Conservative Treatment
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2021 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Suhua Xu ◽  
Peng Zhang ◽  
Liyuan Hu ◽  
Wenhao Zhou ◽  
Guoqiang Cheng

Objective: The aim of this single-center retrospective study was to analyze the clinical characteristics, treatment options, and course of neonatal-onset congenital portosystemic shunts (CPSS).Methods: We included all patients with CPSS who presented with clinical symptoms within the neonatal period in our institution between 2015 and 2020.Results: Sixteen patients were identified, including 13 patients with intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (IPSS) and three patients with extrahepatic portosystemic shunts (EPSS). The median age of diagnosis was 16 days (range prenatal 24 weeks−12 months). Hyperammonemia (60%), neonatal cholestasis (44%), elevated liver enzyme (40%), hypoglycemia (40%), thrombocytopenia (38%), and coagulation abnormalities (23%) appeared in neonatal CPSS. Twelve patients (75%) presented with congenital anomalies, of which congenital heart disease (CHD) (44%) was the most common. Thirteen patients with IPSS initially underwent conservative treatment, but two of them were recommended for the catheter interventional therapy and liver transplantation, respectively, due to progressive deterioration of liver function. Spontaneous closure occurred in nine patients with IPSS. The shunt was closed using transcatheter embolization in one patient with EPSS type II. Another patient with EPSS type II underwent surgical treatment of CHD firstly. The remaining patient with EPSS type Ib received medical therapy and refused liver transplantation.Conclusion: Hyperammonemia, neonatal cholestasis, elevated liver enzyme, hypoglycemia, and thrombocytopenia are the main complications of neonatal CPSS. Moreover, CPSS is associated with multiple congenital abnormalities, especially CHD. Intrahepatic portosystemic shunts may close spontaneously, and conservative treatment can be taken first. Extrahepatic portosystemic shunts should be closed to prevent complications.

2021 ◽  
John Dick Fleming ◽  
Ramona Ritzmann ◽  
Christoph Centner

Abstract Background The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) plays a major role in knee proprioception and is thus responsible for maintaining knee joint stability and functionality. The available evidence suggests that ACL reconstruction diminishes somatosensory feedback and proprioceptive functioning, which are vital for adequate joint positioning and movement control. Objective The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the effect of an ACL rupture on knee proprioception after arthroscopic ACL repair surgery or conservative treatment. Methods A systematic review with meta-analysis was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Guidelines for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The literature search was performed in the following databases from inception to 10th October 2020: PubMed, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, Cochrane Library and Scopus. Randomized and non-randomized studies that evaluated proprioception using the joint position sense (JPS) and threshold to detection of passive motion (TTDPM) techniques at 15°–30° knee flexion with an external healthy control group in a time period between 6 and 24 months post injury or operation were included in the analysis. Results In total, 4857 studies were identified, from which 11 were included in the final quantitative analysis. The results demonstrated that proprioception after arthroscopic ACL repair surgery was significantly lower than in the healthy control group (JPS: standardized mean difference [SMD] 0.57, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.27–0.87, p < 0.01, n = 6 studies; TTDPM: SMD 0.77, 95% CI 0.20–1.34, p < 0.01, n = 4 studies). There were no significant differences in proprioception between the conservative treatment group and the healthy control group (JPS: SMD 0.57, 95% CI − 0.69 to 1.84, p = 0.37, n = 4 studies; TTDPM: SMD 0.82, 95% CI − 0.02 to 1.65, p = 0.05, n = 2 studies), although measures for TTDPM were close to statistical significance. Conclusion The findings of the present systematic review and meta-analysis revealed that knee proprioception is persistently compromised 6–24 months following surgical treatment of ACL tears compared with healthy controls. The reduced kinesthetic awareness after ACL surgery is of high relevance for optimizing individual treatment plans in these patients. As the current literature is still scarce about the exact underlying mechanisms, further research is needed. Trial Registration The present systematic review was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42021198617).

Inés Capitán del Río ◽  
Jorge Ramos Sanfiel ◽  
María Sol Zurita Saavedra ◽  
Dolores Hernández García

2022 ◽  
Vol 75 (3) ◽  
Graciana Maria de Moraes Coutinho ◽  
Emanuela Cardoso da Silva ◽  
Cássia Regina Vancini Campanharo ◽  
Angélica Gonçalves Silva Belasco ◽  
Cassiane Dezoti da Fonseca ◽  

ABSTRACT Objectives: to assess the prevalence and associated risk factors for urinary tract infection in patients with chronic kidney disease under conservative treatment and identify the microorganisms isolated in the urine of these patients and the staging of chronic kidney disease. Methods: a cross-sectional, analytical study carried out at the Conservative Treatment Outpatient Clinic of a university hospital in the city of São Paulo. Results: the prevalence of urinary tract infection is 22%. The risk factors Diabetes Mellitus, hypertension, heart disease, neoplasms and thyroid and autoimmune diseases stand out in the infected group (p < 0.001). Most of the microorganisms found in urine cultures (87.9%) were Gram-negative, being Escherichia coli (50.70%), followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae (23.1%) and Enterococcus spp. (9.7%). Conclusions: the findings of this investigation reveal the intrinsic association between risk factors and microorganisms for the development of urinary tract infection.

