renal interstitial fibrosis
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Cell Cycle ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 1-12
Langtao Hu ◽  
Kai Yang ◽  
Xing Mai ◽  
Jiali Wei ◽  
Chunyang Ma

Pharmacology ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Huihui Hu ◽  
Caipeng Xie ◽  
Zeping Weng ◽  
Pei Yu ◽  
Yuqiang Wang ◽  

<b><i>Introduction:</i></b> Doxorubicin (DOX), an anthracycline antitumor agent, has been widely used against various solid tumors and hematological malignancies. However, the clinical application of DOX is restricted by its multiple organ toxicity including nephrotoxicity. This study investigated the protective effects and mechanisms of dexrazoxane (DZR) against DOX-induced nephropathy in rats. <b><i>Methods:</i></b> Male Sprague Dawley rats received 2.5 mg/kg DOX once a week for 5 consecutive weeks. 24-h urinary protein and renal function injury biomarkers were determined to evaluate the renal function. Histopathological changes and glomerulosclerosis were examined by hematoxylin and eosin and periodic acid-Schiff staining. The change of renal ultrastructure in the DOX-induced rats was observed by the electron microscopy. The renal apoptosis was detected by TUNEL staining and measured the protein expression of Caspase-3, Bcl-2, and Bax. Renal interstitial fibrosis was determined by Masson staining and immunohistochemistry examination. The levels of vimentin, alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) in kidney tissue were detected by Western blot. <b><i>Results:</i></b> DZR pretreatment markedly raised the survival rate and improved the renal dysfunction in DOX-treated rats. DZR ameliorated DOX-induced histopathological lesion of glomerular and tubular and apoptosis. DZR restored the oxidant/antioxidant balance via regulating the levels of MDA, SOD, and TAC. DZR reduced DOX-induced collagen IV deposition and renal interstitial fibrosis and downregulated the fibrosis-related protein expressions of vimentin, α-SMA, and TGF-β1. <b><i>Conclusion:</i></b> Our results suggest DZR exerted its protective effects against DOX-induced nephropathy through inhibition of lipid peroxidation, apoptosis, and fibrosis.

2022 ◽  
Zhuo-yue Song ◽  
Mengru Zhu ◽  
Jun Wu ◽  
Tian Yu ◽  
Yao Chen ◽  

The effects of Cucumaria frondosa polysaccharides (CFP) on renal interstitial fibrosis via regulating phosphatidylinositol-3-hydroxykinase/protein kinase-B/Nuclear factor-κB (PI3K/AKT/NF-κB) signaling pathway were investigated in vivo and in vitro in this research. A...

2021 ◽  
Yonghong Lian ◽  
Cuiqiong Li ◽  
Jianchun Li ◽  
Yongxiang Xie ◽  
Qiancheng Liu ◽  

Abstract INTRODUCTION: The objective of the study was to observe whether Cx43 could regulate EMT of RTECs by influencing Akt/mTOR signaling pathway, and whether ASV could inhibit the development of renal interstitial fibrosis by regulating Cx43. METHODS: Lentivirus infection was transfected into RTECs with the final concentration of 50×PFU/ cell to regulate the expression of Cx43.And RTECs were intervened by different doses of ASV. After synchronous culture of RTECs in each group,cell morphological changes were observed and the expression levels of EMT-related indicators, and the expression levels of Cx43, the protein expressions and phosphorylation levels AKT and mTOR in different groups were detected by WB. RESULTS: When the expression of Cx43 in RTECs was regulated by lentivirus infection, the degree of EMT induced by TGF‑β1 and the phosphorylation level of Akt and mTOR were changed accordingly, indicating that Akt/mTOR pathway might be a downstream molecular mechanism by which Cx43 could regulate EMT. After intervention with different doses of ASV, the expression level of Cx43 increased with obvious concentration dependence, and the expression levels of p-Akt and p- mTOR were significantly altered, suggesting that ASV could effectively increase the protein expressions of TGF‑β1-induced Cx43 in RTECs and inhibit the phosphorylation levels of Akt and mTOR. CONCLUSION: Cx43 is the main material basis of RTECs’injury, and ASV could inhibit TGF-β1 induced RTECs transdifferentiation. In-depth study of the mechanism may provide a broad application prospect for the treatment of renal interstitial fibrosis.

