Professional Standards
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David Icove ◽  
Thomas May

Computer fire modeling can be a two-edged tool in forensic fire engineering investigations. Professional standards of care recommend that fire modeling’s primary use is in examining multiple hypotheses for a fire as opposed to determining its origin. This paper covers the current acceptable benefits of computer fire models, historical and pending legal case law, and methods to use modeling results within expert reports and testimony. Particular issues reviewed are the use of animations versus simulations, evidentiary guidelines, and authentication using verification and validation studies.

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Susan Chimonas ◽  
Maha Mamoor ◽  
Anna Kaltenboeck ◽  
Deborah Korenstein

Abstract Background Advocacy is a core component of medical professionalism. It is unclear how educators can best prepare trainees for this professional obligation. We sought to assess medical students’ attitudes toward advocacy, including activities and issues of interest, and to determine congruence with professional obligations. Methods A cross-sectional, web-based survey probed U.S. medical students’ attitudes around 7 medical issues (e.g. nutrition/obesity, addiction) and 11 determinants of health (e.g. housing, transportation). Descriptive statistics, Kruskal-Wallis tests, and regression analysis investigated associations with demographic characteristics. Results Of 240 students completing the survey, 53% were female; most were white (62%) or Asian (28%). Most agreed it is very important that physicians encourage medical organizations to advocate for public health (76%) and provide health-related expertise to the community (57%). More participants rated advocacy for medical issues as very important, compared to issues with indirect connections to health (p < 0.001). Generally, liberals and non-whites were likelier than others to value advocacy. Conclusions Medical students reported strong interest in advocacy, particularly around health issues, consistent with professional standards. Many attitudes were associated with political affiliation and race. To optimize future physician advocacy, educators should provide opportunities for learning and engagement in issues of interest.

Dr Muhammad Idris ◽  
Dr Itbar Khan ◽  
Adil Khan

This study looked at the induction training program introduced by the government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in the light of National Professional Standards for Elementary Teachers (NPSET) in Pakistan. For this purpose, five necessary standards for teaching were compared with the induction training. A qualitative research design was used, 20 teacher trainees were purposively selected for detailed interview-based on five National professional Standards for Elementary Teachers in Pakistan. The data were analyzed through thematic analysis technique, the interviews were transcribed, categorize, and then thermalized. From data analysis it was found that the induction program was not based on national professional standards as the focus of induction was not on the professional development of teachers rather its focus was on content teaching. It was recommended that induction should bring some changes within its practice as this program needs to focus more on professionalism rather than content teaching and hence must focus on professionalism rather than content teaching.

2021 ◽  
pp. 146801732110097
Michelle van der Tier ◽  
Koen Hermans ◽  
Marianne Potting

Summary Professional standards state that social workers in public welfare organisations should act as state and citizen-agents. However, the literature provides little insight into how social workers navigate this dual responsibility in their daily work. To address this gap, we used Maynard-Moody and Musheno’s theory on state and citizens-agent narratives to analyse street-level practices of social workers in three local welfare organisations in Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium. This article explores how three specific organisational mechanisms (decision-making authority; the role of the front-line manager and the degree of specialisation) affect the ways social workers navigate both agent narratives in public welfare organisations. The data were gathered by a mixed method design of in-depth interviews and focus groups. Findings Our study shows that social workers struggle with the tensions that intrude between the state and citizen-agent narrative. We found that the extent to which both narratives are adopted by social workers is affected by a complicated interaction between the beliefs of social workers about social justice and responsiveness and the selected organisational mechanisms. Moreover, we found that critical reflection and a supportive attitude of front-line managers can help social workers to manage their double responsibility in practice. Application Our cross-national study contributes to a deeper understanding of the relationship between organisational mechanisms and the moral deliberations of social workers regarding their dual responsibility. It provides in-depth insights into the tensions and conflicts social workers in different contexts face daily on account of their dual responsibility.

