indoor localization
Recently Published Documents





Omar Ibrahim Mustafa ◽  
Hawraa Lateef Joey ◽  
Noor Abd AlSalam ◽  
Ibrahim Zeghaiton Chaloob

Wireless fidelity (Wi-Fi) is common technology for indoor environments that use to estimate required distances, to be used for indoor localization. Due to multiple source of noise and interference with other signal, the receive signal strength (RSS) measurements unstable. The impression about targets environments should be available to estimate accurate targets location. The Wi-Fi fingerprint technique is widely implemented to build database matching with real data, but the challenges are the way of collect accurate data to be the reference and the impact of different environments on signals measurements. In this paper, optimum system proposed based on modify nearest point (MNP). To implement the proposal, 78 points measured to be the reference points recorded in each environment around the targets. Also, the case study building is separated to 7 areas, where the segmentation of environments leads to ability of dynamic parameters assignments. Moreover, database based on optimum data collected at each time using 63 samples in each point and the average will be final measurements. Then, the nearest point into specific environment has been determined by compared with at least four points. The results show that the errors of indoor localization were less than (0.102 m).

2022 ◽  
Vol 18 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-21
Hang Wu ◽  
Jiajie Tan ◽  
S.-H. Gary Chan

The geomagnetic field has been wildly advocated as an effective signal for fingerprint-based indoor localization due to its omnipresence and local distinctive features. Prior survey-based approaches to collect magnetic fingerprints often required surveyors to walk at constant speeds or rely on a meticulously calibrated pedometer (step counter) or manual training. This is inconvenient, error-prone, and not highly deployable in practice. To overcome that, we propose Maficon, a novel and efficient pedometer-free approach for geo ma gnetic fi ngerprint database con struction. In Maficon, a surveyor simply walks at casual (arbitrary) speed along the survey path to collect geomagnetic signals. By correlating the features of geomagnetic signals and accelerometer readings (user motions), Maficon adopts a self-learning approach and formulates a quadratic programming to accurately estimate the walking speed in each signal segment and label these segments with their physical locations. To the best of our knowledge, Maficon is the first piece of work on pedometer-free magnetic fingerprinting with casual walking speed. Extensive experiments show that Maficon significantly reduces walking speed estimation error (by more than 20%) and hence fingerprint error (by 35% in general) as compared with traditional and state-of-the-art schemes.

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 ◽  
pp. 167-189
Dwi Joko Suroso ◽  
Farid Yuli Martin Adiyatma ◽  
Panarat Cherntanomwong ◽  
Pitikhate Sooraksa

Most applied indoor localization is based on distance and fingerprint techniques. The distance-based technique converts specific parameters to a distance, while the fingerprint technique stores parameters as the fingerprint database. The widely used Internet of Things (IoT) technologies, e.g., Wi-Fi and ZigBee, provide the localization parameters, i.e., received signal strength indicator (RSSI). The fingerprint technique advantages over the distance-based method as it straightforwardly uses the parameter and has better accuracy. However, the burden in database reconstruction in terms of complexity and cost is the disadvantage of this technique. Some solutions, i.e., interpolation, image-based method, machine learning (ML)-based, have been proposed to enhance the fingerprint methods. The limitations are complex and evaluated only in a single environment or simulation. This paper proposes applying classical interpolation and regression to create the synthetic fingerprint database using only a relatively sparse RSSI dataset. We use bilinear and polynomial interpolation and polynomial regression techniques to create the synthetic database and apply our methods to the 2D and 3D environments. We obtain an accuracy improvement of 0.2m for 2D and 0.13m for 3D by applying the synthetic database. Adding the synthetic database can tackle the sparsity issues, and the offline fingerprint database construction will be less burden. Doi: 10.28991/esj-2021-SP1-012 Full Text: PDF

Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 570
Konstantinos Kotrotsios ◽  
Anastasios Fanariotis ◽  
Helen-Catherine Leligou ◽  
Theofanis Orphanoudakis

In this paper, we present the results of a performance evaluation and optimization process of an indoor positioning system (IPS) designed to operate on portable as well as miniaturized embedded systems. The proposed method uses the Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) values from multiple Bluetooth Low-Energy (BLE) beacons scattered around interior spaces. The beacon signals were received from the user devices and processed through an RSSI filter and a group of machine learning (ML) models, in an arrangement of one model per detected node. Finally, a multilateration problem was solved using as an input the inferred distances from the advertising nodes and returning the final position approximation. In this work, we first presented the evaluation of different ML models for inferring the distance between the devices and the installed beacons by applying different optimization algorithms. Then, we presented model reduction methods to implement the optimized algorithm on the embedded system by appropriately adapting it to its constraint resources and compared the results, demonstrating the efficiency of the proposed method.

Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 462
Hong Anh Nguyen ◽  
Van Khang Nguyen ◽  
Klaus Witrisal

Ultra-Wide Bandwidth (UWB) and mm-wave radio systems can resolve specular multipath components (SMCs) from estimated channel impulse response measurements. A geometric model can describe the delays, angles-of-arrival, and angles-of-departure of these SMCs, allowing for a prediction of these channel features. For the modeling of the amplitudes of the SMCs, a data-driven approach has been proposed recently, using Gaussian Process Regression (GPR) to map and predict the SMC amplitudes. In this paper, the applicability of the proposed multipath-resolved, GPR-based channel model is analyzed by studying features of the propagation channel from a set of channel measurements. The features analyzed include the energy capture of the modeled SMCs, the number of resolvable SMCs, and the ranging information that could be extracted from the SMCs. The second contribution of the paper concerns the potential applicability of the channel model for a multipath-resolved, single-anchor positioning system. The predicted channel knowledge is used to evaluate the measurement likelihood function at candidate positions throughout the environment. It is shown that the environmental awareness created by the multipath-resolved, GPR-based channel model yields higher robustness against position estimation outliers.

Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 428
Vincent Sircoulomb ◽  
Houcine Chafouk

This paper presents a constrained Kalman filter for Wi-Fi-based indoor localization. The contribution of this work is to introduce constraints on the object speed and to provide a numerically optimized form for fast computation. The proposed approach is suitable to flexible space organization, as in warehouses, and when objects can be spun around, for example barcode readers in a hand. We experimented with the proposed technique using a robot and three devices, on five different journeys, in a 6000 m2 warehouse equipped with six Wi-Fi access points. The results highlight that the proposed approach provides a 19% improvement in localization accuracy.

Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
pp. 358
Satish R. Jondhale ◽  
Vijay Mohan ◽  
Bharat Bhushan Sharma ◽  
Jaime Lloret ◽  
Shashikant V. Athawale

Trilateration-based target localization using received signal strength (RSS) in a wireless sensor network (WSN) generally yields inaccurate location estimates due to high fluctuations in RSS measurements in indoor environments. Improving the localization accuracy in RSS-based systems has long been the focus of a substantial amount of research. This paper proposes two range-free algorithms based on RSS measurements, namely support vector regression (SVR) and SVR + Kalman filter (KF). Unlike trilateration, the proposed SVR-based localization scheme can directly estimate target locations using field measurements without relying on the computation of distances. Unlike other state-of-the-art localization and tracking (L&T) schemes such as the generalized regression neural network (GRNN), SVR localization architecture needs only three RSS measurements to locate a mobile target. Furthermore, the SVR based localization scheme was fused with a KF in order to gain further refinement in target location estimates. Rigorous simulations were carried out to test the localization efficacy of the proposed algorithms for noisy radio frequency (RF) channels and a dynamic target motion model. Benefiting from the good generalization ability of SVR, simulation results showed that the presented SVR-based localization algorithms demonstrate superior performance compared to trilateration- and GRNN-based localization schemes in terms of indoor localization performance.

2022 ◽  
pp. 123-145
Pelin Yildirim Taser ◽  
Vahid Khalilpour Akram

The GPS signals are not available inside the buildings; hence, indoor localization systems rely on indoor technologies such as Bluetooth, WiFi, and RFID. These signals are used for estimating the distance between a target and available reference points. By combining the estimated distances, the location of the target nodes is determined. The wide spreading of the internet and the exponential increase in small hardware diversity allow the creation of the internet of things (IoT)-based indoor localization systems. This chapter reviews the traditional and machine learning-based methods for IoT-based positioning systems. The traditional methods include various distance estimation and localization approaches; however, these approaches have some limitations. Because of the high prediction performance, machine learning algorithms are used for indoor localization problems in recent years. The chapter focuses on presenting an overview of the application of machine learning algorithms in indoor localization problems where the traditional methods remain incapable.

2022 ◽  
Vol 107 ◽  
pp. 104538
Ayan Kumar Panja ◽  
Syed Fahim Karim ◽  
Sarmistha Neogy ◽  
Chandreyee Chowdhury

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document