protein profile
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Rubia M. Martin ◽  
Michael S. Bereman ◽  
Kurt C. Marsden

AbstractExposure to cyanotoxins has been linked to neurodegenerative diseases, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Alzheimer’s, and Parkinson’s disease. While the cyanotoxin β-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) has received much attention, cyanobacteria produce many cyanotoxic compounds, several of which have been detected in nature alongside BMAA, including 2,4-diaminobutyric acid (2,4-DAB) and N-(2-aminoethyl)glycine (AEG). Thus, the question of whether 2,4-DAB and AEG also cause neurotoxic effects in vivo is of great interest, as is the question of whether they interact to enhance toxicity. Here, we evaluate the toxic and neurotoxic effects of these cyanotoxins alone or in combination by measuring zebrafish larval viability and behavior after exposure. 2,4-DAB was the most potent cyanotoxin as it decreased larval viability by approximately 50% at 6 days post fertilization, while BMAA and AEG decreased viability by just 16% and 8%, respectively. Although we only observed minor neurotoxic effects on spontaneous locomotion, BMAA and AEG enhanced acoustic startle sensitivity, and they interacted in an additive manner to exert their effects. 2,4-DAB; however, only modulated startle kinematics, an indication of motor dysfunction. To investigate the mechanisms of 2,4-DAB’s effects, we analyzed the protein profile of larval zebrafish exposed to 500 µM 2,4-DAB at two time points and identified molecular signatures consistent with neurodegeneration, including disruption of metabolic pathways and downregulation of the ALS-associated genes SOD1 and UBQLN4. Together, our data demonstrate that BMAA and its isomers AEG and 2,4-DAB cause neurotoxic effects in vivo, with 2,4-DAB as the most potent of the three in the zebrafish model.

Anuj Pandey ◽  
Sana Sarkar ◽  
Sanjeev Kumar Yadav ◽  
Smriti Singh Yadav ◽  
Saripella Srikrishna ◽  

Data in Brief ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 107796
Victoria V. Yurchenko ◽  
Alexey A. Morozov ◽  
Roman A. Fedorov ◽  
Ludmila G. Bakina ◽  
Victor G. Zgoda ◽  

2022 ◽  
Priya Ghodasara ◽  
Nana Satake ◽  
Pawel Sadowski ◽  
Steven Kopp ◽  
Paul C. Mills

SWATH-MS provides comprehensive protein profile of cattle plasma in response to tissue injury induced pain and inflammation.

2022 ◽  
Vol 144 ◽  
pp. 10-17
Emanuelle G. Machado ◽  
Nerilson M. Lima ◽  
Maria Patricia Nascimento ◽  
Heberson T. Silva ◽  
Cleonice Aparecida Souza ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 50 (12) ◽  
pp. 3667-3681
Ambreen Tauseef ◽  
Asima Karim ◽  
Gulfam Ahmad ◽  
Qurratulann Afza Gardner ◽  
Muhammad Waheed Akhtar

This study aimed to characterize differentially expressed proteins in malignant ovarian tissue to find out potential novel biomarkers in ovarian cancer (OC). We enrolled 20 ovarian cancer patients (40-65 years) and an equal number of age-matched healthy women to get malignant and healthy ovarian tissue samples for protein extraction and quantification after tissue lysis. The protein profile was analyzed using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis followed by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Based on the information thus obtained, the proteins were identified using the relevant software and protein databank to analyze the malignant and non-malignant ovarian tissue samples (n = 20/group). In this proteomic analysis of the ovarian tissue, 112 proteins were detected. Based on a minimum of ≥ 1.5-fold expression difference (p-value ≤ 0.05; FDR ≤ 0.05 and PMF ≥ 79), 17 proteins were found to be upregulated while 27 were downregulated in the malignant ovarian tissue. Six of these proteins have not been previously reported in ovarian cancer. Out of these, three are upregulated while the other three are downregulated. The upregulated proteins are centrosomal protein of 290 kDa (Cep290), uncharacterized protein C1orf109 (C1orf109) and GTPase-activating Rap/Ran-GAP domain-like protein 3 (GARNL3), and the three downregulated proteins identified are actin-related protein 3 (ARP3), cytosolic carboxypeptidase 3 (AGBL3) and NADH dehydrogenase [ubiquinone] 1 alpha subcomplex subunit 10 (NDUFA10). This proteomic mapping not only provides data on protein profiling of ovarian cancer in Pakistani population for the first time but also reports six novel differentially expressed proteins, which have not been previously reported in ovarian cancer patients. They may serve as potential novel biomarkers after further validation for early diagnosis and prognosis of ovarian cancer. It also provides additional data to improve existing knowledge of already reported protein ovarian cancer biomarkers.

