exhaust gas temperature
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2022 ◽  
pp. 146808742110722
Jie Shi ◽  
Yuanqing Zhu ◽  
Hui Peng ◽  
Haoyu Yan ◽  
Tinghui Li ◽  

With the increasing awareness of global marine environmental protection, the emission of ship exhaust pollutants is strictly restricted. Selective catalytic reduction (SCR) technology is the mainstream technology to reduce ship NOx emission and make it meet IMO tier III regulations. A SCR reaction kinetic model based on Modelica language was established by Dymola software to predict the denitration efficiency, ammonia slip rate, and other parameters of SCR system. According to the functional structure of marine SCR system, the SCR system model is divided into urea injection module, mixer module, and SCR reactor module. The model was verified by SCR system bench test of WD10 diesel engine, which proved that the model can preferably reflect the actual situation. Using the established model, the effects of temperature, flow rate, NH3/NOx Stoichiometric Ratio (NSR), and cell density on the denitration performance of SCR system were analyzed. The results showed that the exhaust gas temperature and NSR have a great influence on the denitration efficiency. The injection amount of urea solution in marine SCR system should be based on the exhaust gas temperature and exhaust flow rate.

2022 ◽  
Vol 72 (1) ◽  
pp. 10-17
Benny George ◽  
N. Muthuveerappan

In a turbofan engine, thrust is a key parameter which is measured or estimated from various parameters acquired during engine testing in an engine testbed. Exhaust Gas Temperature (EGT) is the most critical parameter used for thrust calculation. This work presents a novel way to measure and correct the errors in EGT measurement. A temperature probe is designed to measure EGT in the engine jet pipe using thermocouples. The temperature probe is designed to withstand the mechanical and temperature loads during the operation. Structural analysis at the design stage provided a strength margin of 90% and eigenfrequency margin of more than 20%. Thermal analysis is carried out to evaluate maximum metal temperature. Errors are quite high in high-temperature measurements which are corrected using the available methodologies. The velocity error, conduction error, and radiation error are estimated for the measured temperature. The difference of 97 K between the measured gas temperature and calculated gas temperature from measured thrust is explained. The estimated velocity error is 1 K, conduction error is 3 K, and radiation error is 69 K. Based on the error estimation, the measurement error is brought down to 24 K. After applying the above corrections, the further difference of 24 K between measured and estimated value can be attributed to thermocouple error of +/-0.4% of the reading for class 1 accuracy thermocouple, other parameter measurement errors, and analysis uncertainties. The present work enables the designer to calculate the errors in high-temperature measurement in a turbofan engine.

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (4) ◽  
pp. 259-273
Abed Al-Khadhim M. Hassan ◽  
Sadeq Abdul-Azeez Jassam

The aim of the present work is to investigate the influence of adding some ketone compounds on the performance, emissions, heat balance and exhaust gas temperature of spark ignition engine. The ketone used in this study is cyclohexanone (C6H10O). This ketone has been added to the base fuel (gasoline) with three concentration ranges (3, 6 and 9%) respectively. All experimental tests were carried out on gasoline engine type (Nissan QG18DE), four cylinders, 4-stroke, direct injection, with compression ratio (9.5:1). The acquired results showed that adding of ketones affect the physical properties of gasoline. Where the density changed from (710 kg/m3) for net gasoline to (740.8 kg/m3) for cyclohexanone at adding ratio of (9%). The octane number also increased from (86) for pure gasoline to (97.7) for fuel with 9% cyclohexanone. The calorific value will be decrease from (43000 kJ/kg) for gasoline to (42077.5) for cyclohexanone at adding ratio of (9%). The addition of ketones improves the emissions characteristic of engine. The best reduction of (UHC, CO_2, CO and NOx) was (49.04, 22.43, 35.02 and 42.14%) recorded by cyclohexanone addition at ratio of (9%). In the case of performance, all parameters of performance improved by adding ketones. The brake specific fuel consumption reduced by (8.9%) by adding (9%) of cyclohexanone which recorded as the best reduction through all types. The best increment of brake power, brake thermal efficiency, brake mean effective pressure and volumetric efficiency was (17.3, 8.98, 17.25 and 12.7%) is achieved by adding (9%) of cyclohexanone. Also, the exhaust gas temperature will be increase by adding ketones. The percentage increasing of exhaust gas temperature was (28.31%) recorded by cyclohexanone addition at ratio of (9%). In the case of heat balance, the best increment of total heat internal energy was (6.59) at (9%) of cyclohexanone.  

