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2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (11) ◽  
pp. 357-363
Author(s):  
Malay Kumar Das ◽  
Rabindranath Sinha ◽  
Nirmalya Manna

Introduction: Cost effective interventions (educational and behavioural interventions) for the reduction of non-communicable diseases risk factors should be promoted especially in the low and middle income countries such as India. Method: A pre-designed and pre-tested questionnaire was used in class-room setting to collect information from students regarding their socio- demographic characteristics and presence of behavioral risk factors of non-communicable diseases. Results: A total of 761 students of class VI-XII participated in the study of which 61.4% were boys and rests were girls. Most common risk factor was ‘intake of extra salt with food’ (54.7%), followed by fast food intake >3 times/week (33.8%). Statistical analysis by chi square test revealed that extra salt intake, tobacco use and alcohol use was significantly associated with age. Similarly, sex of the students was significantly associated with tobacco use, alcohol use and physical activity (p <0.05). Father’s education was significantly associated with extra salt intake in food. Mother’s education was significantly associated with unsatisfactory intake of fruits and vegetables (< 5 times/week), extra salt intakes in food and tobacco use (p <0.05). Father’s occupation was significantly associated with fast food intakes and physical activity whereas mother’s occupation had significant association with tobacco use (p <0.05). Conclusion: Healthy children are the foundation for a healthy nation. The universal belief is that schools are designated as an important setting in which children should develop behaviour and skills for physical, emotional and social well-being. Keywords: Adolescents, Behavioral Risk factor, Socio- Demographic characteristics, Rural school.


Author(s):  
Lisa Poirier ◽  
Lucia Flores ◽  
Ivonne Rivera ◽  
Christine St. Pierre ◽  
Julia Wolfson ◽  
...  

Americans spend the majority of their food dollars at restaurants and other prepared food sources, including quick-service and fast-food restaurants (PFS); independent small restaurants make up 66% of all PFS in the US. In this feasibility study, 5 independent and Latino-owned PFS in the Washington DC metro area worked with academic partners to start offering healthy combo meals with bottled water and promote these using on-site, community, and social media advertising. The number of healthy combos sold was collected weekly, showing that the new combos sold, and customers in all 5 sites were surveyed as they exited the PFS (n=50): >85% had noticed the combo meals; 100% thought it was a good idea to offer it, 68% had ordered the combo (of these, >94% of customers responded that they liked it).  Results suggest that it is feasible to work with independent Latino-owned restaurants to promote healthy combos and collect data.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
N Alia Fahada W Ab Rahman ◽  
◽  
Monizaihasra Mohamed ◽  
Farizah Sulong ◽  
◽  
...  

This study examines the adoption of service robots by fast-food restaurant employees. Adopting the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT), this study proposes four determinants of intention to use: performance expectancy (PE), effort expectancy (EE), social influence (SI) and facilitating conditions (FC). The role of culture was also considered to examine its role in moderating the influencing factors. The data was collected from Malaysian fast-food restaurant employees and analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and the Smart-PLS software. The findings showed that intention to use service robots is primarily influenced by performance expectancy and social influence. Additionally, culture also has a significant effect as moderating factor on the relationship between social influence and intention to use service robots in a fast-food restaurant setting. Lastly, a discussion on the contributions and implications are presented.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Monizaihasra Mohamed ◽  
◽  
N Alia Fahada W Ab Rahman ◽  
Farizah Sulong ◽  
◽  
...  

The goal of this study is to investigate the underlying factors that influence an employees’ decision to use robots at work. The Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) was used in this study. This theory assumes that people’s actual behaviour and willingness to utilise technology is influenced by four underlying elements, namely performance expectancy (PE), effort expectancy (EE), social influence (SI) and facilitating conditions (FC). Based on this assumption, the specific objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between these factors and a fast-food restaurants employees’ intent to use robots at work. The role of gender as a moderator in each of these interactions was also considered in this study. Based on data acquired from an online survey, the stated hypotheses were tested using the Partial Least Square (PLS) approach. The findings revealed that performance expectancy and social influence enhances an employees’ intention to use robots at work. It also showed that there was no moderation effect in the proposed model. This study presents empirical facts and direction to managers in the fast-food industry in Malaysia, researchers and practitioners regarding the adoption of robots or technology-based services at work. Theoretical advances as well as prospective research directions are also explored.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Wataru Sato

The detection of food is crucial for our survival and health. Earlier experimental psychological studies have demonstrated that participants detect food more rapidly than non-food stimuli. However, it remains unknown whether color, which was shown to have various influences on food processing, can modulate the detection of food. To address this issue, a psychological experiment was conducted using a visual search paradigm in which photographs of food (fast food and Japanese food) and kitchen utensils were presented alongside images of non-food distractors (cars), with both color and gray images used. Participants used a key to indicate whether one item was different from the rest, and their reaction times (RTs) were measured. RTs for the detection of both food types were shorter than for the kitchen utensils when color images were used, but not when gray images were used; moreover, the RTs were slower for gray images than for color images for both food types but not for kitchen utensils. These results indicate that color facilitates rapid detection of food in the environment.


Author(s):  
Paritosh Jha ◽  
Anupam Srivastava ◽  
Sumit Goel

Ahara is described as one among the three Upasthambas (Sub-pillars) of body and considered as Mahabhaishajya by Acharya Kashyapa. Ayurveda advocates on consuming healthy Ahara and advocates on avoiding unhealthy Viruddha Ahara. The food taken in wrong combination, undergone incorrect processing, and consumed at incorrect time may lead to several Metabolic, Neurodegenerative, Psychological diseases. Such incompatible diet (Viruddha Ahara) adversely affects our immune system, cellular metabolism, hormonal system as well as our psychological health. Many People are consuming incompatible food like fast food, deep fried foods etc. in current era unknowingly. Thus following proper dietary pattern and avoiding incompatible diet (Viruddha Ahara), a person may avoid various forthcoming diseases.


