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2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (3) ◽  
pp. 0-0

This paper presents the work done on recommendations of healthcare related journal papers by understanding the semantics of terms from the papers referred by users in past. In other words, user profiles based on user interest within the healthcare domain are constructed from the kind of journal papers read by the users. Multiple user profiles are constructed for each user based on different categories of papers read by the users. The proposed approach goes to the granular level of extrinsic and intrinsic relationship between terms and clusters highly semantically related relevant domain terms where each cluster represents a user interest area. The semantic analysis of terms is done starting from co-occurrence analysis to extract the intra-couplings between terms and then the inter-couplings are extracted from the intra-couplings and then finally clusters of highly related terms are formed. The experiments showed improved precision for the proposed approach as compared to the state-of-the-art technique with a mean reciprocal rank of 0.76.

2022 ◽  
Vol 16 (4) ◽  
pp. 1-55
Manish Gupta ◽  
Puneet Agrawal

In recent years, the fields of natural language processing (NLP) and information retrieval (IR) have made tremendous progress thanks to deep learning models like Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs), Gated Recurrent Units (GRUs) and Long Short-Term Memory (LSTMs) networks, and Transformer [ 121 ] based models like Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers (BERT) [ 24 ], Generative Pre-training Transformer (GPT-2) [ 95 ], Multi-task Deep Neural Network (MT-DNN) [ 74 ], Extra-Long Network (XLNet) [ 135 ], Text-to-text transfer transformer (T5) [ 96 ], T-NLG [ 99 ], and GShard [ 64 ]. But these models are humongous in size. On the other hand, real-world applications demand small model size, low response times, and low computational power wattage. In this survey, we discuss six different types of methods (Pruning, Quantization, Knowledge Distillation (KD), Parameter Sharing, Tensor Decomposition, and Sub-quadratic Transformer-based methods) for compression of such models to enable their deployment in real industry NLP projects. Given the critical need of building applications with efficient and small models, and the large amount of recently published work in this area, we believe that this survey organizes the plethora of work done by the “deep learning for NLP” community in the past few years and presents it as a coherent story.

2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
K. R. Jones ◽  
G. W. Garcia

Abstract Parasites of veterinary importance have been heavily focused on domesticated livestock that was introduced into the neo-tropics. The text used in the teaching parasitology to veterinary students in Trinidad has only investigated the parasites of domesticated species. In the reviewed veterinary parasitology text no mention was made on the parasites that affect wild neo-tropical animals. Information on wild neo-tropical animals had to be sourced from texts on the management of wild life animals in the Neotropics. The texts that were reviewed in this document spanned from the mid-1950s to 2020. The information presented in this review reveals the exhaustive work done on the parasites of domesticated species but also revealed little information on neo-tropical animals with the potential for domestication. In conclusion, this review reveals the gap of information that is missing from parasitology texts used in the teaching of veterinary students. In the future these parasitology texts can be revised to include chapters on the parasites of neo-tropical animals with the potential for domestication. At present students that graduate from the veterinary parasitology course has little information on the parasites of animals which are present in their ‘backyards’.

Emrobowansan Monday Idamokoro ◽  
Yiseyon Sunday Hosu

Meat production plays a vital socioeconomic role for sustainable development and for promoting food security in most countries. However, not much is known about research agendas done globally and the advancement of knowledge-generating networks in this area of study. The present study aims to reveal and analyze scientific research outputs on meat production linked with recent nanotechnology research work done till date. A compilation of research advancement and development within the sphere was realized through a scientometric study to comprehend the trend of research outputs, scientific impacts, authors' involvement, collaboration networks, and the advancement of knowledge gaps for future research endeavors on the current subject matter. Scholarly published articles were retrieved from the web of science (WOS) and Scopus databases from 1985 to 2020 and they were merged together using bibliometric package in R studio. All duplicated articles (438) from both data bases were excluded. A combination of terms (nano* AND (livestock* OR meat* OR beef* OR mutton* OR pork* OR chevon* OR chicken* OR turkey*)), and conversely analyzed for scientometric indices. A collection of 656 peer-reviewed, research articles were retrieved for the study period and authored by 2,133 researchers with a collaboration index of 3.31. The research outputs were highest in the year 2020 with total research outputs of 140 articles. The topmost three authors' keywords commonly used by authors were nanoparticles, meat, and chitosan with a respective frequency of 75, 62, and 57. China, Iran, and India ranked top in terms of meat production research outputs linked to nanotechnology and total citation with respective article productivity (total citations) of 160 (3,193), 111 (1,765), and 37 (552). Our findings revealed an increasing trend in research (with an annual growth rate of 25.18%) tending toward advancing meat production with the use of nanotechnology. Likewise, there is an increasing pointer to the fact that research work on nanotechnology and meat production has the prospect to influence positively, decision-making on research direction, and collaborations, hereby increasing the production of meat and its products in the future.

Pavel Pal ◽  
Rajlaxmi Mukherjee ◽  
Manideepa Ghosh

As a continuation of the work done in (R. Mukherjee (Pal), P. Pal and S. K. Sardar, On additively completely regular seminearrings, Commun. Algebra 45(12) (2017) 5111–5122), in this paper, our objective is to characterize left (right) completely simple seminearrings in terms of Rees Construction by generalizing the concept of Rees matrix semigroup (J. M. Howie, Fundamentals of Semigroup Theory (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1995); M. Petrich and N. R. Reilly, Completely Regular Semigroups (Wiley, New York, 1999)) and that of Rees matrix semiring (M. K. Sen, S. K. Maity and H. J. Weinert, Completely simple semirings, Bull. Calcutta Math. Soc. 97 (2005) 163–172). In Rees theorem, a completely simple semigroup is coordinatized in such a way that each element can be seen to be a triplet which gives this abstract structure a much more simpler look. In this paper, we have been able to construct a similar kind of coordinate structure of a restricted class of left (right) completely simple seminearrings taking impetus from (M. P. Grillet, Semirings with a completely simple additive semigroup, J. Austral. Math. Soc. 20(Ser. A) (1975) 257–267, Theorem [Formula: see text] and (M. K. Sen, S. K. Maity and H. J. Weinert, Completely simple semirings, Bull. Calcutta Math. Soc. 97 (2005) 163–172, Theorem [Formula: see text]).

