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Author(s):  
Ms. Pooja Goyal ◽  
◽  
Dr. Sukhvinder Singh Deora ◽  

Cloud computing is an innovation that conveys administrations like programming, stage, and framework over the web. This computing structure is wide spread and dynamic, which chips away at the compensation per-utilize model and supports virtualization. Distributed computing is expanding quickly among purchasers and has many organizations that offer types of assistance through the web. It gives an adaptable and on-request administration yet at the same time has different security dangers. Its dynamic nature makes it tweaked according to client and supplier’s necessities, subsequently making it an outstanding benefit of distributed computing. However, then again, this additionally makes trust issues and or issues like security, protection, personality, and legitimacy. In this way, the huge test in the cloud climate is selecting a perfect organization. For this, the trust component assumes a critical part, in view of the assessment of QoS and Feedback rating. Nonetheless, different difficulties are as yet present in the trust the board framework for observing and assessing the QoS. This paper talks about the current obstructions present in the trust framework. The objective of this paper is to audit the available trust models. The issues like insufficient trust between the supplier and client have made issues in information sharing likewise tended to here. Besides, it lays the limits and their enhancements to help specialists who mean to investigate this point.


2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (4) ◽  
pp. 1-24
Author(s):  
Yongqi Li ◽  
Wenjie Li ◽  
Liqiang Nie

In recent years, conversational agents have provided a natural and convenient access to useful information in people’s daily life, along with a broad and new research topic, conversational question answering (QA). On the shoulders of conversational QA, we study the conversational open-domain QA problem, where users’ information needs are presented in a conversation and exact answers are required to extract from the Web. Despite its significance and value, building an effective conversational open-domain QA system is non-trivial due to the following challenges: (1) precisely understand conversational questions based on the conversation context; (2) extract exact answers by capturing the answer dependency and transition flow in a conversation; and (3) deeply integrate question understanding and answer extraction. To address the aforementioned issues, we propose an end-to-end Dynamic Graph Reasoning approach to Conversational open-domain QA (DGRCoQA for short). DGRCoQA comprises three components, i.e., a dynamic question interpreter (DQI), a graph reasoning enhanced retriever (GRR), and a typical Reader, where the first one is developed to understand and formulate conversational questions while the other two are responsible to extract an exact answer from the Web. In particular, DQI understands conversational questions by utilizing the QA context, sourcing from predicted answers returned by the Reader, to dynamically attend to the most relevant information in the conversation context. Afterwards, GRR attempts to capture the answer flow and select the most possible passage that contains the answer by reasoning answer paths over a dynamically constructed context graph . Finally, the Reader, a reading comprehension model, predicts a text span from the selected passage as the answer. DGRCoQA demonstrates its strength in the extensive experiments conducted on a benchmark dataset. It significantly outperforms the existing methods and achieves the state-of-the-art performance.


2022 ◽  
Vol 16 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-27
Author(s):  
Kyle Crichton ◽  
Nicolas Christin ◽  
Lorrie Faith Cranor

With the ubiquity of web tracking, information on how people navigate the internet is abundantly collected yet, due to its proprietary nature, rarely distributed. As a result, our understanding of user browsing primarily derives from small-scale studies conducted more than a decade ago. To provide an broader updated perspective, we analyze data from 257 participants who consented to have their home computer and browsing behavior monitored through the Security Behavior Observatory. Compared to previous work, we find a substantial increase in tabbed browsing and demonstrate the need to include tab information for accurate web measurements. Our results confirm that user browsing is highly centralized, with 50% of internet use spent on 1% of visited websites. However, we also find that users spend a disproportionate amount of time on low-visited websites, areas with a greater likelihood of containing risky content. We then identify the primary gateways to these sites and discuss implications for future research.


2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 50-55
Author(s):  
A. Herliah ◽  
Yusring Sanusi Baso ◽  
Healthy Hidayanty ◽  
Syafruddin Syarif ◽  
Aminuddin Aminuddin ◽  
...  

Obesity is a disorder characterized by excessive accumulation of body fat. The nutritional impact is more than just disturbing the aesthetics of appearance. Obesity (overweight and overweight) is a new chronic disorder that soon becomes a global pandemic that is quite difficult to control. To improve the knowledge, attitudes, and Practice of Adolescent Girls about obesity. Use Pre-Experiment with one group pre-test and post-test design. Sampling technique using purposive sampling and obtained a total of 47 respondents. The research was conducted in the Senior High School of 12 Makassar in September-October 2021. Data analysis using the McNemar test. The results of statistics showed that there is an influence on the use of the web-based   She Smart education model of the knowledge and attitudes of Adolescent Girls with a value of p-value=0.008 (p<0.05). And there was no influence on the use of the web-based   She Smart education model on the Practice of Adolescent Girls with a p-value of 0.453 (p>0.05). There is an influence on providing obesity education before and after intervention through web-based obesity education media in improving knowledge and attitudes but does not affect the Practice of adolescent girls in overcoming the problem of obesity.


