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Shivek Mohan ◽  
Ankit Panwar ◽  
Bharat Thakur ◽  
Ved Kumar Sharma

Background: To evaluate efficacy of laparoscopic transperitoneal pyelolithotomy for management of renal pelvic stones in term of postoperative hospital stay Methods: This study has been conducted in the Department of General surgery, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla on selected patients of Renal pelvis stones admitted in institution Results: Mean hospital stay was 6.66 days in laparoscopic group and it was 8 days in laparoscopic completed by open method. Maximum no. of patients was discharged within 5 days.  6 (75 %) patients returned to normal activity in less than 30 days which included only successful laparoscopic group and 2 patients returned to normal activity in 40 days which included lap completed by open group. Conclusion: In the present study of Laparoscopic Transperitoneal Pyelolithotomy at Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, the procedure showed a definite decrease hospital stay, early return to activity than who have undergone open surgery Keywords: Laparoscopic Transperitoneal Pyelolithotomy, Pelvic stone, Hospital stay.

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 34-37
Dogukan Durak ◽  
Ertugrul Gazi Alkurt ◽  
Veysel Barış Turhan

Objective: Although laparoscopic colon cancer surgeries have increased in recent years, their oncological competence is questioned. In our study, we aimed to evaluate oncological competence by comparing laparoscopic and open surgery. Material and Methods: The study was planned retrospectively. A total of 94 patients were included in the study, 42 of whom underwent laparoscopy, and 52 patients underwent open surgery. Both groups were compared in terms of demographic characteristics, staging, number of benign/malignant lymph nodes, histological findings and complications. Result: The final pathology report of all patients was adenocarcinoma. The median number of dissected lymph nodes was 20.9 in the open group (8-34) and 19.46 in the laparoscopy group (7-31) (p=0.639). The median number of dissected malignant lymph nodes was 1 (0-13) in the open surgery group and 3.1 (0-8) in the laparoscopy group (p=0.216). The laparoscopy group exhibited a longer operation time (281.2±54.2 and 221.0±51.5 min, respectively; P=0.036) than the open surgery group, but a shorter intensive care unit(ICU) discharge, quicker initiation oral feeding, and shorter length of hospital stay (4.0±0.9 vs. 5.7±2.0 days, respectively; P<0.001). Discussion: Laparoscopic surgery elicits many benefits such as less wound infection, lower requirement for blood transfusion, shorter hospitalization, quicker initiation of oral feeding and mobilization. Our study has shown that laparoscopic surgery provides quite adequate lymph node dissection when compared with oncological surgery, which is viewed with suspicion in the light of these benefits of laparoscopy.

2022 ◽  
Jiayu Yan ◽  
Qiulong Shen ◽  
Chunhui Peng ◽  
Wenbo Pang ◽  
Yajun Chen

Abstract Background Colocolic intussusceptions is a rare subtype of intussusception mostly caused by juvenile polyps. The treatment of colocolic intussusception caused by other pathologic lead points remains poorly understood. Methods A systematic literature review between January 2000 and June 2021 was performed to characterize the comprehensive treatment of colocolic intussusception in children. This report also included 10 patients admitted to our center between 2010 and 2020 not previously reported in the literature. Results We identified 27 patients in 20 studies in addition to 10 patients from our center for a total of 37 patients (median age, 4.0 years; 54.1% male). The lead point was identified in 33 patients (33/37, 89.2%). The most common lead point was juvenile polyps (16/33, 48.5%). A therapeutic enema was performed in 12 patients with colocolic intussusception caused by juvenile polyps and was successful in 8 patients (8/12, 66.7%). Colonoscopic polypectomy was subsequently performed in 7 patients and was successful in 6 patients (6/7, 85.7%). The other patient had undergone laparoscopic exploration, and no abnormality was found. Subsequently, the patient underwent open surgery. The patients with colocolic intussusception caused by other pathologic lead points almost underwent surgical treatment (14/17, 82.4%), including 12 open surgeries and 2 laparoscopic surgeries. Conclusion A therapeutic enema followed by colonoscopic polypectomy is feasible to treat colocolic intussusception caused by juvenile polyps unless the patient has bowel perforation; however, open surgery is sometimes needed. For patients with colocolic intussusception caused by other pathologic lead points, open surgery may be preferable to laparoscopic surgery.

2022 ◽  
Zheng Wang ◽  
Hai-Hong Zhu ◽  
Jin-Yu Yang ◽  
Yan Wang ◽  

Review question / Objective: With the popularity of laparoscopy and minimally invasive technology, laparoscopy has been applied to hepatic echinococcosis. However, the safety and efficacy of traditional laparotomy and laparoscopy are unclear. This study aimed to explore the advantages and disadvantages of laparoscopy and traditional laparotomy with a Meta-analysis.To compare the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic with that of traditional laparotomy. Condition being studied: There still exist controversies about the advantages and disadvantages of laparoscopic and traditional open surgery.