2022 ◽  
pp. 1-38
Callum Duguid

Abstract Symmetry principles are a central part of contemporary physics, yet there has been surprisingly little metaphysical work done on them. This paper develops the Wignerian treatment of symmetries as higher-order laws – metalaws – within a Humean framework of lawhood. Lange has raised two obstacles to Humean metalaws, and the paper shows that the account has the resources available to respond to both. It is argued that this framework for Humean metalaws stands as an example of naturalistic metaphysics, able to bring Humeanism into contact with the practice of actual science without giving up on the central denial of necessary connections.

2022 ◽  
Noah Bernays ◽  
Daniel Jaffe ◽  
Irina Petropavlovskikh ◽  
Peter Effertz

Abstract. Long et al (2021) conducted a detailed study of possible interferents in measurements of surface O3 by UV spectroscopy, which measures the UV transmission in ambient and O3 scrubbed air. While we appreciate the careful work done in this analysis, there were several omissions and, in one case, the type of scrubber used was mis-identified as manganese dioxide (MnO2), when in fact it was manganese chloride (MnCl2). This misidentification led to the erroneous conclusion that all UV-based O3 instruments employing solid-phase catalytic scrubbers exhibit significant positive artifacts, whereas previous research found this not to be the case when employing MnO2 scrubber types. While the Long study, and our results, confirm the substantial bias in instruments employing an MnCl2 scrubber, a replication of the earlier work with an MnO2 scrubber type and no humidity correction is needed.

Thibault Lécrevisse ◽  
Xavier Chaud ◽  
Philippe Fazilleau ◽  
Clément Genot ◽  
Jung-bin Song

Abstract In this article, we summarize what we have learned about Metal-as-Insulation (MI) winding behavior and technical challenges. Bailey et al. first proposed the use of Metallic Insulation (MI) for superconducting magnet in 1988 through a U.S. patent. High Temperature Superconductor (HTS) materials are highly thermally stable. This feature compared to classical Low Temperature Superconductor (LTS) enables the use of MI technology to improve the protection against quenches. Gupta was the first to propose the use of a metallic tape in an HTS winding to avoid too much radial currents in No Insulation (NI) in 2011. Hahn et al. presented preliminary results on a pancake sample the same year. We are proposing here to come back on the work done for about 10 years by research groups worldwide and will focus on the turn-to-turn contact resistivity Rct parameter. We will also give details of our LNCMI-CEA-Néel Institute MI HTS insert built in 2018 in the framework of the French National Research Agency (ANR) funding through the NOUGAT project. We tested this magnet many times between 2018 and 2021 and learnt a lot on this technology. This magnet is the first REBCO solenoid of this size using this technology and tested intensively at such high magnetic field (up to 32.5 T) so far. In this magnet, we firstly include a magnetic shielding technology consisting of REBCO NI turns inside the overbanding of each pancake. We give some details and effect of such technology inside an HTS MI insert in case of a fast discharge, a quench or an outsert failure. Finally, we discuss about the self-protection feature of MI coils and we propose a passive protection way for high Rct values.

E. V. Trubacheev

In the article, the author carried out an integral qualitative assessment of the readiness of the domestic economy for the transition of its functioning to the format of industry 4.0. The degree of infrastructural and institutional compliance of the country’s economy with the criteria necessary for the implementation of the digital transition is investigated. The relevance of the article is due to the compression of the time available for the domestic economy to implement digital transformation, which are caused by the economic and infrastructural consequences of the Covid–19 pandemic and the tightening of competition between countries for the right to dominate the information space. The result of the scientific work done by the author is a comprehensive assessment of the readiness of the Russian economy for digital transformation, indicating its strengths and weaknesses. Taking into account the most significant factors determining Russia’s readiness for digital transformation, the framework directions for supporting the digital transformation of the country’s economy are proposed.

2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Madhuri Chandrashekhar Deshpande ◽  
Rajesh Chaudhari ◽  
Ramesh Narayanan ◽  
Harishwar Kale

Purpose This study aims to develop indium-based solders for cryogenic applications. Design/methodology/approach This paper aims to investigate mechanical properties of indium-based solder formulations at room temperature (RT, 27 °C) as well as at cryogenic temperature (CT, −196 °C) and subsequently to find out their suitability for cryogenic applications. After developing these alloys, mechanical properties such as tensile and impact strength were measured as per American Society for Testing and Materials standards at RT and at CT. Charpy impact test results were used to find out ductile to brittle transition temperature (DBTT). These properties were also evaluated after thermal cycling (TC) to find out effect of thermal stress. Scanning electron microscope analysis was performed to understand fracture mechanism. Results indicate that amongst the solder alloys that have been studied in this work, In-34Bi solder alloy has the best all-round mechanical properties at RT, CT and after TC. Findings It can be concluded from the results of this work that In-34Bi solder alloy has best all-round mechanical properties at RT, CT and after TC and therefore is the most appropriate solder alloy amongst the alloys that have been studied in this work for cryogenic applications Originality/value DBTT of indium-based solder alloys has not been found out in the work done so far in this category. DBTT is necessary to decide safe working temperature range of the alloy. Also the effect of TC, which is one of the major reasons of failure, was not studied so far. These parameters are studied in this work.

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