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2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (3) ◽  
Author(s):  
Raquel Rocha ◽  
Flávia Silva ◽  
Ana Bastos ◽  
Samuel Lopes

ABSTRACT Introduction: A visit to the Emergency Department can have a negative impact on patients, their families and caregivers. To overcome negative effects linked to the lack of information, it is necessary to involve the patient’s family and caregivers and evaluate their information needs. Aims: Identify the information that caregivers need from the families in an emergency department; understand how often information should be given to the caregivers; identify the health professionals most qualified to impart the information and identify all the communication barriers experience by caregivers. Methods: This research is a qualitative study with descriptive phenomenological approach. We carried out 38 semi - structured interviews on a public road close to an Emergency Department, from February to March 2018. Data were analysed according to the descriptive phenomenological method of Amedeo Giorgi (1985,1997). Results: Caregivers identified receiving information about the patient as a priority. They also wanted to receive information about the patient more often from doctors and/or nurses. In addition, caregivers identified the use of medical/scientific language by health professionals as possible barriers to communication between them. Other concerns raised included the attitude of the health professional, their availability and the lack of communication. Conclusions: Caregivers should be seen as an important and essential pillar of the healthcare system. The information provided by health professionals should be adjusted to the needs of the caregivers. Keywords: Access to Information, Emergency Medical Services.


2021 ◽  
Vol 17 (2) ◽  
pp. 95-112
Author(s):  
Rani Puspa ◽  
Leni Triana ◽  
Rina Nopianti ◽  
Prastika Suwandi Tjeng

Debtors and creditors have equal access to information about default risks in competitive credit markets. Loan collateral is less important in credit decision-making in these circumstances. However, in emerging credit markets such as Indonesia, where debtors and creditors do not have equal information about a firm's prospects, the use of collateral to mitigate default risk has become common practice. Despite the strong theoretical framework for the use of collateral to secure creditors from credit risk, some Indonesian firms are exempt from providing collateral for bank debts. This study looks at how the independence of the Board of Commissioners, governance committees, audit quality, and conservatism affect the likelihood of using debt collateral. Around 785 firms listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange were collected using Slovin's formula, during the sample period of 2017-2020. According to logistic regression analysis, firms with a more independent Board of Commissioners, a separate governance committee, Big 4 auditors, and conservative accounting policies are less likely to provide loan collateral


Electronics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (15) ◽  
pp. 1819
Author(s):  
Rasa Bruzgiene ◽  
Konstantinas Jurgilas

Information systems of critical infrastructure provide services on which the core functions of a state and its economy depend as well as welfare of society. Such systems are becoming an increasingly common target for crimes and attacks in cyberspace, as their vulnerabilities can be exploited for malicious activities seeking financial or political gain. One of the main reasons that threatens the security of these systems is the weak control of remote access, otherwise defined as management of a system’s user identity. Management of user identity depends on user authentication, authorization and the assignment of certain rights in the digital space. This paper provides the proposed two-factor (2FA) digital authentication method for remote access to an information system of a critical infrastructure. Results of testing the method’s usability and resilience to cyber threats have shown that the system, in which the method was implemented, is protected from dangerous HTTP requests and publicly available system’s endpoints are protected from threatening inputs that could cause malicious activities on the critical infrastructure. Additionally, the implementation of the authentication API application ensures the rapidity of the method for less than 500 ms for 100 users working in parallel with the system at the same time.


2021 ◽  
Vol 20 (3) ◽  
pp. 71-87
Author(s):  
Willyane Freire Da Silva ◽  
Daniel Costa Assunção

