Tourism Industry
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2022 ◽  
Nesrin Menemenci Bahcelerli ◽  

The most important feature that distinguishes the tourism sector from many sectors is that it has a labor-intensive structure. Therefore, the knowledge and skills of those working in this sector are important for the competitiveness of businesses. In this direction, tourism education curricula are developed on a practical basis. During the pandemic, the functioning of the tourism industry has come to a complete halt, so education has been moved to digital platforms. In this process, many application-based courses were suspended and these courses were started to be carried out on digital platforms. The aim of this study is to evaluate the views of students who receive tourism education in the pandemic process towards distance learning. The action research technique, one of the qualitative research methods, was used in the study. Action research is a method actively used by educators who take the role of researchers to systematically and scientifically obtain information and develop applications in various fields of education. The sample of the study consists of 24 students studying tourism in the 2020-2021 academic years. The research data were collected using a semi-structured interview technique. As a result of the research, while the students expressed positive opinions about distance learning, they stated that they lacked the application aspect, which is a necessity of tourism education. In addition, with the statements put forward, it is concluded that students improve themselves by participating in seminars and trainings with distance learning methods in many different countries in the pandemic process. Among the problems experienced, students stated that there is a lack of infrastructure.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Shuo Zhu ◽  
Yan Liu

This paper analyzes the deficiencies of human resource allocation in the tourism industry by investigating the human resource allocation in the tourism industry, puts forward corresponding improvement measures and suggestions, and strives to provide certain guidance and helpful effects for the construction of tourism resource informatization. In this paper, a modified BP neural network model is proposed by introducing random perturbation terms on the hidden layer in the BP neural network algorithm, and the weight matrix connecting the input values is added with the random perturbation matrix to obtain a new weight matrix so that the convergence effect of the improved BP neural network algorithm is improved. Then, to address the problem that the initial weights of the long and short-term memory neural network and gated BP unit neural network have a large impact on the convergence speed and prediction accuracy of the algorithm after the initial weight selection is determined, this paper introduces the random perturbation term into the gate structure of the long and short-term memory neural network and gated BP unit neural network and proposes and connects an improved long and short-term memory neural network and gated BP unit neural network. The weight matrix of the input values is added with the random perturbation matrix to obtain the new weight matrix so that the convergence effect of the improved long and short-term memory neural network algorithm and the gated BP unit neural network algorithm is improved. Constructing the human resource allocation model of the tourism industry and proposing coping strategies and countermeasures and taking the human resource allocation system of the tourism industry as the core, the human resource allocation model of the tourism industry is established by combining the network image crisis life cycle system of tourism scenic spots and the network public opinion dissemination model. From the perspective of managers, the human resource allocation management policy and management procedures of the tourism industry are proposed. Using the quantifiable and disenable characteristics of online text information, the response strategy of online monitoring and propaganda and offline management and enhancement is proposed, and innovative countermeasures to the human resource allocation of the tourism industry are proposed in three categories: network originated, reality coexisting, and reality originated. Through this paper, we propose a new approach to human resource allocation management and development in the tourism industry and improve the efficiency of human resource allocation in the tourism industry.

GeoJournal ◽  
2022 ◽  
Tariq Rauf ◽  
Naveed Khan ◽  
Danish Ali ◽  
Tran Thi Tuyen ◽  
Mohammad Alam ◽  

2022 ◽  
pp. 097491012110643
Tolulope Osinubi ◽  
Ajayi Adedoyin ◽  
Osinubi Olufemi ◽  
Folorunsho Ajide

Following the failure to achieve Millennium Development Goals by most countries in the world, Sustainable Development Goals are now at the center of developmental issues. Consequently, this study aims to examine if tourism can be an ally to sustainable development in MINT (Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria, Turkey) countries between 1995 and 2018. The study uses adjusted net saving and international tourism receipts in these countries as measures of sustainable development and tourism, respectively. In achieving its objectives, the study employs the augmented mean group (AMG) estimation technique to estimate the long-run parameters. Besides, mean group (MG) and common correlated effects MG techniques are employed to check the robustness of the estimates obtained via the AMG approach. The results from the three estimators show that tourism is indeed an ally to sustainable development in MINT countries since there is a significant positive relationship between tourism and sustainable development. In other words, tourism can put the MINT countries on the path to sustainable development. This implies that any policy that will enhance the performance of the tourism industry will ensure sustainable development in MINT countries. Thus, the governments of MINT countries should focus basically on achieving sustainable tourism development, as this will translate to sustainable development in their countries.

