laparoscopic colorectal surgery
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2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 168-174
Sidharth Sraban Routray

Background: Transmuscular Quadratus Lumborum Block (TQLB) is a newer modality for postoperative pain management. But, its efficacy after laparoscopic colorectal surgery is little researched. The aim of our trial was to access the analgesic efficacy of TQLB in colorectal surgery.Methods:This study was done in 64 patients posted for colorectal surgery who were divided into two groups of 32 each. TQLB was given bilaterally in group RQ with 20 ml of 0.375% ropivacaine and in group SQ with 20 ml saline. Patients were operated under general anesthesia and were examined for pain at different time points postoperatively. Time required for first analgesic demand was our primary endpoint. Secondary endpoints were total rescue analgesia (paracetamol) required in 24 hrs, pain scores, nausea, vomiting, sedation and any other complications.Results:The time required for first analgesic demand was 3.9± 0.8hrs in RQ group and 0.1± 0.2 hrs in group SQ which was statistically significant. The total paracetamol consumption in 24 hours was1.2± 0.4 gm in group RQ and 2.9± 0.7gm in group SQ ,the difference being remarkable.Conclusion:Transmuscular quadratus lumborum block can produce quality analgesia after laparoscopic colorectal surgery. TQLB not only improves the visual analogue scale (VAS) score but also decreases the rescue analgesic consumption without any complications.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Zhennan Xiao ◽  
Bo Long ◽  
Zeji Zhao

Background and Objectives. Opioids are essential in pain management after laparoscopic colorectal surgery while large dose may induce constipation and pneumonia. Ample evidence has demonstrated that postoperative analgesia can improve sleep quality. But the effects of improvement in sleep quality on postoperative pain have yet to be determined. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of improving preoperative sleep quality by zolpidem on intraoperative analgesia and postoperative pain. Methods. A prospective, randomized study was conducted with 88 patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery. The experimental group (S group, n = 44) was given 10 mg of zolpidem tartrate one night before the surgical procedure, while no medication was given to the control group (C group, n = 44). The primary outcome was the intraoperative remifentanil consumption. Sufentanil consumption, average patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) effective press times, the visual analog scale (VAS) scores, and incidences of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) were recorded at 6 h (T1), 12 h (T2), and 24 h (T3) postoperatively. Results. The intraoperative remifentanil consumption was significantly lower in the S group than that in the C group ( p < 0.01 ). Sufentanil consumption at 6 h and 12 h postoperatively was significantly lower in the S group than that in the C group ( p < 0.05 ); average PCA effective press times and VAS scores, at 6 h and 12 h postoperatively, were significantly lower in the S group than those in the C group ( p < 0.01 ); differences between groups 24 h postoperatively were not significant. No significant between-group difference was noted in the incidence of nausea and vomiting. Conclusion. Improving patients’ sleep quality the night before surgical procedure by zolpidem can decrease the usage of intraoperative analgesics and reduce postoperative pain.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Shuang Liu ◽  
Sheng Zhang ◽  
Zike Li ◽  
Meng Li ◽  
Yujie Zhang ◽  

Background: Although enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) has been proven to be beneficial after laparoscopic colorectal surgery, some of the patients may fail to complete the ERAS program during hospitalization. This prospective study aims to evaluate the risk factors associated with ERAS failure after laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery.Methods: This is a prospective study from a single tertiary referral hospital. Patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer who met the inclusion criteria were included in this study. Demographic and clinicopathological characteristics were collected. Post-operative activity time and 6-min walking distance (6MWD) were measured. Patients were divided into ERAS failure group and ERAS success according to decreased post-operative activity and 6MWD. Factors associated with ERAS failure were investigated by univariate and multivariate analysis.Results: A total of 91 patients with colorectal cancer were included. The incidence of ERAS failure is 28.6% among all patients. Patients in ERAS failure group experienced higher rate of post-operative ileus and prolonged hospital stay (p &lt; 0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed that older age (p = 0.006), body mass index ≥25.5 kg/m2 (p = 0.037), smoking (p = 0.002), operative time (p = 0.048), and post-operative energy intake &lt;18.5 kcal/kg•d (p = 0.045) were independent risk factors of ERAS failure after laparoscopic colorectal surgery.Conclusions: Our findings indicated that a proportion of patients may fail the ERAS program after laparoscopic colorectal surgery. We for the first time showed that post-operative energy intake was an independent risk factor for ERAS failure. This may provide evidence for further investigation on precise measurement of nutritional status and selected high-risk patients for enhanced nutrition support.

