attitude and motivation
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2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 152-173
Sarat Kumar Doley

Second language (L2) attitude and motivation-related studies focusing on differences caused by age have mostly highlighted the temporal dimension of L2 attitude and motivation. Age-related L2 motivation studies have also been gainfully employed at comparisons between L2 learners of different age groups recruited from different L2 learning environments. Such studies have not, however, attempted an analysis of the L2 attitudinal and motivational differences that may exist among L2 learners within a closer age range, e.g., 18 to 25 years. This article presents the findings of an L2 attitude and motivation survey, using a modified version of Dӧrnyei et al. (2006) and Ryan (2005), conducted among secondary, undergraduate, and postgraduate English as a second language (ESL) learners (N210) in India. It primarily presents a comparative analysis of the L2 attitudinal and motivational constructs of integrativeness, instrumentality, cultural interest, linguistic self-confidence, and L2 anxiety attested in the sample. Additionally, it offers a description of the correlation between the five L2 attitudinal and motivational constructs concerning the different ESL groups. As the ESL learners across the academic levels demonstrated ESL motivation more on the side of instrumentality, they also reported linguistic self-confidence more in the familiar environment of an L2 classroom than outside of it. Since better motivational strategies enhance learner dedication to the learning of a certain L2, an elaborated understanding of the specific differences in L2 attitude and motivation within this important age range should help design more useful and effective L2 pedagogical methods.

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (2) ◽  
pp. 1118-1128
Mahdatul Nufus ◽  
Sholeh Hidayat ◽  
Juhana Juhana

Tujuan Penelitian adalah untuk menganalisis hubungan sikap siswa terhadap mata pelajaran matematika pada siswa kelas IV, menganalisis hubungan motivasi  dengan hasil belajar matematika pada siswa kelas IV, dan menganalisis hubungan sikap dan motivasi belajar siswa dengan hasil belajar matematika siswa kelas IV SDN Pasanggrahan II. Sampel yang digunakan adalah 35 orang, yaitu kelas IV C. Variabel penelitian ini adalah bebas, yaitu Sikap Siswa ( X1 ) dan Motivasi Belajar (X2), sedangkan variabel terikatnya adalah hasil belajar matematika (Y). Pengukuran variabel dengan menggunakan skala likert untuk sikap dan motivasi serta tes PTS untuk hasil belajar matematika siswa. Hasil uji coba Reliabilitas untuk sikap 0,896, Reliabilitas untuk motivasi adalah 0,856, dan Reliabilitas untuk hasil belajar matematika diperoleh nilai sebesar 0,861. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1) bahwa korelasi sikap terhadap hasil belajar matematika menunjukkan angka 0,560, artinya terdapat hubungan yang positif antara variable sikap belajar terhadap hasil belajar matematika, (2) korelasi motivasi belajar terhadap hasil belajar matematika menunjukkan angka (-) 0,138. Artinya, hubungan antara motivasi belajar siswa  terhadap hasil belajar matematika siswa adalah “Sangat Rendah”. Sementara tanda minus pada angka korelasi menunjukkan bahwa korelasi berhubungan terbalik artinya bila nilai motivasi meningkat maka nilai hasil belajar matematika akan menurun begitu pula sebaliknya. Dari tabel ANOVA kita dapatkan FHitung = 3,929 > FTabel = 3,340, maka H0 ditolak dan menerima Ha yang artinya variable sikap belajar dan motivasi belajar siswa secara simultan berpengaruh terhadap hasil belajar siswa.

Sujata Kakoti ◽  
Sarat Kumar Doley ◽  

Recent studies showed that compared to practicing language skills in A stepwise manner over a period known as block practice, mixing the units of learning, and making them less predictable by presenting them randomly to the language learners, known as interleaving, may prove to be a more effective approach to language teaching (Finkbeiner&Nicol, 2003; Schneider et al., 1998, 2002; Miles, 2014; Nakata, 2015). This paper is an attempt at reporting the findings of a 24-day long experimental study on the pedagogical effect of the interleaving and block practice approach to language learning (speaking skill in the present context) on undergraduate English as a second (ESL) learner. The teaching experimentation was done online on 36 undergraduate learner participants at the School of Sciences in Tezpur University during the Autumn Semester, 2020-21. The interleaving group showed slightly better language pedagogical results in speaking skills in English than the block practice group. It is, however, stated that the difference in performance was not found to be statistically significant. The performance of the two groups across the four micro-skills of speaking in English identified as interaction, pronunciation, fluency & coherence, and vocabulary & grammar remained static within the duration of the experimentation. Additionally, the groups did not demonstrate any significant difference in their L2 attitude and motivation over time.

