common bean
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Author(s):  
Itamar R. Teixeira ◽  
Paulo R. Lopes ◽  
Westefann S. Sousa ◽  
Gisele C. da S. Teixeira

ABSTRACT The response capacity of the bean to fix atmospheric nitrogen is questionable, mainly due to its inability to supply all the nitrogen in the flowering and grain filling phases when the crop needs it most. Thus, a new application of inoculant can keep the population of rhizobia in the soil at adequate levels, meeting all the nitrogen demands of the plant. This study aimed to investigate the nodulation capacity and the production of beans submitted to doses and reinoculation of Rhizobium in topdressing under field conditions in two growth stages. For this, an experiment was conducted using a randomized block design with four replicates in a 4 × 2 + 2 factorial scheme. The treatments consisted of the application of four doses of liquid inoculant containing Rhizobium tropici (SEMIA 4088), in the concentration 2 × 109 CFU g-1, in topdressing (0, 100, 200 and 400 mL ha-1), in two development stages (V4 and R5) of plants, and two additional treatments (inoculation via seed at a dose of 100 g of the product per 50 kg of seeds and mineral nitrogen fertilization at a dose of 16 kg ha-1 applied at sowing and 60 kg ha-1 in topdressing, divided into two stages, with half being applied at the stage V3 and the other half in V4 stage).The inoculant application increased the nodulation rates of bean cultivar BRS Cometa and the dry biomass produced by plants, using doses of 232 and 221 mL ha-1, respectively. The dose of 257mL ha-1 of the liquid inoculant applied in topdressing at the V4 stage, and the inoculation via seed provide greater common bean yield without supplementing mineral nitrogen.


2022 ◽  
Vol 43 (2) ◽  
pp. 855-868
Author(s):  
Hugo Franciscon ◽  
◽  
Neumárcio Vilanova da Costa ◽  
Priscila Weber Franciscon ◽  
Edmar Soares de Vasconcelos ◽  
...  

The supply of nitrogen (N) to the carioca bean plant via inoculation with Rhizobium tropici can prevent competition with the weed community by allowing the crop to absorb the nutrient available in the soil. On this basis, this study proposes to examine the period before weed interference (PBI) in the carioca bean plant following inoculation with R. tropici or N topdressing. The experiments were carried out under field conditions during the summer seasons of 2014 and 2015. A randomized-block experimental design with four replicates was adopted, in a 2 × 11 factorial arrangement (common bean plant inoculated or topdressed with N × 11 periods of coexistence with weeds, namely, 0, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 49, 56, 63, or 90 days after emergence [DAE]). Nitrogen topdressing increased the crop's tolerance to coexist with weeds from 6 to 14 DAE, compared with inoculation with R. tropici The PBI for the inoculated common bean plant was 24 and 16 DAE in the years 2014 and 2015, respectively. For the N-topdressed plant, the PBI was 30 DAE in both years.


2022 ◽  
Vol 133 ◽  
pp. 126434
Author(s):  
Ludmilla Ferreira Justino ◽  
Rafael Battisti ◽  
Luis Fernando Stone ◽  
Alexandre Bryan Heinemann

Author(s):  
Daniele M. Nascimento ◽  
Letícia R. Oliveira ◽  
Luana L. Melo ◽  
Marcos R. Ribeiro-Junior ◽  
João C. Silva ◽  
...  
Keyword(s):  

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Qi Zhang ◽  
Jing Geng ◽  
Yanli Du ◽  
Qiang Zhao ◽  
Wenjing Zhang ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) is an essential crop with high economic value. The growth of this plant is sensitive to environmental stress. Heat shock factor (Hsf) is a family of antiretroviral transcription factors that regulate plant defense system against biotic and abiotic stress. To date, few studies have identified and bio-analyzed Hsfs in common bean. Results In this study, 30 Hsf transcription factors (PvHsf1–30) were identified from the PFAM database. The PvHsf1–30 belonged to 14 subfamilies with similar motifs, gene structure and cis-acting elements. The Hsf members in Arabidopsis, rice (Oryza sativa), maize (Zea mays) and common bean were classified into 14 subfamilies. Collinearity analysis showed that PvHsfs played a role in the regulation of responses to abiotic stress. The expression of PvHsfs varied across different tissues. Moreover, quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) revealed that most PvHsfs were differentially expressed under cold, heat, salt and heavy metal stress, indicating that PvHsfs might play different functions depending on the type of abiotic stress. Conclusions In this study, we identified 30 Hsf transcription factors and determined their location, motifs, gene structure, cis-elements, collinearity and expression patterns. It was found that PvHsfs regulates responses to abiotic stress in common bean. Thus, this study provides a basis for further analysis of the function of PvHsfs in the regulation of abiotic stress in common bean.


Irriga ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 1 (4) ◽  
pp. 687-695
Author(s):  
Carlos Quiloango-Chimarro ◽  
Rubens Duarte Coelho ◽  
Jéfferson de Oliveira Costa ◽  
Rafael Gomez-Arrieta

The crop water stress index (CWSI), an index derived from canopy temperature, has been widely studied as a physiological indicator of plant water status to optimize irrigation in common beans. However, it is not clear how this index could contribute to yield prediction as a decision support tool in irrigation management. This paper aimed to use the CWSI for predicting yield loss in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) subjected to water stress under drip irrigation. A rain shelter experiment was conducted using a completely randomized design with five replications. The indeterminate growth cultivar TAA Dama was subjected to three irrigation treatments: 100% of the field capacity (FC), 75 and 50% FC from 20 days after sowing (DAS) until the end of the crop cycle. Grain yield was reduced by 42% under 50% FC treatment. Furthermore, stomatal conductance was reduced under this treatment, whereas the CWSI and canopy temperature increased as irrigation levels decreased. The relationship between grain yield and CWSI (R2=0.76, RSME=2.35g) suggests that canopy temperature data could be used to forecast grain yield losses. In conclusion, farmers can have a low-cost, effective technique for making water management decisions in common bean.


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