2021 ◽  
Pepijn Krielen ◽  
Richard P.G. ten Broek ◽  
Koen W. Dongen ◽  
Mike C. Parker ◽  
Ewen A. Griffiths ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 15 (11) ◽  
pp. 3362-3364
Rekha Khatri ◽  
Ishfaq Ahmad Khan ◽  
Sunil Dut Sachdev ◽  
Muhammad Javaid Rashid ◽  
Muhmmad Bilal ◽  

Introduction: The article presents early Outcomes in laparoscopic colorectal surgery according to tumour size, duration of surgery, duration of postoperative analgesic requirements, recovery of bowel function, postoperative complications, and mortality. Aim: The aim of the analysis is to describe the short-term outcomes of our patients who endured laparoscopic colonic surgery because of various colon pathologies. Study Design: A Retrospective Case Review cohort study. Methods: The surgical and clinical records of all laparoscopic assisted colon procedures were reviewed and selected for the study held in the Surgical department of Social Security Landhi Hospital Karachi for two years duration from June 2019 to June 2021. All patients underwent surgery under general anaesthesia. Results: During this period, 62 total laparoscopic assisted colon (LAC) procedures were achieved. 41were male and 21 females. 54 patients underwent cancer surgery out of which 51 patient had adenocarcinoma of colon, 2 patient had carcinoids of bowel , and 1 patient had Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Ileocecal tuberculosis was noted in 5 patients and submucosal polyps in one patient. Of these 54 procedures for colonic cancer , 12 were left hemicolectomy, 34 right hemicolectomy, 2 segmental splenic flexure resections, 3 segmental resection with transverse colostomy and 3 sigmoid colectomy The average time of LAC surgery was 140 minutes (range 60 to 250). The average duration of analgesic drugs was 3 days (range 3–6). The median time to the first movement in the bowel was 2.5 days (range 2–4) and the hospital stay was 6 days (range 5–10). Conclusions: Laparoscopically assisted colon procedures are associated with early return of bowel function, less analgesic consumption, short hospital stays, and a lower rate of post operative complication. Laparoscopic colorectal surgery is achievable with optimum operative time and is a logical advantage for good operative outcomes with advanced laparoscopic skills. Keywords: Laparoscopically assisted colon surgery, laparoscopy and Colon cancer.

2021 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
Wenjiao Shi ◽  
Jian Lou ◽  
Xiaodan Zhang ◽  
Yun Ji ◽  
Xiaojian Weng ◽  

Abstract Background and objectives Laparoscopic colorectal surgery causes a lower stress response than open surgery. Adiponectin is mainly derived from adipocytes and has antidiabetic, antioxidative, and anti-inflammatory capabilities. The objective of the present study was to investigate the protein expression of adiponectin in adipose tissue, and the serum levels of adiponectin, oxidative stress markers and proinflammatory factors during laparoscopic colorectal surgery and open surgery periods. Methods Forty patients aged 60 to 80, with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) I ~ II who underwent radical resection of colorectal cancer were recruited to the study. Laparoscopic group and open group included 20 patients each. Mesenteric adipose tissue and venous blood before (T1) and at the end (T2) of surgery were collected to examine adiponectin levels, and venous blood was collected to examine serum levels of oxidative stress related markers (superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH), lipid peroxide (LPO), malondialdehyde (MDA)), and inflammation-related factors (interleukin (IL)-1β, interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)). Results Protein and serum levels of adiponectin were analyzed, and adiponectin levels were significantly increased at T2 than T1 in the laparoscopic surgery, while adiponectin levels were significantly higher in the laparoscopic surgery than in the open surgery at T2. In addition, the serum levels of SOD and GSH were significantly higher in the laparoscopic surgery than in open surgery at T2. However, the serum levels of LPO, TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 were significantly lower in the laparoscopic group than in open group at T2. Conclusion Laparoscopic surgery induced higher levels of adiponectin in both adipose tissue and the bloodstream. Oxidative stress and the inflammatory response were lower during laparoscopic colorectal surgery than during conventional open surgery. These data suggest that adipose tissue may alleviate the stress response during laparoscopic surgery by releasing adiponectin in patients with colorectal cancer.

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (2) ◽  
pp. 175-177
Fatih Sumer ◽  
Ramazan Kutlu ◽  
Mehmet Ali Yağcı ◽  
Cuneyt Kayaalp

Iatrogenic ureteral injury is an uncommon but severe complication of laparoscopic colorectal surgery. If it is detected intraoperatively, conversion to open surgery is usually inevitable. Here, we described a complete ureteral transection during laparoscopic low anterior resection, which was simultaneously repaired by laparoscopic uretero-ureterostomy. The most important points during the anastomosis of two tiny tubular tissues are dissecting the tubular organs without trauma, obtaining meticulous hemostasis without causing any necrosis, and achieving accurate approximation of tissues with the sutures. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report that focused on laparoscopic repair of ureteral injury during laparoscopic colorectal surgery. As there are still few data on laparoscopic repair of ureteral lesions, no firm conclusions can be drawn. But, in appropriate cases, if intracorporeal suture expertise is available, laparoscopic repair can be done during colorectal surgery.

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