diffusion barrier
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2022 ◽  
Vol 578 ◽  
pp. 152108
Yu-An Shen ◽  
Hao-Zhe Chen ◽  
Sheng-Wen Chen ◽  
Sheng-Kuei Chiu ◽  
Xing-You Guo ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 129 ◽  
pp. 114472
Jungsoo Kim ◽  
Dae-Young Park ◽  
Byeongjin Ahn ◽  
Junghwan Bang ◽  
Min-Su Kim ◽  

2022 ◽  
Manareldeen Ahmed ◽  
Yan Li ◽  
Wenchao Chen ◽  
Erping Li

Abstract This paper investigates the diffusion barrier performance of 2D layered materials with pre-existing vacancy defects using first-principles density functional theory. Vacancy defects in 2D materials may give rise to a large amount of Cu accumulation, and consequently, the defect becomes a diffusion path for Cu. Five 2D layered structures are investigated as diffusion barriers for Cu, i.e., graphene with C vacancy, hBN with B/N vacancy, and MoS2 with Mo/2S vacancy. The calculated energy barriers using climbing image - nudged elastic band show that MoS2-V2S has the highest diffusion energy barrier among other 2D layers, followed by hBN-VN and graphene. The obtained energy barrier of Cu on defected layer is found to be proportional to the length of the diffusion path. Moreover, the diffusion of Cu through vacancy defects is found to modulate the electronic structures and magnetic properties of the 2D layer. The charge density difference shows that there exists a considerable charge transfer between Cu and barrier layer as quantified by Bader charge. Given the current need for an ultra-thin diffusion barrier layer, the obtained results contribute to the field of application of 2D materials as Cu diffusion barrier in the presence of mono-vacancy defects.

2022 ◽  
pp. 413701
Yihang Dong ◽  
Xiaoming Sun ◽  
Zhaoyang Liu ◽  
Guoxing Qiu ◽  
Xiaofang Zhang ◽  

2021 ◽  
Liang Wang ◽  
Xin Wen ◽  
Zhengmao Wang ◽  
Zaisheng Lin ◽  
Chunhong Li ◽  

Abstract The transition zone (TZ) of the cilium/flagellum serves as a diffusion barrier that controls the entry/exit of ciliary proteins. Mutations of the TZ proteins disrupt barrier function and lead to multiple human diseases. However, the systematic regulation of ciliary composition and signaling-related processes by different TZ proteins is not completely understood. Here, we reveal that loss of TCTN1 in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii disrupts the assembly of Y-links in the TZ. Proteomic analysis of cilia from WT and three TZ mutants, tctn1, cep290, and nphp4, showed a unique role of each TZ subunit in the regulation of ciliary composition, explaining the phenotypic diversity of different TZ mutants. Interestingly, we found that defects in the TZ impair the formation and biological activity of ciliary ectosomes. Collectively, our findings provide systematic insights into the regulation of ciliary composition by TZ proteins and reveal a link between the TZ and ciliary ectosomes.

Solar Energy ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 230 ◽  
pp. 1033-1039
Chen Zhang ◽  
Tongqing Qi ◽  
Wei Wang ◽  
Chenchen Zhao ◽  
Shuda Xu ◽  

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