scholarly journals The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Breast Cancer Patients

2022 ◽  
Vol 18 (1) ◽  
pp. 85-90
Ahmet Serkan İlgün ◽  
Vahit Özmen
2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
Jennifer K. Lang ◽  
Badri Karthikeyan ◽  
Adolfo Quiñones-Lombraña ◽  
Rachael Hageman Blair ◽  
Amy P. Early ◽  

Abstract Background The CBR3 V244M single nucleotide polymorphism has been linked to the risk of anthracycline-related cardiomyopathy in survivors of childhood cancer. There have been limited prospective studies examining the impact of CBR3 V244M on the risk for anthracycline-related cardiotoxicity in adult cohorts. Objectives This study evaluated the presence of associations between CBR3 V244M genotype status and changes in echocardiographic parameters in breast cancer patients undergoing doxorubicin treatment. Methods We recruited 155 patients with breast cancer receiving treatment with doxorubicin (DOX) at Roswell Park Comprehensive Care Center (Buffalo, NY) to a prospective single arm observational pharmacogenetic study. Patients were genotyped for the CBR3 V244M variant. 92 patients received an echocardiogram at baseline (t0 month) and at 6 months (t6 months) of follow up after DOX treatment. Apical two-chamber and four-chamber echocardiographic images were used to calculate volumes and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) using Simpson’s biplane rule by investigators blinded to all patient data. Volumetric indices were evaluated by normalizing the cardiac volumes to the body surface area (BSA). Results Breast cancer patients with CBR3 GG and AG genotypes both experienced a statistically significant reduction in LVEF at 6 months following initiation of DOX treatment for breast cancer compared with their pre-DOX baseline study. Patients homozygous for the CBR3 V244M G allele (CBR3 V244) exhibited a further statistically significant decrease in LVEF at 6 months following DOX therapy in comparison with patients with heterozygous AG genotype. We found no differences in age, pre-existing cardiac diseases associated with myocardial injury, cumulative DOX dose, or concurrent use of cardioprotective medication between CBR3 genotype groups. Conclusions CBR3 V244M genotype status is associated with changes in echocardiographic parameters suggestive of early anthracycline-related cardiomyopathy in subjects undergoing chemotherapy for breast cancer.

Breast Care ◽  
2020 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Rudolf Napieralski ◽  
Gabriele Schricker ◽  
Gert Auer ◽  
Michaela Aubele ◽  
Jonathan Perkins ◽  

<b><i>Background:</i></b> PITX2 DNA methylation has been shown to predict outcomes in high-risk breast cancer patients after anthracycline-based chemotherapy. To determine its prognostic versus predictive value, the impact of PITX2 DNA methylation on outcomes was studied in an untreated cohort vs. an anthracycline-treated triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cohort. <b><i>Material and Methods:</i></b> The percent DNA methylation ratio (PMR) of paired-like homeodomain transcription factor 2 (PITX2) was determined by a validated methylation-specific real-time PCR test. Patient samples of routinely collected archived formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue and clinical data from 144 TNBC patients of 2 independent cohorts (i.e., 66 untreated patients and 78 patients treated with anthracycline-based chemotherapy) were analyzed. <b><i>Results:</i></b> The risk of 5- and 10-year overall survival (OS) increased continuously with rising PITX2 DNA methylation in the anthracycline-treated population, but it increased only slightly during 10-year follow-up time in the untreated patient population. PITX2 DNA methylation with a PMR cutoff of 2 did not show significance for poor vs. good outcomes (OS) in the untreated patient cohort (HR = 1.55; <i>p</i> = 0.259). In contrast, the PITX2 PMR cutoff of 2 identified patients with poor (PMR &#x3e;2) vs. good (PMR ≤2) outcomes (OS) with statistical significance in the anthracycline-treated cohort (HR = 3.96; <i>p</i> = 0.011). The results in the subgroup of patients who did receive anthracyclines only (no taxanes) confirmed this finding (HR = 5.71; <i>p</i> = 0.014). <b><i>Conclusion:</i></b> In this hypothesis-generating study PITX2 DNA methylation demonstrated predominantly predictive value in anthracycline treatment in TNBC patients. The risk of poor outcome (OS) correlates with increasing PITX2 DNA methylation.

BMC Cancer ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Zhangheng Huang ◽  
Xin Zhou ◽  
Yuexin Tong ◽  
Lujian Zhu ◽  
Ruhan Zhao ◽  

Abstract Background The role of surgery for the primary tumor in breast cancer patients with bone metastases (BM) remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of surgery for the primary tumor in breast cancer patients with BM and to develop prognostic nomograms to predict the overall survival (OS) of breast cancer patients with BM. Methods A total of 3956 breast cancer patients with BM from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database between 2010 and 2016 were included. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to eliminate the bias between the surgery and non-surgery groups. The Kaplan-Meier analysis and the log-rank test were performed to compare the OS between two groups. Cox proportional risk regression models were used to identify independent prognostic factors. Two nomograms were constructed for predicting the OS of patients in the surgery and non-surgery groups, respectively. In addition, calibration curve, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, and decision curve analysis (DCA) were used to evaluate the performance of nomograms. Result The survival analysis showed that the surgery of the primary tumor significantly improved the OS for breast cancer patients with BM. Based on independent prognostic factors, separate nomograms were constructed for the surgery and non-surgery groups. The calibration and ROC curves of these nomograms indicated that both two models have high predictive accuracy, with the area under the curve values ≥0.700 on both the training and validation cohorts. Moreover, DCA showed that nomograms have strong clinical utility. Based on the results of the X-tile analysis, all patients were classified in the low-risk-of-death subgroup had a better prognosis. Conclusion The surgery of the primary tumor may provide survival benefits for breast cancer patients with BM. Furthermore, these prognostic nomograms we constructed may be used as a tool to accurately assess the long-term prognosis of patients and help clinicians to develop individualized treatment strategies.