2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 61-66
Author(s):  
Guiamarudin S Daud ◽  
Mohaymin A. Maguid

The study describes the Secured CCSPC Web-Based Student Clearance System's use and predicted effects. Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP), Sublime editor, Bootstrap, and MySQL as the database tool were used to create the clearance system. This system includes two-factor authentication for students and designated offices. In the clearance system, a Secure Socket Layer (SSL) for data transit, as well as a software firewall and anti-SQL Injection attack, were offered and implemented. The CCSPC Portal was linked to the web-based student clearance system and Web API, with Web API acting as a bridge between SIMone and the clearance system. SIMone's role is to offer just a limited amount of information on the web-based clearing, such as designated office operations, account status from the Cashier, and student profiles from the Registrar. Students and the approved offices in charge of signing the student clearance include the Graduating Class Association (GCA) Treasurer, Laboratory Custodian, Cashier, Librarian, Academic Related Services (ARS), SPEED Director, Department Chairperson, College Dean, and the Registrar. The ISO 9126-1 International Standard Tool for Software Evaluation, on the other hand, was utilized in the CCSPC beneficiaries' surveys to test the system's effectiveness and reliability.


Author(s):  
حنان الصادق بيزان

Social networking is one of the most recently used technologies because of its advantages, spread and interaction. It is one of the most prominent applications of the second generation Web 2.0, which has effectively imposed itself on the users of the internet. Facebook network comes second after search engine at the global level, "Google". It is noted that they are highly efficient in providing information services and representation of information institutions and facilities in the virtual world. it is agreed that the progress of the societies is measured according to their ability to free and fast access to information and to use it to generate knowledge that reaches wisdom, progress and excellence. At this point, the importance of studies of information is shown in general and Webometrics in particular, which means that the set of statistical methods and measurements used to study the quantitative and qualitative aspects of information resources, structures, uses and techniques on the web, is found to be bibliometric studies designed to study and analyze reference citations, can be applied to the information resources available on the web such as the links of web pages and the use of those sites. Therefore, the study aims to monitor students' attitudes towards the use of social networking sites in general, and the Facebook page of the department of information studies of the Libyan Academy particularly. To identify the view of the students of the information management division and the management of the archive to their identify satisfaction with the information services provided by the page, and the extent of knowledge of the links of electronic sources of information, and the extent to meet their needs and scientific desires, and to what extent related to academic and research interests.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Eline Van Geert ◽  
Christophe Bossens ◽  
Johan Wagemans

Do individuals prefer stimuli that are ordered or chaotic, simple or complex, or that strike the right balance of order and complexity? Earlier research mainly focused on the separate influence of order and complexity on aesthetic appreciation. When order and complexity were studied in combination, stimulus manipulations were often not parametrically controlled, only rather specific types of order (i.e., balance or symmetry) were studied, and/or the multidimensionality of order and complexity was ignored. Progress has also been limited by the lack of an easy way to create reproducible and expandible stimulus sets, including both order and complexity manipulations. The Order &amp; Complexity Toolbox for Aesthetics (OCTA), a Python toolbox that is also available as a point-and-click Shiny application, aims to fill this gap. OCTA provides researchers with a free and easy way to create multi-element displays varying qualitatively (i.e., different types) and quantitatively (i.e., different levels) in order and complexity, based on regularity and variety along multiple element features (e.g., shape, size, color, orientation). The standard vector-based output is ideal for experiments on the web and the creation of dynamic interfaces and stimuli. OCTA will not only facilitate reproducible stimulus construction and experimental design in research on order, complexity, and aesthetics. In addition, OCTA can be a very useful tool in any type of research using visual stimuli, or even to create digital art. To illustrate OCTA’s potential, we will propose several possible applications and diverse questions that can be addressed using OCTA.


