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2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-16
Alaa M. Mukhtar ◽  
Rashid A. Saeed ◽  
Rania A. Mokhtar ◽  
Elmustafa Sayed Ali ◽  
Hesham Alhumyani

Emerging 5G network cellular promotes key empowering techniques for pervasive IoT. Evolving 5G-IoT scenarios and basic services like reality augmented, high dense streaming of videos, unmanned vehicles, e-health, and intelligent environments services have a pervasive existence now. These services generate heavy loads and need high capacity, bandwidth, data rate, throughput, and low latency. Taking all these requirements into consideration, internet of things (IoT) networks have provided global transformation in the context of big data innovation and bring many problematic issues in terms of uplink and downlink (DL) connectivity and traffic load. These comprise coordinated multipoint processing (CoMP), carriers’ aggregation (CA), joint transmissions (JTs), massive multi-inputs multi-outputs (MIMO), machine-type communications, centralized radios access networks (CRAN), and many others. CoMP is one of the most significant technical enhancements added to release 11 that can be implemented in heterogonous networks implementation approaches and the homogenous networks’ topologies. However, in a massive 5G-IoT device scenario with heavy traffic load, most cell edge IoT users are severely suffering from intercell interference (ICI), where the users have poor signal, lower data rates, and limited QoS. This work is aimed at addressing this problematic issue by proposing two types of DL-JT-CoMP techniques in 5G-IoT that are compliant with release 18. Downlink JT-CoMP with two homogeneous network CoMP deployment scenarios is considered and evaluated. The scenarios used are IoT intrasite and intersite CoMP, which performance evaluated using downlink system-level simulator for long-term evolution-advanced (LTE-A) and 5G. Numerical simulation scenarios were results under high dense scenario—with IoT heavy traffic load which shows that intersite CoMP has better empirical cumulative distribution function (ECDF) of average UE throughput than intrasite CoMP approximately 4%, inter-site CoMP has better ECDF of average user entity (UE) spectral efficiency than intrasite CoMP almost 10%, and intersite CoMP has approximately same ECDF of average signal interference noise ratio (SINR) as intrasite CoMP and intersite CoMP has better fairness index than intrasite CoMP by 5%. The fairness index decreases when the users’ number increase since the competition among users is higher.

Pooria Safarzadeh Kozani ◽  
Pouya Safarzadeh Kozani ◽  
Fatemeh Rahbarizadeh

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Ting-Yu Lin ◽  
Horng-Chyuan Lin ◽  
Yun-Sheng Liu ◽  
Yu-Lun Lo ◽  
Chun-Hua Wang ◽  

Background: Traffic-related pollution is associated with the onset of asthma and the development of different phenotypes of asthma. Few studies have investigated the association between traffic proximity and late-onset of asthma (LOA) and early-onset asthma (EOA). This study was conducted to investigate the associations of LOA phenotypes with a function of the distance between residence and heavy traffic roads (HTRs).Methods: The study group consisted of 280 patients who were (LOA: 78.4%) recruited consecutively from a pay-for-performance asthma program to clarify the patient characteristics and proximity to HTRs within 1,000 m from their residences between EOA and LOA in three urban centers in Taiwan. The subsequent analysis focused on patients with LOA (n = 210) linking phenotypes and distance to HTRs.Results: Subjects with LOA tended to be older than those with EOA and had shorter asthma duration, poorer lung function, lower atopy, and less exposure to fumes or dust at home. Patients with LOA were more likely than those with EOA to live within 900 m of two or more HTRs (14.3 vs. 3.4%, p = 0.02). Among patients with LOA, minimum distance to an HTR was negatively associated with numbers of specific IgE as well as positively associated with the age of onset and body weight significantly. A higher proportion of patients with atopy (26.3 vs. 20.6%, p = 0.001. odds ratio [OR]: 2.82) and anxiety/depression (21.0 vs. 18.1%, p = 0.047. OR: 1.81) and a trend of lower proportion of patients with obese (5.7 vs. 12.4%, p = 0.075) were found to be living within 900 m from HTRs.Conclusions: Late-onset of asthma (LOA) tended to live in areas of higher HTR density compared to EOAs. Among patients with LOA living close to HTRs, the interaction between traffic-related pollution, allergy sensitization, and mood status were the factors associated with asthma onset early. Obesity may be the factor for later onset who live far from HTRs.

Raja Sekhar Mamillapalli ◽  
Srihari Vedartham

Urban disasters, Traffic is unavoidable due to increase in density of vehicles without adding more road space to the city. This is demanding for more flyovers, grade separators to avoid congestion at the junctions. Hyderabad is congesting with many junctions adding up to the heavy traffic and waiting time, energy, fuel and polluting the city with noise and air pollution. For economic benefit and decongestion of major junctions, Flyovers were planned and constructed. To meet this demand in Gachibowli and Hi-Tech city area, a flyover was constructed by MVR Infra projects near biodiversity junction. The present paper describes the incident of fatal accident taken place on November 23, 2019. The study also reveals aftermath actions taken by the government of Telangana and suggested various sections in the Indian penal codes for such incidents.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
Saba Tariq ◽  
Sundus Tariq ◽  
Akram Malik

The sirens and lights of the ambulance are not a good sign to see. It indicates that someone's life is in danger and requires immediate medical attention. No one can comprehend the anguish and sorrow that a person's relative is experiencing at that time. Therefore, it is important to analyze various factors related to delay in emergency care from an ambulance as its own, and factors related to delay in providing treatment because of heavy traffic and ignorance of the people to give way to the ambulance.

2021 ◽  
Lun Yu ◽  
Seyed Iravani ◽  
Ohad Perry

The paper “Fluid-Diffusion-Hybrid (FDH) Approximation” proposes a new heavy-traffic asymptotic regime for a two-class priority system in which the high-priority customers require substantially larger service times than the low-priority customers. In the FDH limit, the high-priority queue is a diffusion, whereas the low-priority queue operates as a (random) fluid limit, whose dynamics are driven by the former diffusion. A characterizing property of our limit process is that, unlike other asymptotic regimes, a non-negligible proportion of the customers from both classes must wait for service. This property allows us to study the costs and benefits of de-pooling, and prove that a two-pool system is often the asymptotically optimal design of the system.

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