2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (02) ◽  
pp. 133
Rizki Parahita Anandi

This survey research was carried out to determine the students’ level of attitude and motivation towards Arabic language learning, as well as to determine the difference in their attitude and motivation based in their demography. Approximately 288 students of IAIN Salatiga have participated in this survey. A questionnaire was administered to the students to collect the data from the. The questionnaire is four-point likert scale that consist of 21 items. The data was then analyzed using Winstep from Rasch Model and IBS SPSS. The result showed that most students (65%) have moderate level of motivation and attitude towards Arabic language learning. The female students have higher motivation as compared to the male students; therefore, teachers should encourage the male students and help them in the Arabic courses. 

2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (3) ◽  
pp. 189-196
Evi Mulyaningsih ◽  
Feriyanto ◽  

A fire accident may happen at anytime and anywhere. Such an accident happened in 2017 on the campus of Bogor Agriculture University (IPB). It was caused by an electricity short circuit. In 2013, an electricity panel exploded in a building at Faletehan University campus. A fire accident is an imminent threat that will result in a great loss so that an occupational health and safety program to deal with fire risks needs to be implemented in an academic community and other public space. To find out the correlation between the set of knowledge, perception, attitude, and motivation and the fire risk control behaviour. A quantitative statistical analysis was conducted on cross-sectional. The research was carried out at the Falatehan campus from July to September 2021. data obtained from all members of the academic community at Faletehan University (2144 persons). Out of that population of 2144 respondents, 377 respondents were made as samples. Data obtained from answers in the questionnaires distributed among all respondents were processed with univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analyses. Each member of the set of knowledge, perception, attitude, and motivation is correlated with the fire risk control behaviour. Knowledge and fire risk control behaviour have an OR (odds ratio) of 2.193 and p-value of 0.0000. Perception and fire risk control behaviour have an OR of 1.962 and p-value of 0.001. Attitude and fire risk control behaviour have an OR of 1.785 and p-value of 0.006. Motivation and fire risk control behaviour have an OR of 1.962 and p-value of 0.001. The dominating factor associated with the fire risk control behaviour is motivation with an OR of 2,538 and p-value of 0.000 on their relationship. Knowledge, perception, attitude, and motivation are strongly correlated with fire risks control behaviour. Suggestions: The top management of Faletehan University needs to maintain the motivation of all its academic community members in fire risk control behaviour and to strengthen occupational health and safety programs related to fire safety.

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 57-65
Kukuh Mujiono ◽  
Katmini Katmini

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause disease in humans and animals. The disease is mainly spread between people through respiratory droplets from coughs and sneezes. The design of this study is a quantitative analytic study with a cross sectional approach with the focus of the research being directed to analyze the influence of knowledge, attitudes and motivation on compliance with the Covid 19 pandemic health protocol in the community in Banter Village, Benjeng District, Gresik Regency. with a population of a number164 respondents and a sample of 116 respondents who were taken using the simple random sampling technique. Data analysis using Linear Regression test. Based on the results of the analysis multiple linear regression shows that with a p-value of 0.000 <0.05, H1 is accepted, so it can be concluded that simultaneously it exists the influence of knowledge, attitudes and motivation on compliance with the Covid 19 pandemic health protocol in the community in Banter Village, Benjeng District, Gresik Regency with a magnitude of 80.1%.It is hoped that the community can comply with health protocols as appropriate which must use standard masks, maintain distance and be diligent in washing hands with soap. That way it can reduce the risk of spreading the Covid-19 virus.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (3) ◽  
pp. 265
Nur Chabibah ◽  
Rini Kristiyanti ◽  
Milatun Khanifah ◽  
Anis Sofiana

