biological activity
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2022 ◽  
Vol 146 ◽  
pp. 528-537
Author(s):  
GeorginaVenecia Bello-Martínez ◽  
Génesis García-Ramírez ◽  
Monserrat Olea-Flores ◽  
Napoleón Navarro-Tito ◽  
Alberto Hernández-Moreno ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 146 ◽  
pp. 325-339
Author(s):  
Nawaal Benazir Bint Raman Ibrahim ◽  
Daneshwar Puchooa ◽  
Joyce Govinden-Soulange ◽  
Sunita Facknath

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 788-793
Author(s):  
Lan Liu ◽  
Xinchao Cheng ◽  
Shaomin Li

This study investigated KLF7’s effect on sugar induced retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) biological activity. The RGCs cells divided into blank group (RA), high sugar group (RB), high sugar+NC group (RC) and high sugar+KLF7 group (RD) (transfected with KLF7 mimic) followed by analysis cell proliferation by MTT, cell apoptosis by flow cytometry and protein expression by western blot and ROS level. RB and RC group showed significantly reduced KLF7 mRNA and protein level compared to RA group (P < 0.05) without different between RB and RC group (P > 0.05). RD group had significantly increased LKF7 and Sirt1 protein expression (F = 113.3, P < 0.0, 01), reduced cell proliferation (P < 0.05) and increased RGCs apoptosis rate (P < 0.05) compared with RB and RC group. After 24 h, RB and RC group presented significantly higher ROS level (P < 0.05) which was reduced in RD group (P < 0.05). In conclusion, KLF7 can change sugar induced retinal ganglion cell biological activity and reduce the oxidative stress level.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (5) ◽  
pp. 907-913
Author(s):  
Liyan Zhong ◽  
Yi Yi ◽  
Qian Liu ◽  
Yan Peng

This study intends to discuss the mechanism of MTH1 inhibitor (TH588) in the biological activity of ovarian carcinoma cells. A2780 and SKOV-3 cells were treated with different concentrations of TH588 and assigned into AT group (control), BT group (8 μmol/L TH588), CT group (16 μmol/L), DT group (32 μmol/L), ET group (64 μmol/L) and FT group (128 μmol/L) followed by measuring level of Bcl-2 and Bax by Western blot and PCR, and cell biological activities by MTT, FCM and Transwell chamber assay. The cell proliferative rate was not affected in AT group, but was lower in other groups in a reverse dose-dependent manner. There was significant difference on apoptotic rate and cell invasion among groups with increased apoptosis and reduce invasion after TH588 treatment. FT group showed lowest expression of Bcl-2 and Bax compared to other groups. In conclusion, the biological activity of A2780/SKOV3 cells could be reduced by MTH1 inhibitor which was probably through regulation of Bax and Bcl-2 expression.


2022 ◽  
Vol 146 ◽  
pp. 25-35
Author(s):  
João Victor Dutra Gomes ◽  
Cristina Luz Tosta ◽  
Álvaro da Cunha Neto ◽  
Christopher William Fagg ◽  
Cristian Aldemar Gasca Silva ◽  
...  

Molecules ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 561
Author(s):  
Prapenpuksiri Rungsa ◽  
Steve Peigneur ◽  
Nisachon Jangpromma ◽  
Sompong Klaynongsruang ◽  
Jan Tytgat ◽  
...  

Antimicrobial peptides are an important class of therapeutic agent used against a wide range of pathogens such as Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Mastoparan (MpVT) is an α-helix and amphipathic tetradecapeptide obtained from Vespa tropica venom. This peptide exhibits antibacterial activity. In this work, we investigate the effect of amino acid substitutions and deletion of the first three C-terminal residues on the structure–activity relationship. In this in silico study, the predicted structure of MpVT and its analog have characteristic features of linear cationic peptides rich in hydrophobic and basic amino acids without disulfide bonds. The secondary structure and the biological activity of six designed analogs are studied. The biological activity assays show that the substitution of phenylalanine (MpVT1) results in a higher antibacterial activity than that of MpVT without increasing toxicity. The analogs with the first three deleted C-terminal residues showed decreased antibacterial and hemolytic activity. The CD (circular dichroism) spectra of these peptides show a high content α-helical conformation in the presence of 40% 2,2,2- trifluoroethanol (TFE). In conclusion, the first three C-terminal deletions reduced the length of the α-helix, explaining the decreased biological activity. MpVTs show that the hemolytic activity of mastoparan is correlated to mean hydrophobicity and mean hydrophobic moment. The position and spatial arrangement of specific hydrophobic residues on the non-polar face of α-helical AMPs may be crucial for the interaction of AMPs with cell membranes.


2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 185
Author(s):  
Davide Roncarati ◽  
Vincenzo Scarlato ◽  
Andrea Vannini

Since the discovery of penicillin in the first half of the last century, antibiotics have become the pillars of modern medicine for fighting bacterial infections. However, pathogens resistant to antibiotic treatment have increased in recent decades, and efforts to discover new antibiotics have decreased. As a result, it is becoming increasingly difficult to treat bacterial infections successfully, and we look forward to more significant efforts from both governments and the scientific community to research new antibacterial drugs. This perspective article highlights the high potential of bacterial transcriptional and posttranscriptional regulators as targets for developing new drugs. We highlight some recent advances in the search for new compounds that inhibit their biological activity and, as such, appear very promising for treating bacterial infections.


2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (2) ◽  
pp. 888
Author(s):  
Żaneta Arciszewska ◽  
Sofia Gama ◽  
Monika Kalinowska ◽  
Grzegorz Świderski ◽  
Renata Świsłocka ◽  
...  

Caffeic acid (CFA) is one of the various natural antioxidants and chemoprotective agents occurring in the human diet. In addition, its metal complexes play fundamental roles in biological systems. Nevertheless, research on the properties of CFA with lanthanide metals is very scarce, and little to no chemical or biological information is known about these particular systems. Most of their properties, including their biological activity and environmental impact, strictly depend on their structure, stability, and solution behaviour. In this work, a multi-analytical-technique approach was used to study these relationships for the Eu(III)/CFA complex. The synthesized metal complex was studied by FT-IR, FT-Raman, elemental, and thermal (TGA) analysis. In order to examine the chemical speciation of the Eu(III)/CFA system in an aqueous solution, several independent potentiometric and spectrophotometric UV-Vis titrations were performed at different M:L (metal:ligand) and pH ratios. The general molecular formula of the synthesized metal complex in the solid state was [Eu(CFA)3(H2O)3]∙2H2O (M:L ratio 1:3), while in aqueous solution the 1:1 species were observed at the optimum pH of 6 ≤ pH ≤ 10, ([Eu(CFA)] and [Eu(CFA)(OH)]−). These results were confirmed by 1H-NMR experiments and electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). To evaluate the interaction of Eu(III)/CFA and CFA alone with cell membranes, electrophoretic mobility assays were used. Various antioxidant tests have shown that Eu(III)/CFA exhibits lower antioxidant activity than the free CFA ligand. In addition, the antimicrobial properties of Eu(III)/CFA and CFA against Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Candida albicans were investigated by evaluation of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). Eu(III)/CFA shows higher antibacterial activity against bacteria compared to CFA, which can be explained by the highly probable increased lipophilicity of the Eu(III) complex.


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