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2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Zhimin Liang ◽  
Xiaofan Deng ◽  
Lingli Li ◽  
Jing Wang

Aim: To compare the arthroscopy vs. arthrotomy for the treatment of native knee septic arthritis.Methods: Electronic databases of PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library were searched for eligible studies. Retrospective comparative studies comparing arthroscopy or arthrotomy for patients with septic arthritis of the native knee were eligible for this review. The primary outcome was recurrence of infection after first procedure. The secondary outcomes included hospital length of stay, operative time, range of motion of the involved knee after surgery, overall complications and mortality rate,Results: Thirteen trials were included in this study. There were a total of 2,162 septic arthritis knees treated with arthroscopic debridement and irrigation, and 1,889 septic arthritis knees treated with open debridement and irrigation. Arthroscopy and arthrotomy management of the knee septic arthritis showed comparable rate of reinfection (OR = 0.85; 95% CI, 0.57–1.27; P = 0.44). No significant difference was observed in hospital length of stay, operative time and mortality rate between arthroscopy and arthrotomy management group, while arthroscopy treatment was associated with significantly higher knee range of motion and lower complication rate when compared with arthrotomy treatment.Conclusion: Arthroscopy and arthrotomy showed similar efficacy in infection eradication in the treatment of native septic knee. However, arthroscopy treatment was associated with better postoperative functional recovery and lower complication rate.

2022 ◽  
José M López-Arcas ◽  
Juan Manuel Vadillo ◽  
José L Del Castillo ◽  
Patricia A Lara ◽  
José L. Cebrián ◽  

Abstract Purpose: To describe our clinical experience with the use of the midline mandibulotomy approach for oral cavity and oropharynx tumors.Methods: Charts were reviewed retrospectively for 67 consecutive patients who underwent mandibulotomies over a 15-year period (2002-2017) as part of their treatment for oral and oropharyngeal malignancies, with an average follow-up of 57.7 months.Results: Sixty-seven patients underwent a mandibulotomy. There were 59 males (88%) with a mean age of 56.9 years and eight females (12%) with a mean age 56.5 years. The approach was a midline mandibulotomy in 50 patients (74.6%), a paramedian mandibulotomy in 10 patients (14.9%), and a posterior mandibulotomy in seven (10.44%: angle 1 (1.5%), body 5 (7.5%), and ramus 1 (1.5%).In the group of patients undergoing median or paramedian mandibulotomies, adequate exposure of the lesion was achieved in all cases with a significant lower rate of complications (13,4%) (p<0.005) compared to the posterior mandibulotomy group (37,5%) .Conclusions: The results of the study confirm that the anterior mandibulotomy approach provides excellent exposure for oral and oropharyngeal tumors, with a significant lower complication rate compared to the posterior mandibulotomy approach.Until minimally invasive Robotic technology is not widespread, conventional techniques such as midline mandibulotomy approaches, with “modern-times” refinements still have their place in head and neck oncology surgery

2021 ◽  
Jianli An ◽  
Yanchao Dong ◽  
Yanguo Li ◽  
Xiaoyu Han ◽  
Hongtao Niu ◽  

Abstract Objective To investigate and summarize the effectiveness and safety of CT guided microcoil localization before video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for the removal of ground glass opacity (GGO).Method 147 patients with GGO who were treated in our hospital from January 2019 to February 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into two groups according to the final position of the end of the microcoil, intracavity group (n=78) and extracavity group (n=69). Comparison of the two groups of patients with puncture complications, and the influence of the end position of the coil for VATS.Results The proportion of supine and prone position in the intracavity group was significantly higher than that in the extracavity group (82.1% vs. 66.7%, P<0.05). The incidence of intrapulmonary hemorrhage, chest pain and coil displacement in the intracavitary group was significantly lower than that in the extracavitary group (28.2% vs. 46.4%; 19.2% vs. 39.1%;1.3% vs. 11.6%, P<0.05), and the incidence of pneumothorax had no significant difference(P>0.05). The time of VATS and the rate of conversion to thoracotomy in the intracavity group were significantly lower than those in the extracavity group (103.4±21.0min vs. 112.2±17.3min, 0% vs. 5.8%, P<0.05).Conclusion CT-guided placement of the microcoil was a very practical, simple and convenient localization method before VATS with high success rate and few complications, further more, it was a better method to place the end of the coil in the pleural cavity because of the lower complication rate, shorter VATS time and lower rate of thoracotomy conversion.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (9) ◽  
pp. 232596712110222
Samuel Baek ◽  
Myung Ho Shin ◽  
Tae Min Kim ◽  
Je Min Im ◽  
Kyung-Soo Oh ◽  

