The Malaysian Journal of Nursing
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Published By Lincoln University College

2462-246x, 2231-7007
Updated Friday, 31 December 2021

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Sheilomay A. Majait ◽  
Berna B. Sallave ◽  
Pearl Irish V. De Paz

Introduction: Nursing has been referred as a “caring profession” that requires the practitioner to exhibit and convey the art of caring which has also been the mind setting inculcated among nursing professionals in the community health setting. Hence, the study aimed to determine the caring behaviors and the quality of nursing care rendered by community health nurses. Methods: The study applied a quantitative correlational-predictive research design. A purposive sampling was employed to identify the 100 respondents who were nurses assigned in the different community healthcare facilities and centers of the different barangays in the Municipality of Biliran, Philippines. The self-administered questionnaires were distributed among the respondents. To analyze the data, descriptive statistics such as mean and weighted mean were used. Likewise, the regression analysis was also used to determine which of the caring factors predicts the quality of care. Results: The seven caring behaviors were highly evident among the community health nurses and a good quality of nursing care was reported. Likewise, all the seven caring behavior predicts the quality of nursing care. Conclusion: The outcome was found to be positive for the overall standard of treatment. The research concluded that the overall level of treatment revealed is predicted by caring behaviors.


2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Derison Marsinova Bakara ◽  
Kurniyati Kurniyati

Introduction: Peripheral arterial disease often occurs in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Peripheral arterial disease in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus occurs due to decreased blood circulation in the lower extremities. Looking at the value of the ankle-brachial index is one of the actions that can be taken to detect peripheral arterial disease. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a foot exercise intervention on the ankle-brachial index value of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Methods: This research was a quantitative research with a pre-experimental design, with one pre-test and post-test design. The research was carried out at Rejang Lebong Hospital from August to November 2020. The number of samples used in this study were 35 patients experiencing type 2 diabetes mellitus for more than five years. The analysis used in this study was the Wilcoxon test. Results: The results showed a difference in the mean of the ankle-brachial index before (1.02) and after (1.12) the intervention. Thus, there was an increase of 0.10 in the average value of the ankle-brachial index. The analysis result of this study showed the value of p = 0.001 (p<0.05). Conclusion: Foot exercise can be used as an alternative intervention to increase the value of the ankle-brachial index in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.


2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Chong Kar Lim ◽  
Chang Woan Ching ◽  
Leow Jing Jun ◽  
Ling Yun

Background: It is a concern in meeting patients’ needs with a high prevalence of dementia across the world. However, dementia care has always been neglected. Nurses are expected to be capable of being able to care for people with dementia. Purpose: This study aims to determine the level of knowledge and attitude on dementia care and their association among nurses at a private hospital. Methods: This is a quantitative cross-sectional study. A self-administered questionnaire using Dementia Knowledge Assessment Scale (DKAS) and Dementia Attitude Scale (DAS) were adopted in the study. In this study, a simple random sampling method was used to recruit 102 nurses. Results: Findings show that nurses have poor knowledge (M=23.59, SD=6.79) but with a positive attitude (M=98.99, SD=12.08) on dementia care. There is no association between level of knowledge and attitude in dementia care (p> .05) among nurses. Conclusions: The educators, policy makers and administrators in healthcare settings are recommended to provide a support system and training strategy for nurses to improve their knowledge in caring for patients with dementia. Future study may be considered to examine the influencing factors and barriers related to dementia care.


2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Sahar Wasfy ◽  
Rahma Soliman ◽  
Ebtisam El-Sayed ◽  
Basma Mahmoud

Introduction: Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura is an autoimmune blood disorder associated with decrease platelets level less than normal, which may result in bleeding occurrence. The actual cause is unknown. It may be progressive if untreated, but may remit spontaneously for several years. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of health educational program on nurses’ performance for children with Idiopathic-Thrombocytopenic-Purpura. Methods: The study was Quasi- experimental research design used for 50 nurses working at Pediatric Hematology Unit of Tanta University Hospital and Pediatric Hematology Unit of Al- Mabra Tanta Hospital. Two Tools were used to collect required data: structured interview schedule to collect biosocial data of nurses and observational check list regarding nursing practice. Results: The present study-represented that, three quarter of nurses had poor-knowledge and all of them had unsatisfactory level of practice before the-educational-program-implementation. While immediately and after one month from the implementation of the program the total-scores-of-nurses' knowledge and practice improved. Conclusion: There was a-significant improvement in nursing knowledge and practice in relation to nursing care for children with Idiopathic-Thrombocytopenic-Purpura. Recommendations: In-service-training program should be conducted periodically for nurses' teaching the basic knowledge and clinical skills.


