Consensus Statement
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2022 ◽  
Vol 54 (2) ◽  
pp. 353-368

Retos ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 44 ◽  
pp. 789-795
Elisa Fiore ◽  
Camilo Corbellini ◽  
Lara Acucella ◽  
Stefano Gargano ◽  
Eleuterio Sánchez Romero ◽  

  Objective: This review aimed to provide an update on the characterization and impact of musculoskeletal pain in COVID-19 survivors. Methods: It is considered articles on subjects who had been recovered from COVID-19 infection after hospitalization (COVID-19 survivors) with secondary musculoskeletal pain. Results: Six articles (one editorial, one consensus statement, one letter to the editor, one case-control study, one cohort study and one review) showed the polyhedral effects of the SARS-CoV-2 on musculoskeletal pain. This short review was not able to clearly identify what the pathogenesis of musculoskeletal pain was in COVID-19 survivors. Conclusion: Preliminary data showed that widespread pain similar to the pattern compatible with pain of musculoskeletal origin could characterize symptoms after SARS-CoV-2 infection.  Resumen. Objetivo: Esta revisión tuvo como objetivo proporcionar una actualización sobre la caracterización y el impacto del dolor musculoesquelético en los supervivientes de COVID-19. Métodos: Se consideraron artículos sobre sujetos que se recuperaron de la infección por COVID-19 tras la hospitalización (supervivientes de COVID-19) con dolor musculoesquelético secundario. Resultados: Seis artículos (un editorial, una declaración de consenso, una carta al editor, un estudio de casos y controles, un estudio de cohortes y una revisión) mostraron los efectos poliédricos del SARS-CoV-2 sobre el dolor musculoesquelético.  Esta breve revisión no pudo identificar claramente cuál era la patogénesis del dolor musculoesquelético en los supervivientes del COVID-19. Conclusión: Los datos preliminares mostraron que el dolor generalizado similar al patrón compatible con el dolor de origen musculoesquelético podría caracterizar los síntomas después de la infección por SARS-CoV-2.

2022 ◽  
Vol 48 (1) ◽  
Marcello Lanari ◽  
Elisabetta Venturini ◽  
Luca Pierantoni ◽  
Giacomo Stera ◽  
Guido Castelli Gattinara ◽  

AbstractThe fast diffusion of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic have called for an equally rapid evolution of the therapeutic options.The Human recombinant monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have recently been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and by the Italian Medicines Agency (AIFA) in subjects aged ≥12 with SARS-CoV-2 infection and specific risk factors.Currently the indications are specific for the use of two different mAbs combination: Bamlanivimab+Etesevimab (produced by Eli Lilly) and Casirivimab+Imdevimab (produced by Regeneron).These drugs have shown favorable effects in adult patients in the initial phase of infection, whereas to date few data are available on their use in children.AIFA criteria derived from the existing literature which reports an increased risk of severe COVID-19 in children with comorbidities. However, the studies analyzing the determinants for progression to severe disease are mainly monocentric, with limited numbers and reporting mostly generic risk categories.Thus, the Italian Society of Pediatrics invited its affiliated Scientific Societies to produce a Consensus document based on the revision of the criteria proposed by AIFA in light of the most recent literature and experts’ agreement.This Consensus tries to detail which patients actually have the risk to develop severe disease, analyzing the most common comorbidities in children, in order to detail the indications for mAbs administration and to guide the clinicians in identifying eligible patients.

Foods ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 146
Emanuele Rinninella ◽  
Lara Costantini

The International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics (ISAPP), in its last consensus statement about prebiotics, defined polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) as “candidate prebiotics” due to a lack of complete scientific evidence. Previous studies have demonstrated the ability of microbiota to metabolize PUFAs, although the role of the resulting metabolites in the host is less known. Recent partial evidence shows that these metabolites can have important health effects in the host, reinforcing the concept of the prebiotic action of PUFAs, despite the data being mostly related to omega-6 linoleic acid and to lactobacilli taxon. However, considering that the symbionts in our gut benefit from the nutritional molecules that we include in our diet, and that bacteria, like all living organisms, cannot benefit from a single nutritional molecule, the concept of the “correct prebiotic diet” should be the new frontier in the field of gut microbiota research.

2022 ◽  
Stephanie S Handler ◽  
Nidhy P Varghese ◽  
Erika B Rosenzweig ◽  
Delphine Yung ◽  
Usha Krishnan ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Eva Montalvá ◽  
Manuel Rodríguez-Perálvarez ◽  
Annabel Blasi ◽  
Santiago Bonanad ◽  
Olga Gavín ◽  

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