mitochondrial dna mutations
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2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (2) ◽  
pp. 952
Siarhei A. Dabravolski ◽  
Victoria A. Khotina ◽  
Vasily N. Sukhorukov ◽  
Vladislav A. Kalmykov ◽  
Liudmila M. Mikhaleva ◽  

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA) mutations are known to participate in the development and progression of some CVD. Moreover, specific types of mitochondria-mediated CVD have been discovered, such as MIEH (maternally inherited essential hypertension) and maternally inherited CHD (coronary heart disease). Maternally inherited mitochondrial CVD is caused by certain mutations in the mtDNA, which encode structural mitochondrial proteins and mitochondrial tRNA. In this review, we focus on recently identified mtDNA mutations associated with CVD (coronary artery disease and hypertension). Additionally, new data suggest the role of mtDNA mutations in Brugada syndrome and ischemic stroke, which before were considered only as a result of mutations in nuclear genes. Moreover, we discuss the molecular mechanisms of mtDNA involvement in the development of the disease.

2021 ◽  
Vol 47 (2) ◽  
Sayo Horibe ◽  
Kaori Ishikawa ◽  
Kazuto Nakada ◽  
Masaki Wake ◽  
Norihiko Takeda ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 331 ◽  
pp. e70-e71
V.N. Sukhorukov ◽  
V.A. Kalmykov ◽  
V.A. Khotina ◽  
V.V. Sinyov ◽  
Z.B. Khasanova ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 132 ◽  
pp. S275
Alison Muir ◽  
Juliana Troiani ◽  
Alicia Mosley ◽  
Zhiqian Fan ◽  
Matthew Dulik ◽  

Mitochondrion ◽  
2021 ◽  
Kalliopi Chatzovoulou ◽  
Anne Mayeur ◽  
Nadine Gigarel ◽  
Fabienne Jabot-Hanin ◽  
Laetitia Hesters ◽  

Mohamed M. Abd Elrahman ◽  
Aida I. El makawy ◽  
Mohamed S. Hassanane ◽  
Sally S. Alam ◽  
Nagwa H. A. Hassan ◽  

Abstract Background Asthenozoospermia is a chief reason for male seminal pathologies with an impression of around 19% of infertile patients. Spermatozoa mitochondrial DNA variations seem to link with low sperm motility. The objective of the study was to assess the relation between mitochondrial mutations and male sterility, especially in asthenozoospermia. The patient semen samples were investigated by studying the sperm physical characters; motility, viability, and morphological parameters were then classified into normozoospermia and asthenozoospermia. In addition, the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) as a bio-indicator of lipid peroxidation, seminal fructose, and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) were estimated. For molecular analysis, DNA from the semen samples was extracted using a DNA extraction kit. ND1, ND2, and ATPase6 genes were amplified by using a specific primer. After the purification procedure, each PCR product was sequenced to identify the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in selected genes. Results A significant negative correlation between seminal plasma malondialdehyde levels and sperm motility was detected. Meanwhile, TAC analysis revealed significantly lower activity (p ≤ 0.05) in the sample of asthenozoospermic than in normozoospermic men. As regards the seminal plasma fructose, there was no significant difference in the fructose level of normozoospermia and asthenozoospermia cases. At the molecular level, 31 diverse nucleotide substitutions were recognized in mitochondrial DNA. Only ten (10) mutations led to amino acid transformation: four have deleterious effects, four are benign, and the other two have conflicting effectiveness. Conclusions This study is the first in Egypt that is concerned with studying the relationship between the mitochondrial DNA mutations in human spermatozoa of asthenozoospermic patients and fertility. The results displayed scientific indications evidenced that there is an association between mitochondrial mutations and male infertility.

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