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2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (3) ◽  
pp. 124-127
Author(s):  
Priyanka Devgun ◽  
Shivesh Devgan ◽  
Harjot Singh ◽  
Sukhpal Singh ◽  
Amanbir Singh

From a point in time where the human race declared itself the master of the universe to this point in time where it is facing an existential threat from the contagion- Covid 19 pandemic has exposed the vulnerability of the human race to a wipeout. The disruption of physical, mental, social, emotional and financial health and health systems is unprecedented. Study the impact of Covid 19 on continuity of essential health services in various health care institutions in district Amritsar, Punjab.: Online survey was conducted through google forms using questionnaire adapted from the World Health Organization-Pulse Survey on Continuity of Essential Health Services during Covid 19 pandemic. Respondents were personnel working at public and Ayushman Bharat empaneled private health care institutions. Response rate was 60% (55 out of 92 health care institutions personnel responded) A highly significant difference was observed between the public and the private health care sector in provision of antenatal care (Mann Whitney U statistic= 78.00, p=.004) and imaging and radio diagnosing services (Mann Whitney U statistic= 48.00, p=.000) while a significant difference was observed in provision of service of institutional delivery (Mann Whitney U statistic= 112.00, p=.046). All the other essential health services were similarly affected in the public and private health sector institutes. Financial difficulties faced during the lockdown was the single most common reason stated for disruption of essential health services. There was a significant difference in level of satisfaction experienced by health care personnel from public and private sector (Mann Whitney U statistic= 94.00, p=.02). Thematic analysis of the data on improving preparedness to minimize disruption in essential health services yielded the themes pertaining to creating a robust public health care infrastructure including use of e-health technology in the district and recruitment of adequate health care man power according to set norms.


Author(s):  
Lucía Prieto Santamaría ◽  
David Fernández Lobón ◽  
Antonio Jesús Díaz-Honrubia ◽  
Ernestina Menasalvas Ruiz ◽  
Sokratis Nifakos ◽  
...  

Abstract Objectives The aim of the study is to design an ontology model for the representation of assets and its features in distributed health care environments. Allow the interchange of information about these assets through the use of specific vocabularies based on the use of ontologies. Methods Ontologies are a formal way to represent knowledge by means of triples composed of a subject, a predicate, and an object. Given the sensitivity of network assets in health care institutions, this work by using an ontology-based representation of information complies with the FAIR principles. Federated queries to the ontology systems, allow users to obtain data from multiple sources (i.e., several hospitals belonging to the same public body). Therefore, this representation makes it possible for network administrators in health care institutions to have a clear understanding of possible threats that may emerge in the network. Results As a result of this work, the “Software Defined Networking Description Language—CUREX Asset Discovery Tool Ontology” (SDNDL-CAO) has been developed. This ontology uses the main concepts in network assets to represent the knowledge extracted from the distributed health care environments: interface, device, port, service, etc. Conclusion The developed SDNDL-CAO ontology allows to represent the aforementioned knowledge about the distributed health care environments. Network administrators of these institutions will benefit as they will be able to monitor emerging threats in real-time, something critical when managing personal medical information.


2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Ramiro Z. Dela Cruz ◽  
Ruth A. Ortega-Dela Cruz

Purpose This study aims to develop a Facilities technology management framework for public health-care institutions in a developing country. Design/methodology/approach The study used descriptive research design to identify the specifications of the framework via strategic initiatives anchored on efficiency, sustainability, ecological-friendliness and technological innovation. These measures are wrapped into a facilities TM framework which incorporates concepts and practices on risk management, facility management (FM) and TM. Findings Results of the survey of the public HCIs in the Philippines, show high levels of acceptability of proposed measures which identify the technologies, innovations and materials which are in the viable context of public hospital circumstances in the country. Research limitations/implications The findings of this study are limited to the public HCIs in a developing country, and thus cannot be generalized to other HCIs particularly the private institutions. Practical implications The framework seeks to help improve the operational efficiency and sustainability of public HCIs in a developing country like the Philippines. The discussions on TM revolve around the application of TM approaches. Also, the study incorporates discussions on sustainability, technology innovation and the conformity of these with HCI standards, best practices and government requirements. Social implications The study takes into consideration the identification of FM principles and practices that are deemed suitable and applicable for public HCIs in a developing country. This study is intended to develop a TM framework for FM services which is cost-effective but not sacrificing safety, security, employees and the environment. Then the foremost consideration is the perceived suitability of the framework in the public HCI environment. Originality/value This is an original study. It has as its scope the fusion of FM and TM approaches that would help in the identification of challenges, requirements for manpower, processes and technologies (especially, information and communications technolog-based technologies), and a corresponding TM system framework for public HCI facilities in a developing country.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Yunru Zhou ◽  
Longfeng Sun ◽  
Yanting Liang ◽  
Guoju Mao ◽  
Pei Xu

