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Ahmad Yahya Dawod ◽  
Aniwat Phaphuangwittayakul ◽  
Salita Angkurawaranon

<span>Traumatic brain injuries are significant effects of disability and loss of life. Physicians employ computed tomography (CT) images to observe the trauma and measure its severity for diagnosis and treatment. Due to the overlap of hemorrhage and normal brain tissues, segmentation methods sometimes lead to false results. The study is more challenging to unitize the AI field to collect brain hemorrhage by involving patient datasets employing CT scans images. We propose a novel technique free-form object model for brain injury CT image segmentation based on superpixel image processing that uses CT to analyzing brain injuries, quite challenging to create a high outstanding simple linear iterative clustering (SLIC) method. The maintains a strategic distance of the segmentation image to reduced intensity boundaries. The segmentation image contains marked red hemorrhage to modify the free-form object model. The contour labelled by the red mark is the output from our free-form object model. We proposed a hybrid image segmentation approach based on the combined edge detection and dilation technique features. The approach diminishes computational costs, and the show accomplished 96.68% accuracy. The segmenting brain hemorrhage images are achieved in the clustered region to construct a free-form object model. The study also presents further directions on future research in this domain.</span>

Nukapeyyi Tanuja

Abstract: Sparse representation(SR) model named convolutional sparsity based morphological component analysis is introduced for pixel-level medical image fusion. The CS-MCA model can achieve multicomponent and global SRs of source images, by integrating MCA and convolutional sparse representation(CSR) into a unified optimization framework. In the existing method, the CSRs of its gradient and texture components are obtained by the CSMCA model using pre-learned dictionaries. Then for each image component, sparse coefficients of all the source images are merged and then fused component is reconstructed using the corresponding dictionary. In the extension mechanism, we are using deep learning based pyramid decomposition. Now a days deep learning is a very demanding technology. Deep learning is used for image classification, object detection, image segmentation, image restoration. Keywords: CNN, CT, MRI, MCA, CS-MCA.

2022 ◽  
Bangyu Li

Abstract Background: Land-use classification schemes typically address both land use and land cover. Vectorized data extracted from farm parcel segmentation provides important cadastral data for the formulation and management of climate change policies. It also provides important basic data for research on pest control in large areas, crop yield forecasts, and crop varieties classification. It can also be used for the assessment of compensation for damages related to extreme weather events by the agricultural insurance department. Firstly, we investigate the effectiveness of an automated image segmentation method based on TransUNet architecture to enable that automate the task of farm parcel delineation that originally relied on high labor costs. Then, post-processing by vectoring binary segmentation image, which the area and regularity parameter to adjust the accuracy of segmentation, can get a more optimized image segmentation result.Results: The results on the existing data show that the automatic segmentation system we proposed is a method that can effectively divide various types of agricultural land. The system was trained and evaluated using 94780 images. The performance parameters obtained showed that the accuracy rate reached 83.31%, the recall rate reached 82.13%, the F1-S rate was 80.37%, the total accuracy rate was 82.23%, and Iou was 80.39%. At the same times, without losing too much accuracy, we train and test the model with 3m resolution image, which has the advantage of processing speed than 0.8m resolution. Therefore, our proposed method can be effectively applied to the task of extraction of agricultural land, which is better and more efficient than most manual annotations.Conclusions: We have demonstrated the effectiveness of strategy using a TransUNet architecture and postprocessing by vectoring binary segmentation for farm parcel extraction in high remote sensing images. The success of our approach is also a demonstration of feasibility of the deep learning to participate in and improve agricultural production activities, which is important for achieving scientific management of agricultural production.

2022 ◽  
pp. 274-290
M. Abdul Jawad ◽  
Farida Khursheed

The expeditious progress of machine learning, especially the deep learning techniques, keep propelling the medical imaging community's heed in applying these techniques in improving the accuracy of cancer screening. Among various types of cancers, breast cancer is the most detrimental disease affecting women today. The prognosis of such types of disease becomes a very challenging task for radiologists due the huge number of cases together with careful and thorough examination it demands. The constraints of present CAD open up a need for new and accurate detection procedures. Deep learning approaches have gained a tremendous recognition in the areas of object detection, segmentation, image recognition, and computer vision. Precise and premature detection and classification of lesions is very critical for increasing the survival rates of patients. Recent CNN models are designed to enhance radiologists' understandings to identify even the least possible lesions at the very early stage.

Saurabh Ravindra Nikam

Abstract: In this paper Segmentation is one the most important process which decides the success of character recognition fashion. Segmentation is used to putrefy an image of a sequence of characters into sub images of individual symbols by segmenting lines and words. In segmentation image is partitioned into multiple corridor. With respect to the segmentation of handwritten words into characters it's a critical task because of complexity of structural features and kinds in writing styles. Due to this without segmentation these touching characters, it's delicate to fete the individual characters, hence arises the need for segmentation of touching characters in a word. Then we consider Marathi words and Marathi Numbers for segmentation. The algorithm is use for Segmentation of lines and also characters. The segmented characters are also stores in result variable. First it Separate the lines and also it Separate the characters from the input image. This procedure is repeated till end of train. Keywords: Image Segmentation, Handwritten Marathi Characters, Marathi Numbers, OCR.

