nonlinear time history analysis
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2022 ◽  
Vol 961 (1) ◽  
pp. 012072
Mustafa Kareem Hamzah

Abstract Recent seismic events showed the importance of understanding the structural performance of RC column that can be predicted numerically. The accuracy of column performance depends on type of the analysis and representation of seismic effect. Therefore, in this paper a nonlinear time history analysis has been performed to assess the seismic performance of bridge column using fiber hinge concept with time integration method using sap2000 software. A long bridge RC column is utilized and subjected to seismic excitation. The column has been divided into different size and numbers of fiber to assess the accuracy of the analysis and time consuming to analyze each case of fiber hinges. In addition, this paper used three-time integration methods, Newmark, Hilber-Hughes-Taylor, and Chung & Hulbert to predict the most suitable method to be used in column seismic analysis. The time history displacement and base shear in addition to moment rotation of the column are the most important factors to evaluate the column seismic performance. The analysis results demonstrated that the most suitable time integration method is Hilber-Hughes-Taylor for such type of the analysis since it gives more stable base shear result than other two methods. Furthermore, the results indicated that the accuracy of seismic performance increased by number of fibers incremental. Moreover, the number of steel fibers should be equal to the number of bars with same area and location. The unconfined and confined concrete should be divided into small areas to get accurate prediction of column seismic performance.

Deepan Dev B ◽  
Dr V Selvan

The seismic response of special moment-resisting frames (SMRF), buckling restrained braced (BRB) frames and self-centering energy dissipating (SCED) braced frames is compared when used in building structures many stories in height. The study involves pushover analysis as well as 2D and 3D nonlinear time history analysis for two ground motion hazard levels. The SCED and BRB braced frames generally experienced similar peak interstory drifts. The SMRF system had larger interstory drifts than both braced frames, especially for the shortest structures. The SCED system exhibited a more uniform distribution of the drift demand along the building height and was less prone to the biasing of the response in one direction due to P-Delta effects. The SCED frames also had significantly smaller residual lateral deformations. The two braced frame systems experienced similar interstory drift demand when used in torsional irregular structures.

2021 ◽  
Abdallah Yacine Rahmani ◽  
Mohamed Badaoui ◽  
Nouredine Bourahla ◽  
Rita Bento

Abstract Pushover analysis technique is a key tool for the performance-based seismic design that has been largely adopted in the new generation of seismic codes. Therefore, more precise and reliable performance predictions are highly demanded. Improved upper-bound (IUB) pushover analysis is one of the advanced nonlinear static procedures (NSPs) that has been recently developed. This procedure estimates adequately the response of regular and tall buildings. In this study, IUB is extended to assess the seismic response of irregular buildings with setbacks. To this end, an adjustment of the IUB lateral load distribution is implemented by integrating a third mode of vibration to control the response of these complex buildings. Fifteen multi-storey steel frames with different types of setbacks including a reference structure are used to test the accuracy of the proposed procedure by comparing its results to those from other NSPs and the nonlinear time history analysis (NLHA). The findings show the superior capacity of the extended IUB in predicting the seismic response of buildings with different levels and types of setbacks.

2021 ◽  
pp. 875529302110478
Payal Gwalani ◽  
Yogendra Singh ◽  
Humberto Varum

The existing practice to estimate seismic performance of a regular building is to carry out nonlinear time history analysis using two-dimensional models subjected to unidirectional excitations, even though the multiple components of ground motion can affect the seismic response, significantly. During seismic shaking, columns are invariably subjected to bending in two orthogonal vertical planes, which leads to a complex interaction of axial force with the biaxial bending moments. This article compares the seismic performance of regular and symmetric RC moment frame buildings for unidirectional and bidirectional ground motions. The buildings are designed and detailed according to the Indian codes, which are at par with the other modern seismic codes. A fiber-hinge model, duly calibrated with the biaxial experimental results, is utilized to simulate the inelastic behavior of columns under bidirectional bending. A comparison of the estimated seismic collapse capacity is presented, illustrating the importance of considering the bidirectional effects. The results from fragility analysis indicate that the failure probabilities of buildings under the bidirectional excitation are significantly higher as compared to those obtained under the unidirectional excitation.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-18
Tong Wu ◽  
Zhan Li ◽  
Shengchun Liu

