scholarly journals Similar Efficacy of Arthroscopy and Arthrotomy in Infection Eradication in the Treatment of Septic Knee: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Zhimin Liang ◽  
Xiaofan Deng ◽  
Lingli Li ◽  
Jing Wang

Aim: To compare the arthroscopy vs. arthrotomy for the treatment of native knee septic arthritis.Methods: Electronic databases of PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library were searched for eligible studies. Retrospective comparative studies comparing arthroscopy or arthrotomy for patients with septic arthritis of the native knee were eligible for this review. The primary outcome was recurrence of infection after first procedure. The secondary outcomes included hospital length of stay, operative time, range of motion of the involved knee after surgery, overall complications and mortality rate,Results: Thirteen trials were included in this study. There were a total of 2,162 septic arthritis knees treated with arthroscopic debridement and irrigation, and 1,889 septic arthritis knees treated with open debridement and irrigation. Arthroscopy and arthrotomy management of the knee septic arthritis showed comparable rate of reinfection (OR = 0.85; 95% CI, 0.57–1.27; P = 0.44). No significant difference was observed in hospital length of stay, operative time and mortality rate between arthroscopy and arthrotomy management group, while arthroscopy treatment was associated with significantly higher knee range of motion and lower complication rate when compared with arthrotomy treatment.Conclusion: Arthroscopy and arthrotomy showed similar efficacy in infection eradication in the treatment of native septic knee. However, arthroscopy treatment was associated with better postoperative functional recovery and lower complication rate.

2015 ◽  
Vol 81 (3) ◽  
pp. 305-308
Heather Logghe ◽  
John Maa ◽  
Michael McDermott ◽  
Michael Oh ◽  
Jonathan Carter

Open revision of abdominal shunts is associated with increased risk of wound infection, visceral injury, hernia, and shunt complications. We hypothesized that laparoscopic revision mitigates these risks to a level similar to initial (i.e., first-time) shunt placement. This was a single-center, multisurgeon, retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent either laparoscopic initial shunt placement or laparoscopic shunt revision over a 5-year period. Outcomes were operative time, length of stay, and 30-day complication rate. Sixty-nine patients underwent laparoscopic shunt revision and 99 patients underwent laparoscopic initial shunt placement. Operative times were nearly identical (75 vs 73 minutes, P = 0.63). There were no significant differences in blood loss or hospital length of stay. Abdominal complications and total complications did not differ between groups. Laparoscopic shunt revision avoided many of the known complications of open shunt revision and had outcomes similar to initial laparoscopic shunt placement.

2009 ◽  
Vol 75 (8) ◽  
pp. 681-686 ◽  
Jonathan M. Hernandez ◽  
Connor A. Morton ◽  
Sharona Ross ◽  
Michael Albrink ◽  
Alexander S. Rosemurgy

Laparoendoscopic single site (LESS) surgery promises improved cosmesis and possibly less pain. However, given the small series reported to date, true estimates of the advantages and possible disadvantages of LESS surgery remain unknown. This study was undertaken to evaluate the first 100 patients undergoing LESS cholecystectomy at our institution. Patients referred for cholecystectomy since November 2007 were considered for LESS cholecystectomy. Outcomes, including blood loss, operative time, complications, and length of stay, were recorded. Outcomes are compared with an uncontrolled concurrent group of patients undergoing multi-incision laparoscopic (i.e., conventional) cholecystectomy. One hundred patients with a median age of 44 years underwent LESS cholecystectomy; 30 patients with a median age of 46 years underwent conventional cholecystectomy over the same time period. Median operative time (70 vs 66 minutes, P = 0.67, Mann-Whitney) and hospital length of stay (1 vs 1 day, P = 0.81, Mann-Whitney) were not different for patients undergoing LESS or multi-incision cholecystectomies, respectively. Five patients undergoing LESS cholecystectomy had postoperative complications: cystic duct stump leak (one), pain control issues (three), and urinary retention (one). LESS cholecystectomy is a safe and effective alternative to conventional cholecystectomy. It can be undertaken without added operative time and provides patients with minimal, if any, scarring.

