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2021 ◽  
pp. 1-5
Karim Abdel Aziz ◽  
Emmanuel Stip ◽  
Danilo Arnone

Summary This editorial expands on a Praxis article published by Beattie and colleagues in the trainees’ section of this journal. The authors describe an interesting case of anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis, outline the clinical presentation and make suggestions on ways to approach this rare disorder. Here we provide an overview of autoimmune conditions that result in the production of autoantibodies targeting central nervous system proteins mediating autoimmune encephalitis and offer a perspective on approaches to diagnosis and treatment.

Energies ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (23) ◽  
pp. 7902
Małgorzata Blaszke ◽  
Maciej Nowak ◽  
Przemysław Śleszyński ◽  
Bartosz Mickiewicz

The paper aims to determine the role and formula of investments in renewable energy sources in Poland’s concepts of local spatial policies. It analyses 12,777 planning documents of local spatial policy (these are resolutions adopted by municipalities—in Poland there are two types of these instruments: studies of spatial development conditions and directions and local spatial development plans) in Poland enacted in 2005–2020. On this basis, local concepts were classified and related to the geographical and functional characteristics of municipalities. Poland is an interesting case study in this respect, providing a good reference point for broader international considerations. It was found that only 58.4% of Polish municipalities include renewable energy sources in their spatial policy concept. These are definitely more often urbanised municipalities. The degree of approach to renewable energy sources is also determined by the location of the municipality in the given province. The authors diagnose serious weaknesses in the Polish spatial planning system, consisting in the lack of skilful implementation of renewable energy sources into it. This is one of the reasons for the weaker development of renewable energy sources in the country. The authors consider as an innovative element of the research the analysis of the content of all spatial policy instruments in a given country, from the perspective of renewable energy sources, including proposing a way to verify these instruments.

2022 ◽  
Vol 26 ◽  
pp. 101226
Sonali Malhotra ◽  
Sunil Kumar ◽  
Meenu Krishnan

2021 ◽  
Vol 3 ◽  
Yvonne Schmeisser ◽  
Emma A. Renström ◽  
Hanna Bäck

When the COVID-19 pandemic hit in 2020, many governments tried to contain the spread of the virus by legally restricting social life and imposing national lockdowns. The Swedish government did not enforce a national lockdown, but instead appealed to the individual’s self-responsibility to follow specific containment recommendations developed by the Swedish Public Health Agency. Sweden is thus an especially interesting case to study because of the potential influence of psychological and attitudinal individual-level factors that might contribute to compliance with containment recommendations. Drawing on previous literature on how individuals respond during health crises, we define and evaluate a mediation model that considers the role of personality traits and trust authorities to explain compliance. More specifically, we argue that we need to consider the role of trust in authorities to better understand the relationship between personality traits and compliance. In analyses based on a large-scale representative survey (N = 1,034), we find Conscientiousness to be directly linked to compliance, whereas Agreeableness, Neuroticism and Openness were indirectly related to compliance when trust in the Public Health Agency was taken into account.

Rajvala Choudhary ◽  
Chandrika Gupta ◽  
Lakhami Chand Sinsinwar ◽  
Sapna Shrivastava ◽  
Sanjeev Singh Choudhary

Medullary carcinoma (MC) of the colon is a rare and unique histologic subtype of colorectal cancer whichcharacterized by poor glandular differentiation and intraepithelial lymphocytic infiltrate. This has now been incorporated as a separate entity in the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of colorectal cancers.It is commonly associated with deficient mismatch repair proteins and has a strong association with Lynch syndrome. Diagnosis is challenging as it does not have the usual immunohistochemical stains on pathology seen in colorectal adenocarcinoma. Here, we discuss an interesting case of MC of the colon that was metastatic on presentation and constituted a diagnostic challenge1. Keywords: medullary carcinoma, colorectal carcinomas (CRC), medullary carcinoma of colon,poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, undifferentiated adenocarcinoma.

2021 ◽  
Vol 84 (2) ◽  
pp. 3-7
Diego Garzia ◽  
Gianluca Passarelli

The classic heuristics of voting behaviour have been eroded overtime especially in well-established democracies. Ideology, party identification, and social class have been gradually replaced by short-period factors. In particular, the personalization has represented an innovative variable that significantly contributes to explain voting behaviour. Cross-pressures between party identification, candidate assessments and issue preferences paved the way to the diffusion of protest voting, both against the élite and the system. In this respect, Italy represents a very interesting case from both a theoretical and an empirical point view considering the presence of protest parties and the important diffusion of anti-system movements which surfed the protest to consolidate their positions. The editors conceived this special issue aiming at analysing and measuring the impact of protest/negative voting in Italy between 2016 and 2020, a period in which protest parties and voters’ discontent have significantly increased. Data presented by the different papers confirm, albeit under different perspectives, the relevance of this peculiar form of political behaviour. 

Zeany Cheran Momin ◽  
Veena Gupta ◽  
Gauri Munjal ◽  
Rahul Jakhar ◽  
Chandershekhar Yadav ◽  

Eccrine angiomatous hamartoma is a tumor characterized by benign malformation of eccrine and vascular elements, occurring generally at birth or during early infancy and childhood. The rarity with which it is encountered in adults and the elderly makes it a diagnostic challenge in such age brackets. We report an interesting case of eccrine angiomatous hamartoma presenting in late adulthood confirmed by histopathology. Keywords: Cisplatin, concurrent chemotherapy, daily, weekly, three weekly, carcinoma cervix

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