Abstract Background: With the global aging problem is becoming increasingly severe, the elderly care has become an important issue that needs attention. Chinese government attaches great importance to the development of medical and health care institutions, and is committed to improving the comprehensive quality of elderly rehabilitation nursing staff in medical and health care institutions.Methods: From June to September 2019, a cross-sectional study among 193 elderly rehabilitation nursing staff was conducted in Liaoning Province, China. Using a self-designed questionnaire, the comprehensive quality of elderly rehabilitation nursing staff in medical and health care institutions was investigated by face to face. The multiple linear regression model was explored to analyze the influencing factors. Results: A total of 193 questionnaires were distributed, and 189 (97.93%) valid questionnaires were recovered. Age was from 19 to 65 years old, with an average age of (38.34 ± 9.76) years old. Bachelor degree or above accounted for 54.00%. 57.10% have engaged in elderly rehabilitation nursing for more than one year. There were 163 nurses with qualification certificates, accounting for 86.20%. The total score of comprehensive quality was 118.52 ± 22.90. The total Cronbach ' s α coefficient of the questionnaire was 0.967, and the content validity index was 0.991. Only 61 (32.30%) elderly rehabilitation nurses received professional training in elderly rehabilitation nursing. The results of multiple linear regression analysis showed that the educational level of elderly rehabilitation nursing staff (P=0.002) and the number of years engaged in elderly rehabilitation nursing (P=0.005) were the main influencing factors of comprehensive quality.Conclusions: The comprehensive quality of elderly rehabilitation nursing staff is at a medium level in Liaoning Province's medical and health care institutions. However, the professional nursing talents was very short, and the education level and years of experience in elderly care were the main influencing factors of the comprehensive quality.


2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (8) ◽  
pp. 230-245
Author(s):  
S.K Godwin ◽  
Varatharajan D

Road traffic injuries represent a classic case of economic uncertainty for households. In the context of uncertainty, choice of health care facilities and care seeking process is interest of perennial concern. Understanding the injury care seeking process forms the central objective of the paper. It also tries to narrate the process of seeking care between different providers of care, levels of care and duration of treatment, determinants of choice of health care etc. The study utilised primary data collected from the injured (302 cases) who were discharged from selected public and private health facilities from three districts of Kerala, India. The injured had 488 overall interactions with medical care institutions/personnel yielding an average number of 1.6 interactions per injured person; 60.2 per cent of the interactions were accounted by public health care institutions with 54 per cent of the injured choosing them as their first point of contact. Length of treatment at different health facilities by the injured indicate that more than 70 per cent were treated as outpatient (including observation cases) and the rest were prescribed hospitalized treatment at the first pint of contact. Share of public sector health care institutions treating mild, moderate and severe injuries is 55.5 per cent, 54.6 per cent and 48.6 per cent respectively. In sum, public sector is the preferred choice of injury care seeking for moderate and severe road traffic injuries (cost of treatment, poor economic status) while mild injuries are primarily accounted for by the private sector.


2021 ◽  
Vol 100 (3) ◽  
pp. 56-63
Author(s):  
О.P. Yavorovskyi ◽  
◽  
Yu.M. Skaletskyi ◽  
R.P. Brukhno ◽  
M.M. Rygan ◽  
...  

Objective: We identified the main occupational hazards in the hospital environment and determined their role in the formation of the safety of medical personnel at healthcare institutions. Materials and methods: We applied the bibliosemantic, questionnaire, hygienic and statistical research methods. Results: In the course of the labour activity at the health care institutions (HCI), the medical workers are exposed to the risk of negative effects of biological, psychophysiological, chemical, physical and social harmful and dangerous factors. The biological and psychophysiological factors are the most harmful factors. The adverse occupational factors of the hospital environment do not have an isolated effect, but have a complex, combined and joint effect, and their priority varies depending on the specificity of medical speciality. Under conditions of COVID-19 pandemic, the risk of the negative impact of production environment factors on the medical personnel at the HCI has been increased. In particular, the risk of infection with pathogens of infectious diseases increases, the work load, psycho-emotional tension, the duration of the use of personal protective equipment and the frequency of contact with the disinfectant solutions increase, the probability of violence, harassment, stigmatization, and discrimination related to the professional affiliation of health care personnel increases. The lack of a safety culture is one of the most important mechanisms for launching and realizing the dangers of a hospital environment, and just a creation of positive practice of a safety culture at work can significantly reduce the risks of realizing potential hazards that exist at health care institutions. Conclusion: The identification of the dangers of the hospital environment with the formation of a comprehensive understanding of their importance for the ensurance of the safety for medical personnel is an urgent task for modern medical science and will make it possible to develop reasonably the measures aimed at the ensurance of the safety of the hospital environment in terms of the safety of medical personnel.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Xiao-Feng Ni ◽  
Chun-Song Yang ◽  
Yu-Mei Bai ◽  
Zi-Xian Hu ◽  
Ling-Li Zhang