2022 ◽  

Abstract The spread of the idea of the circular economy has already appeared among service providers; therefore, a growing interest in tourism can be observed. Due to its seasonal nature and because tourism is primarily operated by for-profit actors, whose aspirations focus on economic benefits, tourism in in recent years has developed in the direction of mass tourism. By overriding the approach of sustainability, all this strengthens the damaging effects of tourism on nature and society. The aim of the study is to understand and interpret the circular economy model in the tourism industry; explore the relevant literature through a review analysis and based on the synthesis of principles found in the literature, show directions of how the circular economy can be interpreted in tourism. The main contribution of the study is that besides the contextual understanding of circular tourism, it aims to provide practical issues and examples about circular solutions. The study also highlights that in addition to physical parameters, some solutions could be achieved only by reorganizing processes and practices. Furthermore, based on industrial symbiosis, tourism can support sustainable development at the individual and the regional level.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Sarwar Pedawi ◽  
Ahmad Alzubi

E-government began by addressing the challenges of new technologies by delivering e-services to its citizens and has since evolved to include a growing number of areas, such as citizen communication, macroeconomic projections, budget management, and e-healthcare services. E-government is known as the use of information technology to provide administrative services, communication transactions, information exchange, integration of various electronic systems, and autonomous services between the government and citizens, the government and business environment, and the government and government. This paper discusses the role of E-government policy in healthcare crises during COVID 19. Data collected from 435 employees in the tourism industry of Iraq was used to verify the abovementioned relationships via SPSS macro. The results indicate that E-government policy has a significant effect on healthcare crises; job insecurity negatively predicted healthcare crises. The results revealed that social support moderated the relationship between E-government policy and job insecurity. Results of the study contributed to the theory within this study by demonstrating that employees who enjoy a high level of social support show less job insecurity than those with a low level of social support.

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 692
Juan Wei ◽  
Yongde Zhong ◽  
Jingling Fan

The spatial distribution of tourism has a profound impact on its operational efficiency and geographical relevance. Point of interest (POI), as a kind of spatial data shared by subject and object, can reflect the spatial distribution form and function of tourism geographical objects under the all-for-one tourism policy. Continuous satellite observation and in-depth study of night lights pave the way to clarify human activities and socio-economic dynamics. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the seasonal changes of night light images and their correlation with tourism in 122 counties (cities, districts) of Hunan Province. We obtained night earth observation data (seasonality) and POI in 2019 and processed them by Geographic Information System and statistical analysis (ordinary least squares (OLS) and geographically weighted regression (GWR)). The results show that the luminous radiation intensity is highly correlated with the POI of tourism activities. The POI of different tourism activities in different regions shows obvious spatial heterogeneity and seasonal differences, which is the result of the comprehensive effect of tourism resource distribution and social environment in Hunan Province. GWR has proved to be a more effective tool. It provides a new method and perspective for tourism research and especially reveals the geographical spatial differences of tourism activities, which is helpful to study the spatial distribution and seasonality of tourism at the county level. In addition, the spatial evaluation of the contribution of tourism and luminous radiation can provide reference and suggestions for relevant departments to formulate tourism night protection measures.

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (12) ◽  
pp. 273-285
Machmed Tun Ganyang

Abstract Diving Industry in Indonesia has huge potential needs to be managed properly in order to carrying out the concept of green tourism, but it has not been supported by the optimal performance of dive centers. That is marked by the low level of loyalty of diving tourism consumers. The purpose of this research is to analyze the effect of Green Marketing and Service Quality to  Customer Satisfaction and Customer Loyalty of Diving Tourism Customer. Research Method used in this research is descriptive analysis with research design used is explanatory design. The research object is 12 (twelve) dive centers is spread on Three  provinces in Indonesia. Analysis unit are experience and certified divers with total 200 respondents. Each sample from dive center is chosen proportionally. Technic Sampling is judgment sampling. The tool analysis used is statistic descriptive supported by SPSS software and statistic inferential supported by software of Lisrel Version 8,80. The research result described that practiced of green marketing, service quality have positif impact on Customer satisfantion and Customer loyalty of divers although there are still indicators that are indicating  low impact. The results of the causality study state that : a) Green marketing has no significant affect on customer loyalty, b) Green marketing has significant affect on  satisfaction, c) The service quality has no significant affect on customer satisfaction,d) The quality of service has no significant affect on customer loyalty, e) The customer satisfaction has significant affect on customer loyalty.   Keyword: Green Marketing, Service Quality, Satisfaction, Loyalty, Dive Tourism,Indonesia

PLoS ONE ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. e0261851
Xiufang Jiang ◽  
Jianxiong Qin ◽  
Jianguo Gao ◽  
Mollie G. Gossage

Perceived risk clearly impacts travel behavior, including destination selection and satisfaction, but it is unclear how or why its effect is only significant in certain cases. This is because existing studies have undervalued the mediating factors of risk aversion, government initiatives, and media influence as well as the multiple forms or dimensions of risk that can mask its direct effect. This study constructs a structural equation model of perceived risk’s impact on destination image and travel intention for a more nuanced model of the perceived risk mechanism in tourism, based on 413 e-questionnaires regarding travel to Chengdu, China during the COVID-19 pandemic, using the Bootstrap method to analyze suppressing effect. It finds that while perceived risk has a significant negative impact on destination image and travel intention, this is complexly mediated so as to appear insignificant. Furthermore, different mediating factors and dimensions of perceived risk operate differently according to their varied combinations in actual circumstances. This study is significant because it provides a theoretical interpretation of tourism risk, elucidates the mechanisms or paths by which perceived risk affects travel intention, and expands a framework for research on destination image and travel intention into the realms of psychology, political, and communication science. It additionally encourages people to pay greater attention to the negative impact of crises and focuses on the important role of internal and external responses in crisis management, which can help improve the effectiveness of crisis management and promote the sustainable development of the tourism industry.

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