Background: Interposition grafting (IG), also called bridging grafting, and superior capsular reconstruction (SCR) are the most commonly used joint-preserving surgical methods for irreparable rotator cuff tears (RCTs). Purpose: To compare the effectiveness of IG versus SCR to treat patients with irreparable RCTs. Study Design: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: A literature search was performed in MEDLINE, Embase, and Scopus. Included in this review were clinical studies evaluating the effect of IG or SCR in patients with irreparable RCTs with a minimum follow-up of 1 year. Various clinical results from the studies were extracted and compared between IG and SCR, and among them, the results of the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score, graft retear rate, and complication rate were included in the meta-analysis. Results: Of 1638 identified articles, 17 (10 studies of IG involving 321 patients and 7 studies of SCR involving 357 patients) were selected. Both surgical methods showed significantly improved clinical outcomes in all but 1 study; however, the IG group had lower pain visual analog scale score, higher Constant score, and bigger active forward flexion and internal rotation compared with the SCR group (all P < .001). The meta-analysis showed no difference in the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score between groups ( P = .44), but showed a significantly lower complication rate in the IG group compared with the SCR group (1.12% vs 8.37%, respectively; P < .001). The graft retear rate was not significantly different between groups (IG = 10.64% vs SCR = 12.67%; P = .79). The meta-analysis of graft type indicated no difference between groups in retear rate (autograft: 95% CI, 0.045-0.601; I2 = 93.28 [IG], 91.27 [SCR]; P = .22; allograft: 95% CI, 0.041-0.216; I2 = 80.39 [IG], 69.12 [SCR]; P = .64) or complication rate (autograft: 95% CI, 0.009-0.150; I2 = 0 [IG], 65.89 [SCR]; P = .25; allograft: 95% CI, 0.012-0.081; I2 = 0 [IG], 30.62 [SCR]; P = .09). Conclusion: Both IG and SCR techniques resulted in improvement in patients with irreparable RCTs. Meta-analysis showed a lower complication rate in the IG group; however, the lack of randomized studies limited our conclusions.

2021 ◽  
Rohit Aiyer ◽  
Selaiman Noori ◽  
Frank Schirripa ◽  
Michael Schirripa ◽  
Sameer Jain ◽  

Aim: Endoscopic discectomies provide several advantages over other techniques such as traditional open lumbar discectomy (OLD) including possibly decreased complications, shorter hospital stay and an earlier return to work. Methods: An electronic database search including MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and Cochrane Controlled trials (CENTRAL) were reviewed for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) only. Results: A total of nine RCTs met inclusion criteria. Three showed benefit of endoscopic discectomy over the comparator with regards to pain relief, with the remaining six studies showing no difference in pain relief or function. Conclusion: Based on review of the nine included studies, we can conclude that endoscopic discectomy is as effective as other surgical techniques, and has additional benefits of lower complication rate and superior perioperative parameters.

2021 ◽  
pp. 004947552110377
Govind Madhaw ◽  
Divya M Radhakrishnan ◽  
Niraj Kumar

Lumbar spinal or epidural anaesthesia has a lower complication rate compared to general anaesthesia. An occasional patient may develop spinal cord injury during the procedure and develop neurological complications. We report an interesting case of paraparesis due to dorsal spinal cord involvement and syrinx formation following spinal anaesthesia for abdominal surgery.

Аndriy Sahalevych ◽  
Roman Sergiychuk ◽  
Vladislav Ozhohin ◽  
Olexandr Vozianov ◽  
Andriy Khrapchuk ◽  

