flow configurations
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2022 ◽  
Ludovic Räss ◽  
Ivan Utkin ◽  
Thibault Duretz ◽  
Samuel Omlin ◽  
Yuri Y. Podladchikov

Abstract. The development of highly efficient, robust and scalable numerical algorithms lags behind the rapid increase in massive parallelism of modern hardware. We address this challenge with the accelerated pseudo-transient iterative method and present here a physically motivated derivation. We analytically determine optimal iteration parameters for a variety of basic physical processes and confirm the validity of theoretical predictions with numerical experiments. We provide an efficient numerical implementation of pseudo-transient solvers on graphical processing units (GPUs) using the Julia language. We achieve a parallel efficiency over 96 % on 2197 GPUs in distributed memory parallelisation weak scaling benchmarks. 2197 GPUs allow for unprecedented terascale solutions of 3D variable viscosity Stokes flow on 49953 grid cells involving over 1.2 trillion degrees of freedom. We verify the robustness of the method by handling contrasts up to 9 orders of magnitude in material parameters such as viscosity, and arbitrary distribution of viscous inclusions for different flow configurations. Moreover, we show that this method is well suited to tackle strongly nonlinear problems such as shear-banding in a visco-elasto-plastic medium. A GPU-based implementation can outperform CPU-based direct-iterative solvers in terms of wall-time even at relatively low resolution. We additionally motivate the accessibility of the method by its conciseness, flexibility, physically motivated derivation and ease of implementation. This solution strategy has thus a great potential for future high-performance computing applications, and for paving the road to exascale in the geosciences and beyond.

Bhimsen Shivamoggi ◽  
G Heijst ◽  
Leon Kamp

Abstract The Okubo [5]-Weiss [6] criterion has been extensively used as a diagnostic tool to divide a two-dimensional (2D) hydrodynamical flow field into hyperbolic and elliptic regions and to serve as a useful qualitative guide to the complex quantitative criteria. The Okubo-Weiss criterion is frequently validated on empirical grounds by the results ensuing its application. So, we will explore topological implications into the Okubo-Weiss criterion and show the Okubo-Weiss parameter is, to within a positive multiplicative factor, the negative of the Gaussian curvature of the underlying vorticity manifold. The Okubo-Weiss criterion is reformulated in polar coordinates, and is validated via several examples including the Lamb- Oseen vortex, and the Burgers vortex. These developments are then extended to 2D quasi- geostrophic (QG) flows. The Okubo-Weiss parameter is shown to remain robust under the -plane approximation to the Coriolis parameter. The Okubo-Weiss criterion is shown to be able to separate the 2D flow-field into coherent elliptic structures and hyperbolic flow configurations very well via numerical simulations of quasi-stationary vortices in QG flows. An Okubo-Weiss type criterion is formulated for 3D axisymmetric flows, and is validated via application to the round Landau-Squire Laminar jet flow.

Mohammad Hakim Mohd. Radzai ◽  
Chin Wai Lim ◽  
Chong Tak Yaw ◽  
Siaw Paw Koh ◽  
Nur Amirani Ahmad ◽  

Radiant cooling systems are commonly applied in commercial applications because of their energy-saving potential. This potential can be further enhanced by evaluating the cooling performance of the radiant cooling panel in terms of flow configurations. Although studies have been conducted on the flow configurations of the radiant cooling panel, the most suitable flow configurations have yet to be determined. The conventional serpentine flow configuration does not bring out the best cooling performance of the radiant cooling panel, therefore different flow configurations are still needed to be explored. This study conducted a quick literature review on the different radiant cooling systems as well as radiant cooling panel with different chilled water pipe configurations. The objective of this review is to provide a brief comparison of the performance of radiant cooling panel with different chilled water pipe configurations and to suggest further studies for the system development. The cooling characteristics and heat transfer of the panel are investigated by using numerical study. A comparison between the designs of flow configurations is presented. In all of the cases, the plate area and flow volume are fixed. Based on the findings obtained, applying a different chilled water pipe configuration on the radiant cooling panel will affect the flow uniformity and also the temperature distribution uniformity. An optimized flow configurations for the radiant cooling panel is important for enhancing the overall efficiency of the system.

Ryno Adlam ◽  
Bertram Haskins

The centralised architecture employed by electronic health records (EHRs) may constitute a single point of failure. From the perspective of availability, an alternative cloud-based EHR infrastructure is effective and efficient. However, this increased availability has created challenges related to the security and privacy of patients’ medical records. The sensitive nature of EHRs attracts the attention of cyber-criminals. There has been a rise in the number of data breaches related to EHRs. The infrastructure used by EHRs does not assure the privacy and security of patients’ medical records. Features of blockchain platforms, such as decentralisation, immutability, auditability, and transparency, may provide a viable means of augmenting or improving services related to the security of EHRs. This study presents a series of experimental data flow configurations to test the application of blockchain technology to aspects of EHRs. The insights gained from these experiments are founded on a theoretical base to provide recommendations for applying blockchain technology to services related to the security of EHR infrastructure. These recommendations may be employed by developers when redesigning existing EHR systems or deploying new EHR systems.

