Knowledge And Attitude
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2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (2) ◽  
pp. 67-74
Author(s):  
D. Brotobor ◽  
I. Nwadike ◽  
O. I. Edeawe ◽  
O. C. Izekor ◽  
J. Olowogboye

Vaccination demand and acceptance depends on several factors that are quite broad and complex. The knowledge and attitude of a mother to childhood immunization play a key role in immunization coverage.  Low immunization coverage in Nigeria is mostly attributed to poor knowledge, compliance, accessibility and inappropriate attitude among other factors. Poor compliance with full immunization is believed to be the most significant reason for low immunization coverage in the country due to socio-cultural obstacles to the acceptance of immunization. Aim: This study aims to assess the factors that determine the attitude of mothers towards immunization. Methodology: A hundred (100) mothers were recruited into this cross-sectional descriptive study using a simple random sampling technique. Data collection was performed by using a structured questionnaire. This study was carried out in Ukpenu community in Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria. This study was carried out in the Ukpenu community in Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria. 100 mothers were recruited into the study using a simple random sampling technique. Result: The results showed that the respondents have a positive attitude towards immunization. This was evident in the immunization report. Their record revealed that most of their children were fully immunized. This is seen in their readiness to fully immunize their children against childhood vaccine-preventable diseases (VPDs), their willingness to recommend full immunization of children to their friends, relatives and other women, and their readiness to purchase the vaccines if they are no longer available free of charge to ensure that their children are fully immunized. It was discovered that educational status plays a contributory role in the knowledge and attitude of mothers towards immunization. Conclusion: Maternal health education should be sustained to ensure continuous compliance and a positive attitude of mothers towards immunization.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
LOKESH KUMAR S ◽  
ZAMEERA NAIK ◽  
ARUN PANWAR ◽  
SRIDHAR M ◽  
VAISHALI KELUSKAR ◽  
...  

Background: COVID-19 vaccine is the mighty weapon opted by all the countries across the globe in an attempt to eradicate the fatal COVID-19 pandemic. The myths on the COVID-19 vaccine are spreading widely, causing a hindrance to this noble preventive measure. The prevalence of such myths among the healthcare professionals may be toxic and deadly. Aim & Objectives: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of the healthcare professionals regarding the myths on COVID-19 vaccination and to demystify them. Materials and Methods: An 18-item questionnaire evaluating knowledge, attitude, and practice based on the existing myths on COVID-19 vaccination was circulated through Google Forms among the 412 healthcare professionals of six disciplines belonging to a private University. The responses obtained were subjected to statistical analysis using SPSS 20 software package. Results: A total of 385 health professionals participated in this study. The majority of them had medium knowledge (165) and positive attitude (273) with the mean knowledge and attitude scores of 3.82 (SD-1.55) out of 6 and 4.3 (SD-1.58) out of 7 respectively. Even though 312 participants got vaccinated, 72 of them failed to receive it. The knowledge scores showed a high statistically significant difference among the participants of different designations (p=0.001), but not with gender, field, and staff with different years of experience (p>0.05). The attitude scores were statistically different among participants of fields and designation (p<0.05) but not among genders (p=0.31) and staff with different years of experience (p=0.87). Knowledge and attitude scores showed a positive linear correlation and a high statistically significant difference (p<0.001). Conclusion: This study recommends more enhanced education programs on COVID-19 vaccination for the health professionals and demands an improved knowledge, attitude, and practice among them to achieve the goal of 100% vaccination so as to completely eradicate the COVID-19 pandemic.


2021 ◽  
pp. 100171
Author(s):  
Tafazzul Hyder Zaidi ◽  
Mubashir Zafar ◽  
Rahat Naz ◽  
Syed Shoeb Ahmed ◽  
Ishaa Saleem ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-7
Author(s):  
Namita Yadav ◽  
Vita Leena D'Souza ◽  
T. Geethamani

Introduction: Umbilical cord blood (UCB) is a good source of haematopoietic stem cells and progenitor cells. UCB stem cells are used in treatment of a variety of blood and bone marrow diseases, blood cancers, metabolic disorders and immune deficiencies. Objective: This study aimed in investigating college students’ knowledge and attitude about UCB and UCB banking. Methods: It is a descriptive cross-sectional study. The study was conducted in East West College of Management, Bangalore, India from September 2018 to August 2019. A total 80 college students were selected by random sampling techniques. There were self-structured questionnaires used to assess the knowledge and attitude regarding UCB and UCB banking. The data analysis was done using descriptive and inferential statistics in SPSS version 21. Results: The maximum number of participants were from age group 19-21 years followed by age group 16-18 years. The overall knowledge score was 21.05±5.11 with mean percentage score of 60.14. The 71.25% (57) of subjects had moderately adequate knowledge; whereas, 25% (20) of subjects showed adequate knowledge. Similarly, the overall attitude score of subjects was 61.5±5.17 with a mean percentage score of 51.25%. Out of the total participants, 90% (72) had neutral attitude, 10% (8) exhibited positive attitude and none of the subjects exhibited negative attitude towards UCB banking. There was no association found between knowledge and sociodemographic variables and between attitude and sociodemographic variables. Conclusion: The majority of the respondents had moderate knowledge and maximum had neutral atti­tude on umbilical cord blood and umbilical cord blood banking.


Author(s):  
Pratibha Wankhede ◽  
Nayan Khelpande ◽  
Dipali Khode ◽  
Neha Khode ◽  
Shubhangi Khunkar ◽  
...  