Os avanços das Tecnologias da Informação e Comunicação e o acesso às informações fez com paradigmas de que o docente é o detentor de saber e um agente inacessível fossem repensados. Cada vez mais, o processo educativo tem no discente e em sua participação uma peça imprescindível à construção dos saberes e o docente que o guia estrategicamente na perspectiva de ensino qualificado. Nesse sentido, Paulo Freire trouxe a abordagem da expressão dodiscência como aquela prática capaz de concatenar a atuação do docente e do discente conjuntamente, ao relevar que tais premissas, no processo de ensino aprendizagem, ambos ensinam e aprendem mediante experiências, vivências, interações e partilha. Todavia, percebe-se que para que esse processo educativo se dê corretamente, é necessária uma relação de confiança, interesse, respeito e estímulo daqueles que guiam os estudantes. Além disso, faz-se necessário um espírito de liderança no docente para ora inspirar e ora estabelecer uma construção de conhecimento fortalecida e eficaz. Assim, analisou-se a aproximação epistemológica entre os conceitos da dodiscência e da liderança, de modo que, quando integrados fortalecem o processo de ensino aprendizagem. Tratou-se de uma pesquisa dedutiva e se abordaram temas e conceitos-chave de autores como Freire (2010), Gomez; Sacristán (2007), Ibernón (2008), Gadotti (2009), Robbins; Judge; Sobral (2010), entre outros. Buscou-se lançar luzes sobre a relevância do desenvolvimento da dodiscência no processo educativo e ampliar a discussão da necessária liderança a ser adotada pelo docente na condução de tal prática.  ABSTRACT The advances in information and communication technologies and access to information have led to paradigms that the teacher is the holder of knowledge and an inaccessible agent should be rethought. Increasingly, the educational process has in the student and in his participation an essential piece for the construction of knowledge and the teacher as the one who guides him in the best way to achieve this construction. In this sense, Paulo Freire brought the approach of the expression dodiscence as that practice capable of concatenating the performance of the teacher and the student together, by revealing that such premises, in the teaching-learning process, both teach and learn through experiences, experiences, interactions and sharing. However, it is clear that for this educational process to take place correctly, a relationship of trust, interest, respect and encouragement from those who guide the students is necessary, a spirit of leadership in the teacher is necessary in order to inspire and sometimes establish a strengthened and effective knowledge building. Thus, the epistemological approximation between the concepts of dodiscence and leadership was analyzed, so that, when integrated, they strengthen the teaching-learning process. It was a deductive research and key themes and concepts from authors such as Freire (2010), Gomez; Sacristán (2007), Ibernón (2008), Gadotti (2009), Robbins; Judge; Sobral (2010), among others. We sought to shed light on the relevance of the development of dodiscence in the educational process and to expand the discussion of the necessary leadership to be adopted by the teacher in conducting such practice.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (3) ◽  
pp. 4622-4642
Author(s):  
Jesús Miguel Flores-Vivar ◽  
Ana María Zaharía

RESUMEN El presente trabajo analiza los aspectos formativos que tienen las facultades de comunicación, las tendencias y las iniciativas que algunos centros están desarrollando como parte experimental del ecosistema del periodismo en Internet, cada vez más consolidado aunque con incertidumbres en sus modelos de negocio, narrativos e informativos. Fomenta el desarrollo de la investigación aplicada, a través de medialabs, de nuevos modelos periodísticos -sin menoscabo de los valores éticos y de la calidad en la redacción-, en las ilustraciones, correcciones y producción de materiales en plataformas digitales y multimedia. Propone una reflexión del periodismo, no sólo como profesión, sino, fundamentalmente, como disciplina científica, avalada y justificada su enseñanza en las Facultades de Comunicación. En este contexto, las facultades con estudios de periodismo asumen un papel fundamental y de vital importancia en la formación de periodistas de nuevo perfil, con un tipo de conocimientos que obliga a una revisión permanente de los planes de estudio. La metodología para realizar este estudio se basa en la revisión bibliográfica, informes y estudios sobre la formación periodística en donde impera lo multimedia, lo digital y lo online. Se complementa con un estudio Delphi, realizado a profesores-investigadores y profesionales de periodismo. Con los resultados obtenidos se pretende ofrecer algunas reflexiones sobre la formación periodística más experimental para estudiantes que deberán atender las necesidades informativas de una nueva “Sociedad red” (Castells, 2006), en donde los ciudadanos atienden a una definición distinta del acceso a la información y a su derecho a estar informados con contenidos de calidad, lo que consolida nuevas vivencias como algo especialmente nuevo, conocido ya como los “New, new media” (Levinson, 2012).   ABSTRACT his paper analyzes the educational aspects of communication faculties, trends and initiatives that some centers are developing as an experimental part of the ecosystem of journalism on the Internet, increasingly consolidated although with uncertainties in their business, narrative and informative models . It encourages the development of applied research, through medialabs, of new journalistic models - without prejudice to ethical values ​​and quality in writing - in illustrations, corrections and production of materials on digital and multimedia platforms. It proposes a reflection of journalism, not only as a profession, but, fundamentally, as a scientific discipline, endorsed and justified by its teaching in the Faculties of Communication. In this context, the faculties with journalism studies assume a fundamental and vital role in the training of new profile journalists, with a type of knowledge that requires a permanent review of the study plans. The methodology to carry out this study is based on the bibliographic review, reports and studies on journalistic training where multimedia, digital and online prevail. It is complemented by a Delphi study, carried betwin professors-researchers and journalism professionals. With the results obtained, it is intended to offer some reflections on the more experimental journalistic training for students who will have to attend to the informational needs of a new "Network Society" (Castells, 2006), where citizens attend to a different definition of access to information and their right to be informed with quality content, which consolidates new experiences as something especially new, known as the “New, new media” (Levinson, 2012).  


