gene interaction
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2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Qing Chen ◽  
Ji Zhang ◽  
Banghe Bao ◽  
Fan Zhang ◽  
Jie Zhou

The early clinical symptoms of gastric cancer are not obvious, and metastasis may have occurred at the time of treatment. Poor prognosis is one of the important reasons for the high mortality of gastric cancer. Therefore, the identification of gastric cancer-related genes can be used as relevant markers for diagnosis and treatment to improve diagnosis precision and guide personalized treatment. In order to further reveal the pathogenesis of gastric cancer at the gene level, we proposed a method based on Gradient Boosting Decision Tree (GBDT) to identify the susceptible genes of gastric cancer through gene interaction network. Based on the known genes related to gastric cancer, we collected more genes which can interact with them and constructed a gene interaction network. Random Walk was used to extract network association of each gene and we used GBDT to identify the gastric cancer-related genes. To verify the AUC and AUPR of our algorithm, we implemented 10-fold cross-validation. GBDT achieved AUC as 0.89 and AUPR as 0.81. We selected four other methods to compare with GBDT and found GBDT performed best.

Taeheon Lee ◽  
Chae-Bin Na ◽  
Dasom Kim ◽  
Hae Jung Han ◽  
Jongbok Yun ◽  

Abstract. Objectives: To determine whether SNPs of osteoarthritis (OA)-related genes predict the effect of Chrysanthemum zawadskii var. latilobum (CZ) extract in OA patients with OA. Subjects/methods: To analyze correlations between CZ extract effects in humans and their genotypes, 121 Korean patients with OA were recruited. Patients ingested 600 mg/day of the CZ extract GCWB106 (one tablet daily), including 250-mg CZ, or placebo (one tablet daily) for 12 weeks. Twenty SNPs were genotyped in 11 genes associated with OA pathogenesis, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), and 9 genes involved in OA-related dietary intervention. The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Korean Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (K-WOMAC) were measured as indicators of GCWB106 effect. Statistical comparisons were performed using Kruskal-Wallis tests to identify associations between these scales and genotyped loci in patients with OA. Results: Three SNPs ( PPARG rs3856806, MMP13 rs2252070, and ZIP2 rs2234632) were significantly associated with the degree of change in VAS pain score. Homozygous CC genotype carriers of rs3856806, G allele carriers (GA or GG) of rs2252070, and T allele carriers (GT or TT) of rs2234632 showed lower VAS score (i.e., less severe symptoms) in the GCWB106 group (n=53) than the placebo group (n=57) (p=0.026, p=0.009, and p=0.025, respectively). Gene–gene interaction effects on GCWB106-mediated pain relief were then examined, and it was found that the addition of each genotype resulted in a greater decrease in VAS pain score in the GCWB106 group (p=0.0024) but not the placebo group (p=0.7734). Conclusions: These novel predictive markers for the pain-relieving effects of GCWB106 may be used in the personalized treatment of patients with OA.

Shumei Zhang ◽  
Haoran Jiang ◽  
Bo Gao ◽  
Wen Yang ◽  
Guohua Wang

Background: Breast cancer is the second largest cancer in the world, the incidence of breast cancer continues to rise worldwide, and women’s health is seriously threatened. Therefore, it is very important to explore the characteristic changes of breast cancer from the gene level, including the screening of differentially expressed genes and the identification of diagnostic markers.Methods: The gene expression profiles of breast cancer were obtained from the TCGA database. The edgeR R software package was used to screen the differentially expressed genes between breast cancer patients and normal samples. The function and pathway enrichment analysis of these genes revealed significant enrichment of functions and pathways. Next, download these pathways from KEGG website, extract the gene interaction relations, construct the KEGG pathway gene interaction network. The potential diagnostic markers of breast cancer were obtained by combining the differentially expressed genes with the key genes in the network. Finally, these markers were used to construct the diagnostic prediction model of breast cancer, and the predictive ability of the model and the diagnostic ability of the markers were verified by internal and external data.Results: 1060 differentially expressed genes were identified between breast cancer patients and normal controls. Enrichment analysis revealed 28 significantly enriched pathways (p < 0.05). They were downloaded from KEGG website, and the gene interaction relations were extracted to construct the gene interaction network of KEGG pathway, which contained 1277 nodes and 7345 edges. The key nodes with a degree greater than 30 were extracted from the network, containing 154 genes. These 154 key genes shared 23 genes with differentially expressed genes, which serve as potential diagnostic markers for breast cancer. The 23 genes were used as features to construct the SVM classification model, and the model had good predictive ability in both the training dataset and the validation dataset (AUC = 0.960 and 0.907, respectively).Conclusion: This study showed that the difference of gene expression level is important for the diagnosis of breast cancer, and identified 23 breast cancer diagnostic markers, which provides valuable information for clinical diagnosis and basic treatment experiments.

2022 ◽  
Mahdi Akbarzadeh ◽  
Parisa Riahi ◽  
Goodarz Kolifarhood ◽  
Hossein Lanjanian ◽  
Nadia Alipour ◽  

Abstract Backgroung: Hypertension is typically considered as the leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Epistasis studies may add another layer of complexity to our understanding of the genetic basis of hypertension. Methods: A nested case-control design was used on 4214 unrelated Tehran Cardiometabolic Genetic Study (TCGS) adults to evaluate 65 SNPs of previously associated genes, including ZBED9, AGT, and TNXB. The integrated effect of each gene was determined using the Sequence-based Kernel Association Test (SKAT). We used model-based multifactor dimension reduction (Mb-MDR) and entropy-based gene-gene interaction (IGENT) methods to determine interaction and epistasis patterns. Results: The integrated effect of each gene has a statistically significant association with blood pressure traits (P-value < 0.05). Single-locus analysis identified two missense variants in ZBED9 (rs450630) and AGT (rs4762) that are associated with hypertension. In the ZBED9 gene, significant local interactions were discovered. The G allele in rs450630 showed an antagonistic effect on hypertension, but interestingly, IGENT analysis revealed significant epistasis effects for different combinations of ZBED9, AGT, and TNXB loci. Conclusion: We discovered a novel interaction effect between a significant variant in an essential gene for hypertension (AGT) and a missense variant in ZBED9, which has shifted our focus to ZBED9's role in blood pressure regulation.

