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Diagnosis of COVID-19 pneumonia using patients’ chest X-Ray images is new but yet important task in the field of medicine. Researchers from different parts of the globe have developed many deep learning models to classify COVID-19. The performance of feature extraction and classifier plays a vital role in the recognizing the different patterns in the image. The pivotal process is the extraction of optimum features from the chest X-Ray images. The main goal of this study is to design an efficient hybrid algorithm that integrates the robustness of MobileNet (using transfer learning approach) to extract features and Support Vector Machine (SVM) to classify COVID-19. Experiments were conducted to test the proposed algorithm and it was found to have a high classification accuracy of 95%.


Author(s):  
Malathy Jawahar ◽  
L. Jani Anbarasi ◽  
Prassanna Jayachandran ◽  
Manikandan Ramachandran ◽  
Fadi Al-Turjman

Diagnosis of COVID-19 pneumonia using patients’ chest X-Ray images is new but yet important task in the field of medicine. Researchers from different parts of the globe have developed many deep learning models to classify COVID-19. The performance of feature extraction and classifier plays a vital role in the recognizing the different patterns in the image. The pivotal process is the extraction of optimum features from the chest X-Ray images. The main goal of this study is to design an efficient hybrid algorithm that integrates the robustness of MobileNet (using transfer learning approach) to extract features and Support Vector Machine (SVM) to classify COVID-19. Experiments were conducted to test the proposed algorithm and it was found to have a high classification accuracy of 95%.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Isin Surekcigil Pesch ◽  
Eva Bestelink ◽  
Olivier de Sagazan ◽  
Adnan Mehonic ◽  
Radu A. Sporea

AbstractArtificial neural networks (ANNs) providing sophisticated, power-efficient classification are finding their way into thin-film electronics. Thin-film technologies require robust, layout-efficient devices with facile manufacturability. Here, we show how the multimodal transistor’s (MMT’s) transfer characteristic, with linear dependence in saturation, replicates the rectified linear unit (ReLU) activation function of convolutional ANNs (CNNs). Using MATLAB, we evaluate CNN performance using systematically distorted ReLU functions, then substitute measured and simulated MMT transfer characteristics as proxies for ReLU. High classification accuracy is maintained, despite large variations in geometrical and electrical parameters, as CNNs use the same activation functions for training and classification.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Carla Sanchis-Segura ◽  
Naiara Aguirre ◽  
Álvaro Javier Cruz-Gómez ◽  
Sonia Félix ◽  
Cristina Forn

Abstract Previous studies have shown that machine-learning (ML) algorithms can “predict” sex based on brain anatomical/ functional features. The high classification accuracy achieved by ML algorithms is often interpreted as revealing large differences between the brains of males and females and as confirming the existence of “male/female brains”. However, classification and estimation are quite different concepts, and using classification metrics as surrogate estimates of between-group differences results in major statistical and interpretative distortions. The present study illustrates these distortions and provides a novel and detailed assessment of multivariate sex differences in gray matter volume (GMVOL) that does not rely on classification metrics. Moreover, modeling and clustering techniques and analyses of similarities (ANOSIM) were used to identify the brain areas that contribute the most to these multivariate differences, and to empirically assess whether they assemble into two sex-typical profiles. Results revealed that multivariate sex differences in GMVOL: 1) are “large” if not adjusted for total intracranial volume (TIV) variation, but “small” when controlling for this variable; 2) differ in size between individuals and also depends on the ML algorithm used for their calculation 3) do not stem from two sex-typical profiles, and so describing them in terms of “male/female brains” is misleading.


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (21) ◽  
pp. 10373
Author(s):  
Zichen Lu ◽  
Jiabin Jiang ◽  
Pin Cao ◽  
Yongying Yang

Due to the imperfect assembly process, the unqualified assembly of a missing gasket or lead seal will affect the product’s performance and possibly cause safety accidents. Machine vision method based on deep learning has been widely used in quality inspection. Semi-supervised learning (SSL) has been applied in training deep learning models to reduce the burden of data annotation. The dataset obtained from the production line tends to be class-imbalanced because the assemblies are qualified in most cases. However, most SSL methods suffer from lower performance in class-imbalanced datasets. Therefore, we propose a new semi-supervised algorithm that achieves high classification accuracy on the class-imbalanced assembly dataset with limited labeled data. Based on the mean teacher algorithm, the proposed algorithm uses certainty to select reliable teacher predictions for student learning dynamically, and loss functions are modified to improve the model’s robustness against class imbalance. Results show that when only 10% of the total data are labeled, and the imbalance rate is 5.3, the proposed method can improve the accuracy from 85.34% to 93.67% compared to supervised learning. When the amount of annotated data accounts for 20%, the accuracy can reach 98.83%.


