Although the tubercle wings provide good maneuverability at post-stall conditions, the aerodynamic performance at pre-stall angles is threatened by forming a laminar separation bubble at the trough section of the tubercle wing; consequently, the flight endurance and range are reduced. In the present study, the idea of passive flow control is introduced by using the distribution of static roughness elements on a full-span wing with a sinusoidal leading edge. Initially, the effect of roughness element length, height, and its location are studied at a pre-stall angle (16-degree). Their effect on the laminar separation bubble and vortex shedding formed behind the wing are also investigated. The Reynolds number is assumed to be equal to [Formula: see text] which is in the range of critical Reynolds number and matches to the micro aerial vehicles application. An improved hybrid model, improved delay detached eddy simulation IDDES, has been used to model the flow turbulence structure. In the extended transition region at low Reynolds numbers, the roughness bypassed the instability. Consequently, roughening the surface of the aerofoil increased the boundary layer’s flow momentum, making it more resistible to adverse pressure gradients. By suppressing the bubble, the static roughness element led to pre-stall flow control, which saw an increase in lift coefficient, [Formula: see text], and a decrease in drag coefficient, [Formula: see text]. The results have been demonstrated that the aerodynamic performance, [Formula: see text], has been improved approximately 22.7%, 38%, and 45% for [Formula: see text], and [Formula: see text], respectively. The optimal arrangement of static roughness elements could decline the size of the vortices and strengthen the cores associated with them. This claim can be interpreted with the vortex shedding frequency.