Human Community
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2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 77-91
K Maria Delasal Viswas

In a world of fragmented approach and the loss of a holistic vision, an integrated view is called for to save the human community and at large the universe from many perils.  One such integrated outlook germinates in Raimon Panikkar’s understanding of the most cherished Indian philosophical concept of advaita.  The altogether different outlook he passes into the understanding of advaita – which is the main elaboration in this paper – takes the lead to various ramifications to see the reality in diversified manner and still with an undifferentiated unity.  He highlights that the entities should be seen in their polarities and not in-themselves.  This perspective leaps into the felt need for a cross-cultural journey which is an indispensable one at the current scenario of a pluralistic phenomenon and the availability of many options.  Still, elaborating on the cross-cultural odyssey is not the objective here and therefore such an exposition does not have space here.  The emphasis lies on the drive that pushes us for an interest into cross-cultural approach giving awareness that we can no more be isolated within an enclosure.

Religions ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (9) ◽  
pp. 783
Marie-Aimée Manchon

This article treats the notion of liturgical experience that was introduced into contemporary philosophy by Franz Rosenzweig at the start of the twentieth century. His original and deep thinking in the Star of Redemption describes, among other things, the liturgical feasts of Judaism and Christianity as ramparts against finitude and as openings onto the ultimate. The article will bring together his descriptions of the liturgical assembly as a dialogical and choral “we” or “all of us” with the work of Jean-Yves Lacoste who has made liturgy the very heart of his magisterial phenomenological work. Putting these two authors into conversation allows us to uncover some salient traits of what makes for a liturgical community, such as the link between the liturgical assembly and the notion of communion. Drawing on both Rosenzweig and Lacoste, we can see, first, that this community is not simply cultural or ideological, but that its core lies in the concrete experience of exposing oneself before God. Next, I take up the idea of eschatological presentiment in Lacoste and the choral response-structure in Rosenzweig and suggest that this eschatological anticipation is manifested in the flesh of the assembly, endowing it with a dimension of responsibility. Finally, the liturgical assembly becomes a concrete body in which the kingdom is able to come near in the density of presence as fraternity within an aura of love. By doing so, a “thinking otherwise” may prove capable of illuminating philosophical understandings of human community more broadly.

2021 ◽  
pp. 7-14

The article examines the phenomenon of identity in the view of E. Erickson, through the prism of sociology, social psychology and philosophy. The types of identity proposed by Erickson are revealed through their content characteristics and social role. In the context of the theory of the identity crisis, the author proposes for understanding the factors of influence on the formation of a personality in social space. Identification is understood as a process of continuous comparison of themselves by the subjects of social reality (individual, social group, large human community) with other subjects. Social identity is presented by the author as an open process that continues in the context of a specific socio-cultural space. Through the prism of a mental approach to understanding the problems of interaction between society and a person, the epistemological possibilities and content boundaries of Erich H. Erickson's sociology in understanding the phenomenon of identity as a socially individual phenomenon are determined.

Om Prakash ◽  
Ruchi Singh ◽  
Namrata Singh ◽  
Shazia Usmani ◽  
Mohd Arif ◽  

: Numerous novel medicinal agents isolated from plant sources were used as indigenous remedies for the management and treatment of various types of cancer diseases. Naringenin is a naturally occurring flavanone glycoside and aglycone (genin) moiety of naringin, predominantly found in citrus and grapefruits, has emerged as a potential therapeutic agent for the management of a variety of diseases. A huge number of scientific papers have been published on naringenin describing its detailed studies and its therapeutic application in different diseases. The current study highlights, a comprehensive study on naringenin concerning its biosynthesis, molecular targets/pathways involved in carcinogenesis, mechanism of actions (MOAs), and structure-activity relationships (SARs), and patents granted have been highlighted. Naringenin and its derivatives has remarkable anti-cancer activity due to their inhibitory potential against diverse targets namely ABCG2/P-gp/BCRP, 5a-reductase, 17-bhydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, aromatase, proteasome, HDAC/Situin-1, VEGF, VEGFR-2 kinase, MMP-2/9, JAK/STAT signaling pathways, CDC25B, tubulin, topoisomerase-II, cathepsin-K, Wnt, NF-kB, B-Raf and mTOR, etc. With the huge knowledge of molecular targets, structural intuition, and SARs, the current study may be beneficial to design more potent, safe, effective, and economic anti-cancer naringenin. This is concluded that naringenin is a promising natural product for the management and therapy of cancer. Further evolution for pharmacological importance, clinical research, and trials are required to manifest its therapeutic action on metabolic syndrome in the human community.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Gonzalo Alonso-Bastarreche ◽  
Alberto I. Vargas