2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (4) ◽  
pp. 1305-1320
Author(s):  
Hairudin La Patilaiya ◽  
Nursia Aja ◽  
Taufik Yunus

Background : Cervical cancer is one of the main problems in women's health in the world, including Indonesia. According to the 2018 Global Cancer Observatory from the World Health Organization (WHO), the most common cancer cases in Indonesia are breast cancer, which is 58,256 cases or 16.7% of the total 348,809 cancer cases. Cervical cancer (neck of the womb) is the second most common type of cancer in Indonesia, with 32,469 cases or 9.3% of the total cases. Objective: To determine the risk factors associated with early detection of cervical cancer using Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid (IVA) ) in women of childbearing age in the Work Area of the Ternate City Health Center for Siko Treatment. Methods: This research is a quantitative analytic study with a cross sectional design. Data collection was carried out from December 2020 to January 2021. The population was all patients who underwent examinations at the Maternal and Child Health Polyclinic (KIA) at the Siko Care Health Center in Ternate City as many as 227 patients and a sample of 145 female patients of childbearing age from January to September 2020. Techniques sampling is simple random sampling. Data analysis used univariate and bivariate with chi-square test. The research variable consists of the dependent variable, namely early detection of cervical cancer, while the independent variables are knowledge, husband's support, access to information and culture. Results: Shows that age (46.9%), knowledge of VIA (50.3%), attitude (55.2%), husband's support (52.4%), access to information (62.1%), culture (51.7%), Support Officer (48.3%), early detection of cervical cancer IVA method (55.2%), while the bivariate results include: Age (0.000, OR=19,011; CI=8.095-44,647), knowledge (0.001; OR=2.86; CI=1.563-18.367), attitude (0.000; OR=215.524 CI=53,456-868.955), husband's support (0.002; OR=1.448 CI=1.688-11.933), access to information (0.000; OR=2,294; CI=1,574-15,976), culture (0,003; OR=2,202 CI=1,648-10,717), health worker support (0,000; OR=27,111 CI;11,023-66,680). Conclusion: There is a relationship between knowledge, husband's support, access to information and culture with early detection of cervical cancer against the IVA method. Based on the results of the study, it is recommended that the relevant agencies, namely the Siko Health Center, always improve health education to the community, especially mothers and husbands regarding early detection of cervical cancer through various media tools including leaflets, posters, flipcharts and other media. Through this counseling, it is hoped that the community will be more interested and understand the material presented more quickly


Author(s):  
David. M. Kihoro ◽  
Pauline. K. Micheni ◽  
Florence. W. Ng’ang’a

The study examines the socioeconomic factors that influence the adoption of Integrated Pest Management in 152 smallholder tomato farmers in Buuri Sub-County, in Meru County Kenya. A random stratification sampling procedure was used to obtain smallholder tomato farmers and a semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect primary data which was analyzed using a binary logistic regression model. The results showed that the average land size for tomato production in the area was 1 acre, with average yields of 35 tonnes per acre, Kshs 592,000 net returns/ acre for IPM adopters. The study established that gender type (5%), farm size (5%), labor (5%), and access to information (5%), and age of the farmers (5%) were statistically significant. Additionally, gender type resulted in an increase of adoption of IPM by 43%, farm size by 8%, labor by 11%, while access to information by 40%. The study concluded that different stakeholders should ensure a support system to various IPM practices to lower production costs and encourage adopting the techniques.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (23) ◽  
pp. 2-18
Author(s):  
Magdalena Musiał-Karg ◽  
Izabela Kapsa