Ba Nghiep Nguyen ◽  
Naveen Karri ◽  
Taylor Mason ◽  
James Fitzpatrick ◽  
Brian Koeppel

Abstract This work applies a multiscale mechanistic damage model developed for brittle ceramics and implemented in commercial finite element (FE) packages via user subroutines to study progressive damage in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) subjected to thermomechanical loading under normal operating and shutdown conditions including redox effects. The damage model captures the micromechanics of stiffness reduction due to material porosity change and microcracking and integrates the as-obtained stiffness reduction law into a continuum damage mechanics (CDM) formulation for the evolution of microcracks up to fracture. The volumetric “swelling” that occurs during redox is treated in constitutive modeling similarly to thermal expansion, but swelling strains are irreversible. This damage model was first validated through predictions of strength and stress-strain response for the SOFC ceramic electrode materials. Next, it has been applied to predict the potential for degradation in a generic planar SOFC stack with large active area cells. Multicell stack models were simulated in both co-flow and counter-flow configurations. In addition, a constant temperature redox cycle was also simulated to capture overall cell electrode damage due to volumetric swelling of the nickel (Ni)-based anode in the anode-supported cells.

Axelle Viré ◽  
Geert Lebesque ◽  
Mikko Folkersma ◽  
Roland Schmehl

Steady-state Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) simulations are performed for a leading-edge inflatable wing for airborne wind energy applications. Expanding on previous work where only the inflatable leading edge tube was considered, eight additional inflatable strut tubes that support the wing canopy are now included. The shape of the wing is considered to be constant. The influence of the strut tubes on the aerodynamic performance of the wing and the local flow field is assessed, considering flow configurations with and without side-slip. The simulations show that the aerodynamic performance of the wing decreases with increasing side-slip component of the inflow. On the other hand, the chordwise struts have little influence on the integral lift and drag of the wing, irrespective of the side-slip component. The overall flow characteristics are in good agreement with previous studies. In particular, it is confirmed that at a low Reynolds number of Re=10^5, a laminar separation bubble exists on the suction side of this hypothetical rigid wing shape with perfectly smooth surface. The destruction of this bubble at low angles of attack impacts negatively on the aerodynamic performance.

2021 ◽  
Vol 39 (5) ◽  
pp. 1590-1600
Md Nuruzzaman ◽  
William Pao ◽  
Faheem Ejaz ◽  
Hamdan Ya

When hot and cold fluids flow through a converging T-junction, rapid temperature fluctuations occur in the mixing region due to the thermal mixing of fluids. This temperature fluctuation causes thermal fatigue, which is responsible for the shortening of service life in a T-junction. Hence, the design of T-junction for thermal mixing requires not only superior mixing performance but minimize thermal fluctuation during mixing is also desirable. The objective of the present paper is to determine the thermal mixing performance at the mixing region of T-junction with two different flow configurations. Water, at different inlet temperatures, is used as a working medium and is assumed incompressible. Two types of flow configurations, namely intersecting and colliding regular T-junction with a sidearm pointing at 12 o’clock position have been evaluated in this paper. Realizable k-epsilon turbulence model was assumed, and its validity benchmarked against RANS and RSM-EB turbulence models. The thermal mixing efficiency of both flow configurations is calculated and compared. The results show that the thermal mixing efficiency of both intersecting and colliding mixing tee increases with the increase of distance and time. Intersecting tee shows higher temperature fluctuation than colliding tee at the mixing outlet, but colliding tee shows higher thermal mixing efficiency than intersecting mixing tee.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 41
Mohammed Azzam ◽  
Zabayyan Qaq ◽  
Mehmet F. Orhan

Bipolar plates play a major role in the overall performance of fuel cells, hence their proper design and optimization are essential. In this regard, pressure drop across bipolar plates has a major impact on the efficiency. Therefore, it is crucial to minimize the friction between the plate walls and the working fluid, with a proper flow configuration, to eliminate pressure drops. The study, involved the simulation of various modified pin-flow bipolar plate configurations where a comparative analysis was carried out. A parametric study was performed to optimize various designs and operating parameters such as fluid flow, velocity and pressure. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was employed for the numerical simulation to ensure the optimum uniformity of fluid distribution. Results showed that the pressure drop is proportional to the velocity magnitude in the laminar region. Moreover, the pressure drop was minimized by eliminating the sharp edges in the flow channels.

2021 ◽  
Vol 62 (10) ◽  
Francesca De Serio ◽  
Roni H. Goldshmid ◽  
Dan Liberzon ◽  
Michele Mossa ◽  
M. Eletta Negretti ◽  

AbstractThe present study has the main purpose to experimentally investigate a turbulent momentum jet issued in a basin affected by rotation and in presence of porous obstructions. The experiments were carried out at the Coriolis Platform at LEGI Grenoble (FR). A large and unique set of velocity data was obtained by means of a Particle Image Velocimetry measurement technique while varying the rotation rate of the tank and the density of the canopy. The main differences in jet behavior in various flow configurations were assessed in terms of mean flow, turbulent kinetic energy and jet spreading. The jet trajectory was also detected. The results prove that obstructions with increasing density and increased rotation rates induce a more rapid abatement of both jet velocity and turbulent kinetic energy. The jet trajectories can be scaled by a characteristic length, which is found to be a function of the jet initial momentum, the rotation rate, and the drag exerted by the obstacles. An empirical expression for the latter is also proposed and validated. Graphic abstract

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