Indonesia produces one million tons of garbage per day. The impact on health is to become a breeding ground for organisms that cause disease, poison animals and plants that are consumed by humans. Therefore, high public awareness is needed in the joint responsibility in waste management. This responsibility will be formed if each individual has the knowledge, attitude and motivation in waste management. The research aims to determine the effect of knowledge, attitudes and motivation on sorting and processing waste. The study was observational analytic with cross-sectional approach, which analyzed factors of knowledge, attitudes and motivations that influenced the behavior of household organic waste sorting and processing. The population in this study were all family heads in 05 residents of Podo Village, Kedungwuni District, Pekalongan Regency. The sampling technique uses cluster random sampling, with a large sample of 57 households. Data collection using questionnaires with interview techniques. Analysis of the data in this study using chi square with the level of significance used in this test was p-value <0.05 on 95% confidence interventions. The results of statistical analysis there is the influence of knowledge on the behavior of household heads in conducting the behavior of waste sorting, (p-value = -0.048; CI -0.228 s.d -0.449). The influence of attitudes and on the behavior of family heads in conducting the behavior of waste sorting (p-value = 0.002; CI -0.423 to 0.076). Influence of motivation and on the behavior of household heads in conducting waste sorting behavior (p-value = 0.027; CI-0313 s.d 0.050). But there is no influence of knowledge on the behavior of family heads in conducting the behavior of waste management, (p-value = 0.174; CI-0.006 to 0.174). The influence of attitudes on the behavior of family heads in conducting the behavior of waste management, (p-value = 0.034; CI-0.007 to 0.257). The influence of motivation on the behavior of the head of the family in conducting the behavior of garbage processing, (p-value = 0.034; CI -0.257 to 0.007). It was concluded that there is an influence of knowledge, attitude and motivation about sorting and processing of rubbish on the behavior of sorting and processing of household waste.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (10) ◽  
pp. 490-499
Siti Hamin Stapa ◽  
Kesumawati A Bakar ◽  
Fuzirah Hashim

There is no denying that palm oil industry has long been the backbone of Malaysia's economy. It is an industry that continues to be relevant in order to meet both local and global demand for edible oil and biofuel markets. The idea that the industry holds no appeal for youth is a common belief frequently shared by the youth themselves, as well as other stakeholders in agriculture. The key to engaging Malaysian youth and to increase their participation is to first understand their attitude and motivation towards the oil palm sector. This is the first step in understanding the factors underlying their motivation and gauging their level of engagement towards the sector. A set of questionnaires was distributed to 50 FELDA respondents followed by a focus group interview of 5 FELDA youth. Our qualitative data gauged the level of FELDA youth engagement through attitudinal resources while the survey measured the categorical and ordinal level of 8 industry constructs with variables such as gender, age, and education level. In general, the findings revealed insights into palm oil industry’s strengths and weaknesses in relation to positive and negative attitude, motivation, and engagement of FELDA youth towards the sector.

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (2) ◽  
Nyein Moh Moh Myint ◽  
Sa Sa Aung

Background: Family planning is achieved by using contraceptive methods and the treatment of involuntary infertility. In Myanmar, although the contraceptive prevalence rate is increasing, it still needs to reach 60% in family planning 2020 commitment. This review is aimed to explore the determinants that can improve or inhibit contraceptive usage among Myanmar women. Methods: 88 articles are found through searching in PubMed, Scopus, EBSCO and ProQuest. Nine articles which meet inclusion and exclusion criteria are selected. Results: Four main themes emerged. These are socio-demographic factors (age, level of education, marital duration, number of living children, religion, occupation, income), cognitive factors (knowledge), affective factors (attitude and motivation including support from health care providers, family, friend as well as husband and health education) and availability of service (distance form health care place, service available for 24 hours, cost). Conclusion: The findings will be supported to information about the needs and gaps in implementing family planning. It is recommended that knowledge on determinants of family planning is helpful to improve family planning program in both urban and rural communities.

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