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Author(s):  
Barbara Ying-Jung Chen ◽  
Mei-Yi Wu ◽  
Mei-Yun Chin ◽  
Mai-Szu Wu ◽  
Jiun-Rong Chen

High dietary phosphate intake and poor adherence to phosphate-binding-therapy elevate the risk of hyperphosphatemia in maintenance hemodialysis (HD; MHD) patients. Therefore, chronic kidney disease-related mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD) indicators increase; consequently, risks of CKD-MBDs and inflammation are elevated. This double-blind, randomized control trial intervention study was designed to investigate the possibility of reducing blood CKD-MBD indicators and modulating inflammatory indicators by consuming low-phosphate (LP) meals accompanied by a minimum dose of a calcium-based phosphate binder (CaCO3). MHD patients were recruited and randomly assigned to an LP meal group (LP group) or a control group. After initial data collection, blood collection, and dietary counseling, subjects were asked to consume a washout diet for 1 week. During the washout diet period, subjects consumed their usual diet but took 1 tablet of calcium carbonate (1CaCO3) as a phosphate binder with each meal. After the washout diet period, subjects in the LP group and control group respectively consumed LP meals and regular meals twice a day for 1 week. Meat in the LP meals was boiled before the regular cooking process, but meat in control meals was not. All meals were supplied by a central kitchen so that the contents of phosphate and other nutrients could be identified. In total, 40 MHD patients completed the study program. After 1 week of the dietary intervention, the blood Ca x P product and dietary phosphate had significantly decreased in the LP group compared to the control group (p<0.05). The LP group had significantly lower variations in dietary phosphate intake, blood calcium, Ca x P product, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α than the control group by comparing differences between after the dietary intervention and the baseline (△after intervention - baseline, p<0.05). The increase in dietary phosphate intake (△3rd - 2nd dietary phosphate intake) augmented the increase in the TNF-α level by 6.24-fold (odds ratio [95% confidence interval]: 6.24 [1.12~34.92], p<0.05). These results highlighted the conclusion that LP meals accompanied by a minimum dose of CaCO3 downregulated pro-inflammation by reducing CKD-MBD indicators which was triggered by decreasing dietary phosphate intake.


Blood ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 138 (Supplement 1) ◽  
pp. 3075-3075
Author(s):  
Ruoxi Zhang ◽  
Zhao Wang ◽  
Bing Han

Abstract Backgrou n d : Patients with low-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and aplastic anemia (AA) often need transfusions, which may accelerate the iron overload. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy, safety and dose-effect relation of deferasirox (DFX) for patients with low-risk MDS and AA who were refractory to regular treatment in the real-world setting. M ethods: This was a retrospective study. Patients with low-risk MDS or AA who failed to standard treatments and were transfusion-dependent were enrolled. DFX was given as the only treatment apart from transfusion. Patients were recorded for their medical history, laboratory tests, nuclear magnetic resonance (MRI), echocardiography and calculated for their overall survival (OS). Dose-effect relations of DFX were evaluated after the first 6 months. Total annual exposure of DFX was calculated after 12 months, expressed as accumulated exposure time at dose of 20mg/kg/d. R esults: Of the 112 patients finally enrolled, 61 (54.5%) were low-risk MDS and 51 (45.5%) were AA. The median age was 56 (10, 89) years and 52.7% patients were males. The minimum dose of DFX for significant SF decrease was 20 mg/kg/d at 6 months; and the minimum accumulation of DFX had to reach 9 months at 20 mg/kg/d to maintain the efficacy at the time of 12 months for patients with low-risk MDS (p<0.050). Different from MDS, the minimum dose for significant SF decrease was 10 mg/kg/d at 6 months; and the minimum accumulation had to reach 3 months at 20 mg/kg/d to maintain the efficacy at the time of 12 months for patients with AA (p<0.050). Meanwhile, with same dose of exposure, significant improvements in hematological parameters were also observed in AA, but no dose-effect relations were found in MDS. 62.3% MDS and 51.0% AA patients stopped transfusion in the next 6 months. Erythroid responders had lower SF than non-responders after 12 months of DFX, both for MDS and AA (p<0.05). Lower alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) compared with baseline after 12 months of DFX were observed and longer exposure time correlated with lower ALT (p<0.050). No significant changes in cardiac function, however. Similar side effects were found in MDS and AA, with gastrointestinal disorders and elevated serum creatinine the most common. Higher dose and longer exposure time of DFX correlated with longer overall survival, both for patients with MDS and AA (p<0.050). Conclusion: Although dose of DFX varies greatly in different individuals, a significant decrease in SF and an improvement of hematologic parameters, organ functions, or even overall survival can be achieved if the accumulate dose reaches a certain level. In that case, patients with low-risk MDS need higher dose than those with AA. Figure 1 Figure 1. Disclosures No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.


