Financial Distress
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2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (2) ◽  
pp. 237-246
Martinus Robert Hutauruk ◽  
Mansyur Mansyur ◽  
Muhammad Rinaldi ◽  
Yisar Renza Situru

Companies engaged in the food and beverage business have a very high chance of success in running their business, given the increasingly high level of food and beverage consumption for the community. Information based on financial ratios needs to be improved in other forms of financial analysis to ascertain the future risk level. The purpose of this study is to analyze financial distress for food and beverage sub-sector companies listed on conventional stocks and Islamic stocks on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in the period 2015-2020. Financial distress analysis uses the Altman Z-Score bankruptcy prediction approach. The results of the study indicate that companies that experience accounting losses do not necessarily experience financial distress. Companies whose shares are listed on the Sharia stock index tend to experience healthier financial conditions and do not experience financial distress. Sharia shares of food and beverage sub-sector companies on the Indonesia Stock Exchange have good resistance to financial distress. This is supported by the high and stable value of Inti Agri Resources' shares compared to the shares of other companies.

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Ume Kalsoom ◽  
Sheheryar Javed ◽  
Rizwan Ullah Khan ◽  
Arif Maqsood

PurposeThe authors examine the impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on the stock market, forex market and gold market of Pakistan.Design/methodology/approachBy using the daily data of COVID-19 confirmed cases, stock index, foreign currency rates and gold prices for the period 10 March 2020 to 16 October 2020, the authors explore that the stock index negatively responds to the corona pandemic.FindingsAdditionally, the authors observe the price hikes in gold and foreign currency corresponding to the number of COVID-19 positive cases.Practical implicationsThe study analysis unveils that the stock market adversely responds to a pandemic, whereas, forex and gold markets serve as a safe haven for investors at the time of financial distress.Originality/valueThis study complements the literature and provides empirical evidence of the stock market, the gold market and foreign currency market, in the perspective of Pakistan.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (9) ◽  
pp. 306-315
Yoyo Susdaryo ◽  
Nunung Ayu Sofiati ◽  
Ita Kumaratih ◽  
Nandan Limakrisna ◽  
Mohd Hassan Che Haat ◽  

The results show that, it is proven that the variable liquidity and interest rates have a negative effect on financial distress. Meanwhile, the variables of Profitability, Leverage and Company Size have a positive effect on financial distress. While the Economic Stimulus variable is known to be the relationship between all variables of Liquidity, Profitability, Leverage, Company Size and Interest Rate on variables to Financial Distress. This means that company leaders must take into account liquidity, profitability, leverage, company size and interest rates to avoid financial distress.

Okik Hastiarto ◽  

This study examines the effect of liquidity, leverage, and profitability on financial distress with the audit committee as a moderating variable. This study used secondary data from the annual reports of manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) from 2016 to 2019. The research sample was selected using purposive sampling, and 33 companies were obtained as the study samples. The data were then analyzed using the logistic linear regression method with SPSS ver 26 software. The study results found that liquidity and profitability had a negative effect on financial distress, whereas leverage had a positive effect on financial distress. In addition, the study also found that the audit committee enhanced the effect of liquidity and profitability on financial distress. In contrast, the audit committee reduced the effect of leverage on financial distress.

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (19) ◽  
pp. 11124
Jun Hyeok Choi ◽  
Saerona Kim ◽  
Dong-Hoon Yang ◽  
Kwanghee Cho

This study aimed to test how corporate social responsibility (CSR) can affect the impact of corporate financial distress on earnings management. Based on the existing literature, distressed firms tend to hide their financial crises through earnings manipulation. However, as CSR can positively affect companies in terms of performance, risk reduction, and market response, the better a firm’s CSR is the less managers will attempt earnings management even if they experience temporary distress. Consistent with the literature, test results using Korean-listed companies show that distress increased earnings management, and we confirmed that CSR weakened the positive effect of distress on earnings management. After testing each of the CSR subcategories, significant results were found mainly on environmental performance, reflecting the globally increasing interest in environmental issues. This study contributes to the literature on distress and earnings management, which rarely considers CSR as a moderating factor.

2021 ◽  
Vol 06 (10) ◽  
Prince Dacosta Anaman, ◽  

This study explored the implications of taxes on ride-hailing services in a developing economy setting and its effect on the activities of drivers who patronize such services. Using thematic analysis, the study analyzed interview responses from key participants in the ride-hailing services such as the drivers, service operators, and vehicle owners based on the sharing economy perspective. The results indicate that (1) in a broader sense the contribution of the ride-hailing service is characterized with some features such as savings in money and time, ease of stress for both drivers and passengers, and also ease of movement; (2) taxes are needful to ensure sustainable governance but these taxes ought to be equitably charged to all actors within the economy and (3) the Vehicle Income Tax is a cause of financial distress to Uber drivers due to its increasing nature. More importantly, the tax has the potential of eroding profits which makes drivers worse off. This new but genre system of transportation is gaining roots and far advancing within the Ghanaian landscape. Thus, policymakers and industry players must focus on its role within the economy and the benefits therefrom. Equally, there must be more policy initiatives to prevent overburdening the final consumer of ride-hailing services with high taxes and prices. It also suggested that subsequent studies focus on the use of a different methodology within a different or the same setting.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (2) ◽  
Firman Setiawan