Animals ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 150
Isaac Hyeladi Malgwi ◽  
Veronika Halas ◽  
Petra Grünvald ◽  
Stefano Schiavon ◽  
Ildikó Jócsák

Fat metabolism and intramuscular fat (IMF) are qualitative traits in pigs whose development are influenced by several genes and metabolic pathways. Nutrigenetics and nutrigenomics offer prospects in estimating nutrients required by a pig. Application of these emerging fields in nutritional science provides an opportunity for matching nutrients based on the genetic make-up of the pig for trait improvements. Today, integration of high throughput “omics” technologies into nutritional genomic research has revealed many quantitative trait loci (QTLs) and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for the mutation(s) of key genes directly or indirectly involved in fat metabolism and IMF deposition in pigs. Nutrient–gene interaction and the underlying molecular mechanisms involved in fatty acid synthesis and marbling in pigs is difficult to unravel. While existing knowledge on QTLs and SNPs of genes related to fat metabolism and IMF development is yet to be harmonized, the scientific explanations behind the nature of the existing correlation between the nutrients, the genes and the environment remain unclear, being inconclusive or lacking precision. This paper aimed to: (1) discuss nutrigenetics, nutrigenomics and epigenetic mechanisms controlling fat metabolism and IMF accretion in pigs; (2) highlight the potentials of these concepts in pig nutritional programming and research.

2022 ◽  
Wei-Zhen Zhou ◽  
Wenke Li ◽  
Huayan Shen ◽  
Ruby W. Wang ◽  
Wen Chen ◽  

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common cause of major birth defects, with a prevalence of 1%. Although an increasing number of studies reporting the etiology of CHD, the findings scattered throughout the literature are difficult to retrieve and utilize in research and clinical practice. We therefore developed CHDbase, an evidence-based knowledgebase with CHD-related genes and clinical manifestations manually curated from 1114 publications, linking 1124 susceptibility genes and 3591 variations to more than 300 CHD types and related syndromes. Metadata such as the information of each publication and the selected population and samples, the strategy of studies, and the major findings of study were integrated with each item of research record. We also integrated functional annotations through parsing ~50 databases/tools to facilitate the interpretation of these genes and variations in disease pathogenicity. We further prioritized the significance of these CHD-related genes with a gene interaction network approach, and extracted a core CHD sub-network with 163 genes. The clear genetic landscape of CHD enables the phenotype classification based on the shared genetic origin. Overall, CHDbase provides a comprehensive and freely available resource to study CHD susceptibility, supporting a wide range of users in the scientific and medical communities. CHDbase is accessible at

2022 ◽  
Matthew S Lyon ◽  
Louise Amanda Claire Millard ◽  
George Davey Smith ◽  
Tom R Gaunt ◽  
Kate Tilling

Blood biomarkers include disease intervention targets that may interact with genetic and environmental factors resulting in subgroups of individuals who respond differently to treatment. Such interactions may be observed in genetic effects on trait variance. Variance prioritisation is an approach to identify genetic loci with interaction effects by estimating their association with trait variance, even where the modifier is unknown or unmeasured. Here, we develop and evaluate a regression-based Brown-Forsythe test and variance effect estimate to detect such interactions. We provide scalable open-source software (varGWAS) for genome-wide association analysis of SNP-variance effects ( and apply our software to 30 blood biomarkers in UK Biobank. We find 468 variance quantitative trait loci across 24 biomarkers and follow up findings to detect 82 gene-environment and six gene-gene interactions independent of strong scale or phantom effects. Our results replicate existing findings and identify novel epistatic effects of TREH rs12225548 x FUT2 rs281379 and TREH rs12225548 x ABO rs635634 on alkaline phosphatase and ZNF827 rs4835265 x NEDD4L rs4503880 on gamma glutamyltransferase. These data could be used to discover possible subgroup effects for a given biomarker during preclinical drug development.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Liya Huang ◽  
Ting Ye ◽  
Jingjing Wang ◽  
Xiaojing Gu ◽  
Ruiting Ma ◽  

Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death worldwide. Since little clinical symptoms were shown in the early period of pancreatic adenocarcinoma, most patients were found to carry metastases when diagnosis. The lack of effective diagnosis biomarkers and therapeutic targets makes pancreatic adenocarcinoma difficult to screen and cure. The fundamental problem is we know very little about the regulatory mechanisms during carcinogenesis. Here, we employed weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) to build gene interaction network using expression profile of pancreatic adenocarcinoma from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). STRING was used for the construction and visualization of biological networks. A total of 22 modules were detected in the network, among which yellow and pink modules showed the most significant associations with pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Dozens of new genes including PKMYT1, WDHD1, ASF1B, and RAD18 were identified. Further survival analysis yielded their valuable effects on the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Our study pioneered network-based algorithm in the application of tumor etiology and discovered several promising regulators for pancreatic adenocarcinoma detection and therapy.

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