2021 ◽  
Vol 77 (2) ◽  
Hans-Rudolf Weiss ◽  
Manuel Lay ◽  
Tamisha Best-Gittens ◽  
Marc Moramarco ◽  
Mario Jimeranez

Introduction: This is a case report of a juvenile female patient with scoliosis following two heart surgeries for congenital heart disease (CHD).Patient presentation, management and outcome: Initially, the premenarchial female was 9 years old and had a Tanner stage 2–3 with a single thoracic curve of 65° Cobb. Because of the high risk for progression, immediate brace treatment was proposed as the father declined surgery. The patient received intensive treatment according to the Schroth Best Practice® programme and a Gensingen Brace® designed for large thoracic curves. Over the 18 months following the initial visit, she received two additional braces. As a result, the progression of the main curve was prevented. The patient continues to maintain an improved cosmetic result and is currently at a Risser 2.Conclusion: Surgery performed for CHD in rare cases may lead to stiff spinal deformity as a consequence of that surgery. Progression of a severe and stiff curve was prevented during the most vulnerable phase of the pubertal growth spurt with an improved clinical result. Therefore, we assume that the patient may have a normal life in adulthood with minor restrictions only. Supported by pattern-specific high correction exercises and braces, these typical single thoracic curves can be re-compensated to a more balanced appearance, less prone to progression in adulthood.Clinical implications: Because of the relative high risks of spinal fusion and the long-term unknowns of such an intervention, high-impact conservative treatment should be implemented first before surgical correction is considered.

Diagnostics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 2243
Adyb Adrian Khal ◽  
Razvan Catalin Mihu ◽  
Calin Schiau ◽  
Bogdan Fetica ◽  
Gheorghe Tomoaia ◽  

Intraosseous lipomas are rare bone lesions that can affect any part of the skeleton. In the calcaneum, they are, generally, asymptomatic, but in some cases, patients may complain of pain, swelling or tenderness. Well-conducted radiography and MRI examinations can lead to an accurate diagnosis. In most cases, patients could benefit from conservative means of treatment, but in long-lasting symptomatic cases, surgical treatment may be a good option. The purpose of this article is to increase clinicians’ awareness of this lesion as a possible cause of heel pain and to describe a case of a symptomatic intraosseous lipoma of the calcaneum who underwent curettage and bone cement filling after failure of conservative treatment.

Dariusz Bazaliński ◽  
Joanna Przybek-Mita ◽  
Marek Kucharzewski ◽  
Paweł Więch

Extravasation of doxorubicin, vincristine or vinblastine leads to necrosis, damage of the muscles and nerves, deep ulceration, as well as limb dysfunction. Necrosis and deep ulcers develop within 7 to 28 days. Like necrotomy, Lucilia sericata maggot therapy is recognised as a method enabling effective, safe and quick removal of necrotic tissue. The purpose of the study was to present local treatment of hypodermic necrosis caused by docetaxel extravasation in course of systemic cancer therapy. A woman, 59 years of age, in course of systemic therapy due to advanced cancer of the left breast (T2N1M1 CS IV) with confirmed metastases within the body of the fourth lumbar vertebra and in the liver, receiving a combination treatment with pertuzumab, trastuzumab, and docetaxel. During the therapy, a conservative treatment was applied due to extravasation for over three months. Effects in the right forearm included swelling, redness, signs of 4x10cm inflammatory infiltrate, with 1x4cm necrotic crust visible in the central region. Hypodermic necrosis was debrided using L. sericata maggots, and subsequently specialist dressings were applied to promote granulation and healing. In the case discussed here, effectiveness of MDT was rather poor, however the treatment minimised the risk of infection associated with evacuation of necrosis. Attempts to use MDT should be continued to enable more comprehensive understanding of problems related to management of necrosis in wounds developing during cancer therapy.

2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (12) ◽  
pp. 1928-1934
Juraj Timkovic ◽  
Katerina Janurova ◽  
Petr Handlos ◽  
Jan Stembirek ◽  

AIM: To assess the role of orthoptics in referring patients with orbital floor blowout fracture (OFBF) for conservative or surgical treatment and based on the results, to propose a scoring system for such decision making. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 69 patients with OFBF was performed (35 treated conservatively, 34 surgically). The role of orthoptics in referring to surgery or conservative treatment was retrospectively evaluated, the factors with the highest significance for decision making were identified, and a scoring system proposed using Logistic regression. RESULTS: According to defined criteria, the treatment was unsuccessful in 2 (6%) surgically treated and only in one (3%) conservatively treated patient. The proposed scoring system includes the defect size and several values resulting from the orthoptic examination, the elevation of the eyebulb measured on Lancaster screen being the most significant. CONCLUSION: The study demonstrates the benefits of orthoptic examination when making decisions on conservative or surgical treatment and for diagnosing ocular motility disorder (with or without binocular diplopia) in OFBF patients. The proposed scoring system could, following verification in a prospective study, become a valuable adjunctive tool.

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