Introduction: The folk medicine which is available such as herb, flora, found and minerals. The people taking some treatment for improving health and treat the person which lies in ancient times. Some of the people of the alternative system such as homeopathy, Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani, naturopathy and yoga. The alternative system of medicine is widespread. This leads to improving knowledge regarding the alternative system of medicine in the rural community area. Background: The present study has been designed to capture the knowledge and attitude towards the Alternative health care system of medicine in its user and non-users to compare the differences in its source of knowledge among the rural community people. Knowledge regarding the alternative therapies that are living in the rural community area. The person has some knowledge regarding alternative health such as naturopathy, homeopathy, yoga, Unani and Siddha. The people will have known about alternative therapies. Objective: To assess the knowledge of adults in rural community areas regarding the alternative system of medicine. To assess the attitude towards an alternative system of medicine among rural community areas.   Methods: The sample size is 100 among the adults in the rural community area. Results: In the present study 98% of the adults were having a positive attitude and only 2% of them had a negative attitude. Association of knowledge score and attitude score with the selected demographic variables there is a significant in the gender and not significantly associated with education, occupation, caste regarding the alternative system of medicine and significant association between attitude score the gender and not significantly associate with education, occupation, caste regarding the alternative system of medicine. Conclusion: This study revealed that in wardha city, there is relatively high public interest in complementary and alternative medicine and a significant number has a produce good awareness attitude toward complementary and alternative medicine.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (3) ◽  
pp. 86-101
Author(s):  
Amina Mohamed Thabet ◽  
Doaa Bahig Anwr ◽  
Zahra Ahmed Sayed ◽  
Manal Mohamed Ahmed Ayed

2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Ahmad Neyazi ◽  
Samarvir Jain ◽  
Nalianya Emma ◽  
Habibah Afzali ◽  
Nosaibah Razaqi ◽  
...  

Abstract Background: According to the World Health Organization abortion is defined as the termination of pregnancy prior to 20 weeks of gestation or a fetus born weighing less than 500g. The purpose of this study is to assess the knowledge and attitude of women on abortion in Herat city of Afghanistan. This cross-sectional study also serves to fill up the gap of the scarcity of data on abortion in Afghanistan. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among women aged over 18 years old from over the 15 districts of Herat city of Afghanistan during 25 th March 2021 to 1 st June 2021. A total of 419 women participated in this study. Results: Total 30.3% of our participants were aged between 18-24 years old and 24.1% of the participants aged between 25-34 years old. Our 78.8% of the participants were married and 35.8% of the participants were Pashtuns by religion. Among 41.5% of them heard about safe abortion methods. Our 56.6% of the participants had a good knowledge score on abortion. Total 57.5% of the participants who aged between 18-24 years old had a good level of knowledge on abortion. Of all the illiterate participants in this study, 46.7% of them had a good level of knowledge on abortion while 76.9% of participants with high school educational level had a good level of knowledge on abortion. Conclusion: A comprehensive campaign on safe abortion covering all the ethical, religious, constitutional, and scientific domains should be considered by the ministry of Public Health. It is recommended that the ministry of education of Afghanistan consider organizing trainings on safe abortion for high school male and female students.


2021 ◽  
pp. 1-7
Author(s):  
Abdul Rahem ◽  
Mustofa Helmi Effendi ◽  
Hayyun Durrotul Faridah

Background: Since the issuance of Law 33 in 2014 concerning Guaranteed Halal Products, the government has an obligation to remind all parties that the law should be carried out properly in regards to the halal certification of medicine. Aim: This study aims to determine the attitude of pharmacists towards halal medicine and their readiness to produce it, as well as the relationship between their attitude and readiness. Methods: This study had a cross-sectional observational design, the research variable was the attitude and readiness of pharmacists to produce halal drugs. The sample used was 206 pharmacists who were carrying out professional practice in the pharmaceutical industry in East Java. The instrument used was a valid and reliable questionnaire. Results: The results showed that 51.54% of respondents agreed with halal certification on medicines and 58.74% of pharmacists were ready to produce halal medicine. Conclusion: The majority of pharmacists were in support of producing certified halal medicine. The attitude of these pharmacists was also related to their readiness to produce halal medicine.


Author(s):  
Misra Abdulahi ◽  
Atle Fretheim ◽  
Alemayehu Argaw ◽  
Jeanette H. Magnus

Understanding the underlying determinants of maternal knowledge and attitude towards breastfeeding guides the development of context-specific interventions to improve breastfeeding practices. This study aimed to assess the level and determinants of breastfeeding knowledge and attitude using validated instruments in pregnant women in rural Ethiopia. In total, 468 pregnant women were interviewed using the Afan Oromo versions of the Breastfeeding Knowledge Questionnaire (BFKQ-AO) and the Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS-AO). We standardized the breastfeeding knowledge and attitude scores and fitted multiple linear regression models to identify the determinants of knowledge and attitude. 52.4% of the women had adequate knowledge, while 60.9% of the women had a neutral attitude towards breastfeeding. In a multiple linear regression model, maternal occupation was the only predictor of the BFKQ-AO score (0.56SD; 95%CI, 1.28, 4.59SD; p = 0.009). Age (0.57SD; 95%CI, 0.24, 0.90SD; p = 0.001), parity (−0.24SD; 95%CI, −0.47, −0.02SD; p = 0.034), antenatal care visits (0.41SD; 95%CI, 0.07, 0.74SD; p = 0.017) and the BFKQ-AO score (0.08SD; 95% CI, 0.06, 0.09SD; p < 0.000) were predictors of the IIFAS-AO score. Nearly half of the respondents had inadequate knowledge and most women had a neutral attitude towards breastfeeding. Policymakers and managers could address these factors when planning educational interventions to improve breastfeeding practices.


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