2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  
pp. 203-212
Author(s):  
Saut Pintubipar Saragih ◽  
Mesri Silalahi

Content management system (CMS) is something that is no longer new for all web developers (developers) because currently the platforms used by developers are almost entirely using the concept of a content management system. In this community service activity, coaching has been carried out for business actors in the Barlang Jaya Trellis trellis welding workshop or workshop to have the ability to create a media product and service that you want to market, promote and sell to potential consumers through Content management system software, namely wordpress. During the training phases, instructor deliver basics knowledge in managing websites content and processes to build it, the training includes manage the web admin section, control panel settings also distributed through training to the owners which the results expect the continuity of the development in the future. The marketing, promotion and sales media that are built based on this website are expected to be affected and boost the business possible to increase competitiveness and increase income and increase business processes efficiency in promotion or marketize the products or services and eventually increasing sales significantly.


2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 939
Author(s):  
Debabrata Singh ◽  
Anil Kumar Biswal ◽  
Debabrata Samanta ◽  
Dilbag Singh ◽  
Heung-No Lee 

For a reliable and convenient system, it is essential to build a secure system that will be protected from outer attacks and also serve the purpose of keeping the inner data safe from intruders. A juice jacking is a popular and spreading cyber-attack that allows intruders to get inside the system through the web and theive potential data from the system. For peripheral communications, Universal Serial Bus (USB) is the most commonly used standard in 5G generation computer systems. USB is not only used for communication, but also to charge gadgets. However, the transferal of data between devices using USB is prone to various security threats. It is necessary to maintain the confidentiality and sensitivity of data on the bus line to maintain integrity. Therefore, in this paper, a juice jacking attack is analyzed, using the maximum possible means through which a system can be affected using USB. Ten different malware attacks are used for experimental purposes. Various machine learning and deep learning models are used to predict malware attacks. An extensive experimental analysis reveals that the deep learning model can efficiently recognize the juice jacking attack. Finally, various techniques are discussed that can either prevent or avoid juice jacking attacks.


Author(s):  
К.Г. Резников ◽  
С.Н. Медведев

Представлена реализация программного обеспечения для построения трехмерных поверхностей с использованием трассировки лучей, выполняемого в веб-браузере персонального компьютера или смартфона. Подход веб-приложений стал широко применим в последние годы из-за развития сети Интернет. Современные веб-браузеры имеют достаточную вычислительную мощность для реализации сложных веб-приложений, а не ограничиваются только веб-сайтами. В процессе разработки были изучены различные методы построения поверхностей и методы визуализации, чтобы подобрать наиболее оптимальные для реализации веб-приложения. Были проанализированы и представлены базовые способы создания трехмерных поверхностей. Выделены ключевые различия каркасного и полигонального способа задания поверхности. Рассмотрен ряд моделей с процедурно вычисляемыми поверхностями. Подробно описан кинематический способ образования поверхностей, а также описан разработанный алгоритм для преобразования кинематических моделей в поверхность с использованием полигональной сетки. Подробно описан процесс визуализации и метод трассировки лучей. Продемонстрирован способ работы с видеочипом и распараллеливанию вычислений для оптимизации веб-приложения с помощью библиотеки GPU.js. Представлена структура веб-приложения с описанием главных каталогов проекта. Структура проекта основана на фреймворке Vue.js, благодаря чему функционал веб-приложения позволяет безгранично расширять. Для демонстрации работы веб-приложения представлен пример пошагового задания кинематической поверхности и визуализации на сцене с применением графических эффектов, таких как закраска и освещение, а также представлен пример с визуализацией множества объектов на сцене The article presents the implementation of software for rendering 3D-surfaces using ray tracing, running in a web browser of computers or smartphones. The web application approach has become widespread in recent years due to the development of the Internet. Modern web browsers have enough processing power to run complex web applications and are not limited to just websites. During the development process, various methods for constructing surfaces and visualization methods were analyzed to choose the most optimal solution for web applications. We analyzed and presented basic methods of creating 3D surfaces. We highlighted the key differences between wireframe and polygonal methods of surface definition. We considered several models with dynamic surface computation. We described the kinematic method of surface formation in detail and the developed algorithm for transforming kinematic models into a surface using a polygonal mesh. We described in detail the rendering process and ray tracing method. We demonstrated a way of working with a video chip and parallelizing computations to optimize a web application using the GPU.js library. We presented the structure of a web application with a description of the main project directories. The project structure is based on the Vue.js framework. The framework allows one to endlessly expand the functionality of a web application. The article presents how the web application works and example of step-by-step creation of a kinematic surface and rendering on a scene using graphic effects such as shading and lighting. Also it contains an example of rendering many objects on a scene


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