2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Joel Rey Acob ◽  
Moises Neil V. Seriño ◽  
Reyvin N. Sabanal ◽  
Therese C. Ratilla ◽  
Elwin Jay Yu ◽  
...  

Background: The increasing COVID-19 cases worldwide ignite pharmaceutical companies’ effort to discover safe vaccines have been eyed globally. Informed perspectives across medical profession explaining beneficial effects of inoculation, however, various personal views persist which lead to confusion among general public. Objectives: To describe demographic characteristics among education institutions and their willingness to be vaccinated. Methods: Data were collected by google forms, in February 2021. The online form was then pre-tested on 10 respondents to refine questions prior to commencing the survey. Convenience sampling was administered for the selection of voluntary respondents. Data cleaning was done prior to the data analysis. Recoding of string variables and omittion of invalid responses were also done. Descriptive statistics was undertaken in a genuine licensed software of IBM SPSS Statistics version 26. Results: A total of 401 respondents answered the survey. More than half of the respondents are female constituting 62.1% of the sample, whereas males constitute 37.9%, mostly faculty members, single (63.1%), earning 20,000 (54.2%) per month. More than half of the respondents are willing to get vaccinated against COVID-19 (54.6%) and have no preference for a specific type of COVID-19 vaccine (54.9%). Around 30.4% are still unsure if they should get vaccinated or not and 15% have indicated negatively. Comparing both sexes, a larger frequency of males is willing to get vaccinated constituting 69.1% and females (45.8%). Conclusion: Males showed more willingness to be inoculated regardless of COVID-19 vaccine types. Education and continuous campaign on the importance of vaccination program is a must to increase success rate to end the health crisis.


2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Nining Wuri Lestari ◽  
Setyawati Soeharto ◽  
Dwi Windarwati

Background: Caring for people with post-pasung (post seclusion and restraint of patient) mental disorders can provide special experience for families who act as caregivers. Objective: To explore family experiences in rehabilitating people with post-pasung mental disorders in Trenggalek Regency. Methods: This research is a qualitative research with an interpretive phenomenological approach. Data were obtained through in-depth interviews using semi-structured interview guidelines. Participants in this study were twelve in number who treated people with post-pasung mental disorders in Trenggalek Regency. Results: Analysis of data using IPA (Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis), found eight themes, namely having compassion for patients, having the responsibility of caring for patients, repaying the kindness of patients and others who have helped, having the hope that patients can recover, feel the need to supervise the independence of patients, realize the condition of mental patients, resigned to accept, thankful that the patient can improve and upset. Conclusion: Family is a determinant of the success of rehabilitation in people with post-pasung mental disorders. Family compassion and attention support the patient's recovery. The family hopes that the patient can recover and be independent in self-care, take medicine and work so that it does not depend on the family. This study produced eight themes and answered the research objectives.


2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Sazan Bahram Ahmed ◽  
Awaz Aziz Saeed

Background: Pre-menstrual syndrome are recurrent trouble with both physical and emotional symptoms that develop 7–14 days before the onset of menstruation and subsides when menstruation occurs. Methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted in intermediate and secondary schools at Kurdistan region from 1st January 2018 to 15th January 2019, to identify the effectiveness of health educational program on adolescent student's knowledge and practices regarding premenstrual syndrome. A purposive sample of 200 students aged 13-20 years were selected. A questionnaire format was constructed. Two hundred students were interviewed to participate in the study and divided into two groups. Educational program was done for intervention group. Data analysis was done through the use of statistical package of social science, version 23. Results: The overall students' knowledge concerning premenstrual syndrome after implementation of educational intervention improved and the percentage increased from (24.1%) at pre-test to (56.3%) at post-test, while the percentage was not improved in comparison group. Conclusion: The results revealed the effectiveness of the program in improving the knowledge and practices of students in intervention group. The study recommends to Ministry of education have to put educational programs regarding premenstrual syndrome must be included in the curriculum of school.