This paper analyzes Game Theory (GT) from the point of view of moral psychology and makes explicit some of its assumptions regarding the human person as a moral agent, as well as the ends of human action, and reciprocity. Using a largely philosophical methodology, we will argue that GT assumes an instrumental form of rationality underpinned by a logic of self-interest, hence placing individuals, communities, and their social practices in service of external goods and their maximization. Because of this, GT is not adequate to describe the entirety of human social existence and interaction. Nevertheless, by revealing these assumptions, GT can be amplified with another form of rationality based on realist ethics and a personalist anthropology reinforced by the logic of gift. This rationality values the singularity of each person as a holistic unity, as the center of the social realm and as an end in herself called to growth and flourishing with others, nurturing the human community through giving and receiving. We will thus provide a wider philosophical framework for GT with a series of non-mathematical axioms of what can be called a Game Metatheory (GMt). These axioms refer to society as a complex system, not to particular interactions. GMt axioms are not a model of social games, but rather an axiomatic description of social life as a game, revealing its systematic character, complexity, and possible deterioration.

Amanda Brown

The Fellowship Church explores the evolution of the American religious Left through a case study of the African American intellectual and theologian Howard Thurman, and the physical embodiment of his thought, the Church for the Fellowship of All Peoples. The Fellowship Church, which Thurman cofounded in San Francisco in 1944, was the nation’s first interracial, intercultural, and interfaith church. Amid the growing nationalism of the World War II era and the heightened suspicion of racial and cultural “others,” the Fellowship Church successfully established a pluralistic community based on the idea “that if people can come together in worship, over time would emerge a unity that would be stronger than socially imposed barriers.” Rooted in the belief that social change was inextricably connected to internal, psychological transformation and the personal realization of the human community, it was an early expression of Christian nonviolent activism within the long civil rights movement. The Fellowship Church was a product of evolving twentieth-century ideas and a reflection of the shifting midcentury American public consciousness. This book explores a broad scope of modern historical themes, including the philosophy of pragmatism; mysticism and Christian liberalism; racism and imperialism; cosmopolitanism and pluralism; war and pacifism; and nonviolence. It not only expands our understanding of twentieth-century American intellectual history and the origins of the civil rights movement, it offers and exciting look into underexplored methods of democracy-building that can inform contemporary social movements.

2021 ◽  
Prashant Katiyar ◽  
Shailendra Kumar Srivast ◽  
Deepshikha Kushwaha

Abstract Recently, a continuous rising awareness among human community to an environmental issue had changed the frame of current scenario and shifted a whole attention of research community towards the sustainable energy options & selecting the greener-solvents technology like Ionic-Liquids (ILs). An ionic-liquid technology known to augment the biorefineries pre-processing step mainly targeted to dissolute the complex and rigid structure of lignocellulosic biomass and promote to produce an economically valuable biofuels. 1-Butyl-3methylimidazolium acetate [BMIM][COO−] and 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride [BMIM][Cl−] (ILs) were extensively studied in a current research study. Studied Ionic-liquids have a great capacity to fractionate the plant cellular components by employing the process of delignification, as it can be depicted through an evaluation of degree of cellulose-crystallinity index. Current study exploits an aqueous-ionic-liquid technology, where a combined reaction mixture of deionized-water, ionic-liquids (ILs) and biomass load-size were used in (1:10:1) ratio under vacuum. An observed result of the study determined the Total reducing sugar (TRS) content and residual lignin yield after employing the ILs pretreatment. It estimate yield of Total reducing sugar (46.6%) and residual lignin (36.25498%) in S-12 shell biomass pretreated with [BMIM][COO−] at 120°C for 2.5h under vacuum. Although, Taguchi approach significantly notified the affect of process parameters during the ILs pretreatment processing. In this context, water-content (wt%) had found the most dominant physical factor instead of, temperature and time-duration. This research study also finds the S-12[BMIM][COO−], an effective biomass candidate compared to other studied biomasses to achieve the high biofuel yield in a cost-effective manner.