Life Sciences ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 120150
Tomohiro Shigematsu ◽  
Soichiro Tajima ◽  
Rao Fu ◽  
Mengyu Zhang ◽  
Yuuka Itoyama ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Yundou Wu ◽  
Peijun Song ◽  
Xinke Yuan ◽  
Dayong Li

Objective. To establish a rat model of alcoholic kidney injury and detect the expression of TIMP-1/MMP-24 in the kidneys of rats with alcoholic kidney injury at the molecular pathological level, so as to explore the mechanism of alcohol abuse leading to kidney injury and renal interstitial fibrosis as well as the alleviation of alcohol-induced kidney injury and inhibition of renal interstitial fibrosis by dapagliflozin. Methods. 48 male rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: control group, alcohol group, alcohol + dapagliflozin group, and alcohol + losartan group, each with 12 rats. Different drugs were administered by gavage for modeling and treatment. Six days later, the rats were sacrificed, blood was collected from the heart to separate the serum, and the blood creatinine (Scr) and urea nitrogen (BUN) contents were detected biochemically. After blood collection, the kidney tissue was taken and fixed in10% neutral formalin. The expression of renal tissue inflammatory factors (CRP, IL-6, and TNF-α) and renal fibrosis indexes (LN, HA, and TGF-β1) were detected; MMP-24 and TIMP-1 in the kidney tissue of rats in different treatment groups were detected, and Smad3 expression was also detected. Results. After treatment, the general condition of the alcohol + dapagliflozin group and the alcohol + losartan group improved to different degrees. The weight first decreased and then gradually increased over time. There was no statistical difference in the weight change between the two groups; Compared with the control group, the Scr level, BUN content, renal index, inflammatory factors, and renal fibrosis indexes in the alcohol group were significantly increased ( P < 0.05 ); after 6 weeks of treatment, in the alcohol + dapagliflozin group and alcohol + losartan group, Scr level, BUN content, kidney index, inflammatory factors, and renal fibrosis indexes were significantly decreased ( P < 0.05 ); the expression of MMP-24 in the kidney tissue of the control group was upregulated, and the expression of TIMP-1 and Smad3 was downregulated; MMP-24 expression was downregulated, and TIMP-1 and Smad3 expression was significantly upregulated ( P < 0.05 ) in the rats of the alcohol group. After dapagliflozin and losartan treatment, MMP-24 expression gradually increased and TIMP-1 and Smad3 expression gradually decreased ( P < 0.05 ). Conclusion. Long-term large-scale alcohol intake can cause kidney tissue damage and fibrotic lesions. The expression of fibrotic cytokines such as TIMP-1 and Smad3 will increase, and the expression of MMP-24 will be decreased. However, dapagliflozin and losartan have certain therapeutic effects on the abovementioned lesions. The mechanism may be downregulating TIMP-1 and Smad3 and upregulating the expression of MMP-24 and other cytokines in the kidney.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (10) ◽  
Rachel E. Carlisle ◽  
Zahraa Mohammed-Ali ◽  
Chao Lu ◽  
Tamana Yousof ◽  
Victor Tat ◽  

AbstractChronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by the gradual loss of renal function and is a major public health concern. Risk factors for CKD include hypertension and proteinuria, both of which are associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. ER stress-induced TDAG51 protein expression is increased at an early time point in mice with CKD. Based on these findings, wild-type and TDAG51 knock-out (TDKO) mice were used in an angiotensin II/deoxycorticosterone acetate/salt model of CKD. Both wild-type and TDKO mice developed hypertension, increased proteinuria and albuminuria, glomerular injury, and tubular damage. However, TDKO mice were protected from apoptosis and renal interstitial fibrosis. Human proximal tubular cells were used to demonstrate that TDAG51 expression induces apoptosis through a CHOP-dependent mechanism. Further, a mouse model of intrinsic acute kidney injury demonstrated that CHOP is required for ER stress-mediated apoptosis. Renal fibroblasts were used to demonstrate that TGF-β induces collagen production through an IRE1-dependent mechanism; cells treated with a TGF-β receptor 1 inhibitor prevented XBP1 splicing, a downstream consequence of IRE1 activation. Interestingly, TDKO mice express significantly less TGF-β receptor 1, thus, preventing TGF-β-mediated XBP1 splicing. In conclusion, TDAG51 induces apoptosis in the kidney through a CHOP-dependent mechanism, while contributing to renal interstitial fibrosis through a TGF-β-IRE1-XBP1 pathway.

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