2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Norazilah Khalip ◽  
Khairil Anuar Mohd Isa ◽  
Norizan Masri ◽  
Haliza Abdul Rahman ◽  
Nooraziah Jalil ◽  
...  

This study aims to identify the knowledge and attitude towards breast self-examination among undergraduate nursing students in the public university at Peninsular Malaysia. The method used in the study is a cross-sectional descriptive study that was conducted among 188 undergraduate students studied in a public university at Peninsular Malaysia. The level of knowledge and attitude of breast self-examination (BSE) measured using self-administered questionnaires. All data were analyzed using SPSS Statistics 23.0 for Windows. The result of the study showed 33% of respondents had experienced BSE. 79.3% of respondents have good knowledge of cancer breast and BSE. 86.7% of respondents know about BSE and 35.1% of respondents had a positive attitude towards BSE. The educational level was found to have a significant relationship with an overall knowledge of breast cancer and BSE (p >0.001), and attitude towards BSE (p >0.001) and breast self-examination experienced (p >0.001). In conclusion, nursing students had good knowledge of breast cancer but they had not experienced BSE and have a negative attitude in practising BSE. An intervention should be designed to enhance nursing students’ proficiency in performing BSE.


2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Manisha Devi Saklani ◽  
Mini George ◽  
Sarita Nadiya

Background: Ventilated patients with chronic liver diseases are at more risk of developing gingival bleeding and oral mucosal lesion. Purposes: The objective of the present study is to evaluate the Effectiveness of a Need Based Oral Care Protocol on Oral Health Status, Occurrence and Progression of Pneumonia among ventilated patients. Methods: Quasi experimental time series design was used. Fifty ventilated patients were randomly allocated to study (n=27) and comparison (n=23) groups. Severity of illness was assessed by APACHE II score. Occurrence of Pneumonia was assessed using Microbiological profile. The CPIS score was assessed for assessing Progression of Pneumonia and to rule out HAP. Need for oral care and Oral Health Status was assessed daily in terms of frequency of oral care as assessed by MBOAS score. Need based Oral care as per American Association of Critical Care Nurse was provided by the researcher to the patients in the study group. Comparison group received routine oral care as per the existing guidelines by the staff on duty. Assessment of the oral health status was done using MBOAS. Results: The findings related to Oral Health Status showed that the mean MBOAS scores differed significantly (F=5.82, P =0.001), across the time; and across the groups over time (F=19.16, p=0.001). The results of Microbiological Profile revealed that the most common causative organism for VAP in both the Study and Comparison group on day three as well as on day six were Klebsiella Pneumonia, Staphylococcus, Acinetobacter Baumanni, Pseudomonas and gram-negative bacteria. In terms of occurrence of Pneumonia there was statistically significant difference found between the groups on day three (?2= 5.83, p=0.05) and on day six (?2= 7.40, p=0.02). There was significant difference seen between the groups in the Progression of Pneumonia with time from day 1 to 6 (F=39.90; p=0.001), and also across the groups over time (F=5.14, p=0.03). A significant relationship (r=0.66, p=


2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Nur Fakhriyah Razali ◽  
Nur Adibah Solihin Sulaiman

Leukemia is cancer that begins to develop in blood cells, producing abnormal cells. Depression is the most common symptom encountered by leukemia patients. Depression experienced by leukemia patients is not the same as that experienced by normal people daily, and it affects different aspects of quality of life (QOL). Aim: This study is designed to determine the level of depression and quality of life among leukemia patients at a teaching university in Kelantan, Malaysia. Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional design was conducted among leukemia patients at a teaching hospital in Kelantan, Malaysia, using self-administered questionnaires. A total of 40 patients was selected using a random sampling technique. Results: Most of the participants in this study had a higher level of depression (87.5%). However, the overalls level of quality of life in this study was good with the highest mean of domain scales. Conclusion and Recommendations: The study results can be used as baseline information to determine the level of depression and level of quality of life among leukemia patients in Malaysia health care settings. Nurses play an essential role in helping leukemia patients manage their depression not to affect their quality of life.


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