Author(s):  
María-Carmen López de las Hazas ◽  
Lorena del Pozo-Acebo ◽  
Maria S. Hansen ◽  
Judit Gil-Zamorano ◽  
Diana C. Mantilla-Escalante ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 93 (9) ◽  
pp. 1052-1057
Author(s):  
Khava M. Dzaurova ◽  
Nikolay Yu. Mironov ◽  
Yuliia A. Yuricheva ◽  
Vladislav V. Vlodzyanovsky ◽  
Nataliia A. Mironova ◽  
...  

Aim. Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of the modified refralon administration protocol for the relief of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). Materials and methods. The study included 39 patients (19 men, mean age 6312.8 years). All patients, after excluding contraindications in the intensive care unit, were injected intravenously with refralon at an initial dose of 5 mg/kg. If AF was preserved and there were no contraindications, after 15 min, repeated administration was performed at a dose of 5 mg/kg (total dose of 10 mg/kg). After another 15 min, while maintaining AF and the absence of contraindications, the third injection of the drug was performed at a dose of 10 mg/kg (total dose of 20 mg/kg). In the absence of relief and the absence of contraindications, another injection of refralon at a dose of 10 mg/kg was performed after another 15 min (in this case, the maximum total dose of 30 mg/kg was reached). After each injected bolus and before the introduction of the next one, the ECG parameters and the general condition of the patient were assessed. The patient was monitored for 24 hours to exclude the arrhythmogenic effect and other possible adverse events. Results. Restoration of sinus rhythm (SR) was noted in 37 patients out of 39 (95%). Of these, 19 people (48.7%) had SR recovery after the administration of a minimum dose of refralone of 5 mg/kg. The effectiveness of the total dose of 10 mg/kg was 76.9%, the dose of 20 mg/kg was 89.7%, and the dose of 30 mg/kg was 95%. Only two patients did not recover HR after administration of the maximum dose of refralon 30 mg/kg. Pathological prolongation of the QTc interval (500 ms) was recorded in 5% of patients. Not a single case of ventricular arrhythmogenic action (induction of Torsade de pointes) has been reported. Bradyarrhythmias (pauses, bradycardia) were registered in 13% of cases, were of a transient nature. Conclusion. Refralon has a high efficiency of relief (95%) of paroxysmal AF, while in almost half of cases (48.7%), SR recovery is achieved using the minimum dose of refralon 5 mg/kg. Despite the prolongation of the QTc500 ms recorded in 5% of cases, none of the patients developed Torsade de pointes after administration of the drug.


Author(s):  
Shinichi Ishida ◽  
Masato Mutsuga ◽  
Takashi Fujita ◽  
Kei Yagami

Although the surgical technique for acute type A aortic dissection markedly improved in the last decade, perioperative mortality and morbidity rates remain dramatically high. Therefore, we introduce the novel “plaster technique” using the single interrupted suture with a felt and plastering the minimum dose of BioGlue® (Cryolife Inc., Kennesaw, GA, USA) into the suture hole in this report. We found that the plaster technique using a felt pledget and minimum dose of BioGlue is effective for fragile aortic walls, as in patients undergoing acute aortic dissection and is a simple, safe, and durable technique to strengthen the suture line.