Introduction: Drug-related problems (DRPs) are not only detrimental to patients' physical health and quality of life but also lead to a serious waste of health care resources. The condition of DRPs might be more severe for patients in primary health care institutions.Objective: This systematic review aims to comprehensively review the characteristics of DRPs for patients in primary health care institutions, which might help find effective strategies to identify, prevent, and intervene with DRPs in the future.Methods: We searched three English databases (Embase, The Cochrane Library, and PubMed) and four Chinese databases (CNKI, CBM, VIP, and Wanfang). Two of the researchers independently conducted literature screening, quality evaluation, and data extraction. Qualitative and quantitative methods were combined to analyze the data.Results: From the 3,368 articles screened, 27 met the inclusion criteria and were included in this review. The median (inter-quartile range, IQR) of the incidences of DRPs was 70.04% (59%), and the median (IQR) of the average number of DRPs per patient was 3.4 (2.8). The most common type of DRPs was “treatment safety.” The causes of DRPs were mainly in the prescribing section, including “drug selection” and “dose selection”, while patients' poor adherence in the use section was also an important cause of DRPs. Risk factors such as the number of medicines, age, and disease condition were positively associated with the occurrence of DRPs. In addition, the medians (IQR) of the rate of accepted interventions, implemented interventions, and solved DRPs were 78.8% (22.3%), 64.15% (16.85%), and 76.99% (26.09%), respectively.Conclusion: This systematic review showed that the condition of DRPs in primary health care institutions was serious. In pharmaceutical practice, the patients with risk factors of DRPs should be monitored more closely. Pharmacists could play important roles in the identification and intervention of DRPs, and more effective intervention strategies need to be established in the future.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Elizaveta Walker ◽  
Robin L Baker ◽  
Kerth O'Brien ◽  
Lynne C Messer ◽  
Cara L Eckhardt ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Healthy food environment policies (HFEPs), such as sugar-sweetened beverage bans or nutritional standards for vending machines, can improve the healthfulness of retail food venues, particularly within health care institutions that have a health-focused mission. The degree to which operational managers’ and executive leaders’ perceptions of implementation challenges align or diverge, and the extent to which these perceptions affect HFEP implementation, is unknown.Methods We conducted ten semi-structured key informant interviews with managers and executive leaders who participated in HFEP development within five health care organizations. Interviews explored facilitators and barriers for HFEP adoption and maintenance. We transcribed, coded, and analyzed interviews and derived contextual facilitators and barriers.Results We identified 27 facilitators and 30 barriers, which were refined into six and five categories, respectively, and ultimately paired to create three overarching recommendations. Operational managers’ and executive leaders’ perceptions overlapped 44-75% when identifying facilitators but only 33-58% when identifying implementation barriers. Interpersonal issues such as over-delegation and mistrust were prominent among those organizations whose respondents’ perceptions diverged substantially.Conclusion As the obesity epidemic continues to increase, understanding key facilitators and barriers to HFEPs, as well as the influence on leaderships’ perceptions on the implementation process, will be key to addressing obesogenic food environments. Though leaders were generally aligned in perspectives regarding facilitators, there was greater divergence when barriers were discussed. Executive leaders are encouraged to familiarize themselves with operational barriers and refrain from over-delegating these challenges to their operational counterparts, who lack the institutional authority to override organizational or system-level decisions.


2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 26-36
Author(s):  
Suryanata Kesuma ◽  
Didi Irwadi ◽  
Nia Ardelia

Diabetes is a non-communicable disease that can be prevented and detected as early as possible by routine glucose checks. Point Of Care Testing (POCT) as a diabetes test screening tool is widely used by health care institutions and is even used independently by the wider community. Blood glucose can be measured by serum, plasma, and whole blood specimens. The standard specimen for glucose measurement using POCT is whole blood. Based on the author's survey, the use of the POCT tool in several health care institutions was not following the insert of the tool kit, one of which was the type of specimen used. Many laboratories use EDTA serum and plasma specimens for glucose testing using the POCT device. There are many methods used in the POCT tool, one of these methods is the glucose dehydrogenase method. Therefore analytic evaluation is necessary to ensure the accuracy and accuracy of laboratory examination results in glucose examination. This type of research is the analytical method with a comparative design. The data was collected using the total sampling method. The data is reported using Microsoft Excel and SPSS applications. The number of samples for analytic evaluation was 40 samples. Based on the results of tests performed in duplicate, there were clinical differences in glucose values using serum and plasma EDTA samples so that the use of these samples was not suitable for use for diagnostic purposes using the POCT glucose dehydrogenase method. There was a statistical difference in serum glucose and plasma EDTA against whole blood that was examined using the POCT glucose dehydrogenase method with a correlation value (R) of 0.9722 and 0.9695.


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