2015 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 52-60
Slavcho T. Tomov ◽  
Grigor A. Gortchev ◽  
Latchesar S. Tantchev ◽  
Todor I. Dimitrov ◽  
Chavdar A. Tzvetkov ◽  

SummarySelection of an appropriate surgical method for hysterectomy in an individual patient is currently an issue that remains open and debatable. This study aimed to analyze perioperative outcomes in gynecologic patients who underwent laparoscopic hysterectomy at a single institution during a 6-year period and to compare the data for simple hysterectomy patients treated with different surgical approaches. The study included a retrospective analysis of demographics, pre- and post-operative characteristics of 1,023 patients, operated on using four types of simple hysterectomy approaches: 635 laparoscopic hysterectomies (62.1%), 289 total abdominal hysterectomies (28.3%), 45 total vaginal hysterectomies (4.4%) and 54 robotic-assisted hysterectomies (5.3%). For the laparoscopic hysterectomy group, the mean operative time was shorter as compared to the abdominal and vaginal hysterectomy groups (p<0.05), as well as a significantly shorter hospital length-of-stay when compared to the abdominal, robotic or vaginal hysterectomy groups (p<0.05). Regression analysis revealed significant linear correlation between operative time and body-mass index of laparoscopic hysterectomy patients (R2 =0.008; p=0.026). Complications emergence and hemotransfusion often prolonged the mean operative time significantly by 17.8 min (p=0.002) and 15.5 min, respectively (p<0.001). The rate of major complications was significantly higher in the laparoscopic vs. abdominal groups (p<0.05). Clinical outcomes in patients operated on with laparoscopic hysterectomy were better than in those operated with total abdominal and vaginal hysterectomy in terms of operative time and hospital length-of-stay. Prospective randomized multi-center studies would be desirable to further define the place of the modern minimally invasive hysterectomy approaches.

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Yu Cui ◽  
Rong Cao ◽  
Jia Li ◽  
Ling-mei Deng

Abstract Background The aim of our study was to identify the factors associated with unplanned reoperations among neonates who had undergone primary repair of gastrointestinal disorders. Methods A retrospective chart review was conducted for neonates who underwent primary gastrointestinal surgery between July 2018 and September 2020. The neonates were divided into two cohort, depending on whether they had an unplanned reoperation. The primary outcome was the occurrence of unplanned reoperation. The risk factors that associated the occurrence of unplanned reoperation were examined. Main results Two hundred ninety-six neonates fulfilled the eligibility criteria. The incidence of unplanned reoperation was 9.8%. Analyses of all patients with respect of developing unplanned reoperation showed that the length of operative time was an independent risk factor [Odds Ratio 1.02; 95% confidence interval 1.00, 1.04; p = 0.03]. Patients with unplanned reoperation had a longer postoperative hospital length-of-stay [19.9 ± 14.7 vs. 44.1 ± 32.1 days; p<0.01]. Conclusion The current study is the first analysis of risk factors associated with an unplanned reoperation in neonates undergoing primary repair of gastrointestinal disorders. The length of operative time is the only risk factor for an unplanned reoperation, and the unplanned reoperation can directly prolong the postoperative hospital length-of-stay. Trial registration This study was registered at with No. ChiCTR2000040260.

2019 ◽  
Vol 7 (4) ◽  
pp. 66-66 ◽  
Luke J. Garbarino ◽  
Peter A. Gold ◽  
Nipun Sodhi ◽  
Hiba K. Anis ◽  
Joseph O. Ehiorobo ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 42 (Supplement_1) ◽  
D R Cheng

