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2021 ◽  
Vol 29 (3) ◽  
pp. 537-553
Author(s):  
Tatiana M. Vorotyntseva

Hazardous waste is a trigger of the environmental crisis, especially at the stage of increasing production and consumption of goods, leading to a significant increase in industrial waste and its movement across customs borders. The cross-border movement of hazardous waste is controlled by the state, customs authorities are entrusted with the tasks of protecting national security, human life and health, animal and plant life, the environment, including protection against the illegal import of hazardous waste. The transboundary movement of hazardous wastes is carried out within the framework of the permissive procedure. Such a unified licensing procedure has also been adopted in the EAEU with respect to the import into the customs territory, transit, export from the customs territory of dangerous wastes. This procedure assumes that the declarant submits to an official of the authorized body a license of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation or a permit for the transboundary movement of hazardous waste of the Federal Service for Supervision of Environmental Management. However, despite the efforts of the international community in the fight against hazardous waste, the dynamics of illegal movement of certain types of waste continues to grow, which indicates the existence of a number of unresolved problems. In the course of the study, the conceptual and categorical apparatus in the field of hazardous waste is analyzed, the main provisions of the procedure for moving this category of goods across the customs border of the EAEU are considered. The basis for national legislation in terms of the conceptual apparatus and regulation of the transboundary movement of hazardous wastes through the customs territory of the EAEU is the norms of international law, while a comparative analysis confirms the ambiguity of their recognition and classification in the EAEU member states. The analysis of the dynamics of the movement of hazardous waste, including used pneumatic tires and tires, showed that every year the problems of environmental protection become more acute. As a result of the study, specific problems in the field of transboundary movement of hazardous wastes were identified and recommendations for their solution were given.


2021 ◽  
Vol 29 (3) ◽  
pp. 554-566
Author(s):  
Tatiana S. Nenadyshina

At the present stage of the functioning of the multilateral trading system there is an increasing need to find new approaches to the development and facilitation of trade other than the reduction of tariff and non-tariff barriers. Trade facilitation is the field of activity of many international organizations, it is recognized as an effective tool for promoting economic development and capacity building both at the level of an individual state, and within integration associations and regions, which, due to their geographic location have close political and economic ties. The areas targeted by trade facilitation measures are diverse and have evolved over time. This has led to the fact that the concept of trade facilitation does not have a specific applied characteristic, as well as a generally accepted framework for the implementation of initiatives in this area, which undoubtedly deserves scientific attention. This approaches to interpretation of trade facilitation term in Russian practice are described. Also were hold the analyses of considering term definitions, which were defined by international organizations in accordance with their scope of work and those, which are proposed by scientists. The main approaches to understanding of considering term were exposed, that make possible to characterize the essence and main directions of trade facilitation measures implementation. The feasible economical profits of implementing initiations in field of trade facilitation in framework of international trade both from supply and demand are described. In addition, the main perspectives of trade facilitation measures for different participants of international trade were systematized. In conclusion, defined authors approach for understanding of trade facilitation term concerning the interests of Russia in this sphere. The author identified the most relevant vectors for the implementation of measures to facilitate trade procedures, which reflect the current directions for the implementation of the economic policy of the Russian Federation, as well as ensure the creation and maintenance of a favorable business environment to stimulate the development of foreign economic activity and foreign trade.


2021 ◽  
pp. 43-55
Author(s):  
D. E. Matreshina ◽  
A. A. Maryshev

The purpose of this study is to determine and substantiate the importance of deepening cooperation between the Russian Federation and the countries of the Asian region in modern conditions. The work emphasizes and substantiates the importance of the development of integration processes in the formation of a strategy for international cooperation of states in the context of global socio-economic and political restructuring. The general world tendencies influencing the Russian economy in the conditions of a gradual transition to a new world economic order are given. The article examines the policy pursued by the state that can influence its place within the framework of the new integral world economic order. The paper describes the transformation and structure of relations between the member states of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) with the countries of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in the context of the emerging concept of the Greater Eurasian Partnership and the change in the world economic order.When preparing the work, first of all, we used a logical, factorial, statistical analysis, synthesis, a systematic approach.The scientific novelty of the work consists in defining and describing Russia’s potential within the framework of the transition to a new world economic order, taking into account a combination of factors, namely: its position in the Eurasian Economic Union, the implementation of the Strategic Directions for the Development of Eurasian Economic Integration until 2025, the development of cooperation with the SCO and ASEAN states, as well as conjugation of the EAEU and the One Belt, One Road project.


2021 ◽  
Vol 19 (10) ◽  
pp. 1956-1974
Author(s):  
Nikolai N. MINAEV ◽  
Ekaterina А. ZHAROVA

Subject. This article explores the strengthening of the role of human capital in the socio-economic development of areas and the disproportion in its placement. Objectives. The article aims to find solutions to the problems associated with the assessment of human capital of regions and its accumulation. Methods. For the study, we used a content analysis, systematization, and a graphical approach. Results. The article presents a methodology that helps build a model of the interregional balance of human capital, a research algorithm, and the main results expected during each study phase. Conclusions. The developed methodology can be an effective tool for managing the accumulation and interregional distribution of human capital in Russia.