Tien-Hung Nguyen

This research focus on how to ensure primary teacher’s management according to an approach of competency-based human resources management in theories as well as how to apply in the Van Ho District, Son La Province of Vietnam as a case study. Nine criteria and 48 indicators were identified according to the dimensions of human resources management A) Planning; B) Managing the plan; C) Monitoring/assessing the results and providing feedback for improvement. To obtain the data, five hundred people participated in the survey and seventy-seven people were involved in focus groups. The case study focuses on three human resource issues: 1) The primary teacher’s professional standard, which was used in primary teacher’s management in Van Ho (mainly based on professional standards regulated by the Ministry of Education and Training of Vietnam); 2) The policy framework for motivating and encouraging primary teachers regarding the teaching policies of Vietnam; and 3) How the processes of primary teacher professional development could be carried out in the Van Ho context. The results show the human resource potential solutions for resolving the issues.

Oksana Shchegulina

The issues of the need to take into account the requirements of professional standards in the higher education system are highlighted and considered in order to harmonize the relationship between the labor market and the sphere of vocational education. The characteristics of the work program of the discipline are analyzed in the context of updating the Federal State Educational Standard of Higher Education in connection with changes in the organizational and content component of higher education in Russia. The main attention is paid to the problem of using active teaching methods that contribute to the formation and development of practice-oriented competencies of students. Based on the study of materials on various approaches to ensuring the effectiveness of practice-oriented learning, the significant role of business games has been established. Consideration of a business game as a simulation model of a real professional and life situation is proposed. The functions and structure of the business game are highlighted. The specificity of pedagogical design as a systematic approach to the formation of a curriculum is considered, as well as the ADDIE model, which is used as a universal approach to the development of an educational resource. The main results of using the ADDIE model in the development and implementation of a business game in the discipline of the variable block of the curriculum of the bachelor's educational program "Personnel Management" are presented.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (2) ◽  
pp. 178-183
N. V. Yashkova

In the context of the development of the digital economy, it is necessary to introduce elements of distance education technologies into the educational process. This will make the learning process continuous. Distance technologies allow you to master programs of higher and secondary education (especially in correspondence and full-time forms) on the job. The introduction of distance learning technologies in the educational process increases students ‘ interest in the subject being studied. In modern conditions, the development of online courses is relevant. To increase the interest of students in online courses, it is recommended to involve representatives of employers to record lectures on specific topics within the online course. An important role is played by the introduction of elements of remote technologies in the organization of current and intermediate certification.The article is written on the basis of the author’s own pedagogical experience. Systematizes the directions of introduction of distance educational technologies that can be used both for the organization of the educational process and for all types of control of students knowledge. The article dis-cusses the advantages and disadvantages of distance learning, as well as the possibility of using elements of distance learning technologies in the implementation based correspondence courses that will be relevant in the implementation of federal state educational standard 3++ (including professional standards).Examples of experience in organizing the educational process with elements of distance learning are given.

2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (391) ◽  
pp. 92-98
L.A. Maisigova ◽  
M.A. Serikova ◽  
L.Р. Moldashbayeva ◽  
B.А. Zhumatayeva ◽  
N.G. Varaksa

In the modern era, priority among the means used in management and affecting the quality of services provided in the field of education in developed countries is given to professional standards created by employer associations, qualification requirements for graduates of educational institutions, which are formed by industry associations and professional associations, monitoring of educational institutions and educational programs carried out by rating agencies, public accreditation of higher education institutions, which Delivered by expert agencies. The category of these tools includes an audit of efficiency in the field of education as an integral part of the quality management mechanism of higher education, which allows you to combine an external assessment of its quality. This determines the relevance of the topic of the present study. The authors express the opinion that in modern Russia there are practically no scientific studies on the interaction of existing performance audit systems with the financial control system, as well as the review of control functions contained in each type of accounting. The lack of theoretical development restrains the development of individual control systems. It is concluded that a high level of material and technical support for the activities of educational institutions and the introduction of the latest achievements of science and technology can be achieved through adequate funding and its effective use. Also, the authors concluded that the auditor owns, uses and manages significantly larger instruments than those mobilized in the process of conducting a financial audit. Therefore, an audit of effectiveness should become an integral part of the state audit, should cover everything that the legislation of the country refers to the conduct of education.

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