Gabriela Barbosa Rossi ◽  
Siluana Katia Tischer Seraglio ◽  
Tuany Camila Honaiser ◽  
Isabela Maia Toaldo ◽  
Ana Carolina de Oliveira Costa ◽  

Membranes ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 53
Kelsey O’Dowd ◽  
Laura Sánchez ◽  
Jennifer Ben Salem ◽  
Francis Beaudry ◽  
Neda Barjesteh

During viral respiratory infections, the innate antiviral response engages a complex network of cells and coordinates the secretion of key antiviral factors, such as cytokines, which requires high levels of regulation and communication. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are particles released from cells that contain an array of biomolecules, including lipids, proteins, and RNAs. The contents of EVs can be influenced by viral infections and may play a role in the regulation of antiviral responses. We hypothesized that the contents of EVs released from chicken tracheal cells are influenced by viral infection and that these EVs regulate the function of other immune cells, such as macrophages. To this end, we characterized the protein profile of EVs during avian influenza virus (AIV) infection and evaluated the impact of EV stimulation on chicken macrophage functions. A total of 140 differentially expressed proteins were identified upon stimulation with various stimuli. These proteins were shown to be involved in immune responses and cell signaling pathways. In addition, we demonstrated that EVs can activate macrophages. These results suggest that EVs play a role in the induction and modulation of antiviral responses during viral respiratory infections in chickens.

Long Miao ◽  
Juan Zhang ◽  
Lihong Yin ◽  
Yuepu Pu

Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is a global occupational disease affecting health. To date, genetic polymorphism studies on NIHL have been performed extensively. However, the proteomic profiles in the cochleae of mice suffering noise damage remain unclear. The goal of this current study was to perform a comprehensive investigation on characterizing protein expression changes in the cochlea based on a mouse model of NIHL using tandem mass tag (TMT)-labeling quantitative proteomics, and to reveal the potential biomarkers and pathogenesis of NIHL. Male C57BL/6J mice were exposed to noise at 120 dB SPL for 4 h to construct the NIHL mouse model. The levels of MDA and SOD, and the production of proinflammatory cytokines including TNF-α and IL-6 in the mice cochleae, were determined using chemical colorimetrical and ELISA kits. Moreover, differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were validated using Western blotting. The mouse model showed that the ABR thresholds at frequencies of 4, 8, 12, 16, 24 and 32 kHz were significantly increased, and outer hair cells (HCs) showed a distinct loss in the noise-exposed mice. Proteomics analysis revealed that 221 DEPs were associated with NIHL. Bioinformatics analysis showed that a set of key inflammation and autophagy-related DEPs (ITGA1, KNG1, CFI, FGF1, AKT2 and ATG5) were enriched in PI3K/AKT, ECM-receptor interaction, and focal adhesion pathways. The results revealed that the MDA level was significantly increased, but the activity of SOD decreased in noise-exposed mice compared to the control mice. Moreover, TNF-α and IL-6 were significantly increased in the noise-exposed mice. Western blotting revealed that the expression levels of ITGA1, KNG1, and CFI were upregulated, but FGF1, AKT2, and ATG5 were significantly downregulated in noise-exposed mice. This study provides new scientific clues about the future biomarkers and pathogenesis studies underlying NIHL. Furthermore, the findings suggest that the validated DEPs may be valuable biomarkers of NIHL, and inflammation and autophagy may be pivotal mechanisms that underlie NIHL.

2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  
Tran Thi Quynh Lan ◽  
Tran Trong Kha

Two groups of hens (control and immunization group) were arranged in an experimental design with an immunization schedule of 3 injections of BSA antigen. IgY antibodies were extracted from egg yolks by two precipitation processes (chloroform and polyethylene glycol precipitates) and quantified using a standard curve of protein concentration. The purification of IgYwas confirmed by SDS-PAGE. Total protein extracted from egg yoks were less contaminated with yellow pigments (lutein and zeaxanthin) by using chloroform precipitate. The 2nd week post-immunization, IgY concentration increased respectively to 3903 ± 726 μ (chloroform extraction process) and 2937 ± 294 μ (PEG extraction process) (P < 0.01). After 3rdimmunization, IgY level obtaining from in immunization group extracted by chloroform process (6633 ± 1166 μ increased 2.7 times higher than that in control group (2482 ± 414 μ Whereas IgY concentrations obtained from PEG extraction process were not significantly different between the experimental group and control group. Chloroform and PEG precipitation methods had the same protein profile on the SDSPAGE. IgY antibody was identified by the presence of bands corresponding with IgY heavy chain (67-70 kDa) and IgY light chain (25 kDa) for both precipitation processes.

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