Sensors ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (24) ◽  
pp. 8456
Hao Yang ◽  
Dinghao Zhang ◽  
Shiyin Qin ◽  
Tiejun Cui ◽  
Jungang Miao

Passive millimeter wave has been employed in security inspection owing to a good penetrability to clothing and harmlessness. However, the passive millimeter wave images (PMMWIs) suffer from low resolution and inherent noise. The published methods have rarely improved the quality of images for PMMWI and performed the detection only based on PMMWI with bounding box, which cause a high rate of false alarm. Moreover, it is difficult to identify the low-reflective non-metallic threats by the differences in grayscale. In this paper, a method of detecting concealed threats in human body is proposed. We introduce the GAN architecture to reconstruct high-quality images from multi-source PMMWIs. Meanwhile, we develop a novel detection pipeline involving semantic segmentation, image registration, and comprehensive analyzer. The segmentation network exploits multi-scale features to merge local and global information together in both PMMWIs and visible images to obtain precise shape and location information in the images, and the registration network is proposed for privacy concerns and the elimination of false alarms. With the grayscale and contour features, the detection for metallic and non-metallic threats can be conducted, respectively. After that, a synthetic strategy is applied to integrate the detection results of each single frame. In the numerical experiments, we evaluate the effectiveness of each module and the performance of the proposed method. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method outperforms the existing methods with 92.35% precision and 90.3% recall in our dataset, and also has a fast detection rate.

Vineet Talwar ◽  
Kundan Singh Chufal ◽  
Srujana Joga

AbstractArtificial intelligence (AI) has become an essential tool in human life because of its pivotal role in communications, transportation, media, and social networking. Inspired by the complex neuronal network and its functions in human beings, AI, using computer-based algorithms and training, had been explored since the 1950s. To tackle the enormous amount of patients' clinical data, imaging, histopathological data, and the increasing pace of research on new treatments and clinical trials, and ever-changing guidelines for treatment with the advent of novel drugs and evidence, AI is the need of the hour. There are numerous publications and active work on AI's role in the field of oncology. In this review, we discuss the fundamental terminology of AI, its applications in oncology on the whole, and its limitations. There is an inter-relationship between AI, machine learning and, deep learning. The virtual branch of AI deals with machine learning. While the physical branch of AI deals with the delivery of different forms of treatment—surgery, targeted drug delivery, and elderly care. The applications of AI in oncology include cancer screening, diagnosis (clinical, imaging, and histopathological), radiation therapy (image acquisition, tumor and organs at risk segmentation, image registration, planning, and delivery), prediction of treatment outcomes and toxicities, prediction of cancer cell sensitivity to therapeutics and clinical decision-making. A specific area of interest is in the development of effective drug combinations tailored to every patient and tumor with the help of AI. Radiomics, the new kid on the block, deals with the planning and administration of radiotherapy. As with any new invention, AI has its fallacies. The limitations include lack of external validation and proof of generalizability, difficulty in data access for rare diseases, ethical and legal issues, no precise logic behind the prediction, and last but not the least, lack of education and expertise among medical professionals. A collaboration between departments of clinical oncology, bioinformatics, and data sciences can help overcome these problems in the near future.

2021 ◽  
S. Prabu ◽  
J.M. Gnanasekar

Image processing techniques are essential part of the current computer technologies and that it plays vital role in various applications like medical field, object detection, video surveillance system, computer vision etc. The important process of Image processing is Image Segmentation. Image Segmentation is the process of splitting the images into various tiny parts called segments. Image processing makes to simplify the image representation in order to analyze the images. So many algorithms are developed for segmenting images, based on the certain feature of the pixel. In this paper different algorithms of segmentation can be reviewed, analyzed and finally list out the comparison for all the algorithms. This comparison study is useful for increasing accuracy and performance of segmentation methods in various image processing domains.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2089 (1) ◽  
pp. 012029
Ram Singh ◽  
Lakhwinder Kaur

Abstract Magnetic Resonance Image (MRI) is an important medical image acquisition technique used to acquire high contrast images of human body anatomical structures and soft tissue organs. MRI system does not use any harmful radioactive ionized material like x-rays and computerized tomography (CT) imaging techniques. High-resolution MRI is desirable in many clinical applications such as tumor segmentation, image registration, edges & boundary detection, and image classification. During MRI acquisition, many practical constraints limit the MRI quality by introducing random Gaussian noise and some other artifacts by the thermal energy of the patient body, random scanner voltage fluctuations, body motion artifacts, electronics circuits impulse noise, etc. High-resolution MRI can be acquired by increasing scan time, but considering patient comfort, it is not preferred in practice. Hence, postacquisition image processing techniques are used to filter noise contents and enhance the MRI quality to make it fit for further image analysis tasks. The main motive of MRI enhancement is to reconstruct a high-quality MRI while improving and retaining its important features. The new deep learning image denoising and artifacts removal methods have shown tremendous potential for high-quality image reconstruction from noise degraded MRI while preserving useful image information. This paper presents a noise-residue learning convolution neural network (CNN) model to denoise and enhance the quality of noise-corrupted low-resolution MR images. The proposed technique shows better performance in comparison with other conventional MRI enhancement methods. The reconstructed image quality is evaluated by the peak-signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) and structural similarity index (SSIM) metrics by optimizing information loss in reconstructed MRI measured in mean squared error (MSE) metric.

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