2021 ◽  
pp. jnnp-2020-325665
Author(s):  
Frédéric Hilezian ◽  
Adil Maarouf ◽  
Clemence Boutiere ◽  
Audrey Rico ◽  
Sarah Demortiere ◽  
...  

ObjectiveTo assess the efficacy of tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) inhibitors used as steroid-sparing monotherapy in central nervous system (CNS) parenchymal sarcoidosis.MethodsThe French Multiple Sclerosis and Neuroinflammation Centers retrospectively identified patients with definite or probable CNS sarcoidosis treated with TNF-α inhibitors as steroid-sparing monotherapy. Only patients with CNS parenchymal involvement demonstrated by MRI and imaging follow-up were included. The primary outcome was the minimum dose of steroids reached that was not associated with clinical or imaging worsening during a minimum of 3 months after dosing change.ResultsOf the identified 38 patients with CNS sarcoidosis treated with TNF-α inhibitors, 23 fulfilled all criteria (13 females). Treatments were infliximab (n=22) or adalimumab (n=1) for a median (IQR) of 24 (17–40) months. At treatment initiation, the mean (SD) age was 41.5 (10.5) years and median (IQR) disease duration 22 (14–49.5) months. Overall, 60% of patients received other immunosuppressive agents before a TNF-α inhibitor. The mean (SD) minimum dose of steroids was 31.5 (33) mg before TNF-α inhibitor initiation and 6.5 (5.5) mg after (p=0.001). In all, 65% of patients achieved steroids dosing <6 mg/day; 61% showed clinical improvement, 30% stability and 9% disease worsening. Imaging revealed improvement in 74% of patients and stability in 26%.ConclusionTNF-α inhibitors can greatly reduce steroids dosing in patients with CNS parenchymal sarcoidosis, even refractory.Classification of evidenceThis study provides Class IV evidence that TNF-α inhibitor used as steroid-sparing monotherapy is effective for patients with CNS parenchymal sarcoidosis.


Author(s):  
Leonardo Jácome-Gómez ◽  
Maribel Ramírez-Villalobos

Shading (S), bioregulators (BR) and biostimulants (BS) techniques are alternatives that promote sprouting and production of grass. The objective was to evaluate the effect of S, BR and BSt on the growth and yield of Mombaza grass in Ecuador. A complete randomized block design, with split plot arrangement and three replications, was used, the main plot represented by condition S (S1: full solar exposure, S2: shade of trees) and secondary one by BR and BS application (A0: control; A1: minimum doses of BR, 250 mL.ha-1 Cytokin + 10 g.ha-1 New Gibb 10 %; A2: maximum doses of BR, 500 mL.ha-1 Cytokin + 20 g.ha-1 New Gibb 10 %; A3: commercial dose of BS Algamar, seaweed, 750 g.ha-1). Three cuts of grass were made, 35 days after staring experiment; in each one, tiller height (TH), number of tillersm-2 (NTM) and stemstiller-1 (NST), and dry matter yield (DMY) were evaluated. It is found effects (P<0.05) of S on the four variables in each cut; and application of BR and BS on TH in cuts 1, period of least precipitation. It is concluded that the grass cultivated in S1 increased the growth and DMY in cuts 1, 2 and 3 (0.180, 0.300 y 0.398 kg.m-2). NTM was stimulated with S2 and TH with the minimum dose of BR.


2021 ◽  
Vol 273 ◽  
pp. 01033
Author(s):  
Olga Chukhina ◽  
Anna Demidova ◽  
Tatyana Vasilyeva

In the conditions of the Vologda Region on sod-podzolic soil, the calculated fertilization systems on average for 2015 - 2018 increased the yield of potato tubers by 41 - 66% compared to the minimum dose of fertilizers. The maximum starch content of 12.8% was observed when using an organomineral fertilizer system. The research shows a direct linear relationship between the content of “crude” protein and the yield of potato tubers.


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