Abstract Background The choice of anesthesia for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is still under controversial. This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the safety of local anesthesia (LA) with or without conscious sedation (CS) and general anesthesia (GA) for the TAVI-procedure. Methods This meta-analysis is registered with PROSPERO (CRD42021221777). We searched OVID, PUBMED, EMBASE, Web of Science databases to collect all the related studies published from January 1, 2002 to December 31, 2020. The primary outcome measures were hospital length of stay, operation time, 30-day mortality, use of cardiovascular drugs, permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation rate, stroke rate, the incidence of myocardial infarction (MI), incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI), major bleeding (MB) rate, rate of procedural success. Results A total of 33 studies (3 RCT studies, 23 retrospective cohort studies, 4 prospective cohort studies, 3 case-control studies) including 23244 patients were analyzed. There were no significant statistically differences between LA and GA with respect to PPM [OR=0.99, 95% CI (0.88, 1.11), P=0.88], shock [OR=0.91, 95% CI (0.69, 1.21), P=0.52], MI [OR=0.89, 95% CI (0.52, 1.53), P=0.68], AKI [OR=1.26, 95% CI (0.99, 1.62), P=0.06], rate of procedural success [OR=0.66, 95% CI (0.43, 1.03), P=0.06]. However, compared to GA, LA for TAVI was associated with a significantly shorter hospital length of stay [WMD=−2.45, 95% CI (−2.77, −2.13), P&lt;0.ehab724.16701], a reduction in procedure time [WMD=−12.32, 95% CI (−13.78, −10.87), P&lt;0.ehab724.16701], a reduction in using of cardiovascular drugs [OR=0.52, 95% CI (0.35, 0.78), P=0.002] and in MB [OR=0.59, 95% CI (0.46, 0.75), P&lt;0.0001], reduced 30-day mortality rate [OR=1.19, 95% CI (1.00, 1.42), P=0.05]. Conclusion This Systematic review and meta-analysis showed that compared to GA, LA for TAVI can reduce hospital length of stay, procedure time, 30-day mortality rate, use of cardiovascular drugs, and MB rate, but no significant differences in PPM, shock, MI, AKI, and the rate of procedural success. FUNDunding Acknowledgement Type of funding sources: None.

Acta Medica ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 1-6
Timuçin Erol ◽  
Şermin Ataç ◽  
Kezban Akçay ◽  
Nilgün Ölmez ◽  
Nezih Akkapulu ◽  

Objective: Acute mesenteric ischemia is a surgical emergency. During the course of treatment, most of the patients require nutritional treatment. However, achieving nutritional goals may not be always possible. This study aimed to investigate nutritional management of the patients who were operated on for acute mesenteric ischemia. Materials and Methods: Patients who were diagnosed and hospitalized for acute mesenteric ischemia between 2015 and 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Nutritional management of patients was studied in terms of hospital length of stay, mortality rate and achieving of nutritional goals. Results: Thirty patient were included in the study and 18 patient received nutritional treatment. Median length of stay was 28.5 (range:9-220) days. Target nutrition goals were only achieved in 11 patients (61%). Overall mortality rate for nutritional treatment group was 50%. There was no significant difference between the patients whose treatment objectives were achieved or failed in terms of length of stay (p=0.375) or mortality [(p=0.630 (95% CI0,237-10,809)]. Conclusion: The management of nutritional treatment of acute mesenteric ischemia patients is challenging. Achieving the nutritional goals may not be possible in many patients.

2018 ◽  
Vol 84 (6) ◽  
pp. 902-908 ◽  
Maria S. Altieri ◽  
Jie Yang ◽  
Jianjin Xu ◽  
Mark Talamini ◽  
Aurora Pryor ◽  

The purpose of our study is to assess outcomes following robotic ventral hernia (RVH) repair. The New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System administrative database was used to identify all patients undergoing laparoscopic ventral hernia (LVH) and RVH between 2010 and 2013. Outcome measures including complications, hospital length of stay (HLOS), 30-day readmissions, and 30-day emergency department (ED) visits were compared. Propensity score (PS) analysis was used to estimate the adjusted marginal differences between patients who underwent robotic-assisted and laparoscopic procedures. There were 20,896 LVH and 679 (3.2%) RVH repairs. Initial univariate analysis demonstrated that patients undergoing RVH had worse outcomes in terms of complications (20.18% vs 10.56%, P < 0.0001), longer HLOS (4.32 vs 2.19 days, P = 0.0023), higher rates in 30-day readmissions (9.28% vs 5.06%, P < 0.0001), and 30-day ED visits (14.43% vs 10.46%, P < 0.0001). Following PS analysis, which accounts for all patient associated variables, there was no difference found in 30-day readmission or 30-day ED visits between RVH and LVH (P = 0.2760 and 0.2043, respectively). Patients undergoing RVH had a significantly shorter HLOS (P < 0.0001) and lower rate of complications (P = 0.0134). Following PS analysis, this study demonstrates that RVH may be associated with shorter HLOS and lower complication rate. Further studies are necessary to compare laparoscopic and robotic approaches for ventral hernia.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document