This study is conducted to explain the risk of financial failure that may occur in Sharia banking which is known asfinancial distress. Quantitative data in the formof financial ratios fromseveral Islamic banks which are the object of the study were analyzed using Altman Z- score model. After analyzing it, it is known that at Bank BRI Syariah Inc, the company experienced financial distress in 2015, in the following year the company experienced improvementthus in 2016-2019, the company was in good health. Bank BTPN Syariah Inc in 2015-2019 was in a good condition, which means that there was no financial distress or was in a gray area position. Bank Syariah Mandiri Inc experienced financial distress in 2015-2019, which means that during that time the company was in a gray area position

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (5) ◽  
pp. 570
Muhammad Iqbal Surya Pratikto ◽  
Mohammad Khoiruzi Afiq

ABSTRAKPerkembangan perbankan syariah yang sangat pesat telah membuat bank syariah memiliki peran strategis dalam roda perekonomian. Hal ini ditandai dengan semakin besarnya jumlah Bank Umum Syariah (BUS) dan Unit Usaha Syariah (UUS) yang saat ini mencapai 34 dengan 828 KPO/KC (Kantor Pusat Operasional/Kantor Cabang), 1.440 KCP/UPS (Kantor Cabang Pembantu/Unit Pelayanan Syariah) dan 544 KK (Kantor Kas). Penilaian tingkat kesehatan perbankan sangatlah penting, tidak hanya untuk internal perusahaan, melainkan investor, pemerintah bahkan masyarakat. Penilaian tersebut juga dapat digunakan sebagai upaya untuk menilai kinerja dan mendeteksi terjadinya potensi kebangkrutan. BNI Syariah merupakan perbankan syariah yang menduduki peringkat keempat dengan kategori kapitalisasi pasar sebagai bank syariah terbesar di Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat kesehatan dan potensi financial distress pada BNI Syariah periode 2015-2020 menggunakan metode RGEC dan Zmijewski. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif deskriptif. Objek penelitian ini adalah laporan keuangan BNI Syariah tahun 2015-2020. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa tingkat kesehatan BNI Syariah tahun 2015-2020 menggunakan metode RGEC dan Zmijewski mendapatkan predikat sangat sehat dan stabil atau tidak berpotensi mengalami financial distress. Sehingga kinerja BNI Syariah dapat dikatakan sangat baik dalam menghadapi pengaruh negatif dari fluktuasi bisnis.Kata Kunci: Kesehatan Bank, Financial Distress, Metode RGEC, Metode Zmijewsk ABSTRACTThe development of Islamic banking is very fast and has made Islamic banks have a strategic role in the wheels of the economy. This is indicated by the increasing number of Sharia Commercial Banks (BUS) and Sharia Business Units (UUS) which currently reach 34 with 828 KPO / KC (Operational Headquarters / Branch Offices), 1,440 KCP / UPS (Sub-Branch Offices / Service Units). Sharia) and 544 KK (Cash Office). Assessment of the soundness of banking is very important, not only for internal companies, but for investors, government and even the community. This assessment can also be used as an effort to assess performance and detect potential bankruptcies. BNI Syariah is a sharia banking which is ranked fourth in the market capitalization category as the largest sharia bank in Indonesia. This study aims to determine the level of health and potential financial distress in BNI Syariah for the 2015-2020 period using the RGEC and Zmijewski methods. This research method uses descriptive quantitative methods. The object of this research is the 2015-2020 BNI Syariah financial statements. The results of this study indicate that the health level of BNI Syariah in 2015-2020 using the RGEC and Zmijewski methods gets the predicate very healthy and stable or does not have the potential to experience financial distress. So that the performance of BNI Syariah can be said to be very good in facing the negative effects of business fluctuations.Keywords: Bank Health, Financial Distress, RGEC Method, Zmijewsk Method

2021 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 200-216
Yoga Taufan Fahma ◽  
Nina Dwi Setyaningsih

Financial distress is a condition of the company's financial performance which is marked by a decline in the company's net profit and the difficulty of the company paying short-term obligations and long-term obligations. This if allowed to drag on will cause the company to go bankrupt. There are various methods to predict company bankruptcy, namely the Altman, Zmijewski, Grover, Springate, Ohlson, and Zavgren methods. The purpose of this thesis is to determine the accuracy of financial distress analysis from various methods to predict bankruptcy.The research used is quantitative research with a descriptive approach. The statistical analysis in this study uses the calculation of the company's financial ratios from each bankruptcy method, while the hypothesis test uses accuracy and type of error. The results of this study indicate that the Altman method has an accuracy of 80%. The Zmijewski method has an accuracy of 60%. The Grover method has an accuracy of 80%.The Springate method has an accuracy rate of 70%. Ohlson's method has an accuracy of 90%. The Zavgren method has an accuracy of 100%. From these results it can be concluded that the Zavgren method is the most accurate in predicting bankruptcy in Retail companies.

Sylvi Angelia ◽  
Rizal Mawardi

Objective – The purpose of this study is to examine the effect between financial distress, corporate governance, auditor switching and audit delay. This research sample using data on a manufacturing company on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. Methodology – The analysis technique used is multiple linear regression analysis technique. Findings– The research finding show that financial distress and the size of the audit committee have a significant effect on audit delay, while the concentration of ownership, managerial ownership, change of directors, and auditor switching has no significant effect on audit delay. Second finding explain that consideration for companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange to pay attention to the timeliness of submitting financial reports and independent auditor reports so as not to get sanctions from the Financial Services Authority. Novelty – Our novelty research using the relationship of Financial Distress, Corporate Governance and Auditor Switching on new research model to Audit Delay. Type of Paper: Empirical JEL Classification: M41, M42 Keywords: Financial Distress, Corporate Governance, Auditor Switching, Audit Delay

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