The rapid development of new technologies and their impressive communication capacity has fundamentally changed modern democracy by providing easy and universal access to information, as well as increasing participation and accessibility of political involvement tools. One of the electoral participation tools is e-voting which has been used in only a few countries. The main aim of the paper is to explore whether and how e-voting has been presented in Polish mass media (1), as well as to investigate people’s opinions about e-voting against certain political factors (2). The research is based on a media content analysis (quantitative and qualitative), data collected via the Content Analysis System for Television (CAST) and a quantitative analysis of data from a survey conducted by the authors (2018, sample: 1717 Poles). The results of the analyses show that the debate on the implementation of e-voting is rather poor, but the support for e-voting among Poles remains considerable. The public media rhetoric is interlinked with attitudes towards political parties. To some extent, determinants are reflected in the public opinion on the implementation of e-voting since Poles declare both their support for the introduction of e-voting and willingness to vote online.


Agriculture ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (8) ◽  
pp. 691
Author(s):  
Omotuyole Isiaka Ambali ◽  
Francisco Jose Areal ◽  
Nikolaos Georgantzis

This study analyses farmers’ adoption of improved rice technology, taking into account farmers’ risk preferences; the unobserved spatial heterogeneity associated with farmers’ risk preferences; farmers’ household and farm characteristics; farm locations, farmers’ access to information, and their perceptions on the rice improved varieties (i.e., high yield varieties, HYV). The study used data obtained from field experiments and a survey conducted in 2016 in Nigeria. An instrumental-variable probit model was estimated to account for potential endogenous farmers’ risk preference in the adoption decision model. Results show that risk averse (risk avoidant) farmers are less likely to adopt HYV, with the spatial lags of farmers’ risk attitudes found to be a good instrument for spatially unobserved variables (e.g., environmental and climatic factors). We conclude that studies supporting policy action aiming at the diffusion of improved rice varieties need to collect information, if possible, on farmers’ risk attitudes, local environmental and climatic conditions (e.g., climatic, topographic, soil quality, pest incidence) in order to ease the design and evaluation of policy actions on the adoption of improved agricultural technology.


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (4) ◽  
pp. 2926-2940
Author(s):  
Mikhail V. Vinichenko ◽  
Marina V. Vinogradova ◽  
Galina Yu. Nikiporets- Takigawa ◽  
Sergey A. Makushkin ◽  
Arseny A. Maksimov

The goal of the article is to determine and evaluate the readiness of megapolis residents to participate in megaprojects in the context of the digitalization of the economy and the use of artificial intelligence. The main empirical methods are a questionnaire survey, in-depth interviews, and a focus group conducted using distance instruments due to the pandemic-related restrictions. The study demonstrates that the readiness of megapolis residents to take part in megaprojects under the conditions of the digitalization of the economy and the use of artificial intelligence is ambiguous. Obtaining the necessary human resources is often critical for the organizers of megaprojects. For the first time, the authors identify the main factors of the attractiveness of participating in megaprojects for megapolis residents: the opportunity to get the experience of working in a large project, interest in communicating with different people, and the opportunities to make a career and get a good salary. The important factors also include satisfaction from participating in a grandiose megaproject and becoming a pioneer in a big business. The factors of negligible importance are the opportunities to implement one’s professional skills and communicate in a foreign language in a foreign company, having access to information, and avoiding deployment in the army. The main advantage of the study is the systemic approach to evaluating the readiness of megapolis residents to participate in megaprojects, as well as the identification of the trends of the fragmentary and temporary readiness of megapolis residents for participation in megaprojects and the striving of young megapolis citizens to obtain new professional skills and abilities in megaprojects. Labor activity of megapolis residents in megaprojects is found to be contingent on their age, The obtained results can be used to improve the state personnel policy and the system for the formation of personnel potential in a megaproject.


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