing a point mutation T62N or combination of mutations D144N and L146T respectively, have a reduced rate of C-terminal processing. Their use in E. coli cells allows to optimize the biosynthesis of biologically active target proteins and peptides in the composition of soluble fusions, suitable for afnne purification and subsequent intein-dependent processing without the use of protein denaturation-renaturation procedures. intein, fusion, processing, processing rate, gelonin The work was supported within the framework of the State Assignment no. 595-00003-19 PR.

2016 ◽  
Vol 18 (2) ◽  
pp. 125-128 ◽  
Dario Lofrumento ◽  
Maria Nardo ◽  
Marianna Falco ◽  
Andrea Lieto

2019 ◽  
Vol 20 (3) ◽  
pp. 285-295
Chen Ling ◽  
Yuanhui Zhang ◽  
Jun Li ◽  
Wenli Chen ◽  
Changquan Ling

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been practiced in China for thousands of years. As a complementary and alternative treatment, herbal medicines that are frequently used in the TCM are the most accepted in the Western world. However, animal materials, which are equally important in the TCM practice, are not well-known in other countries. On the other hand, the Chinese doctors had documented the toxic profiles of hundreds of animals and plants thousand years ago. Furthermore, they saw the potential benefits of these materials and used their toxic properties to treat a wide variety of diseases, such as heavy pain and cancer. Since the 50s of the last century, efforts of the Chinese government and societies to modernize TCM have achieved tremendous scientific results in both laboratory and clinic. A number of toxic proteins have been isolated and their functions identified. Although most of the literature was written in Chinese, this review provide a summary, in English, regarding our knowledge of the clinical use of the toxic proteins isolated from a plant, Tian Hua Fen, and an animal, scorpion, both of which are famous toxic prescriptions in TCM.

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