Abstract. The present study aimed to assess the effectiveness and safety of mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mPNL) in comparison with standard percutaneous nephrolithotomy (sPNL) for the treatment of complex nephrolithiasis. Methods. During the period from 2012 to 2020, 1021 patients with solitary (10.0-30.0 mm), staghorn and multiple renal calculi were retrospectively divided into two groups: sPNL (500 patients) and mPNL (521 patients). The groups were compared by the stone-free rate (%, SFR), the duration of the surgery, complications and hospital stay. Results. SPNL and mPNL were highly effective procedures for the treatment of nephrolithiasis. The mPNL group had longer operative times (81.0±15.5 vs 69.1±13.9 min, p<0.001) and higher frequency tubeless/totally tubeless procedures (41.1 vs 6.8%, p<0.001). mPNL showed a higher SFR (96.4 vs 91.8%, р=0.002 in patients with complete staghorn (90.1 vs 77.3%, p<0.05) and multiple kidney stones (89.5 vs 70.8%, p=0.03). Postoperative decrease in hemoglobin was lower in mPNL group 1.1±0.34 vs 2.1±0.26 g/dl (p<0.001). The incidence rate of urinary tract infections and postoperative hospital stay was lower in the mPNL group: 7.3 vs 13.2%, p=0.03 and 1.9±0.6 vs 4.3±2.4 days, р<0.001. Conclusions. MPNL is a safe and effective treatment for patients with complex renal stones with an improved stone-free rate and lower complication rate and shorter hospital stay. Smaller diameter tract in mPNL procedures was associated with a longer duration of surgery.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 138-143
V. V. Egorenkov ◽  
F. V. Moiseenko ◽  
N. M. Volkov ◽  
M. S. Molchanov ◽  
M. S. Ravkina ◽  

Aim. Assessment of the utility and advantage of videoendoscopic inguinal femoral lymphadenectomy (VE-LAD) over the standard open technique (OLAD) in patients with malignant skin melanoma and metastatic lesions of regional inguinal and/or femoral lymph nodes.Materials and methods. The Saint-Petersburg Clinical Research Centre for Specialty Medical Aid in Oncology managed 86 inguinal femoral LADs in melanoma patients over 2013–2016. VE-LAD was rendered in 48 (54.7 %) cases, and OLAD otherwise.Results and discussion. A total of 72 patients were included in the study. VE-LAD was performed in 48 (54.7 %) cases, and OLAD otherwise. An average VE-LAD duration was 90 (60 to 160) min. Severe complications were observed in 4/48 (8 %) VE-LAD and 16/24 (66 %) OLAD cases, which reveals a significantly lower complication rate in the study cohort (chi-square p > 0.000). Lymphorrhoea was shorter in the study cohort (> 7 days in 5 patients vs. 3/24 and > 14 days only in 11/24 OLAD cases; chi-square p > 0.000). No significant differences in relapse-free survival were observed between the cohorts, with higher absolute values of 22.6 months in the VE-LAD (95 % CI 14.8–30.4, p = 0.087) vs. 9.4 months (95 % CI 0.0–18.9, p = 0.087) in OLAD cohort. A median OS was 52.3 months (95 % CI 30.5–74.1, p = 0.996) in the VE-LAD vs. 39.9 months (95 % CI 30.6–49.2, p = 0.996) in OLAD cohort.Conclusion. Videoendoscopic inguinal femoral lymphadenectomy allows a radical inguinal femoral lymph node removal alike in conventional surgical dissection. Our results indicate the method performance towards reduced postoperative wound complications. The oncological indicators are comparable to the traditional surgery cohort.

2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Qi Gou ◽  
Xiong Xiong ◽  
Dan Cao ◽  
Yuanliang He ◽  
Xu Li

Abstract Background The outcomes for volar locking plate (VLP) and external fixation (EF) in distal radius fracture cases remain controversial. The current study of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aimed to assess VLP and EF, which might benefit distal radius fracture cases. Methods RCTs comparing VLP and EF in distal radius fracture cases, until 18 March 2020, were systematically reviewed and summarized. The functional and radiographic outcomes, together with complications, for distal radius fracture cases, were evaluated. Results In total, 12 studies comprising 1205 distal radius fracture cases were included. The VLP group had observed lower disability in the arm shoulder and hand score (DASH) at 3rd, 6th, and 12th -month post-operation, with the mean differences (MDs) of − 10.43 (95 % CI = − 15.77 to − 5.08, P < 0.01), − 3.48 (95 % CI = − 6.37 to − 0.59, P = 0.02), and − 4.13 (95 % CI = − 6.94 to − 1.33, P < 0.01), respectively. The VLP group also had lower visual analog scale scores (VAS) compared to the EF group, with MDs of − 0.10 (95 % CI = − 0.18 to − 0.03, P < 0.01) for the former at 6th -month post-operation. Also, the EF group exhibited better grip strength than that in the VLP group, with MD of 12.48 (95 % CI = 7.00–17.95, P < 0.01) at the 3rd month and 4.54 (95 % CI = 0.31–8.76, P = 0.04) at 6th month. No significant differences in radiographic outcomes were observed between the VLP and EF groups (P > 0.05). The VLP group had a lower complication rate than that in the EF group. Conclusions VLP had a lower DASH score and VAS score but with lower grip strength. No significant differences in radiographic outcomes were observed. VLP had a lower complication rate than that of EF.

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