Response Characteristics
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2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-12
Author(s):  
Kesong Fan ◽  
Yutong Feng ◽  
Ruoyang Kong ◽  
Hua Wei ◽  
Wenlong Jiao ◽  
...  

Currently, the identification technology of rock-coal medium is not reliable and practical, so we cannot judge the cutting state of coal-winning machine in real time. Different dynamic responses over different medium types of rock-coal can indirectly reflect the physical and mechanical parameters of rock-coal. In this study, we establish the 3-D numerical model of cutting the rock and coal by the finite element numerical simulation software in which we obtain the whole process of numerical simulation of the roller cutting coal, mudstone, and sandstone, where different dynamic responses counterpart different types of rock and coal by means of numerical experiments. The results show that when the drum keeps the average speed of cutting coal and medium forward, the instantaneous speed which is close to the average speed will have a small jump. The average speed and the torque in the cutting process can be considered as good indices to evaluate the rock and coal types. The torque from high to low is as follows: sandstone, mudstone, and coal. The average speed from high to low is as follows: coal, mudstone, and sandstone. If the portion of rock is more, the torque is higher and the average speed is lower during cutting the roof foot. This research is helpful for identifying rock-coal medium types by using related instrument to record the dynamic responses of rock-coal medium types.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-25
Author(s):  
Nan Zheng ◽  
Moli Chen ◽  
Guihuo Luo ◽  
Zhifeng Ye

When aircraft make a maneuvering during flight, additional loads acting on the engine rotor system are generated, which may induce rub-impact faults between the rotor and stator. To study the rub-impact response characteristics of the rotor system during hovering flight, the dynamic model of a rub-impact rotor system is established with lateral-torsional vibration coupling effect under arbitrary maneuvering flight conditions using the finite element method and Lagrange equation. An implicit numerical integral method combining the Newmark-β and Newton–Raphson methods is used to solve the vibration response. The results indicate that the dynamic characteristics of the rotor system will change during maneuvering flight, and the subharmonic vibrations are amplified in both lateral and torsional vibrations due to maneuvering overload. The form of the rub-impact is different during level and hovering flight conditions: the rub-impact may occur at an arbitrary phase of the whole cycle under the condition of level flight, while only local rub-impact occurs during hovering flight. Under the both flight conditions, the rub-impact has a large effect on the spectral characteristics, periodicity, and stability of the rotor system.


Author(s):  
James Peyton-Jones ◽  
Aleksandra Mitrovic ◽  
G. M. Clayton

Abstract Dual-stage actuators, which combine two actuators with different characteristics, have gained interest due to their large-range, high-resolution positioning capabilities. Control of such systems is challenging because it requires balancing the relative contributions of the individual actuators in terms of speed, range and precision. The most common approach is to allocate effort to the actuators based on frequency but this can lead to misallocation in the case of low-frequency short-range trajectories. In this paper, the problem of trajectory allocation in dual-stage actuator systems is addressed using a recently developed range-based filter. The theoretical basis of the range-based filter is rigorously derived for the first time and insights regarding its use, specifically its reinterpretation as a speed-based filter, and its range-frequency response characteristics are presented. The new analysis not only explains the behavior of the filter clearly, but it provides a more robust strategy for incorporating range constraints in filter design for different desired trajectories.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-13
Author(s):  
Meiqi Wang ◽  
Wenli Ma ◽  
Enli Chen ◽  
Yujian Chang

In this paper, a dynamic model of piecewise nonlinear system with fractional-order time delay is simplified. The amplitude frequency response equation of the dynamic model of piecewise nonlinear system with fractional-order time delay under periodic excitation is obtained by using the average method. It is found that the amplitude of the system changes when the external excitation frequency changes. At the same time, the amplitude frequency response characteristics of the system under different time delay parameters, different fractional-order parameters, and coefficient are studied. By analyzing the amplitude frequency response characteristics, the influence of time delay and fractional-order parameters on the stability of the system is analyzed in this paper, and the bifurcation equations of the system are studied by using the theory of continuity. The transition sets under different piecewise states and the constrained bifurcation behaviors under the corresponding unfolding parameters are obtained. The variation of the bifurcation topology of the system with the change of system parameters is given.


Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (19) ◽  
pp. 5820
Author(s):  
Ankit Sharma ◽  
Vidyapati Kumar ◽  
Atul Babbar ◽  
Vikas Dhawan ◽  
Ketan Kotecha ◽  
...  