2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (15) ◽  
pp. e129101522475
Author(s):  
Beatriz Figueredo da Silva ◽  
Ludimila Silva Lima ◽  
Luiza Marly Freitas de Carvalho ◽  
Cicero Tadeu Tavares Duarte
Keyword(s):  

O presente estudo teve como objetivo analisar o preço e a caracterização nutricional de alimentos ofertados em aplicativos de fast food na cidade de Teresina-PI em tempos de Covid-19. Foi realizado um estudo transversal, de natureza bibliográfica descritiva com abordagem quantitativa e qualitativa. Foram selecionados três aplicativos nomeados de A, B, e C. A coleta de dados foi realizada durante três (3) dias e se deu das 19hrs às 22hrs. Os dados foram contabilizados em planilha no software Excel, para o tratamento estatístico foi utilizado o programa Estat D+, e a apresentação dos resultados foram realizadas através de gráficos e tabelas do software Word. O aplicativo que apresentou a menor média de preço foi o APP-C (26,68 reais). Foram encontrados 148 estabelecimentos, destes foram coletadas 317 preparações e 1.899 ingredientes. Observou-se a alta demanda de ofertas de alimentos de baixa qualidade nutricional, ricos em carboidratos simples, gorduras e sódio. Conclui-se que os aplicativos analisados não incluem em suas ofertas às recomendações nutricionais e aporte calórico, verificando assim, negligências em algumas recomendações alimentares significativas, como incluir hortaliças, frutas e leguminosas nas preparações.


2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (22) ◽  
pp. 12857
Author(s):  
María Núñez-Fernández ◽  
Héctor Hugo Pérez-Villarreal ◽  
Yesica Mayett-Moreno

The purpose of this research is to determine if positive anticipated emotions, food values, attitudes and subjective norms influence food purchase intention in two different models: a fast food restaurant and a food delivery service via mobile apps. For this study, we utilized a non-experimental, causal, descriptive and cross-sectional design. From October 2020 to January 2021, self-administered online surveys were distributed to a convenience sample of 200 fast-food consumers at restaurants, and users of food delivery services via mobile apps Puebla City, Mexico. IBM–SPSS Statistics and the SmartPLS 3 Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling were used to test our hypotheses. The results underscored a difference in attitudes between the models. The attitude toward the brand positively and significantly influenced purchase intention via mobile apps, whereas attitude toward eating a hamburger positively and significantly influenced purchase intention of visiting a fast-food restaurant. In both models, positive anticipated emotions exhibited the closest relationships with purchase intention, attitude toward the brand and attitude toward eating a hamburger, whereas food values exerted an insignificant effect on attitudes and purchase intention. Future research should consider performing a face-to-face survey with a random sample while accounting for different demographics, regions and countries, as well as including other brands, food types and restaurants.


Author(s):  
Beverly Wen-Xin Wong ◽  
Jia Ying Toh ◽  
Ray Sugianto ◽  
Airu Chia ◽  
Mya Tint ◽  
...  

Childcare arrangements shape behavioural patterns that influence the risk of childhood obesity. However, little is known of its influence on childhood obesity in Singapore. We aim to examine the associations between childcare arrangements at the age of 5 years and childhood adiposity at age 6 years. Children from the GUSTO study were grouped into three childcare arrangements at age 5: full-time centre-based childcare (FC), partial centre-based with parental care (PCP), and partial centre-based with non-parents (grandparents and domestic helpers) as caregivers (PCN). Diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviour information were collected at age 5, while anthropometric measurements were collected at age 6. Associations were analysed using multivariable regression models. Among 540 children, those in PCN had higher BMI z-scores (β: 0.34; 95% CI: 0.01, 0.66), greater sum of skinfold thicknesses (mm) (β: 3.75; 95% CI: 0.53, 6.97) and were 3.55 times (95% CI: 1.78, 7.05) more likely to be overweight/obese than those in FC. Adiposity measures in PCP children did not differ from those in FC. PCN children were reported to have more screen time and greater fast-food intake. Children in PCN tended to have higher adiposity measures. Greater engagement of non-parental caregivers should be considered in interventions targeting child obesity.


2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (22) ◽  
pp. 12815
Author(s):  
Shafida Azwina Mohd Shafie ◽  
Lee Vien Leong ◽  
Ahmad Farhan Mohd Sadullah

A trip generation manual and database are important for transportation planners and engineers to forecast new trip generation for any new development. Nowadays, many petrol stations have fast-food restaurant outlets. However, this land use category has yet to be included in the Malaysian Trip Generation Manual. Therefore, this study attempted to develop a new trip generation model for the new category of “petrol station with convenience store and fast-food restaurant”. Significant factors influencing the trip generation were also determined. Manual vehicle counts at the selected sites were conducted for 3 h during morning, afternoon and evening peak hours. Regression analysis was used in this study to develop the model. A simple trip generation model based on the independent variable number of restaurant seats showed a greater value for the coefficient of determination, R2, compared with the independent variables gross floor area in thousand square feet and number of pumps. The multivariable trip generation model using three independent variables generated the highest R2 among all of the models but was still below a satisfactory level. Further study is needed to improve the model for this new land use category. We must ensure more accuracy in trip generation estimation for future planning and development.


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