2021 ◽  
Vol 2131 (2) ◽  
pp. 022073
G Yur ◽  
E Nosonova

Abstract The research objective is to reduce specific fuel consumption and emissions of exhaust fume pollutants. Specifically treated (modified) fuel is used to comprehensively improve the economic and environmental performance of the diesel operation process. Fuel treatment was carried out at a pilot plant using the process of fuel gas cavitation. During processing, high-molecular fuel compounds were broken down and the fuel was saturated with gas-vapor bubbles. The description of the pilot unit is given. The characteristics of the base distillate and modified fuel are studied. A mathematical model and the numerical study results of the fuel droplet development containing vapor-gas bubbles are presented. An experimental study of the work process in a 10.5/12 H diesel engine single-cylinder compartment when operating on various fuels was carried out. Diesel tests have shown that when using modified fuel, the specific indicative fuel consumption has decreased by 5-7 per g / kWh, the exhaust gas temperature has decreased by 5-8 degrees, the concentration of nitrogen oxides in the exhaust fumes has decreased by 32-46 ppm, the concentration of total hydrocarbons has decreased by 9-14 ppm, the smoke content has decreased by 1.2-1.7 times.

2021 ◽  
Vol 28 (4) ◽  
pp. 97-106
Patrycja Puzdrowska

Abstract In this paper, attention was paid to the problem of low controllability of marine medium- and high-speed engines during operation, which significantly limits the parametric diagnosis. The measurement of quickly changing temperature of engine exhaust gas was proposed, the courses of which can be a source of diagnostic information. The F statistic of the Fisher-Snedecor distribution was chosen as a statistical tool. Laboratory tests were carried out on the bench of a Farymann Diesel engine. The tests consisted of introducing the real changes in the constructional structure of the considered functional systems of the engine. Three changed parameters for the structure were reviewed: the active cross-sectional area of the inlet air channel, injector opening pressure and compression ratio. Based on the recorded plots of the quick-changing temperatures of the exhaust gases, three diagnostic measures were defined and subjected to statistical tests. The following data were averaged over one cycle for a 4-stroke piston engine operation, (1) the peak-to-peak value of the exhaust gas temperature, (2) the specific enthalpy of the exhaust gas, and (3) the rate of increase and decrease in the values for the quick-changing exhaust gas temperature. In this paper will present results of the first stage of the elimination study: the one-factor statistical analysis (randomised complete plan). The next part will present the results of the second stage of studies: two-factor analysis (block randomised plan), where the significance of the effect of changing the values of the structure parameters on the diagnostic measures was analysed in the background of a variable engine load.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Tikendra Nath Verma ◽  
Upendra Rajak ◽  
Abhishek Dasore ◽  
Asif Afzal ◽  
A. Muthu Manokar ◽  

AbstractThe continuous rise in demand, combined with the depletion of the world's fossil fuel reserves, has forced the search for alternative fuels. The biodiesel produced from Roselle is one such indigenous biodiesel with tremendous promise, and its technical ability to operate with compression ignition engines is studied in this work. To characterize the fuel blends, researchers used experimental and empirical approaches while operating at engine loads of 25, 50, 75, and 100%, and with fuel injection timings of 19°, 21°, 23°, 25°, and 27° before top dead center. Results indicate that for 20% blend with the change of injection timing from 19° bTDC to 27° bTDC at full load, brake specific fuel consumption and exhaust gas temperature was increased by 15.84% and 4.60% respectively, while brake thermal efficiency decreases by 4.4%. Also, an 18.89% reduction in smoke, 5.26% increase in CO2, and 12.94% increase in NOx were observed. In addition, an empirical model for full range characterization was created. With an r-squared value of 0.9980 ± 0.0011, the artificial neural network model constructed to characterize all 10 variables was able to predict satisfactorily. Furthermore, substantial correlation among specific variables suggested that empirically reduced models were realistic.

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