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 36-50
Md. Haider Ali Biswas ◽  
Pinky Rani Dey ◽  
Md. Sirajul Islam ◽  
Sajib Mandal

Recently the effect of greenhouse gases (GHGs) is worldwide terrified anxiety to the public and scholars. Even this global problem is one of the great issues that continuously makes worrying the governments and environmentalists, but its solution findings are not out of the image at all. In this study, we have proposed and analysed a mathematical model for the solvable management of GHGs by sowing the seeds of green building dynamic systems. Moreover, in the model, the human community is used to enhance the production power of individuals of green buildings by absorbing the GHGs. The model is analysed by stability analysis at the equilibrium points: trivial and global equilibrium, and also by convincing the stability and instability of the system of equations. The behaviour of the propound model has been developed by numerical simulations which shows the rate of the fruitfulness of GHG components.

2021 ◽  
pp. 251484862110301
Maddalena Tacchetti ◽  
Natalia Quiceno Toro ◽  
Dimitris Papadopoulos ◽  
María Puig de la Bellacasa

Based on ethnographic work with several women’s textile making collectives in Colombia, this article approaches their crafting practices as everyday doings of socio-ecological reparation, in the midst of social and environmental devastation caused by the armed conflict. Rather than focusing on the relevance of their activities for political activism and historical memory, an ecological perspective allows us to emphasise their work as a mundane, more than social process of communal regeneration. We discuss how women in these collectives, after painful and violent displacements, craft new ecologies of existence: relations and interdependencies within more than human worlds that cultivate new modes of care and attention, values and sensibilities in precarious living spaces. Ecological reparation is an everyday, vital, ongoing practice essential for community resurgence and for re-establishing collectivities that sustain liveable worlds.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (42) ◽  
pp. 255-263
Yevgen Borinshtein ◽  
Oleksandr Stovpets ◽  
Olga Kukshinova ◽  
Anton Kisse ◽  
Natalia Kucherenko

This study gives a possible representation of T. Hobbes and J. Locke's visions of the essence of 'freedom' and 'justice' phenomena. The philosophic-historical analysis performed in the article made it possible to reveal the fundamental ideological conflict between statism and liberalism, between the utilitarian, entirely pragmatic understanding the nature of the social contract (in Hobbes's political philosophy), and moral-ethical accents on the essential foundations of a state-organized society (in Locke's political thoughts). Hobbes generally ignores the moral and ethical preconditions inherent to human nature, reducing the social contract ontology to purely utilitarian aspects. The freedom of the individual loses its absolute character, as each member of this socio-political community gives up a part of his freedom in favor of 'Leviathan' (i.e. the sovereign, the state). Beginning from this moment it is fair for each individual to comply with the terms of that universally binding social contract, and its violation by someone within the community deemed to be unjust. On the contrary, Locke forms an idea of the ethical basis of the human community. Locke's political anthropology is based on the close relationship between the principle of justice and the imperatives of reason. The latter ones approach the universal ethical and legal requirements to ensure equal opportunities in the implementation and protection of freedoms and interests of the individual living in society. Under such conditions, justice means that a person acquires the maximum opportunities to fulfill his own freedoms (in all its diversity), without violating the freedoms of others.

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