liquid flow
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Fuel ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 309 ◽  
pp. 122211
Jingyu Zhu ◽  
Conghui Shan ◽  
Keiya Nishida ◽  
Wuqiang Long ◽  
Dongsheng Dong

Jan-Niklas Denker ◽  
Frank Herbstritt ◽  
Joachim Heck ◽  
Marcus Grünewald ◽  
Philip Biessey

Processes ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 135
Zhenmin Cheng ◽  
Gang Luo ◽  
Yanling Tang ◽  
Dan Ling ◽  
Zhaoxuan Chen ◽  

Films and rivulets are the two basic forms of dynamic liquid in a three-phase fixed bed (trickle bed), which determines the wetting efficiency of the catalyst. This paper is devoted to the conflicting wetting performance observed between non-porous glass beads and porous alumina pellets, and a parallel zone model is applied to resolve the complex liquid flow texture. This shows that in the case of glass beads, the wetting efficiencies of the catalyst along with the liquid flow rate in increasing and decreasing branches are different, especially when the gas flow rate is low. In comparison, there is almost no wetting difference for the alumina pellets with respect to liquid flow rate increasing or decreasing. The dynamic liquid is significantly more uniformly distributed over the cross-section in the Al2O3 bed than in the glass one.

2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 3
Saret Bun ◽  
Penghour Hong ◽  
Nattawin Chawaloesphosiya ◽  
Sreynich Pang ◽  
Sreyla Vet ◽  

The present work focused on the development and evaluation of a compact electrocoagulation (EC) reactor, combined between EC and clarifier processes in continuous modes for decolorization and turbidity removal, named the integrated electrocoagulation-sedimentation reactor (IECS). The experiments were firstly conducted in the four-liter batch column in order to optimize the EC configuration and operation condition. The removal kinetics were also investigated and predicted for kinetic correlations. After various optimization steps, the IECS reactor was conducted, consisting of EC and clarifier compartments. Liquid flow pattern in EC compartment was examined through resident time distribution technique for defining the number of EC units and divided baffles. In summary, four units of EC were placed in the EC compartment of the IECS reactor with 90% in the width of three baffles. Each EC unit had two pairs of aluminum electrode plats in monopolar arrangement with a 1.5 cm gap and required a current density of 13.5 mA/cm2. For the clarifier compartment, it was mainly designed based on the batch settling test for separating the precipitated particles. The treatment performance of the IECS reactor was tested at different liquid flows in order to reduce the pollutant to a certain level. For the individual condition, liquid flow rates of 3 and 1 L/min were defined for turbidity and color, respectively. If both pollutants are presented simultaneously, a liquid flow rate of 1–2 L/min can be used for decreasing turbidity from 250 to <20 NTU and color from 6000 to <300 ADMI.

2021 ◽  
pp. 76-89
V. A. Ogai ◽  
N. G. Musakaev ◽  
A. Yu. Yushkov ◽  
V. O. Dovbysh ◽  
M. A. Vasilev

The issue of operation water-cut and "self-kills" wells is one of major aspects in gas production. One of the methods of solving this problem is the introduction of foaming agent into the well. The effectiveness of these technologies requires a theoretical and experimental study of gas-liquid flow with surfactants. We have analyzed existing works and have found out that experimental research in this area was carried out at atmospheric pressure. At the same time, the pressure in the well varies with the length of the wellbore and can affect the properties of foaming agent. The article presents a description of a facility for the study of gas-liquid flows with foaming agents at different pressure values. A method of conducting experiments on the facility, simulating a section of the production tubing of a vertical gas well, has been developed. The relations allowing calculating the volume contents of the phases in the gas-liquid flow with surfactants are proposed.

Metals ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 29
Chunping Zhang ◽  
Abdelhalim Loucif ◽  
Mohammad Jahazi ◽  
Jean-Benoit Morin

In the present work, the influence of filling rate on macrosegregation in a 40-Metric Ton (MT) ingot of a high-strength low-carbon steel was studied using finite element (FE) simulation. The modelling of the filling and solidification processes were realized with a two-phase (liquid-solid) multiscale 3D model. The liquid flow induced by the pouring jet, the thermosolutal convection, and the thermomechanical deformation of the solid phase were taken into consideration. Two filling rates were examined, representing the upper and lower manufacturing limits for casting of large size ingots made of high strength steels for applications in energy and transportation industries. The evolution of solute transport, as well as its associated phenomena throughout the filling and cooling stages, were also investigated. It was found that increasing the filling rate reduced macrosegregation intensity in the upper section, along the centerline and in the mid-radius regions of the ingot. The results were analyzed in the framework of heat and mass transfer theories, liquid flow dynamics, and macrosegregation formation mechanisms.

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