2022 ◽  
Harsimran Laidlow-Singh ◽  
Pranai Buddhdev ◽  
Mark Latimer ◽  
Pearl Wou ◽  
Amaka C. Offiah

Osteofibrous dysplasia is a rare non-malignant fibro-osseous bone tumour, first described and characterised under this name by Campanacci (1976). It is most commonly encountered in the tibia of children and young adults, but less frequently seen in the neonate with only few prior reports in the literature. We report a case of neonatal congenital osteofibrous dysplasia, presenting with unilateral limb deformity at birth. Radiographs demonstrated well-defined mixed lytic-sclerotic lesions, in a previously unreported distribution in this age-group, confined to the distal metadiaphysis of the affected tibia and fibula. Open surgery was performed for deformity correction, with tissue biopsy confirming the radiographically-suspected diagnosis. We present the up-to-date clinical, radiological, and pathological findings in this case of a rare pathology with some novel features, within this age group, in disease distribution and consequent radiographic appearances. OFD should be considered in the differential of similar congenital deforming bone lesions of the lower limb. We also review the small number of previously published cases of congenital OFD in the neonate, noting in particular that the frequency of ipsilateral fibular involvement appears to be higher than that observed in older patients.

2022 ◽  
Alchiede Simonato ◽  
Pinelli Mirko ◽  
Gabriele Tulone ◽  
Marco VELLA ◽  
Rosa Giaimo ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (8) ◽  
pp. 3086
D. A. Feshchenko ◽  
G. S. Zasypkin ◽  
B. A. Rudenko ◽  
D. K. Vasiliev ◽  
F. B. Shukurov ◽  

Patients with clinically significant infrarenal abdominal aortic atherosclerosis are often encountered in the clinical practice of vascular and endovascular surgeons. In the absence of timely treatment, the ability to work and life quality of patients are sharply reduced, and in some cases, patients require limb amputation. Until recently, the only treatment option for such a lesion was an open surgery. However, a good skill level of endovascular surgeons and the device availability allow today to perform minimally invasive operations with comparable effectiveness and greater safety in comparison with open surgery. We present a case report of successful endovascular treatment of aortic occlusion involving the right and left common and external iliac arteries using Culotte stenting technique with further 12-month follow-up.

Jorge L. Florin ◽  
Valeria Bianchi ◽  
Daniel D. Wiggan

AbstractThere is a tremendous paucity of literatures regarding the long-term surgical outcomes of the r-TAPP procedure for inguinal hernia repair. Additionally, much of the existing literatures regarding this procedure have limited follow-up of to 12 months. This article presents the outcomes of 150 consecutive r-TAPP inguinal hernia repairs performed on 111 patients using Progrip mesh without fixation, with up to 24 months of follow-up. The initial 150 consecutive r-TAPP inguinal hernia repairs were performed from February 2017 to April 2018 using Progrip without fixation. All patients were seen at 2 weeks, followed by phone follow-up at 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years. Of the 111 patients, 39 had bilateral hernias (35%) and 72 had unilateral hernias (65%). The age range was 18–93 years. The BMI range was 20.7–50.2, with a mean of 26.4 and median of 25.8. Total operative time ranged from 28 to 138 min with a mean of 62.4 min and median of 56 min. ASA classification ranged from 1 to 4, with a mean of 2.1. No significant blood loss was observed in any of the cases. There were no conversions to open surgery. All patients were discharged the same day of the operation. We were able to follow up with 100% of the hernias at 2 weeks, 88% at 6 months, 87% at 1 year, and 80% at 2 years. No recurrences were recorded at 2 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year, or 2 years. There were no reports of chronic pain up to 2 years in any of the patients. These results indicate that r-TAPP inguinal hernia repair using Progrip without further fixation is safe, effective, and can be performed with minimal recurrences or chronic pain.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Yang Jinhuan ◽  
Wang Yi ◽  
Zheng Yuanwen ◽  
Ma Delin ◽  
Chen Xiaotian ◽  

BackgroundSurgical resection is the only widely accepted curative method for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). However, little is known about the efficacy of laparoscopic liver resection for ICC, especially in patients with early-stage disease. The aim of this study was to compare the short-term and long-term effects of laparoscopy and open surgery for the treatment of ICC.MethodsData from 1,084 patients treated at three hospitals from January 2011 to December 2018 were selected and analyzed. Propensity score matching was performed to compare the long-term outcomes (overall survival and recurrence-free survival) and short-term outcomes (perioperative outcomes) of all-stage and early-stage patients.ResultsAfter matching, 244 patients (122 vs. 122) in the all-stage group and 65 patients (27 vs. 38) in the early-stage group were included. The baseline of the two groups was balanced, and no significant differences were found in sex or age. The short-term results of the laparoscopic group were better than those of the open group, including less blood loss [blood loss ≥400 ml 27 (22.1%) vs. 6 (4.92%), p&lt;0.001 for all-stage, 12 (31.6%) vs. 2 (7.41%), p=0.042 for early stage), shorter surgery [200 (141; 249) min vs. 125 (115; 222) min, p=0.025 for early stage] and shorter hospital stay [11.0 (9.00; 16.0) days vs. 9.00 (7.00; 12.0) days, p=0.001 for all stage, 11.0 (8.50; 17.8) days vs. 9.00 (6.50; 11.0) days, p=0.011 for early stage]. Regarding long-term outcomes, no significant differences were found for all-stage patients, while there were significant differences observed for the early-stage group (p=0.013 for OS, p=0.014 for RFS). For the early-stage patients, the 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS rates of the OLR group were 84.2, 65.8, and 41.1%, respectively, and those of the LLR group were 100, 90.9, and 90.9%, respectively. The RFS rates of the OLR group were 84.2, 66.7, and 41.7%, respectively, and those of the LLR group were and 92.3, 92.3, and 92.3%, respectively.ConclusionPatients treated with laparoscopy seemed to have better short-term outcomes, such as less blood loss, shorter operation duration, and shorter hospital stay, than patients undergoing open surgery. Based on the long-term results, laparoscopic treatment for early ICC may have certain advantages.

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