2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (11) ◽  
pp. 168781402110609
Author(s):  
Amine Mahami ◽  
Chemseddine Rahmoune ◽  
Toufik Bettahar ◽  
Djamel Benazzouz

In this paper, a novel noncontact and nonintrusive framework experimental method is used for the monitoring and the diagnosis of a three phase’s induction motor faults based on an infrared thermography technique (IRT). The basic structure of this work begins with this applying IRT to obtain a thermograph of the considered machine. Then, bag-of-visual-word (BoVW) is used to extract the fault features with Speeded-Up Robust Features (SURF) detector and descriptor from the IRT images. Finally, various faults patterns in the induction motor are automatically identified using an ensemble learning called Extremely Randomized Tree (ERT). The proposed method effectiveness is evaluated based on the experimental IRT images, and the diagnosis results show its capacity and that it can be considered as a powerful diagnostic tool with a high classification accuracy and stability compared to other previously used methods.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-12
Author(s):  
Sunil Kumar Prabhakar ◽  
Harikumar Rajaguru ◽  
Dong-Ok Won

Over the past few decades, text classification problems have been widely utilized in many real time applications. Leveraging the text classification methods by means of developing new applications in the field of text mining and Natural Language Processing (NLP) is very important. In order to accurately classify tasks in many applications, a deeper insight into deep learning methods is required as there is an exponential growth in the number of complex documents. The success of any deep learning algorithm depends on its capacity to understand the nonlinear relationships of the complex models within data. Thus, a huge challenge for researchers lies in the development of suitable techniques, architectures, and models for text classification. In this paper, hybrid deep learning models, with an emphasis on positioning of attention mechanism analysis, are considered and analyzed well for text classification. The first hybrid model proposed is called convolutional Bidirectional Long Short-Term Memory (Bi-LSTM) with attention mechanism and output (CBAO) model, and the second hybrid model is called convolutional attention mechanism with Bi-LSTM and output (CABO) model. In the first hybrid model, the attention mechanism is placed after the Bi-LSTM, and then the output Softmax layer is constructed. In the second hybrid model, the attention mechanism is placed after convolutional layer and followed by Bi-LSTM and the output Softmax layer. The proposed hybrid models are tested on three datasets, and the results show that when the proposed CBAO model is implemented for IMDB dataset, a high classification accuracy of 92.72% is obtained and when the proposed CABO model is implemented on the same dataset, a high classification accuracy of 90.51% is obtained.


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Kouhei Nakaji ◽  
Naoki Yamamoto

AbstractIn this paper, we propose the quantum semi-supervised generative adversarial network (qSGAN). The system is composed of a quantum generator and a classical discriminator/classifier (D/C). The goal is to train both the generator and the D/C, so that the latter may get a high classification accuracy for a given dataset. Hence the qSGAN needs neither any data loading nor to generate a pure quantum state, implying that qSGAN is much easier to implement than many existing quantum algorithms. Also the generator can serve as a stronger adversary than a classical one thanks to its rich expressibility, and it is expected to be robust against noise. These advantages are demonstrated in a numerical simulation.


2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (18) ◽  
pp. 3592
Author(s):  
Yifei Zhao ◽  
Fengqin Yan

Hyperspectral image (HSI) classification is one of the major problems in the field of remote sensing. Particularly, graph-based HSI classification is a promising topic and has received increasing attention in recent years. However, graphs with pixels as nodes generate large size graphs, thus increasing the computational burden. Moreover, satisfactory classification results are often not obtained without considering spatial information in constructing graph. To address these issues, this study proposes an efficient and effective semi-supervised spectral-spatial HSI classification method based on sparse superpixel graph (SSG). In the constructed sparse superpixels graph, each vertex represents a superpixel instead of a pixel, which greatly reduces the size of graph. Meanwhile, both spectral information and spatial structure are considered by using superpixel, local spatial connection and global spectral connection. To verify the effectiveness of the proposed method, three real hyperspectral images, Indian Pines, Pavia University and Salinas, are chosen to test the performance of our proposal. Experimental results show that the proposed method has good classification completion on the three benchmarks. Compared with several competitive superpixel-based HSI classification approaches, the method has the advantages of high classification accuracy (>97.85%) and rapid implementation (<10 s). This clearly favors the application of the proposed method in practice.


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Tao Lu ◽  
Baokun Han ◽  
Lipin Chen ◽  
Fanqianhui Yu ◽  
Changhu Xue

AbstractA generic intelligent tomato classification system based on DenseNet-201 with transfer learning was proposed and the augmented training sets obtained by data augmentation methods were employed to train the model. The trained model achieved high classification accuracy on the images of different quality, even those containing high levels of noise. Also, the trained model could accurately and efficiently identify and classify a single tomato image with only 29 ms, indicating that the proposed model has great potential value in real-world applications. The feature visualization of the trained models shows their understanding of tomato images, i.e., the learned common and high-level features. The strongest activations of the trained models show that the correct or incorrect target recognition areas by a model during the classification process will affect its final classification accuracy. Based on this, the results obtained in this study could provide guidance and new ideas to improve the development of intelligent agriculture.


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