Electrical discharge machining (EDM) has recently been shown to be one of the most successful unconventional machining methods for meeting the requirements of today’s manufacturing sector by producing complicated curved geometries in a broad variety of contemporary engineering materials. The machining efficiency of an EDM process during hexagonal hole formation on pearlitic Spheroidal Graphite (SG) iron 450/12 grade material was examined in this study utilizing peak current (I), pulse-on time (Ton), and inter-electrode gap (IEG) as input parameters. The responses, on the other hand, were the material removal rate (MRR) and overcut. During the experimental trials, the peak current ranged from 32 to 44 A, the pulse-on duration ranged from 30–120 s, and the inter-electrode gap ranged from 0.011 to 0.014 mm. Grey relational analysis (GRA) was interwoven with a fuzzy logic method to optimize the multi-objective technique that was explored in this EDM process. The effect of changing EDM process parameter values on responses was further investigated and statistically analyzed. Additionally, a response graph and response table were produced to determine the best parametric setting based on the calculated grey-fuzzy reasoning grade (GFRG). Furthermore, predictor regression models for response characteristics and GFRG were constructed, and a confirmation test was performed using randomly chosen input parameters to validate the generated models.


Energies ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (19) ◽  
pp. 6335
Author(s):  
Yufei Yang ◽  
Kesai Li ◽  
Yuanyuan Wang ◽  
Hucheng Deng ◽  
Jianhua He ◽  
...  

It is generally difficult to identify fluid types in low-porosity and low-permeability reservoirs, and the Chang 8 Member in the Ordos Basin is a typical example. In the Chang 8 Member of Yanchang Formation in the Zhenyuan area of Ordos Basin, affected by lithology and physical properties, the resistivity of the oil layer and water layer are close, which brings great difficulties to fluid type identification. In this paper, we first analyzed the geological and petrophysical characteristics of the study area, and found that high clay content is one of the reasons for the low-resistivity oil pay layer. Then, the formation water types and characteristics of formation water salinity were studied. The water type was mainly CaCl2, and formation water salinity had a great difference in the study area ranging from 7510 ppm to 72,590 ppm, which is the main cause of the low-resistivity oil pay layer. According to the reservoir fluid logging response characteristics, the water saturation boundary of the oil layer, oil–water layer and water layer were determined to be 30%, 65% and 80%, respectively. We modified the traditional resistivity–porosity cross plot method based on Archie’s equations, and established three basic plates with variable formation water salinity, respectively. The above method was used to identify the fluid types of the reservoirs, and the application results indicate that the modified method agrees well with the perforation test data, which can effectively improve the accuracy of fluid identification. The accuracy of the plate is 88.1%. The findings of this study can help for a better understanding of fluid identification and formation evaluation.


Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (19) ◽  
pp. 5795
Author(s):  
Sowon Kim ◽  
Heechul Lee

A multilayer piezoelectric material was fabricated using piezoelectric materials with low-temperature sintering capabilities and high piezoelectric coefficients to develop a functionally superior piezoelectric speaker with a large-displacement deformation. A soft relaxor was utilized to prepare the component materials, with the optimized composition of the investigated piezoelectric ceramics represented by 0.2Pb((Zn0.8Ni0.2)13Nb23)O3−0.8Pb(Zr0.5Ti0.5)O3. Li2CO3 was added to assist the low-temperature sintering conducted at 875 °C, which yielded a multilayer piezoelectric material with superior properties (d33 = 500 pC N−1, kp = 0.63, g33 = 44 mV N−1). A multilayer piezoelectric actuator with a single-layer thickness of ~40 µm and dimensions of 12 × 16 mm2 was fabricated by tape casting the prepared green sheets. Finite element analysis revealed that the use of a PEEK film and a smaller silicone–rubber film as a composite in the diaphragm realized optimal frequency-response characteristics; the vibrations generated by the piezoelectric element were amplified. The optimal structure obtained via simulations was applied to fabricate an actual piezoelectric speaker with dimensions of 20 × 24 × 1 mm3. The actual measurements exhibited a sound pressure level of ~75 dB and a total harmonic distortion ≤15% in the audible frequency range (250–20,000 Hz) at an applied voltage of 5 Vp.


2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (10) ◽  
pp. 168781402110414
Author(s):  
Sheng-Xian Yi ◽  
Zhong-Jiong Yang ◽  
Li-Qiang Zhou ◽  
Xiao-Yong Liu

As part of the ongoing research into new energy technology, battery-powered underground loaders have emerged. However, there have been few studies on power system optimization and matching for these battery underground loaders to date. This paper, which takes a 3-m3 battery underground loader as its research object, determines the loader’s optimal operating point through study of the power response characteristics of the loader’s motor under various working conditions. The effects of different power batteries on the working conditions are analyzed, and the loader’s component parameters are matched. Additionally, an optimization model of the driving system of the battery underground loader is constructed. On the basis of the driving operation characteristics of the loader, the particle swarm optimization algorithm is proposed to optimize the operating conditions of the loader’s driving motor. The results show that the transmission ratio is reduced after optimization. The single-cycle energy consumption is reduced by approximately 1.98% and the number of cycles in the health status of the power battery’s state-of-charge increases by approximately 1.91%, which verifies the feasibility of use of the particle swarm algorithm in the loader optimization problem. This work can serve as a reference for related theoretical research on underground loaders.


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