The Breast ◽  
2015 ◽  
Vol 24 ◽  
pp. S106-S107
T. Iwase ◽  
T. Sangai ◽  
E. Ishigami ◽  
J. Sakakibara ◽  
K. Fujisaki ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Mengdi Chen ◽  
Deyue Liu ◽  
Weilin Chen ◽  
Weiguo Chen ◽  
Kunwei Shen ◽  

BackgroundThe 21-gene assay recurrence score (RS) provides additional information on recurrence risk of breast cancer patients and prediction of chemotherapy benefit. Previous studies that examined the contribution of the individual genes and gene modules of RS were conducted mostly in postmenopausal patients. We aimed to evaluate the gene modules of RS in patients of different ages.MethodsA total of 1,078 estrogen receptor (ER)-positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative breast cancer patients diagnosed between January 2009 and March 2017 from Shanghai Jiao Tong University Breast Cancer Data Base were included. All patients were divided into three subgroups: Group A, ≤40 years and premenopausal (n = 97); Group B, &gt;40 years and premenopausal (n = 284); Group C, postmenopausal (n = 697). The estrogen, proliferation, invasion, and HER2 module scores from RS were used to characterize the respective molecular features. Spearman correlation and analysis of the variance tests were conducted for RS and its constituent modules.ResultsIn patients &gt;40 years, RS had a strong negative correlation with its estrogen module (ρ = −0.76 and −0.79 in Groups B and C) and a weak positive correlation with its invasion module (ρ = 0.29 and 0.25 in Groups B and C). The proliferation module mostly contributed to the variance in young patients (37.3%) while the ER module contributed most in old patients (54.1% and 53.4% in Groups B and C). In the genetic high-risk (RS &gt;25) group, the proliferation module was the leading driver in all patients (ρ = 0.38, 0.53, and 0.52 in Groups A, B, and C) while the estrogen module had a weaker correlation with RS. The impact of ER module on RS was stronger in clinical low-risk patients while the effect of the proliferation module was stronger in clinical high-risk patients. The association between the RS and estrogen module was weaker among younger patients, especially in genetic low-risk patients.ConclusionsRS was primarily driven by the estrogen module regardless of age, but the proliferation module had a stronger impact on RS in younger patients. The impact of modules varied in patients with different genetic and clinical risks.

1997 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 68-81
Fatma M. El Sharkawi ◽  
Mahmoud F. Sakr ◽  
Hoda Y. Atta ◽  
Hafez M. Ghanem

The impact of breast cancer therapy on the quality of life [QL] of Egyptian women was studied. Patients were divided into four groups:1:mastectomy alone;2:surgery plus radiotherapy;3:surgery plus chemotherapy;and 4:triple modality. The results revealed that all the four domains of QL of women having adjuvant therapy [groups 2, 3, or 4] were significantly altered compared to those who underwent mastectomy alone. Triple modality adversely affected global QL the most compared to radiotherapy or chemotherapy;radiotherapy had significantly less effect on QL compared to chemotherapy. Triple modality predicted the worst QL. QL measures should be incorporated with the traditional end points for evaluation of treatment and patients given health education on the effects of each therapy

2020 ◽  
Vol 2020 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Cong Jiang ◽  
Yubo Lu ◽  
Shiyuan Zhang ◽  
Yuanxi Huang

Background and Methods. As a parameter integrating neutrophil (N), lymphocyte (L), and platelet (P) levels, altered systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) has been investigated in a number of malignant tumor types. Here, we explore the impact of SII in a cohort of 249 breast cancer patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC), investigating the prognostic value of SII, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR). All patients had complete follow-up data and pathological confirmation of breast cancer by a core needle biopsy prior to NAC treatment and surgery. All blood samples were obtained within one week prior to NAC. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to determine the optimal cut-off value for patient classification by SII, NLR, and PLR. Associations between clinicopathological variables by SII, NLR, and PLR were determined by a chi-squared test or Fisher’s exact test. Overall survival (OS) analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier plots, log-rank tests, and Cox proportional hazards regression models. The Z test is used to compare the prognostic ability of SII, NLR, and PLR. Results. SII, NLR, and PLR did not define patient groups with distinct clinicopathological characteristics. SII, NLR, and PLR cut-off values were 547, 2.13, and 88.23, as determined by ROC analysis; the corresponding areas under the curve (AUCs) were 0.625, 0.555, and 0.571, respectively. Cox regression models identified SII as independently associated with OS. Patients with low SII had prolonged OS (65 vs. 41 months, P = 0.017 , HR: 3.24, 95% CI: 1.23-8.55). In the Z test, the difference in AUC between SII and NLR was statistically significant ( Z = 2.721 , 95% CI: 0.0194-0.119, P = 0.0065 ). Conclusion. Our study suggests that the pretreatment SII value is significantly correlated with OS in breast cancer patients undergoing NAC and that the prognostic utility of SII is superior to that of NLR and PLR.

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