Multiframe PC box-girder bridge with intermediate hinges is a kind of bridge having complex structural characters, which is very quintessential in California. In this study, a typical bridge was adopted to establish a nonlinear dynamic model through OpenSees platform. Intermediate hinge and inhibiting devices in it were elaborately simulated. Meanwhile, pushover analysis was used to reinstate a specimen of column test, which has the similar ratio of reinforcement to the typical bridge, and the hysteretic model parameters of the longitudinal steels inside columns were obtained. The damage indexes of column and hinge, which are primary components, under different limit states were acquired by moment-curvature analysis. Taking into account the uncertainty, nonlinear time-history analysis of the bridge was carried out through a suite of synthetic ground motions. Subsequently, a probabilistic seismic demand model was developed, and fragility curves were further focused on. According to fragility assessment, the conclusion shows that columns and hinge restrainers exhibit high fragility, and bridge system fragility is gradually determined by column fragility along with aggravating of the damage state. Unseating of girder can hardly occur at abutments and intermediate hinges. Moderate limit state could be exceeded in the positions of plug-type concrete structures in intermediate hinges, which tends to create transverse and vertical cracks, furthermore causing reinforcements yield. It indicates that it would severely underestimate the seismic fragility of intermediate hinges without considering the elaborate simulation of hinges.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (16) ◽  
pp. 7580
Yang Liu ◽  
Hao Wu ◽  
Qiao Yu ◽  
Yun Li ◽  
Jianan Li ◽  

The grille-type steel plate concrete composite wall (GSPCW) is an innovative shear wall system that mainly consists of steel faceplates, steel tie plates and infilled concrete. Compared to traditional steel plate concrete composite shear walls, the advantages of GSPCW walls include: (1) relatively high lateral and buckling resistance; and (2) simple structural measures for convenient construction and implementation. This paper presents the results of extensive numerical investigations regarding GSPCW systems, examining both GSPCW wall components and their application in a super-high-rise building as a case study. First, typical GSPCW wall models are established using DIANA software, and the numerical models are validated on the basis of comparison with results from previously reported experimental tests. The verified models are further used to perform parametric analyses with the aim of further understanding the effects of various design parameters on the seismic performance of GSPCW systems, including steel ratio, axial load ratio, height-to-width ratio, aspect ratio of the grille steel plate, and concrete compressive strength. Second, a super-high-rise building was selected for application to perform a case study of a GSPCW system. The seismic performance of the tall building in the case study was comparatively evaluated on the basis of both nonlinear time history analysis and modal pushover analysis (MPA), and the results from both of these methods validated the use of GSPCW is an efficient structural wall system appropriate for use in super-high-rise buildings. Finally, a simple economic assessment of the GSPCW building was performed, and the results were compared with those obtained for conventional reinforced concrete wall buildings.

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Amit Chandra ◽  
Anjan Bhowmick ◽  
Ashutosh Bagchi

PurposeThe study investigates the performance of a three-story unprotected steel moment-resisting frame (SMRF) designed for high seismic demand in the fire-only (FO) and post-earthquake uniform and traveling fires (PEF). The primary objective is to investigate the effects of seismic residual deformation on the structure's performance in horizontally traveling fires. The traveling fire methodology, unlike conventional fire models, considers a spatially varying temperature environment.Design/methodology/approachMulti-step finite element simulations were carried out on undamaged and damaged frames to provide insight into the effects of the earthquake-initiated fires on the local and global behavior of SMRF. The earthquake simulations were conducted using nonlinear time history analysis, whereas the structure in the fire was investigated by sequential thermal-structural analysis procedure in ABAQUS. The frame was subjected to a suite of seven ground motions. In total, four horizontal traveling fire sizes were considered along with the Eurocode (EC) parametric fire for a comparison. The deformation history, axial force and moment variation in the critical beams and columns of affected compartments in the fire heating and cooling regimes were examined. The global structural performance in terms of inter-story drifts in FO and PEF scenarios was investigated.FindingsIt was observed that the larger traveling fires (25 and 48%) are more detrimental to the case study frame than the uniform EC parametric fire. Besides, no appreciable difference was observed in time and modes of failure of the structure in FO and PEF scenarios within the study's parameters.Originality/valueThe present study considers improved traveling fire methodology as an alternate design fire for the first time for the PEF performance of SMRF. The analysis results add to the much needed database on structures' performance in a wide range of fire scenarios.

Nagavinothini Ravichandran ◽  
Daniele Losanno ◽  
Fulvio Parisi

AbstractAll around the world, non-engineered masonry constructions (NECs) typically have high vulnerability to seismic ground motion, resulting in heavy damage and severe casualties after earthquakes. Even though a number of computational strategies have been developed for seismic analysis of unreinforced masonry structures, a few studies have focussed on NECs located in developing countries. In this paper, different modelling options for finite element analysis of non-engineered masonry buildings are investigated. The goal of the study was to identify the modelling option with the best trade-off between computational burden and accuracy of results, in view of seismic risk assessment of NECs at regional scale. Based on the experimental behaviour of a single-storey structure representative of Indian non-engineered masonry buildings, the output of seismic response analysis of refined 3D models in ANSYS was compared to that of a simplified model based on 2D, nonlinear, layered shell elements in SAP2000. The numerical-experimental comparison was carried out under incremental static lateral loading, whereas nonlinear time history analysis was performed to investigate the dynamic performance of the case-study structure. Analysis results show that the simplified model can be a computationally efficient modelling option for both nonlinear static and dynamic analyses, particularly in case of force-based approaches for design and assessment of base isolation systems aimed at the large-scale seismic vulnerability mitigation of NECs.

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