Author(s):  
A. M. Garifullina

The relevance of the article lies in the need to present and introduce Western trends of the scientific foundations of mentoring into the vocational education system, namely preschool educational organizations (PEO) of the Russian Federation. On the world stage, there is a focus on the transformation of the entire educational system expressed in improving the efficiency of educational organizations in accordance with various educational standards: increasing/decreasing the duration of training, revising educational programs and transferring them to a distance format. The domestic experience of research in the field of mentoring (the research was carried out on the basis of the Institute of Psychology and Education of Kazan Federal University) demonstrates modern approaches that can be applied in practice by future and current heads of preschool educational organizations. Long-term research in the field of domestic and foreign mentoring as a factor in increasing the professional competence of novice teachers (Clarin, 2016; Golman, 2019; Whitmore, 2009), as well as teachers with sufficient experience in teaching activities in an educational organization; the study of the “inclusion” of Western methods and techniques of mentoring (budding, shadowing, coaching, advising) in the activities of the head and teaching staff of a preschool educational organization – these and other aspects have been the subject of previous research by the author. The purpose of the article is to apply Western trends in management activities at the level of educational organizations. The article reveals the main approaches of mentoring reflected in the stages: “briefing”, “explication” and “evolution”, in the process of accompanying novice teachers by managers in the practice of the educational organization. The article is for teachers and managers of the education system.


2021 ◽  
pp. 71-86
Author(s):  
M. A. Kashina ◽  
N. P. Nastasyuk

There are few sociological studies of the service in the structures of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Russian Federation. There are few gender-sensitive research too. Although this type of public service has always been considered a sphere of male employment, women work in it too. The solution by these women of the “family-work” role conflict is very important. Purpose of the study: to find out the opinion of graduates of the St. Petersburg University of the State Fire Service of the Ministry of Emergencies of Russia and female employees of the Ministry of Emergency Situations about: 1) the motivation for women to enter this university; 2) the prospects for their career growth and the creation of a family. Methods: analysis of documents and departmental statistics, Internet survey, group focused interview. Sample survey: 200 university graduates, representing all areas of study. The focus group was attended by 6 women. They have a length of service in the Ministry of Emergency Situation from 5 to 10 years. Results. The study tested three hypotheses. 1) The motivation to enter this university is different for women and men. The hypothesis was disproved. At the same time, it turned out that for women it turns out to be more significant than for men, the influence of the immediate environment on the admission decision. 2) Service in the Ministry of Emergency Situations has significant differences from work in other organizations. It can affect the creation of a family. The hypothesis was partially confirmed. Features have been highlighted, but they do not have a significant impact on family creaation. 3) It is more difficult for women than for men to make a career in the structures of the Ministry of Emergency Situations. The hypothesis requires additional verification. According to the respondents, careers are more influenced not by gender stereotypes, but by personal characteristics and the desire to pursue a career, but the opposite point of view was also presented. The relevance of the study. This pilot project made it possible to outline the directions for further study of the prospects for the feminization of public service of other types (not civil and not military).


2021 ◽  
pp. 35-42
Author(s):  
L. V. Mazur ◽  
A. E. Monashova

It is obvious that today the global factor determining the recessionary scenario for the development of the world economy is the coronavirus pandemic and quarantine measures to prevent its spread. The need to increase spending on the social sphere and medicine, business support and a reduction in revenue sources in the context of a business lockdown are becoming a serious test for the budget system. The article examines the dynamics of tax revenues in 2016–2020. An idea was formed about future tax revenues in the Russian Federation in the context of the economic crisis associated with the coronavirus pandemic.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Anatoliy Adaskin

The monograph is devoted to improving the efficiency of forming tools made from the most used tool materials: high-speed steels and hard alloys. For tools made of high-speed steels, a comparative assessment of the standards of industrially developed countries and the Russian Federation was carried out. The characteristic of operational and technological properties is given. High-speed steels and technologies are recommended to increase the efficiency of the tool. Recommendations on the types of tools are given. The properties of hard alloys and the areas of their rational application are analyzed. The structural materials of prefabricated and soldered tools are considered. Recommendations on the choice of hard alloys are given, directions for the creation of new compositions of hard alloys to increase the efficiency of the tool in the processing of hard-to-process heat-resistant steels and alloys are shown. It is intended for engineering, technical and scientific workers of the metallurgical and manufacturing industries. It can be used in the preparation of masters, postgraduates of technological universities.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Kristina Zimina

The monograph is devoted to the study of the international foundations of cooperation between states in the field of combating illicit trafficking in medical products (NOM), as well as to the study of the functioning of modern international legal mechanisms of such interaction. The author's proposals for improving the legal regulation in the field of countering the NOM in the process of implementing international legal norms regulating these legal relations into the legislation of the Russian Federation and foreign states are presented. For a wide range of readers interested in countering illegal trafficking of goods, works and services. It will be useful for students, postgraduates and teachers of law schools.


2021 ◽  
pp. 108-116
Author(s):  
E. N. Koroleva

Introduction. The issues of creating, preserving and improving the quality of green areas are relevant not only for the municipality — the city of Barnaul, but also for each urban settlement of the Russian Federation, village and settlement.Methodology. To identify numerous shortcomings in the management, a statistical analysis of the main indicators of the development of the improvement sector, the main opinions of «experts», was carried out. In order to find ways out to ensure the comfort of living for each resident of the city, a theoretical generalization is used.Results. The main geoecological characteristics of the municipality — the city of Barnaul – are described. It reflects not only the achievements of local governments in this area, but also highlights the main problem-the lack of a unified concept of landscaping. To predict the development of the city and the formation of a unified approach to landscaping, the main measures are proposed that will allow creating an up-to-date, and most importantly, allowing each resident to comfortably exist, a model for managing the field of landscaping.Analysis and discussion. The forecast estimate for the municipality — the city of Barnaul from the proposed measures for rational use of natural resources is given.Conclusions. The application of these results is not only possible, but it is also necessary to take into account the local self-government bodies when managing the geoecological processes of each city of the Russian Federation in order to achieve an optimal standard of living for the population.


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